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Field Listing :: Military deployments

This entry lists military forces deployed to other countries or territories abroad. The World Factbook defines deployed as a permanently-stationed force or a temporary deployment of greater than six months.  Deployments smaller than 100 personnel or paramilitaries, police, contractors, mercenaries, or proxy forces are not included. Numbers provided are estimates only and should be considered paper strengths, not necessarily the current number of troops on the ground.  In addition, some estimates, such as those by the US military, are significantly influenced by deployment policies, contingencies, or world events and may change suddenly. Where available, the organization or mission that at least some of the forces are deployed under is listed. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry: 

AMISOM - Africa Union (AU) Mission in Somalia; UN-supported, AU-operated peacekeeping mission

BATUS - British Army Training Unit Suffield, Canada

BATUK - British Army Training Unit, Kenya

CSTO - Collective Security Treaty Organization

ECOMIG - ECOWUS Mission in The Gambia; Africa Union-European Union peacekeeping, stabilization, and training mission in Gambia

EUTM - European Union Training Mission

EUFOR - European Union Force Bosnia and Herzegovina (also known as Operation Althea)

EuroCorps - European multi-national corps headquartered in Strasbourg, France, consisting of troops from Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, and Spain; Greece, Italy, Poland, Romania and Turkey are Associated Nations of EuroCorps

G5 Joint Force - G5 Sahel Cross-Border Joint Force comprised of troops from Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, and Niger

KFOR - the Kosovo Force; a NATO-led international peacekeeping force in Kosovo

MFO - Multinational Force & Observers Sinai, headquartered in Rome

MINOSCO - United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

MINUSCA - United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic

MINUSMA - United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali

MNJTF - Multinational Joint Task Force Against Boko Haram comprised of troops from Cameroon, Niger, and Nigeria with the mission of fighting Boko Haram in the Lake Chad Basin

NATO - North American Treaty Organization, headquartered in Brussels, Belgium

Operation Barkhane - French-led counterinsurgency and counter-terrorism mission in the Sahel alongside the G5 Joint Force; headquartered in N’Djamena, Chad and supported by Canada, Denmark, Estonia, the European Union, Germany, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the US

Operation Inherent Resolve - US-led coalition to counter the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria and provide assistance and training to Iraqi security forces

UNAFIL - United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon

UNAMID - African Union - United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur, Sudan

UNDOF - United Nations Disengagement Observer Force, Golan (Israel-Syria border)

UNFICYP - United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus

UNISFA - United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (Sudan-South Sudan border)

UNMISS - United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan

UNSOM - United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia

By Country Listing of the values for the Military deployments field
Country Military deployments
100 Afghanistan (NATO) (June 2020)
230 Cyprus (UNFICYP) (March 2020)
120 Afghanistan (NATO); contributes one motorized rifle regiment (approximately 2,000 personnel) to CSTO's Rapid Reaction Force (2020)
200 Afghanistan (NATO); 750 Middle East (June 2020)
150 Bosnia-Herzegovina (EUFOR); 300 Kosovo (NATO); 150 Lebanon (UNIFIL) (July 2020)
120 Afghanistan (NATO) (June 2020)
1,025 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 1,650 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO); 115 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 1,300 Mali (MINUSMA); 1,580 South Sudan (UNMISS) (March 2020)
contributes about 2,000 personnel to CSTO's Rapid Reaction Force (2019 est.)
125 France (contributing member of EuroCorps); 100 Mali (EUTM/MINUSMA); est. 260 Baltic States (NATO) (2020)
250 Mali (MINUSMA) (April 2020)
200 Lebanon (UNIFIL) (April 2020)
160 Afghanistan (NATO) (June 2020)
Burkina Faso
1,080 Mali (MINUSMA) (2020)
750 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 5,400 Somalia (AMISOM) (April 2020)
210 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 180 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 290 Mali (MINUSMA) (April 2020)
750 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); MNJTF (approximately 2,000-2,500 troops committed; note - the national MNJTF troop contingents are deployed within their own country territories, although cross‐border operations occur occasionally) (2020)
540 Latvia (NATO); 150 Ukraine (training mission); up to 850 Middle East (multiple missions, including Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS and NATO assistance mission Iraq) (2020)
1,440 Mali (MINUSMA) (2020)
425 Mali (MINUSMA); 220 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO); 360 Sudan (UNAMID); 410 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 1,050 South Sudan (UNMISS); est. 250 Djibouti (April 2020)
275 Egypt (MFO) (Dec. 2019)
Cote d'Ivoire
360 Mali (MINUSMA) (March 2020)
110 Afghanistan (NATO); 130 Middle East/Iraq (NATO/Operation Inherent Resolve) (2020)
960 Somalia (AMISOM) (2020)
990 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 1,075 Mali (MINUSMA); 150 Sudan (UNAMID) (March 2020)
El Salvador
200 Mali (MINUSMA) (March 2020)
approximately 100 Mali (Operation Barkhane/MINUSMA/EUTM) (2020)
4,400 Somalia (AMISOM); 800 Sudan (UNAMID); 3,500 Sudan (UNISFA); 2,100 South Sudan (UNMISS) (March 2020)
European Union

180 Central African Republic (EUTM); 600 Bosnia-Herzegovina (EUTM); 700 Mali (EUTM); 200 Somalia (EUTM)

170 Egypt (MFO); 170 Iraq (UNAMI); 130 Golan Heights (UNDOF) (March 2020)
180 Lebanon (UNIFIL) (April 2020)
5,100 Burkina Faso/Chad/Mali/Niger (Operation Barkhane); 950 Cote D'Ivoire; 1,450 Djibouti; 300 Baltics (NATO); 2,000 French Guiana; 1,200 French Polynesia; 1,000 French West Indies; 350 Gabon; 500-1,000 Middle East; 630 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 1,600 New Caledonia; 1,600 Reunion Island; 350 Senegal; 650 United Arab Emirates; note - France has been a contributing member of the EuroCorps since 1992 (2019 est.)
450 Central African Republic (MINUSCA) (April 2020)
Gambia, The
130 Sudan (UNAMID) (2019 est.)
860 Afghanistan (NATO) (June 2020)
1,300 Afghanistan (NATO); approximately 100-200 Middle East (NATO/Counter-ISIS campaign); 110 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 550 Lithuania (NATO); 350 Mali (MINUSMA); 350 Mali (EUTM); note - Germany is a contributing member of the EuroCorps (2020)
460 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO); 850 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 850 South Sudan (UNMISS) (April 2020)
est. 1,000 Cyprus; 110 Kosovo (NATO); 140 Lebanon (UNIFIL) (2019 est.)
150 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) (April 2020)
850 Mali (MINUSMA) (April 2020)
160 Bosnia-Herzegovina (EUFOR stabilization force); 160 Iraq (counter-ISIS coalition); 500 Kosovo (NATO) (June 2020)
1,850 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO); 180 Golan Heights (UNDOF); 750 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 2,300 South Sudan (UNMISS) (2020)
200 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 1,025 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO); 1,240 Lebanon (UNIFIL) (April 2020)
est. 2,000-3000 Syria (2019 est.)
130 Golan Heights (UNDOF); 290 Lebanon (UNIFIL) (April 2020)
900 Afghanistan (NATO); 100 Djibouti; 1,100 Middle East/Iraq/Kuwait (NATO, counter-ISIS campaign, European Assistance Mission Iraq); 540 Kosovo (NATO); 160 Latvia (NATO); 900 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 400 Libya; 290 Niger; 120 Somalia (EUTM); 120 United Arab Emirates (April 2020)
est. 170 Djibouti (2019 )
120 Lebanon (UNIFIL); as of mid-2019, Kazakhstan contributed a brigade to CSTO's Rapid Reaction Force (April 2020)
3,300 Somalia (AMISOM) (June 2020)
Korea, South
280 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 170 United Arab Emirates; note - since 2009, the ROK has kept a naval flotilla with approximately 300 personnel in the waters of the Middle East (April 2020)
contributes a battalion-sized unit to CSTO's Rapid Reaction Force (2019 est.)
110 Mali (MINUSMA) (April 2020)
contributes about 350 troops to the Lithuania, Poland, and Ukraine joint military brigade (LITPOLUKRBRIG), which was established in 2014; the brigade is headquartered in Warsaw and is comprised of an international staff, three battalions, and specialized units (2019)
850 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) (April 2020)
820 Lebanon (UNIFIL) (April 2020)
450 Central African Republic (MINUSCA) (2020)
850 South Sudan (UNMISS); 230 Afghanistan (NATO) (April 2020)
750 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 1,360 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) (April 2020)
720 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 880 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO); 350 Golan Heights (UNDOF); 860 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 230 Liberia (UNSMIL); 140 Mali (MINUSMA); 1,700 South Sudan (UNMISS) (April 2020)
160 Afghanistan (NATO); 270 Lithuania (NATO) (June 2020)
New Zealand
up to 220 Antarctica (summer season only) (2020)
870 Mali (MINUSMA) (2020)
200 Ghana (ECOMIG); MNJTF (1 brigade or approximately 3,000 troops committed; note - the national MNJTF troop contingents are deployed within their own country territories, although cross‐border operations are conducted periodically) (2020)
120 Lithuania (NATO) (Oct. 2019)
1,240 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 2,030 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO); 130 Mali (MINUSMA); 900 Sudan (UNAMID) (April 2020)
210 Central African Republic (MINUSCA) (April 2020)
360 Afghanistan (NATO); 230 Kosovo (NATO); up to 200 Latvia (NATO); 220 Lebanon (UNIFIL); contributes about 3,500 troops to the Lithuania, Poland, and Ukraine joint military brigade (LITPOLUKRBRIG), which was established in 2014; the brigade is headquartered in Warsaw and is comprised of an international staff, three battalions, and specialized units (April 2020)
190 Afghanistan (NATO); 200 Central African Republic (MINUSCA/EUTM); up to 120 Baltic States (NATO) (April 2020)
740 Afghanistan (NATO); 220 Mali (MINUSMA/EUTM); up to 120 Poland (NATO) (March 2020)
est. 3,000-5,000 Armenia; est. 7,000-10,000 Georgia; est. 500 Kyrgyzstan; est. 1,500 Moldova; est. 4,000-5,000 Syria; est. 5,000-7,000 Tajikistan; est. 25,000-30,000 Ukraine; contributes approximately 8,000 personnel to CSTO's Rapid Reaction Force (2019 est.)
it is assessed that as many as 2,500 personnel from a Russian Government-backed private military company are present in Libya supporting Libyan National Army forces (June 2020)
1,380 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 1,120 Sudan (UNAMID); 2,720 South Sudan (UNMISS) (March 2020)
Saudi Arabia
est. 2,500-10,000 Yemen (probably varies depending on operations) (April 2020)
1,050 Mali (MINUSMA) (March 2020)
175 Lebanon (UNIFIL) (March 2020)
maintains permanent training bases and detachments of military personnel in Australia, France, and the US (June 2020)
240 Cyprus (UNFICYP); up to 150 Latvia (NATO) (March 2020)
230 Kosovo (NATO) (June 2020)
South Africa
1,130 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) (March 2020)
350 Latvia (NATO); 630 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 550 Iraq (NATO, training mission, counter-ISIS coalition; scheduled for withdrawal in 2020); 290 Mali (EUTM); 150 Turkey (NATO) (March 2020)
Sri Lanka
110 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 150 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 240 Mali (MINUSMA); 170 South Sudan (UNMISS) (March 2020)
est. 1,000 Libya; est. 1,000 Yemen (Jan 2020)
Sudanese troops deployed to Libya and Yemen were from the Rapid Support Forces
200 Mali (MINUSMA and EUTM; plans to send an additional 150 personnel to the Sahel/Mali in early 2021) (Aug 2020)
165 Kosovo (NATO) (June 2020)
contributes troops to CSTO's Rapid Reaction Force (2019)
450 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 960 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO); 160 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 660 Sudan (UNAMID) (March 2020)
270 South Sudan (UNMISS) (March 2020)
920 Mali (MINUSMA) (March 2020)
600 Afghanistan (NATO); 250 Bosnia-Herzegovina (EUFOR); est. 25-30,000 Cyprus; 300 Kosovo (NATO); 170 Lebanon (UNIFIL); est. 200 Qatar; est. 200 Somalia; est. 5-10,000 Syria (2020 est.)
note: Turkey has deployed troops into northern Iraq on numerous occasions to combat the Kurdistan Worker's Party (PKK), including operations involving thousands of troops in 2007, 2011, and 2018; its most recent incursion was in June 2020; in 2020, Turkey deployed Turkish troops and an estimated 3,500 Syrian civil war veterans to Libya to support the Libyan Government of National Accord (GNA)
6,200 Somalia (AMISOM); 620 Somalia (UNSOM); 250 Equatorial Guinea (2020)
250 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO); contributes about 550 troops to the Lithuania, Poland, and Ukraine joint military brigade (LITPOLUKRBRIG), which was established in 2014; the brigade is headquartered in Warsaw and is comprised of an international staff, three battalions, and specialized units (2020)
United Arab Emirates
est. 1,000 Eritrea; est. 3-4,000 Yemen (2019 est.)
United Kingdom
950 Afghanistan (NATO); approx. 1,000 Brunei; more than 400 Canada (BATUS); est. 2,200 Cyprus; 250 Cyprus (UNFICYP); 900 Estonia (NATO); approx. 1,200 Falkland Islands; est. 200 Germany (note - previously about 2,500, but the UK pledged to remove all but 200 troops by 2020); 570 Gibraltar; approx. 1,300 Middle East (coalition against ISIS; NATO); up to 350 Kenya (BATUK); 100 Mali (EUTM, MINUSMA, and Operation Barkhane; note - the UK has pledged to send an additional 250 troops to the MINUSMA mission for three years beginning in 2020); 150 Poland (NATO) (2020)
United States
8,000 Afghanistan (NATO; note - the US has pledged to further reduce the number of troops in Afghanistan in 2020); 5,000 Africa; 300 Australia; 1,150 Belgium; 150 Bulgaria; 250 Diego Garcia; 150 Canada; 800 Cuba; 290 Egypt (MFO); 35,000 Germany (note - in July 2020, the US pledged to reduce the number of troops in Germany by about 12,000); 400 Greece; 150 Greenland; 5,600 Guam; 380 Honduras; 12,300 Italy; 55,200 Japan; 660 Kosovo (KFOR); approximately 10-15,000 assigned with an additional estimated 20-30,000 deployed Middle East (Bahrain/Iraq/Israel/Jordan/Kuwait/Oman/Qatar/Saudi Arabia/Syria/United Arab Emirates); 400 Netherlands; 670 Norway; 200 Philippines; 4,500 Poland; 250 Portugal; 26,500 Republic of Korea; 1,100 Romania; 200 Singapore; 3,200 Spain; 100 Thailand; 1,700 Turkey; 9,400 United Kingdom (2020 est.)

US military rotational policies affect deployed numbers; for example, the US deploys ground and air units to select countries for 6-12 month rotational assignments on a continuous basis; in South Korea, for example, the US continuously rotates combat brigades (3,000-4,000 personnel) for 9 months at a time; contingencies also affect US troop deployments; for example, since May 2019, the US has deployed more than 15,000 additional military personnel to the Middle East for an undetermined period of time; in addition, some overseas US naval bases, such as the headquarters of US Naval Forces Central Command (USNAVCENT) in Manama, Bahrain, are frequented by the crews of US ships on 6-9 month deployments; a US carrier strike group with an air wing and supporting ships typically includes over 6,000 personnel (2020)

930 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MINUSCO); 170 Golan Heights (UNDOF) (March 2020)
920 Central African Republic (MINUSCA) (March 2020)