Main Content

Australia - Oceania :: Wake Island Print
Page last updated on December 07, 2019
View 4 photos of
WAKE ISLAND
  • Introduction :: Wake Island
  • Background field listing
    The US annexed Wake Island in 1899 for a cable station. An important air and naval base was constructed in 1940-41. In December 1941, the island was captured by the Japanese and held until the end of World War II. In subsequent years, Wake became a stopover and refueling site for military and commercial aircraft transiting the Pacific. Since 1974, the island's airstrip has been used by the US military, as well as for emergency landings. Operations on the island were temporarily suspended and all personnel evacuated in 2006 with the approach of super typhoon IOKE (category 5), but resultant damage was comparatively minor. A US Air Force repair team restored full capability to the airfield and facilities, and the island remains a vital strategic link in the Pacific region.
  • Geography :: Wake Island
  • Location field listing
    Oceania, atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to the Northern Mariana Islands
    Geographic coordinates field listing
    19 17 N, 166 39 E
    Map references field listing
    Oceania
    Area field listing
    total: 6.5 sq km
    land: 6.5 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 246
    Area - comparative field listing
    about 11 times the size of the National Mall in Washington, DC
    Land boundaries field listing
    0 km
    Coastline field listing
    19.3 km
    Maritime claims field listing
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    Climate field listing
    tropical
    Terrain field listing
    atoll of three low coral islands, Peale, Wake, and Wilkes, built up on an underwater volcano; central lagoon is former crater, islands are part of the rim
    Elevation field listing
    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
    highest point: unnamed location 8 m
    Natural resources field listing
    none
    Land use field listing
    agricultural land: 0% (2011 est.)
    arable land: 0% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 0% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 0% (2011 est.)
    forest: 0% (2011 est.)
    other: 100% (2011 est.)
    Irrigated land field listing
    0 sq km (2012)
    Natural hazards field listing
    subject to occasional typhoons
    Environment - current issues field listing
    potable water obtained through a catchment rainwater system and a desalinization plant for brackish ground water; hazardous wastes moved to an accumulation site for storage and eventual transport off site via barge
    Geography - note field listing
    strategic location in the North Pacific Ocean; emergency landing location for transpacific flights
  • People and Society :: Wake Island
  • Population field listing
    no indigenous inhabitants (2018 est.)

    note: approximately 100 military personnel and civilian contractors maintain and operate the airfield and communications facilities

  • Government :: Wake Island
  • Country name field listing
    conventional long form: none
    conventional short form: Wake Island
    etymology: although first discovered by British Captain William WAKE in 1792, the island is named after British Captain Samuel WAKE, who rediscovered the island in 1796
    Dependency status field listing
    unincorporated unorganized territory of the US; administered from Washington, DC, by the Department of the Interior; activities in the atoll are currently conducted by the 11th US Air Force and managed from Pacific Air Force Support Center
    Independence field listing
    none (territory of the US)
    Citizenship field listing
    see United States
    Flag description field listing
    the flag of the US is used
  • Economy :: Wake Island
  • Economy - overview field listing
    Economic activity is limited to providing services to military personnel and contractors located on the island. All food and manufactured goods must be imported.
  • Energy :: Wake Island
  • Crude oil - production field listing
    0 bbl/day (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 216
  • Communications :: Wake Island
  • Telephone system field listing
    general assessment: satellite communications; 2 Defense Switched Network circuits off the Overseas Telephone System (OTS); located in the Hawaii area code - 808 (2018)
    Broadcast media field listing
    American Armed Forces Radio and Television Service (AFRTS) provides satellite radio/TV broadcasts (2018)
  • Military and Security :: Wake Island
  • Military - note field listing
    defense is the responsibility of the US; the US Air Force is responsible for overall administration and operation of the island facilities; the launch support facility is administered by the US Missile Defense Agency (MDA)
  • Transportation :: Wake Island
  • Airports field listing
    1 (2018)
    country comparison to the world: 238
    Airports - with paved runways field listing
    total: 1 (2018)
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2018)
    Ports and terminals field listing
    none; two offshore anchorages for large ships
    Transportation - note field listing
    there are no commercial or civilian flights to and from Wake Island, except in direct support of island missions; emergency landing is available
  • Transnational Issues :: Wake Island
  • Disputes - international field listing

    claimed by Marshall Islands