Library

 
FIELD LISTING :: RESERVES OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE AND GOLD Print
This entry gives the dollar value for the stock of all financial assets that are available to the central monetary authority for use in meeting a country's balance of payments needs as of the end-date of the period specified. This category includes not only foreign currency and gold, but also a country's holdings of Special Drawing Rights in the International Monetary Fund, and its reserve position in the Fund.


Country Comparison to the World

CountryRESERVES OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE AND GOLD
Afghanistan $6.477 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$6.232 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Albania $3.274 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$3.109 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Algeria $97.67 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$114.7 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Angola $18.1 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$23.74 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Argentina $52.97 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$38.43 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Armenia $2.242 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$2.204 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Australia $60.3 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$55.07 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Austria $23.36 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$22.24 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Azerbaijan $8.886 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$7.142 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Bahamas, The $922.1 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$1.002 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Bahrain $2.166 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$3.094 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Bangladesh $33.66 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$32.28 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Barbados $407.6 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$431.8 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Belarus $5.059 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$4.927 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Belgium $23.57 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$24.1 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Belize $368.3 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$376.7 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Benin $60.2 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$57.5 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Bolivia $8.287 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$10.08 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina $5.37 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$5.137 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Botswana $7.476 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$7.189 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Brazil $377.1 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$365 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Bulgaria $27.52 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$25.19 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Burkina Faso $45.3 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$50.9 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Burma $5.032 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$4.63 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Burundi $79.3 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$95.17 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Cabo Verde $589.1 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$572.7 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Cambodia $11.29 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$9.122 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Cameroon $2.357 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$2.26 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Canada $85.6 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$82.72 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Chad $74.2 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$20.92 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Chile $39.11 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$40.49 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
China $3.194 trillion (31 December 2017 est.)
$3.098 trillion (31 December 2016 est.)
Colombia $46.4 billion (30 October 2017 est.)
$46.18 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the $444.6 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$708.2 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Congo, Republic of the $813.4 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$727.1 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Costa Rica $7.523 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$7.574 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire $4.688 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$4.935 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Croatia $15.53 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$14.24 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Cuba $12.8 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$12.3 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Cyprus $879.1 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$817.7 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Czechia $161 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$85.73 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Denmark $68.8 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$64.25 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Dominica $150 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$221.9 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Dominican Republic $6.233 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$6.134 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Ecuador $3.935 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$4.178 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Egypt $34.02 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$23.2 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
El Salvador $3.067 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$3.238 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Equatorial Guinea $140.9 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$62.31 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Eritrea $236.6 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$218.4 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Estonia $389.8 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$352.2 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Eswatini $576.6 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$564.4 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Ethiopia $3.147 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$3.022 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
European Union $740.9 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
$746.9 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
note: data are for the European Central Bank
Fiji $966.8 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$908.6 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Finland $10.8 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$10.48 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
France $146.8 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$138.2 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Gabon $834.9 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$804.1 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Gambia, The $22.8 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$87.64 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Gaza Strip $312.8 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$583 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Georgia $2.945 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$2.756 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Germany $185.3 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$173.7 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Ghana $7.345 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$6.162 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Greece $6.893 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$6.026 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Grenada $207.7 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$198 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Guatemala $10.05 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$9.156 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Guinea $416.1 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$383.4 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Guyana $607.7 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$581 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Haiti $2.044 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$2.11 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Honduras $4.46 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$3.814 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Hong Kong $398.3 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$386.3 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Hungary $27.02 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$25.82 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Iceland $6.14 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$7.226 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
India $407.2 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$359.7 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Indonesia $122.5 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$116.4 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Iran $132.6 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$133.7 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Iraq $47.02 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$45.36 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Ireland $3.591 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$2.203 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Israel $113 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$95.45 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Italy $136 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$130.6 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Jamaica $3.1 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$3.291 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Japan $1.217 trillion (31 December 2016 est.)
$1.233 trillion (31 December 2015 est.)
Jordan $15.98 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$15.54 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Kazakhstan $31.44 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$29.53 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Kenya $7.592 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$7.601 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Kiribati $7.479 million (31 December 2015 est.)
$8.37 million (31 December 2010 est.)
Korea, South $374.8 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$371.1 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Kosovo $683.9 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$708.7 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Kuwait $33.13 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$31.13 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Kyrgyzstan $2.411 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$1.97 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Laos $989.8 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$940.1 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Latvia $3.595 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$3.514 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Lebanon $53.1 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$54.04 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Lesotho $983 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$925.2 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Libya $69.35 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$66.05 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Lithuania $2.602 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$1.697 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Luxembourg $1 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$974 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Macau $19.49 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$18.89 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
note: the Fiscal Reserves Act that came into force on 1 January 2012 requires the fiscal reserves to be separated from the foreign exchange reserves and to be managed separately; the transfer of assets took place in February 2012
Macedonia $2.794 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$2.755 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Madagascar $1.141 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$1.184 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Malawi $613.5 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$563.1 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Malaysia $97.44 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$94.5 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Maldives $565.5 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$627.4 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Malta $671.1 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$677.1 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Mauritius $5.068 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$4.967 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Mexico $189.2 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$178.4 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
note: Mexico also maintains access to an $88 million Flexible Credit Line with the IMF
Micronesia, Federated States of $157 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$135.1 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Moldova $2.3 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$2.206 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Montenegro $599.6 million (31 December 2014 est.)
Montserrat $49.36 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$51.47 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Morocco $22.97 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$25.37 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Mozambique $2.193 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$2.081 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Namibia $1.949 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$1.834 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Nepal $8.668 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$8.506 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Netherlands $36.13 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$38.21 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
New Zealand $18.32 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$17.81 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Nicaragua $2.521 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$2.448 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Nigeria $31.08 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$25.84 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Norway $60.45 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$57.46 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Oman $19.96 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$20.26 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Pakistan $20.02 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$22.05 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Palau $580.9 million (31 December 2015 est.)
$580.9 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Panama $3.888 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$3.878 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Papua New Guinea $1.8 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$1.656 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Paraguay $7.504 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$6.881 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Peru $61.34 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$61.81 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Philippines $81.53 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$80.69 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Poland $115 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$114.4 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Portugal $25.13 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$19.4 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Qatar $16.89 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$31.89 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Romania $45.07 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$40 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Russia $418.5 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$377.7 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Rwanda $1.026 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$1.104 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines $160 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$192.3 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Samoa $99.31 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$122.5 million (31 December 2015 est.)
San Marino $392 million (2014 est.)
$539.3 million (2013 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe $64 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$61.5 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Saudi Arabia $509 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$535.8 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Senegal $151.8 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$116.9 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Serbia $10.79 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$10.76 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Seychelles $538.8 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$523.5 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Singapore $266.3 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$246.6 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Slovakia $3.133 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$2.892 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Slovenia $911.2 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$743.2 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Somalia $30.45 million (2014 est.)
South Africa $48.18 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$47.23 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Spain $63.14 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$63.14 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Sri Lanka $6.632 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$6.019 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Sudan $504.9 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$168.3 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Suriname $381.1 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$330.2 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Sweden $59.39 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$59.39 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Switzerland $679.3 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$679.3 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Syria $407.3 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$504.6 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Taiwan $468.1 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$439 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Tajikistan $642.4 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$652.8 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Tanzania $4.174 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$4.067 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
note: excludes gold
Thailand $193.5 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$171.9 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Togo $215.1 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$42.6 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Tonga $131.9 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$176.5 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Trinidad and Tobago $8.66 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$9.995 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Tunisia $5.699 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$5.941 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Turkey $107.5 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$106.1 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Turkmenistan $20.6 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$25.05 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Uganda $3.045 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$3.034 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
note: excludes gold
Ukraine $21.8 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$15.54 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
United Arab Emirates $89.79 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$85.39 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
United Kingdom $135 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$129.6 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
United States $117.3 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$117.6 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Uruguay $14.28 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$13.47 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Uzbekistan $16 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$14 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Vanuatu $288.9 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$267.4 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Venezuela $6.696 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$10.99 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Vietnam $38.75 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$36.91 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
West Bank $312.8 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$583 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Yemen $245.1 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$592.6 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Zambia $2.426 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$2.353 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Zimbabwe $374 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$407.2 million (31 December 2016 est.)