About CIA


Agency Accessibility Standards


Please note: These standards assume that code quality testing occurs and that the code behind an application meets the coding standards for the language(s) and technology used. They are designed to be used with both web and client content and applications.


Section 1. Keyboard Control

1.1.    Can the keyboard be used to navigate instead of the mouse, particularly using the tab, shift-tab, arrows, alt-down arrow, spacebar, and enter keys?
1.2.    Are keyboard alternatives available when appropriate?
1.3.    Can all actions be executed by using the Enter key or Spacebar?

Section 2. Focus

2.1.    Can all elements that a user needs to interact with receive keyboard focus and be reached using only the keyboard?
2.2.    Is the current focus visually indicated on screen and programmatically exposed?
2.3.    Does the focus move in a logical order or flow?

Section 3. Text

3.1.    Is ALT text or other text equivalent provided for all non-text elements with content?
3.2.    Are links visually distinct with text that explains what will happen when the link is clicked?
3.3.    Are all controls, feedback mechanisms, status indicators, etc. meaningfully and consistently labeled throughout the interface?
3.4.    Do field labels, hints, or help indicate mandatory format, length, or values and if the field is required?
3.5.    Are all decorative elements coded as decorative?

Section 4. Content Organization and Navigation

4.1.    Are appropriate text and code labels included to allow quick orientation and movement between pages and sections?
4.2.    Is content organized when stylesheets are turned off?
4.3.    Can the user skip navigation functions/sidebar and go straight to the content?
4.4.    Is the user informed if the location of the focus changes unexpectedly?
4.5.    Is the user informed when content changes dynamically?
4.6.    Are tables used appropriately, clearly organized, and labeled?
4.7.    If Frames are used, are they labeled with the title attribute?

Section 5. Color and Contrast

5.1.    Is true text used, instead of images, whenever possible?
5.2.    Do the default text and background size and colors provide sufficient contrast?
5.3.    Is an additional visual indicator provided when information or instructions are conveyed by color?
5.4.    Does the application support a variety of text and background size and color combinations via application preferences, MS Ease of Access Center, or browser settings?

Section 6. Flashing

6.1.    Is flashing/flickering content avoided?

Section 7. Time

7.1.    Does the user have sufficient time to read and use content?

Section 8. Error Handling

8.1.    Does validation identify the error, provide suggestions on fixing the error, and allow the user to fix the error?
8.2.    When an action causes an error or validation message, is the focus located or placed near the error or validation message?

Section 9. Language

9.1.    Are language tags specified?

Section 10.  Multimedia and Animation

10.1.    If animation is provided, can the user turn it off and access the information in a non-animated way?
10.2.    Are accurate, synchronized captions and a descriptive transcript (or audio description) available for audio visual elements?
10.3.    Are accurate, descriptive transcripts available for audio-only and video-only elements?
10.4.    If audio automatically plays, can the user stop, pause, mute or adjust the volume?

Section 11. Special Cases

11.1.    Is an Assistive Technology accessible version available for information that cannot be made compliant any other way?
11.2.    If image maps are used, are they client side image maps or are redundant text links provided?
11.3.    If a specialized applet, plug-in or software is required, is a link to download it provided?
11.4.    If unique display techniques are developed, is text also written to the screen through the operating system?

Posted: Jan 07, 2016 12:41 PM
Last Updated: Nov 01, 2018 11:27 AM