About the Breeds
In Germany, Captain Max von Stephanitz was one of those breeders. He knew the new industrial world needed more than just farm dogs. He found a new all-purpose breed in the local sheepdog’s strength and intelligence. When he found a dog at a dog show to start the new line, he formed a society, the Verein fur deutsche Schaferhunde (SV), to help his breeding efforts.
Labrador Retrievers can be traced to the island of Newfoundland in the Labrador Sea back to the late 1700s. There were two breeds of dogs: the Greater and Lesser Newfoundland. Both breeds were friends to the fishermen in the area. The Greater Newfoundland hauled carts with the fishermen’s daily catch.
The Lesser Newfoundland worked with the fishermen on the boats and at home. This is today’s Labrador Retriever.
The Labradors were small and rode on the boats. Their short coat allowed them to be good swimmers. They got their name by retrieving the fish that fell overboard. The Labrador Retriever also retrieved birds for hunters.
Children discovered they were gentle and loyal playmates.