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A Spy Who Made His Own Way: Ernest Hemingway, Wartime Spy

A Spy Who Made His Own Way: Ernest Hemingway, Wartime Spy

By Nicholas Reynolds, CIA Museum Historian

During World War II, Ernest Hemingway happily devoted much more of his time and energy to the field of intelligence than to his normal literary pursuits. He had relationships with the intelligence section of the US embassy in Havana as well as with at least three US intelligence agencies: the Office of National Intelligence (ONI), the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). In addition, he dealt with the Soviet Union’s intelligence service at the time, the NKVD.

The threshold question for each organization was, what could, or should, Hemingway do for the war effort?

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Posted: Jul 19, 2012 01:12 PM
Last Updated: Aug 08, 2012 03:18 PM