sometimes accompany lying but concludes that "present knowledge is not sufficient to lead to a decision on which, if any, of these three theories is correct." Dr. Davis seems to know what he is talking about when he says:
The intelligence interrogation, however, has certain peculiarities. Studies directed specifically to these distinctive problems would be required for more reliable conclusions regarding the applicability of findings from previous experimentation to practical employments in intelligence interrogations.But soon he gives us a glimpse of what he thinks an interrogation is:
One may suppose that the person questioned, typically, will have little personal involvement in information sought. The questions frequently will not be about something he has done or for which he feels responsible or guilty. He may or may not know what information is important to his interrogator. Perhaps he is not very deeply motivated to conceal the specific items of information. . . .It would be a pleasure to hear Colonel Rudolf Abel's opinion of this passage--or the opinion of his U.S. interrogators.
"The Potential Uses of Hypnosis in Interrogation," by Martin T. Orne, is an honest and thoughtful attempt to discuss scientific understanding of hypnosis in relationship to interrogation.2 But this chapter shares with its predecessors a lamentable lack of directly relevant observation and experimentation. Dr. Orne says, "There is an utter dearth of literature concerning the actual use of hypnosis in interrogation. Either this technique has never been used, or if it has, no one has chosen to discuss it in print." The reader wonders why Dr. Orne, himself a hypnotist, has not conducted some research on this subject, for his suggestions are sometimes intriguing. It occurs to him that an interrogator armed with some facts about the subject, facts that the subject does not know him to possess, might turn them to good advantage:
The informant could be given a hypnotic drug with appropriate verbal suggestions to talk about a given topic. Eventually enough of the drug would be given to cause a short period of unconsciousness. When the subject wakens, the interrogator could then read
2 See Intelligence Articles IV 1, p. 37, ff., for other discussion of this subject.