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Tonnage Through Tibet

military supply capability methodology (1950s),
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Tonnage Through Tibet   

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roads to Tibet four or five times the sustained capacity could be forced through, but only for five days on the TsinghaiTibet highway and only for two on the other roads. Then the roads would not be usable for through truck convoys until repaired.
             
Supply Requirements      
     
The daily resupply requirement for troops in combat and garrison units is the average daily tonnage required to replace expenditures over an extended period. DOD analysts, by considering the normal requirements for the individual units known to be in Tibet, arrived at a total requirement of about 430 short tons per day for the approximately 103,000 Chinese troops fighting there during November 1962. They estimated, for example, that some of the units were organized into infantry divisions (light) at 85 percent of T/O strength, or 14,000 men. In general, such a unit is considered to require 86.4 tons of supplies daily during average combat conditions. Military experts, however, after studying the type of fighting on the Indian border, reduced the estimate of ammunition used from 38.2 to 28.0 tons per division. This made the division's resupply requirement in tons the following:
             
  Class I (Rations)..................................................................... 23.6  
  Class II and IV ..................................................................... 21.5  
  Class III (Petroleum Products) ...............................................   3.1  
  Class V(Ammunition).............................................................. 28.0  
    Total................................................................................... 76.2  
   
On the average, however, the requirements for the forces in Tibet were lower per man than implied in this example. Other troops organized in independent infantry regiments had an estimated requirement for only 22.6 tons per regiment, and border defense regiments required even less. Some troops in garrison were estimated to be using no ammunition.  
             
It is possible that the Chinese had stockpiled considerable amounts of supplies during the summer in anticipation of their fall offensive against India, and the amount transported  
             
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Posted: May 08, 2007 09:01 AM
Last Updated: May 08, 2007 09:01 AM