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On the Soviet Nuclear Scent

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Soviet Nuclear Start  

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PictureAlexandrov, who represented the USSR at the Bikini "Crossroads" tests in 1946 and in UN discussions on atomic energy in 1947; the latter presumably was A. I. Leipunski, a well-known Russian nuclear physicist. When Krebs was then flown to Moscow (without his consent) he learned that the German groups worked as an independent organization under the supervision of

General "Sawiniaki," whose staff of several generals included a General "Krawtschenko." Ungarbled, the boss must be Colonel General Avram Pavlovich Zavenyagin, the builder of Magnitogorsk in the Urals and the Norilsk Nickel Combine in far northern Siberia; he was reportedly head of the secret Ninth Chief Directorate of the MVD and had a General Kravchenko as assistant. Thus the MVD continued into 1947 to play a significant role in the Soviet atomic energy program, even though this had been reorganized in late 1945 as the   A. P. ZAVENYAGIN First Chief Directorate attached to the Council of Ministers under Colonel General Boris Lvovich Vannikov, who had managed Russia's munitions production during the war. Krebs also reported: that the Hertz group was working on isotope separation problems at Sukhumi; that the Von Ardenne and Thiessen groups were also there, as we had thought; that Dr. Vollmer and several assistants were working at Sukhumi on heavy water production methods, that Dr. Riehl and his group at Elektrostal were turning out uranium metal on a production scale; and that Dr. Patzschke, a former director of the Joachimsthal uranium mine in Czechoslovakia, was head of a group prospecting for uranium ore near Tashkent in Central Asia. The Pose group was presumably somewhere east of the Urals, since in May and June of 1945 this territory had been surveyed, Krebs had heard, as to its suitability for their reactor work.
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Posted: May 08, 2007 09:01 AM
Last Updated: May 08, 2007 09:01 AM