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Agency PageThe Many Burdens of Defense in the Soviet Union
The Many Burdens of Defense in the Soviet Union, Rush V. Greenslade. Those who have followed the writings and estimates on Soviet military expenditures over the years are aware of considerable difference of opinion as to how much of a burden on the Soviet economy military programs are and as to the correct way to measure the burden. Ways of measuring burden have, indeed, proliferated in recent years. To illustrate this point, consider the following statements, all of which have been used to express the burden of defense on the Soviet economy...
Agency PageThe Lessons of the September 30 Affair
The Lessons of the September 30 Affair, Richard Cabot Howland. He is dead now, but his mad rhetoric still echoes in the mind for those who were there. Speech after speech, Sukarno's cadence set the rhythm for our work and our lives in that long summer of 1965. We battened down the Embassy hatches and waited, straining to fathom his purpose and predict his next move. One after another, faster and faster, the PKI's enemies were over-run; the domino theory was being tested before our eyes. "All of history," Emerson once wrote, "stands in the long shadow of one man." So too did Indonesia by September 30 of that year ... until the last domino refused to fall...
Agency PageThe Lessons of the September 30 Affair
The Lessons of the September 30 Affair
Agency PageCommunist Defense Against Aerial Surveillance in Southeast Asia
Communist Defense Against Aerial Surveillance in Southeast Asia, Edward F. Puchalla. The art of deceiving or confusing aerial surveillance is virtually as old as the airplane. Techniques of deception developed greatly during World War II when all parties devoted considerable efforts to concealing or disguising troops, weapons, industries, and even cities. In the Far Eastern conflicts of the past two decades, less sophisticated, but nevertheless serviceable techniques have been employed to the same ends. In particular, the war in Southeast Asia has produced extensive and at times ingenious attempts at deception...
Agency PageCommunist Defense Against Aerial Surveillance in Southeast Asia
Communist Defense Against Aerial Surveillance in Southeast Asia
Agency PageCommunist Defense Against Aerial Surveillance in Southeast Asia
Communist Defense Against Aerial Surveillance in Southeast Asia
Agency PageSome Limitations in Systems Analysis in Intelligence Activities
Some Limitations in Systems Analysis in Intelligence Activities, R.C. Shreckengost. The procedure to be followed in using operations research or systems analysis techniques to identify optimal actions in large, complex systems is somewhat akin to the recipe for tiger soup, i.e., take one tiger. . . . If consistent and well-behaved values and objectives are at hand the analyst may then proceed to apply the art to achieve an optimal concoction. Unfortunately, the multitudinous values generally required to explore fully the optimum allocation of resources among diverse intelligence tasks and responsibilities are as critical to the process as the tiger to tiger soup—but far more difficult to bag, assuming that a suitable set of values even exists...
Agency PageWhat Basic Intelligence Seeks To Do
What Basic Intelligence Seeks To Do, Joseph W. Martin. This paper seeks to open a discussion of basic intelligence doctrine: that is, of the objectives this type of intelligence should aim at and of the standards by which effective performance in it should be judged. This kind of discussion—which, I believe, was one of the things Studies in Intelligence was originally founded for—is not likely to end in full agreement but, as experience with other types of intelligence has shown, does offer the prospect of reducing the area of disagreement and making the product more sophisticated and more useful to the consumer...