Library

 

The National Intelligence Daily

newspaper version,
Previous Next

SECRET

The NID

intelligence publications. A systematic production flow, with background information and items of less urgency going into the first press run (pages 2 and 3) and the most significant and current intelligence going into the last press run (pages 1 and 4), would contribute to a logical arrangement.
From the beginning, the work proceeded in consultation with the Office of Security, for security was an obvious problem. Someone could mislay the Daily amid sections of the Post or Times, or shove the intelligence newspaper under a pile of unclassified material. The Daily would carry, on the same page, several articles of varying classification and sensitivity. Decorating every page with enough security warnings to give conventional notice of the document's sensitivity would result in something that looked more like a circus poster than a newspaper. The Office of Security cooperated in the development of terse warning notices and security markings sufficient to flag the newspaper as highly classified without obscuring its message under typographical clutter.
The wider the circulation, the higher the security risk. The Daily, therefore, would go only to a few top policy makers. Similarly, few within the Agency would receive the newspaper. Most consumers of intelligence, and most producers, would continue to receive conventional publications-booklets-that are less of a security hazard than the Daily.
One modest protection devised for the Daily-and one that can be employed efficiently only with a strictly limited distribution of intelligence newspapers-was a jacket in which the newspaper would arrive on the policy maker's desk. The jacket would shield the newspaper's contents from accidental unauthorized inspection and would bear an "eyes only" label naming the authorized recipient. The use of color on the jacket and on the pre-printed portion of the Daily would emphasize the security markings.
Speed in Black, White, and Gray
Except for use in pre-printed security markings, color was a printing luxury the Daily could not afford. The loss of color in maps would be the price of speed. Printing colored maps on the Miehle press would take hours; the Daily, if it was to be current, would have to get on and off the press in minutes. Agency cartographers, who through many years had earned a reputation for excellence in creating colored maps, now had to develop a new map technology in black, white, and shades of gray.
As the cartographers worked out the new technology, the printers changed their ways of reproducing both maps and photographs. In offset printing, texts and headlines are pasted on a layout sheet. The printers photograph this sheet to get the image from which they will make a press plate. This is fairly simple when the image consists of black and white; the camera catches it all in one exposure. But the gray tones in photographs that have to go on the press plate cause problems; the camera cannot capture these tones accurately for the press plate at the same instant it registers the black-white image of the type. In the old way of preparing a press plate that included illustrations, the reproduction of photographs required extra camera work and hand work after texts and headlines were photographed on the layout sheet. Persisting with the old time-consuming way of putting photographs on the press plate would have forced either an early deadline or a late press run. What the Daily needed was a late deadline and an early press run.
To break through the time barrier, the Printing Services Division exploited the photo-mechanical transfer process. What this amounts to is photographing a picture
42

SECRET


Previous Next

Posted: May 08, 2007 08:46 AM
Last Updated: Aug 10, 2011 02:29 PM