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Agency PageThe Role of the Consultant in Intelligence Estimates
The Role of the Consultant in Intelligence Estimates, Joseph R. Strayer. Most consultants, at one time or another in their careers, wonder what excuse there is for their existence. They do not have continuing access to all the sources of information available to the intelligence community. They can spend only a few hours in pondering the significance of events which require days or weeks for proper analysis. Yet they are asked for advice about the most complicated problems and are expected to give their opinion on five minutes' notice. They wonder if the ritual of consultation has any more value than other forms of divination. They fear that they often seem naive and ignorant and they know that they can correct these deficiencies only by using up the time of intelligence officers who presumably have something better to do...
Agency PageReminiscences of a Communications Agent
Reminiscences of a Communications Agent, Expatriate. During World War II, I was employed by the British intelligence service in one of the European countries which was at first neutral, then a German ally, and finally under German occupation. I had two concurrent jobs. One was to maintain radio communications with a base on the Mediterranean some 750 miles away. The other was to photograph intelligence reports, maps, and sketches and to conceal the films in inconspicuous objects which could be smuggled across the border...
Agency PageExecutive Privilege in the Field of Intelligence
Executive Privilege in the Field of Intelligence, Lawrence R. Houston. Recent agitation in congressional and newspaper circles against "secrecy in government" has focused attention on information security measures in the Executive Branch. The courts, too, have declared in recent months that information used by the government in preparing criminal prosecutions and even some administrative proceedings must be divulged, at least in part, as "one of the fundamentals of fair play." In this atmosphere, the intelligence officer may reflect on the risk he runs of being caught between the upper and nether millstones of congressional or court demands on the one hand and the intelligence organization's requirement for secrecy on the other...
Agency PageA Definition of Intelligence
A Definition of Intelligence, Martin T. Bimfort. Formulating a brief definition of so broad a term as intelligence is like making a microscopic portrait of a continent, and the product of this effort is likely to have less value than the process of arriving at it, the reexamination of our own thinking as we seek to pinpoint the essentials of the concept. Yet misunderstandings within and without the intelligence community often result from incompatible understandings of the meaning of the word intelligence. Moreover, the assignment and coordination of functions, responsibilities, and relationships among the members of the community must rest upon an agreed interpretation of this word in the laws and directives which govern our work ...
Agency PageCounterintelligence for National Security
Counterintelligence for National Security. In 1949 Sherman Kent introduced a triplicate framework within which to consider the subject of intelligence-i.e., as knowledge, as activity, and as organization. This article will proceed within that framework to discuss counterintelligence, a field of intelligence ...
Agency PageThe Mail from Budapest
The Mail from Budapest. This story of pre-war espionage and counterespionage has been summarized from records originating in Czechoslovakia and acquired by American intelligence after World War II. It has all the qualities of a classic except one: it is nearly unknown. It is our purpose here to pull it out, with its still useful lessons, from the shadows of the past ...
Agency PageThe Greater Barrier
The Greater Barrier. Among the practitioners of the Intelligence Arts there are few who will be surprised when the mechanical translation of languages leaves the laboratory and becomes operational. Indeed, this breakthrough of the foreign language barrier is so close upon us that some of our forward-looking administrative assistants should be working now on appropriate staff studies -"The Redistribution of No-Longer-Necessary Personnel," for example ...