first encrypted cable (1866),


first encrypted cable (1866),
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NOTES 10.   John Haswell to John Sherman, Washington, D.C., 20 January 1898. Photocopy in author's possession; the original letter is in the possession of Mrs. Lester Thayer, Albany, New York.
1. Bigelow to Seward, 3 August 1866, in Record Group 59, General Records of the Department of State, Dispatches from US Ministers to France, Microcopy 34, Roll 62, National Archives. Hereafter cited as RG 59, M34, R62, NA.
11.   Leonard Whitney to George Baker, Washington, D.C., 20 November 1866. RG 59, Records of the Bureau of Account: Miscellaneous Letters Received, Entry 212, NA.
2.   Deposition of Wilson G. Hunt, 8 June 1870, RG 123, Box 307, NA. In his deposition, Lathers said at first he thought Seward was being facetious, and the conversation began rather jocularly; it then turned serious as Hunt listened carefully to Seward's criticisms.
12. Leonard Whitney to George Baker, Washington, D.C., 17 December 1866, ibid.
13.   Fields received a letter from Baker, which included Seward's request to come to Washington for a discussion of the cable issue: cf. Fields to Seward, New York City, 12 December 1866, Seward Papers, R98, Library of Congress.
3.   Petition of the New York, Newfondland & London Telegraph Co. vs. The United States, filed 25 February 1870, Claim No. 6151, RG 59, M 179, R319, p. 7, NA.
14.   Deposition of Wilson G. Hunt, 8 June 1870.
4. In November 1866, a gold dollar equalled about $1.40 in greenback currency: cf. Wesley Clair Mitchell, Gold, Prices, And Wages under the Greenback Standard (Berkeley: The University Press, 1908), p. 302.
15.   Russian Minister Stoeckl to Gorchakov, Washington, D.C., 25 March 1867, RG 59, Telegrams Sent by the Department of State, 1867-69, Entry 309, NA.
5.   Deposition of William Seward, 27 July 1870, RG 123, B307, NA. Seward knew that Hunt, Peter Cooper, and Cyrus Fields, all of New York, were principals in the cable company. 16.   Stoeckl to Gorchakov, Washington, D.C., 25 March 1867, ibid.
17.   Seward to Hunt, Washington, D.C., I I June 1867, in ibid., p. 38.
6.   Deposition of Seward, RG 123, B307, NA.
18. Whitney to Baker, Washington, D.C., 19 June 1867, RG 59, E209, NA.
7. Seward to Bigelow, Washington, D.C., 10 November 1866 in RG 59, M77, R58, NA.
19.   Seward to Minister to France John Dix, Washington, D.C., 19 August 1867. RG 59, M77, R58, NA.
8. At least one principal European power was using a code similar to the Monroe Code: cf. Haswell, "Secret Writing, Monthlv Magazine 85 (November 1912), 88.
20. John Haswell to Hamilton Fish, Washington D.C., 8 July 1873, Hamilton Fish Papers, R95, Library of Congress.
9. William Seward to John Bigelow, Washington, 23 November 1866, in RG 84, Instructions to the US Legation at Paris, Ci.1, NA. The letter book copy of the dispatch may be found in Diplomatic Instructions of the Department of State, 1801-1906, RG 59, M77, R58, NA.
21.   State Department Telegrams, 1867-1869, in RG 59, E209, NA reflect the complications posed by this code.

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