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FIELD LISTING :: TERRORIST GROUPS - FOREIGN BASED Print
CountryTERRORIST GROUPS - FOREIGN BASED
Afghanistan al-Qa'ida:
aim(s): overthrow the Afghanistan Government and, ultimately, establish a pan-Islamic caliphate under a strict Salafi Muslim interpretation of Sharia
area(s) of operation: maintains established networks and a longtime operational presence, especially in the northwest and in the northneast near the Afghanistan-Pakistan border; headquartered in Taliban-controlled Afghanistan between 1996 and November 2001, when US-led Coalition Forces toppled the Taliban Government
al-Qa'ida in the Indian Subcontinent (AQIS):
aim(s): establish an Islamic caliphate in the Indian subcontinent
area(s) of operation: heaviest presence is in Afghanistan, especially in the eastern and southern regions, where most of the Afghan-based leaders are based and recruits train for fighting; targets primarily Afghan military and security personnel and US interest
Haqqani Network (HQN):
aim(s): eradicate Western influence and replace the Afghan Government with a strict Salafi Muslim interpretation of Sharia
area(s) of operation: stages attacks from Pakistan's North Waziristan Agency in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas across from Afghanistan's southeastern border; operational throughout the country, especially in Kabul and the provinces of Paktiya and Khost, targeting Afghan, US, and NATO forces and other Afghan Government personnel and Westerners for attack or kidnappings for ransom; deemed to be the most lethal group striking Afghan personnel and NATO's International Security Assistance Force; operatives used explosives, rocket-propelled grenades, and sprayed bullets on 13 September 2011 during a 19-hour attack on the US Embassy in Kabul and NATO's nearby International Security Assistance Force's headquarters, killing 16 Afghans, including six children and police officers; continues to hold Americans and other Westerners hostage for the stated purpose of demanding senior leader Anas HAQQANI's release from Afghan custody, where he has been sentenced to death
Harakat ul-Jihad-i-Islami (HUJI):
aim(s): enhance its networks and drive foreign troops from Afghanistan and, unltimately, install Sharia in Afghanistan
area(s) of operation: operations throughout Afghanistan, targeting primarily Afghan Government personnel and Coalition forces
Harakat ul-Mujahidin (HUM):
aim(s): enhance its networks and paramilitary training in Afghanistan and, ultimately,annex Kashmir into Pakistan and establish an Islamic state in Kashmir
area(s) of operation: maintains paramilitary training camps in the east
Islamic Jihad Union (IJU):
aim(s): drive NATO forces out of Afghanistan and destablize the country
area(s) of operation: conducts attacks in collaboration with other armed groups, including the Taliban, against NATO and Afghan forces across the country, especially in the northern and eastern provinces of Paktika, Paktia, and Nangarhar; played a key role in the Taliban's recapture of Kunduz Province in September 2015; uploads propaganda videos showcasing attacks on Afghan forces
Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU):
aim(s): enhance its networks and secure its territory in Afghanistan to meet its historic goal of establishing an Islamic state in the Fergana Valley, a fertile valley spread across eastern Uzbekistan, southern Kyrgyzstan, and northern Tajikistan
area(s) of operation: operates mostly in the north along the Afghanistan-Pakistan border, with its heaviest presence in Badakhshan Province, where IMU operates paramilitary training camps and bases; has historically fought alongside al-Qa'ida and the Taliban and their affiliate groups; IMU's attack tempo has diminished since 2015
Jaish-e-Mohammed (JEM):
aim(s): enhance operational and logistic networks in Afghanistan and, ultimately, drive foreign forces from the country
area(s) of operation: maintains a limited training and operational presence, primarily along the border with Pakistan
Jundallah:
aim(s): enhance its operational networks and capabilities for staging cross-border attacks into Pakistan and Iran
area(s) of operation: operational in the greater Balochistan area, where fighters stage attacks targeting Shia Muslims in Iran and Pakistan
Lashkar-e Tayyiba (LeT):
aim(s): enhances its recruitment networks and paramilitary training in Afghanistan
area(s) of operation: targets Coalition forces and Western interests throughout the country; maintains several facilities such as paramilitary training camps, medical clinics serving locals, and schools for thousands of youth; targets Pushtun youth for recruitment; LeT changed its name to Kashmir Tehrik Azadi in early 2017
Algeria al-Mulathamun Battalion:
aim(s): replace regional governments, including Algeria's Government, with an Islamic state
area(s) of operation: conducts kidnappings for ransom
HAMAS:
aim(s): enhance its networks in Algeria
area(s) of operation: has maintained an unofficial political bureau in Algeria for several years, which received the Algerian Government's official approval circa August 2016
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL):
aim(s): replace the Algerian Government with an Islamic state and implement ISIL's strict interpretation of Sharia
area(s) of operation: maintains an operational and recruitment presence mostly in the northeast, targeting local security forces and US and Western interests; since circa September 2014 under its former leader Abdelmalek GOURI in Algeria, ISIL has referred to Algeria as its Wilayat al-Jazair; as an official branch of core ISIL, it is also known as Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant-Algeria (ISIL-Algeria) and Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham—Algeria (ISIS-Algeria), formerly known as Jund al-Khilafa—Algeria (JAK-A); ISIL-Algeria's leader as of 2017 is unknown; hundreds of ISIL's fighters now in Syria are from Algeria
Argentina Hizballah:
aim(s): disrupt Israel's security in Argentina and, ultimately, destroy the state of Israel
area(s) of operation: maintains a limited presence; on 18 July 1994, an operative drove a bomb-laden car into the Argentine Israelite Mutual Association building in Buenos Aires, killing 85 civilians and injuring 300 more; on 17 March 1992, operatives detonated a vehicle-borne improvised explosive device in front of the Israeli Embassy in Buenos Aires, killing 29 people and injuring at least 270 others; Hizballah's leadership stated that the bombing was in retaliation for Israel killing its secretary general, Abbas al-MUSAWI on 16 February 1992
Bangladesh al-Qa'ida (AQ):
aim(s): overthrow the Bangladesh Government and, ultimately, establish a pan-Islamic caliphate under a strict Salafi Muslim interpretation of Sharia
area(s) of operation: operates in collaboration with its al-Qa'ida in the Indian Subcontinent affiliate
al-Qa'ida in the Indian Subcontinent (AQIS):
aim(s): protect Muslims in Bangladesh from perceived injustices and, ultimately, establish an Islamic caliphate in the Indian subcontinent
area(s) of operation: active throughout the country, targeting primarily military and security personnel, US interests, and using machetes to attack university professors, bloggers, and others who oppose AQIS's ideology; spokesman Abdullah ASHRAF is based in Bangladesh
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL):
aim(s): replace the Bangladesh Government with an Islamic state and implement ISIL's strict interpretation of Sharia; ISIL operates in Bangladesh under the name Islamic State in Bangladesh (ISB)
area(s) of operation: operates primarily in Dhaka under Shaykh Abu Ibrahim al-HANAFI under the name Islamic State in Bangladesh; targets foreigners, foreign aid workers, university professors, and secular bloggers and students for assassination; conducted Bangladesh's deadliest terrorist attack on 1-2 July 2016 during a 12-hour standoff in Dhaka, when gunmen overran the Holey Artisan Bakery and its restaurant, O'Kitchen, killing 20 civilian hostages and two police officers; majority of members are Bangladeshi; affiliate Jamaatul Mujahideen Bangladesh is a prominent Bangladeshi armed group known for attacking religious minorities such as Hindu clerics and minority Muslims from the Shia Muslim, Ahmadiyya, and Sufi communities; core ISIL refers to its Bangladesh branch as Bengal
Belgium Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL):
aim(s): destabilize Belgium's economy and government
area(s) of operation: remains operational; responsible for twin bombings in Belgium at the Brussels Airport and Maelbeek metro station near the European Union headquarters on 22 March 2016, killing 32 civilians and injuring at least 200; In Europe, Belgium is a top source country for ISIL recruits, where recruiters target youth; as of early 2017, approximately 450 Belgian citizens were fighting in Syria or Iraq alongside ISIL, planning to go to fight, or had returned from the fight
Benin Boko Haram:
aim(s): replace the Benin Government with an Islamic state and, ultimately, establish an Islamic caliphate across Africa; violently opposes any polical or social activity associated with Western society, including voting, attending secular schools, and wearing shirts and trousers
area(s) of operation: maintains an operational presence, especially in the west along the Benin-Nigeria border; Benin continues in 2017 to participate in the Joint Multinational Force's military offensives combating Boko Haram
Burkina Faso al-Mulathamun Battalion:
aim(s): replace regional governments, including Burkina Faso's government, with an Islamic state
area(s) of operation: engages in kidnappings for ransom and other violent activities across the country, including Ouagadougou; al-Mulathamun Battalion and AQIM operatives used gunfire and explosives on 15 January 2016 that killed 30 civilians from 18 countries and wounded approximately 70 people, resulting in operatives taking over 156 hostages in Ouagadougou at the Splendid Hotel and Cappuccino Restaurant, popular sites for Westerners and French soldiers based in the region; marked the first major attack in a country that had been largely spared extremist violence; security forces rescued 156 of the hostages
al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM):
aim(s): replace the Burkina Faso Government with Sharia and, ultimately, create a regional Islamic caliphate across all of North and West Africa
area(s) of operation: engages heavily in kidnappings for ransom and other violent activities across the country, primarily in the north; AQIM and al-Mulathamun Battalion operatives used gunfire and explosives on 15 January 2016 that killed 30 civilians from 18 countries and wounded approximately 70 people, resulting in operatives taking over 156 hostages in Ouagadougou at the Splendid Hotel and Cappuccino Restaurant, popular sites for Westerners and French soldiers based in the region; marked the first major attack in a country that had been largely spared extremist violence; security forces rescued 156 of the hostages
Burma al-Qa'ida (AQ):
aim(s): overthrow the Burmese Government and, ultimately, establish a pan-Islamic caliphate under a strict Salafi Muslim interpretation of Sharia
area(s) of operation: operates in collaboration with its al-Qa'ida in the Indian Subcontinent affiliate
Cameroon Boko Haram:
aim(s): replace the Cameroon Government with an Islamic state and, ultimately, establish an Islamic caliphate across Africa; violently opposes any polical or social activity associated with Western society, including voting, attending secular schools, and wearing Western dress
area(s) of operation: conducts lethal bombing attacks and assaults, displacing thousands of people, and contributing to food insecurity, especially in the Far North Region; one of the group's most high-profile operations in Cameroon occurred on 27 July 2014, when operatives killed three people and kidnapped Cameroon Deputy Prime Minister Amadou ALI's wife, Akaoua BABIANA, during a raid in Kolofata in the north; BABIANA and 27 other abductees were rescued in October 2014; Cameroon continued in 2017 to participate in the Joint Multinational Force's military offensives against Boko Haram
Chad al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM):
aim(s): replace the Chadian Government with Sharia and, ultimately, create a regional Islamic caliphate across all of North and West Africa
area(s) of operation: members transit the country smuggling weapons and contraband in the northwestern regions, primarily near the Chad-Niger border; clashes with Nigerien military and security forces patrolling the border
Boko Haram:
aim(s): replace the Chadian Government with an Islamic state and, ultimately, establish an Islamic caliphate across Africa; violently opposes any political or social activity associated with Western society, including voting, attending secular schools, and wearing Western dress
area(s) of operation: conducts kidnappings, bombings, and assaults, including in the capital, N'Djamena; targets military and security personnel and civilians; responsible for displacing thousands of people and contributing to food insecurity, especially in the country's Lake Chad Basin region, where the Chadian Government has imposed a state of emergency since 2015 because of Boko Haram's frequent attacks; conducted its first lethal attack in Chad on 13 February 2015, when operatives crossed Lake Chad by boat to attack Ngouboua, a fishing village on the shores of Lake Chad in Chad, killing approximately 10 civilians and burning two thirds of the homes in the village; Chad continued in 2017 to participate in the Joint Multinational Force's military offensives against Boko Haram
Cote d'Ivoire al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM):
aim(s): replace the Cote d'Ivoire Government with Sharia and, ultimately, create a regional Islamic caliphate across all of North and West Africa
area(s) of operation: maintains an operational presence; gunmen killed 15 civilians and three special force members and wounded approximately 33 people, when they attacked a beach resort on 13 March 2016 at the L'Etoile du Sud hotel in Grand Bassam
Denmark Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL):
aim(s): destabilize Denmark's economy and government
area(s) of operation: maintains a limited operational presence, primarily Danish citizens returning to Denmark after fighting alongside ISIL in Syria; a Danish-born gunman inspired by ISIL shot and killed two civilians and wounded five police officers in Copenhagen on 15 February 2015
Djibouti al-Shabaab:
aim(s): avenge Djibouti's support for NATO and other forces combatting al-Shabaab
area(s) of operation: responsible for killing a Turkish national and injuring 11 international soldiers on 24 May 2014, when two suicide bombers detonated their explosives inside La Chaumiere, a restaurant in Djibouti's capital popular with tourists and Western military personnel; the suicide bombings were the first in the country's history; continues to conduct lethal attacks; leadership claims the attacks are in retaliation for Djibouti's support for NATO and the African Union Mission for Somalia, a regional peacekeeping force operated by the African Union with the approval of the UN
Egypt al-Qa'ida (AQ):
aim(s): overthrow the Egyptian Government and, ultimately, establish a pan-Islamic caliphate under a strict Salafi Muslim interpretation of Sharia
area(s) of operation: maintains a longtime operational presence and established networks
Army of Islam (AOI):
aim(s): disrupt the Egyptian Government's efforts to provide security and, ultimately, establish an Islamic caliphate
area(s) of operation: operational mainly in Cairo and the Sinai Peninsula; conducted bombing attacks in Cairo and Heliopolis in 2009 against Egyptian citizens, which resulted in casualities and deaths; associated with ISIL Sinai Province (formerly Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis); targets Israeli Government interests, sometimes in collaboration with the Mujahidin Shura Council in the Environs of Jerusalem, including launching rockets into southern Israel; rocket attacks launched from the Gaza Strip into Egyptian territory have ebbed in recent years
HAMAS:
aim(s): bolster its relationship with the Egyptian Government to facilitate free movement in Egyptian territory
area(s) of operation: maintains a growing political presence, collaborating with the Egyptian Government to secure the border against ISIL fighters, who have killed hundreds of Egyptian policemen and soldiers in northern Sinai; in return, HAMAS is granted freer movement to take trucks of food and other goods into the Gaza Strip; has a history of using a few thousand tunnels at the Egypt-Gaza Strip border to smuggle weapons, fighters, and consumer goods into the Gaza Strip
Mujahidin Shura Council in the Environs of Jerusalem (MSC):
aim(s): enhance its networks in Egypt and, ultimately, destroy the state of Israel
area(s) of operation: maintains a limited operational presence as of 2017; majority of veteran members have defected to join other groups; previously, operatives staged numerous attacks inside Israeli territory along the Egypt-Israel border, especially coordinated attacks with the Army of Islam, another US-designated foreign terrorist organization
France Basque Fatherland and Liberty (ETA):
aim(s): establish an independent Basque homeland based on Marxist principles in what is now southwestern France and northern Spain
area(s) of operation: maintains a presence in the southwest, where the French and Spanish governments collaborate to arrest members and demand disarmament before engaging in negotiations; responsible for hundreds of deaths in France since it inception in 1959; continues to refrain from conducting attacks since its 20 October 2011 communique declaring a permanent cessation of violence, but had not formally disbanded or given up its weapons arsenal by early 2017; 79 members are currently in French prisons, with an unknown number present in the country; remains outlawed in France
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL):
aim(s): destabilize France's economy and government
area(s) of operation: remains operational with known activities in at least Paris, Lyon, Nice, Tours, and Magnanville, where ISIL has either directed or inspired lethal attacks; three coordinated teams of suicide bombers and shooters conducted attacks on 13 November 2015 in Paris and its northern suburb Saint-Denis, killing at least 130 people and wounding approximately 360; as of early 2017, approximately 1,800 to 1,850 French citizens were fighting in Syria or Iraq alongside ISIL, planning to go to fight, or had returned from the fight; France is a top source country in Europe for ISIL recruits; recruits heavily in prisons
Gaza Strip Abdallah Azzam Brigades (AAB):
aim(s): bolster its staging capabilities in the Gaza Strip against Israel to continue its attempts to disrupt Israel's economy and its efforts to establish security
area(s) of operation: launches homemade rockets from the Gaza Strip into populated Israeli territory, primarily Nahariya and Ashkelon; operates as the Marwan Haddad Division
Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade (AAMB):
aim(s): bolster its staging capabilities in the Gaza Strip against Israel and, ultimately, establish a Palestinian state comprising the West Bank, Gaza Strip, and Jerusalem
area(s) of operation: stages attacks in the Gaza Strip against Israeli soldiers and civilians inside Israel, including launching rockets and missiles into Israel; claimed in 2015 to have fired more than 500 rockets and missiles into Israel during Operation Pillar of Defense, the week-long Israeli Defense Force operation in Gaza; former leader Zaki al-SAKANI was released in late 2016 from HAMAS's custody in the Gaza Strip, where he had been held since 2008, only on the condition that he leave the Gaza Strip; since al-SAKANI's imprisonment, AAMB has operated under a decentralized power structure, with each cell reporting to a local leader
ISIL Sinai Province (formerly Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis):
aim(s): bolster its staging capabilities in the Gaza Strip against Israel and, ultimately, establish a regional Islamic caliphate
area(s) of operation: stages attacks against Egyptian forces along the Gaza Strip-Egypt border and launches rockets into southern Israel from the border closest to Israel; moves fighters and supplies through underground tunnels that connect the Gaza Strip and Sinai Peninsula
Germany Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL):
aim(s): destabilize Germany’s economy and government
area(s) of operation: police aggressively pursue and break up sleeper cells; as of early 2017, approximately 750 to 850 German citizens were fighting in Syria or Iraq alongside ISIL, planning to go to fight, or had returned from the fight; in December 2015, two operatives were arrested while assembling an IED intended for bombing the Israeli Embassy in Berlin
India al-Qa'ida (AQ):
aim(s): overthrow the Indian Government and, ultimately, establish a pan-Islamic caliphate under a strict Salafi Muslim interpretation of Sharia
area(s) of operation: maintains an operational presence as al-Qa'ida in the Indian Subcontinent under Pakistani Asim UMAR
al-Qa'ida in the Indian Subcontinent (AQIS):
aim(s): establish an Islamic caliphate in the Indian subcontinent
area(s) of operation: targets primarily military and security personnel, especially in the states of Assam, Gujarat, and Kashmir; present in large cities, including Delhi; overall leader Asim UMAR issued a public statement in 2016 encouraging Muslims in India to kill Indian officials; actively recruits Indian youth
Harakat ul-Jihad-i-Islami (HUJI):
aim(s): enhance its networks and operational capabilities in India
area(s) of operation: maintains a limited operational presence, especially in the south, where operatives continue to conduct targeted killings of important Hindu personalities, including in Bangalore and Hubli; on 7 September 2011, operatives bombed the New Delhi High Court in New Delhi, killing at least 11 people and injuring 76; the group sent an email to the press stating that the bombing was intended to force India to repeal a death sentence of a HUJI member
Harakat ul-Jihad-i-Islami/Bangladesh (HUJI-B):
aim(s): enhance its networks in India and, ultimately, install an Islamic state in Bangladesh
area(s) of operation: maintains a low-profile presence
Harakat ul-Mujahidin (HUM):
aim(s): enhance its networks and paramilitary training in India and, ultimately, annex Kashmir into Pakistan and establish an Islamic state in Kashmir
area(s) of operation: conducted numerous attacks against Indian troops and civilians in Kashmir, especially between 2005 and 2013; attacks have ebbed in recent years
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL):
aim(s): bolster its networks in India and, ultimately, unite Kashmir with Pakistan
area(s) of operation: maintains a limited recruitment presence in major cities
Jaish-e-Mohammed (JEM):
aim(s): unite the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir with Pakistan
area(s) of operation: operationally active throughout India, primarily in the state of Jammu and Kashmir; responsible for participating in multiple lethal suicide attacks in India, including the attacks against Indian military personnel on 18 September 2016 in Uri that killed 18 soldiers and on 2 January 2016 at the Pathankot airbase that killed seven soldiers; the September attack marked the deadliest attack on Indian security forces in Kashmir since the mid-1990s; outlawed in India
Lashkar-e Tayyiba (LeT):
aim(s): annex India's state of Jammu and Kashmir to Pakistan's control and, ultimately, install Islamic rule over parts of India and Pakistan
area(s) of operation: operational throughout India, especially in the north in the state of Jammu and Kashmir since at least 1993; conducts lethal attacks against Indian troops and civilians; continues to be one of the largest and most proficient of the anti-India-focused armed groups; LeT bombing and shooting attacks have killed hundreds and wounded thousands of Indian civilians in India in recent years; Chairman Hafiz Mohammad SAEED is wanted for arrest in India for his alleged role in masterminding the 26 November 2008 Mumbai attacks that killed 166 people and injured over 300; LeT changed its name to Kashmir Tehrik Azadi in early 2017
Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE):
aim(s): enhance its networks in India and, ultimately, revive the movement to establish a Tamil homeland
area(s) of operation: maintains safehavens, transit routes, human trafficking, and an operational presence in an effort to revive the movement and conduct attacks; authorities continue in 2017 to pursue leaders, operatives, and supporters for arrest; in 2014, authorities arrested operatives for plotting imminent attacks in India's southern cities of Chennai and Bangalore
Indonesia Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL):
aim(s): replace the Indonesian Government with an Islamic state and implement ISIL's strict interpretation of Sharia
area(s) of operation: claimed responsibility for coordinated attacks against a police traffic post and numerous civilian targets on 14 January 2016 in Central Jakarta, where operatives used gunfire, suicide bombers, and explosives that killed five people and wounded over 24; marked the first attack in Southeast Asia claimed by ISIL; recruits heavily in prisons; ISIL's leader in Indonesia, Aman ABDURRAHMAN, was in an Indonesian prison as of early 2017; incarcerated members radicalize and recruit fellow prisoners; the majority of Southeast Asians fighting alongside ISIL are from Indonesia
Iran Jundallah:
aim(s): secure recognition of Balochi cultural, economic, and political rights and greater autonomy from the Iranian Government
area(s) of operation: based in Sistan va Baluchestan Province in the southeast; targets Shia Muslims, primarily Iranian soldiers and security personnel
Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) (Kongra-Gel):
aim(s): establish Kurdistan, which comprises territory in northwestern Iran
area(s) of operation: has maintained an operational presence under the name Party of Free Life of Kurdistan (PJAK) since circa 2004; targets Iranian Government personnel, primarily in the northwest in the Kurdish-populated region; PJAK's attack tempo has ebbed since 2011
Iraq Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL):
aim(s): replace the Iraqi Government with an Islamic state and implement ISIL's strict interpretation of Sharia; declared its intention to wipe out the Yazidi community, whose faith is one of the country's oldest
area(s) of operation: operationally active throughout most of Iraq, particularly along the Iraq-Syria border; the country's second largest city, Mosul, was ISIL's most significant stronghold until recently; increasingly losing control over all of Mosul, but remained in control of western Mosul in early 2017, with fewer than 2,000 fighters in the city; assessed to have displaced at least 160,000 of the remaining civilians living in the city; 5,000-6,000 fighters had been stationed in Mosul as of late 2016; overall leader Abu Bakr al-BAGHDADI is reportedly based in the north, along with some of the other top leaders; targets religious and ethnic minorities and all groups or governments that oppose ISIL's hardline Sunni jihadist ideology, including perceived Sunni rivals; has killed thousands who refused to convert to Islam; has exploited natural resources, especially oil and wheat, and levied taxes and fees on companies and individuals in areas under its influence; fighters have ransacked and demolished numerous ancient sites that pre-date Islam, denouncing them as idolatrous; an estimated 3 million Iraqis have fled their homes because of ISIL and remained displaced inside Iraq as of early 2017; responsible for the deadliest single attack in Iraq since 2007 when operatives conducting coordinated bombings using IEDs and vehicle-borne improvised explosive devices on 3 July 2016 in Karrada District in Baghdad, while the district was teeming with late-night shoppers during Ramadan; at least 320 people were killed, mostly Shia Muslims, and over 225 injured; mass grave sites have been found throughout regions under ISIL's control, some containing hundreds of bodies and others containing thousands; has used mustard and chlorine gas against civilian and military targets in Iraq; senior leaders Attallah Salman 'Abd Kafi al-JABURI and Marwan Ibrahim Hussayn Tah al-AZAWI are connected with the group's chemical weapons development; recruits heavily in prisons
Ireland Continuity Irish Republican Army (CIRA):
aim(s): to bring about a united Ireland
area(s) of operation: maintains a limited operational presence; in December 2016, authorities found a large CIRA weapons cache in Monaghan County, which borders Northern Ireland; on 5 February 2016, gunmen opened fire in Dublin at a boxing weigh-in taking place in the Regency Hotel, killing one man and injuring two others; CIRA claimed responsibility accusing the deceased of being involved in the 2009 murder of fellow Republican and Real IRA senior member Alan RYAN
Real Irish Republican Army (RIRA):
aim(s): to bring about a united Ireland
area(s) of operation: maintains a limited operational presence, centered primarily on generating revenue from smuggling and other illegal activities
Israel Abdallah Azzam Brigades (AAB):
aim(s): disrupt Israel's efforts to establish security
area(s) of operation: responsible over the years for numerous lethal rocket attacks fired into Israeli territory from Lebanon into densely populated areas, especially Nahariyya and Ashqelon
Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade (AAMB):
aim(s): drive the Israeli military and West Bank settlers from the West Bank and impel Israelis to leave Jerusalem and, ultimately, establish a Palestinian state comprising the West Bank, Gaza Strip, and Jerusalem
area(s) of operation: launches rockets and missiles into southern Israel from the Gaza Strip; conducts suicide bombings in Tel Aviv and Jerusalem; on 27 January 2002, operative Wafa IDRIS became the first known Palestinian female suicide bomber and the first known female suicide bomber to conduct an attack inside Israel, when she detonated her vest in Jerusalem, killing an 81-year-old woman and wounding at least 100 other people
Army of Islam (AOI):
aim(s): disrupt Israel's efforts to provide security and, ultimately, destroy the state of Israel to establish a regional Islamic caliphate
area(s) of operation: has a history of launching rocket attacks into Israeli territory mostly from the Gaza Strip; attacks have ebbed in recent years
Hizballah:
aim(s): destroy the state of Israel
area(s) of operation: has been operational across Israel at various times since Hizballah's incepetion in 1982, especially in the north, and launching numerous rockets and other airborne projectiles and devices into Israeli towns in many regions; on 12 July 2006, a 34-day military conflict between Hizballah and Israel was precipitated when Hizballah fired rockets on several Israeli towns, while operatives crossed into northern Israel from southern Lebanon to attack an Israeli army convoy, killing eight and abducting two soldiers; intense fighting took place in Lebanon, northern Israel, and the Golan Heights until a UN-brokered ceasefire went into effect on 14 August 2006; responsible for hundreds of Israeli deaths over the years
ISIL Sinai Province (formerly Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis):
aim(s): destroy the state of Israel and, ultimately, establish a regional Islamic caliphate
area(s) of operation: launches rockets into southern Israel from the Sinai Peninsula, primarily in the Eshkol region and approaching the southern city of Elat; outlawed in Israel
HAMAS:
aim(s): lift Israel's blockade surrounding the Gaza Strip and, ultimately, destroy the state of Israel
area(s) of operation: operatives have launched tens of thousands of projectiles directed at Israeli urban areas over the years, resulting in numerous long-running lethal conflicts between HAMAS and Israeli forces; primarily stages projectile attacks from the Gaza Strip into Israel; regularly digs underground tunnels leading to Israeli territory for the purpose of smuggling fighters or supplies in and out of the country; on 25 June 2006, operatives kidnapped Israeli soldier Corporal Gilad SCHALIT near the Kerem Shalom crossing in southern Israel and held him until 18 October 2011, when he was released as part of a prisoner exchange; two soldiers were killed and two others injured during the kidnapping
Mujahidin Shura Council in the Environs of Jerusalem (MSC):
aim(s): destroy the state of Israel
area(s) of operation: primarily operational in the south, with a limited presence by 2017; the majority of veteran members have defected to join other groups; had previously participated in numerous rocket attacks into southern Israel's populated areas, such as Sderot, from the Gaza Strip and Egypt; most of the launchings were in coordination alongside the Army of Islam (AOI), another US-designated foreign terrorist organization
Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ):
aim(s): committed to the destruction of Israel and creation of an Islamic state in all of historic Palestine as defined by the British Mandate, including contemporary Israel, the Gaza Strip, and the West Bank
area(s) of operation: launches attacks from the Gaza Strip into Israel; responsible for thousands of rocket attacks and numerous suicide bombings against Israeli civilians and military personnel over the years, primarily in southern Israel; PIJ's first female suicide bomber killed 22 people and wounded 60 others on 2 October 2003, when she detonated a powerful explosive at the Maxim Restaurant in Haifa
Palestine Liberation Front (PLF):
aim(s): destroy Israel and, ultimately, establish a Palestinian state
area(s) of operation: maintains a limited operational presence; until recent years, operatives conducted occasional shooting and IED attacks against Israeli military and security targets inside Israel, including bombing Israeli planes
PFLP-General Command (PFLP-GC):
aim(s): destroy the state of Israel
area(s) of operation: primarily northern Israel; attacks have ebbed in recent years
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP):
aim(s): destroy the state of Israel and, ultimately, establish a secular, Marxist Palestinian state
area(s) of operation: mostly active near Jerusalem; on 18 November 2014, four members with guns, axes, and knives stormed the Kehilat Bnei Torah Synagogue in West Jerusalem, during prayer services, killing four rabbis and a congregant and wounding at least eight; responsible for several attacks on citizens over the years
Italy Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL):
aim(s): enhance its networks in Italy and, ultimately, establish a global Islamic caliphate
area(s) of operation: maintains an operational presence, primarily in large cities; authorities have foiled an increasing number of plots in recent years; has a growing recruitment network targeting Muslim youths; the number of Italians fighting alongside ISIS remains low compared to other Western European nations; authorities continue to pursue and prosecute Italian recruits who have either fought in Syria or elsewhere alongside ISIL or attempt to leave Italy to fight
Kenya al-Qa'ida (AQ):
aim(s): drive US Government personnel, US business people, and other US influences out of Kenya and, ultimately, establish a pan-Islamic caliphate under a strict Salafi Muslim interpretation
area(s) of operation: maintains a limited presence; on 7 August 1998, operatives detonated truck bombs that exploded and killed and injured scores of workers and severely damaged the US Embassy in Nairobi, killing approximately 213 people and injuring a few thousand others; almost all of the dead and injured were Kenyans
al-Shabaab:
aim(s): avenge Kenya's 2011 decision to send troops to Somalia to combat al-Shabaab; establish Islamic rule in Kenya and Somalia's border regions
area(s) of operation: maintains an operational and recruitment presence, mostly in the northeast; on 2 April 2015, gunmen stormed Garissa University and shot and killed 148 people and injured approximately 80; gunmen took over 700 students hostage and killed those who identified as Christian, making it one of Kenya's deadliest attacks; on 21 September 2013, at the upscale Westgate Mall in Nairobi, gunmen injured 200 people and killed six soldiers and police officers and approximately 65 civilians, including foreign nationals from 13 countries; leadership claimed the attack on the mall was in retaliation for Kenya's support for the African Union Mission for Somalia, a regional peacekeeping force operated by the African Union with the approval of the UN
Kuwait Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL):
aim(s): replace the Kuwaiti Government with an Islamic state and implement ISIL's strict interpretation of Sharia
area(s) of operation: maintains an operational and recruitment presence, primarily in large cities; a suicide bomber killed 27 Shia Muslim worshippers and injured 227 inside the Iman al-Sadeq Mosque on 25 June 2015 in Kuwait City; the attack remains the most violent to occur in modern Kuwait; operatives continue to smuggle weapons, ammunition, and explosives into Iraq along the Kuwait-Iraq border
Lebanon Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade (AAMB):
aim(s): bolster its recruitment presence in Lebanon and, ultimately, establish a Palestinian state comprising the West Bank, Gaza Strip, and Jerusalem
area(s) of operation: recruits youths in Palestinian refugee camps
al-Nusrah Front:
aim(s): bolster networks in Lebanon and, ultimately, establish a regional Islamic caliphate
area(s) of operation: targets Lebanese Armed Forces, especially in the east in the Beqaa Valley and along the Lebanon-Syria border; has claimed responsibility for multiple attacks against Shia Muslims, including suicide bombings aimed at Hizballah members; fighters transit Lebanon to fight in Syria
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL):
aim(s): replace the Lebanese Government with an Islamic state and implement ISIL's strict interpretation of Sharia
area(s) of operation: operational primarily in the east along the border with Syria; targets Lebanese army personnel and Shia Muslims, including Hizballah members and facilities; the Lebanese army has intensified offenses against ISIL since it claimed responsibility for double suicide bombings in Beirut on 12 November 2015, killing 43 civilians and wounding over 200 in the worst attack in years to hit the city
Palestine Liberation Front (PLF):
aim(s): enhance its networks in Lebanon and, ultimately, destroy the state of Israel to establish a secular, Marxist Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital
area(s) of operation: maintains a recruitment and limited training presence in many refugee camps
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP):
aim(s): enhance its recruitment network in Lebanon and, ultimately, establish a secular, Marxist Palestinian nation
area(s) of operation: recruits youth residing in the country's Palestinian refugee camps
PFLP-General Command (PFLP-GC):
aim(s): enhance recruitment and operational networks in Lebanon
area(s) of operation: recruits young men living in Palestinian refugee camps, including camps in the Beqaa Valley; operates paramilitary bases; receives funds and training from Hizballah and Iranian elements working with Hizballah
Libya al-Mulathamun Battalion:
aim(s): replace regional governments, including Libya's transitional government, with an Islamic state
area(s) of operation: maintains an operational presence; engages heavily in kidnappings for ransom
al-Qa'ida (AQ):
aim(s): bolster networks in Libya and, ultimately, establish a pan-Islamic caliphate under a strict Salafi Muslim interpretation of Sharia
area(s) of operation: maintains a growing presence operating training camps and safehavens; stages attacks in Libya against Egypt and Tunisia
al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM):
aim(s): replace Libya's transitional government with Sharia and, ultimately, establish a regional Islamic caliphate across all of North and West Africa
area(s) of operation: maintains an operational presence, primarily in the western and southern regions; centered mostly on kidnappings for ransom
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL):
aim(s): bolster its affiliate ISIL-Libya and enhance operational planning and logistics networks for staging attacks inside Tunisia
area(s) of operation: stages attacks in Libya against Tunisia along the Libya-Tunisia border; collaborates with its affiliate ISIL-Libya
Mujahidin Shura Council in the Environs of Jerusalem (MSC):
aim(s): enhance its networks in Libya and, ultimately, destroy the state of Israel
area(s) of operation: maintains limited networks for operational planning, logistics, transferring funds, and smuggling fighters and arms to be used against Israel; by 2017, the majority of veteran members had defected to join other groups
Malaysia Jemaah Islamiya (JI):
aim(s): enhance networks in Malaysia and, ultimately, overthrow the secular Malaysian Government and establish a pan-Islamic state across Southeast Asia
area(s) of operation: maintains a recruitment and operational presence, primarily in major cities; authorities have foiled several plots targeting densely populated sites for attack, including Kuala Lumpur City Centre, embassies, government buildings, and popular tourist attractions; prior to the government exerting intensive counterterrorism measures, JI was based in Malaysia until moving its headquarters to Indonesia in 1993; has established ties to the Malaysian Militant Movement (Kumpulan Mujahidin Malaysia, KMM), a home-grown Islamist extremist group; JI recruiters continue to target youths for fighting
Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE):
aim(s): enhance networks in Malaysia and, ultimately, revive the movement to establish a Tamil homeland
area(s) of operation: maintains safe havens, transit routes, human trafficking, and an operational presence in an effort to revive the movement and conduct attacks; authorities continue in 2017 to pursue leaders, operatives, and supporters for arrest
Mali al-Qa'ida (AQ):
aim(s): overthrow the Malian Government and, ultimately, establish a pan-Islamic caliphate under a strict Salafi Muslim interpretation of Sharia
area(s) of operation: maintains an operational presence and established networks, especially through its branch, Jama'at Nusrat al-Islam wal-Muslimin (Group for the Support of Islam and Muslims, JNIM), an alliance umbrella of al-Qa'ida linked groups in Mali that announced its presence on 2 March 2017; JNIM is responsible for several attacks carried out in central Mali
al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM):
aim(s): replace the Malian Government with Sharia and, ultimately, create a regional Islamic caliphate across all of North and West Africa
area(s) of operation: maintains a heavy operational presence, especially in the northern half of the country; conducts attacks against foreigners and Malian, French Government, and UN forces and facilities; responsible for multiple attacks across the country in recent years; has engaged in numerous kidnappings for ransom in Tombouctou and along the border with Burkina Faso; on 20 November 2015, AQIM and al-Mulathamun Battalion operatives killed 20 foreigners at the Radisson Blu Hotel in Mali's capital, Bamako, when they stormed the hotel while shooting and lobbing handgrenades; AQIM's Sahara branch is a member group in Jama'ah Nusrah al-Islam wal-Muslimin (Group for the support of Islam and Muslims, JNIM), an alliance umbrella of al-Qa'ida linked groups in Mali that announced its presence on 2 March 2017; JNIM is responsible for several attacks carried out in central Mali
Mauritania al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM):
aim(s): replace the Mauritanian Government with Sharia and, ultimately, establish a regional Islamic caliphate across all of North and West Africa
area(s) of operation: maintains a heavy operational presence throughout the country, especially in the central and northwestern regions; AQIM is Mauritania's leading terrorist threat
Montenegro Aum Shinrikyo (AUM):
aim(s): enhance its networks in Montenegro for recruitment and fundraising
area(s) of operation: authorities expelled 58 foreign members in March 2016: four from Japan, seven from Belarus, three from Ukraine, one from Uzbekistan, and the rest from Russia
Morocco al-Qa'ida (AQ):
aim(s): drive Westerners and Western influences from Morocco and, ultimately, establish a pan-Islamic caliphate under a strict Salafi Muslim interpretation of Sharia
area(s) of operation: maintains a limited money laundering presence; al-Qa'ida attacks over the years galvanized the populace to protest against group; authorities continue to pursue members and supporters for arrest; on 16 May 2003, a team of 12 suicide bombers attacked five targets in Casablanca, killing 43 civilians and injuring at least 100; they attacked a Spanish restaurant, a Jewish community, a Jewish cemetery, a hotel, and the Belgian Consulate
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL):
aim(s): enhance its recruitment network and, ultimately, replace the Moroccan Government with an Islamic state and implement ISIL's strict interpretation of Sharia
area(s) of operation: maintains an operational and recruitment presence across the country, where authorities have taken members into custody in most of Morocco's major cities; authorities have seized weapons and bombmaking materials since 2014, foiling several ISIL attacks and plots to assassinate military and security officers; hundreds of ISIL's fighters in Syria were recruited in Morocco
Nepal Indian Mujahedeen (IM):
aim(s): enhance networks in Nepal to carry out attacks against Indians in Nepal and India
area(s) of operation: continues to have active hubs of small, loosely connected networks
Niger al-Mulathamun Battalion:
aim(s): replace Niger's national regional governments with an Islamic state
area(s) of operation: conducts attacks against Nigerien military and security personnel; targets Westerners for kidnappings for ransom
al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM):
aim(s): replace the Niger Government with Sharia and, ultimately, establish a regional Islamic caliphate across all of North and West Africa
area(s) of operation: active throughout the country; conducts attacks against Nigerien military and security personnel; kidnaps Westerners for ransom
Boko Haram:
aim(s): replace the Niger Government with an Islamic state and, ultimately, establish an Islamic caliphate across Africa; violently opposes any polical or social activity associated with Western society, including voting, attending secular schools, and wearing Western dress
area(s) of operation: conducts kidnappings, bombings, and assaults; responsible for displacing thousands of people and contributing to food insecurity, especially in the southeastern Diffa region; on 3 June 2016, the group conducted its deadliest attack in Niger, when operatives overran a military outpost in the Lake Chad Basin area in Bosso, killing 30 Nigerien soldiers, two Nigerian soldiers, and injuring 67; the group conducted its first known attack in Niger on 30 January 2015, when operatives tried to overrun Bosso and Diffa, resulting in the deaths of four Nigerien soldiers, one civilian, and approximately 109 Boko Haram fighters; Niger continues in 2017 to participate in the Joint Multinational Force's military offensives against Boko Haram
Nigeria Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL):
aim(s): replace the Nigerian Government with an Islamic state and implement ISIL's strict interpretation of Sharia
area(s) of operation: based in the north along the border with Niger, with its heaviest presence in the northeast; targets primarily regional military installations; in areas under its influence, members enforce its strict interpretation of Sharia, direct religious education, and collect taxes imposed on companies and individuals; operates under Abu Mus'ab al-BARNAWI, the branch's leader since July 2016; ISIL has referred to Nigeria since circa March 2015 as its Wilayat Gharb Afriqiya, which translates to West Africa; as an official branch of core ISIL, it is also known as Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant—West Africa (ISIL-WA), Islamic State of Iraq and ash-Sham—West Africa (ISIS-WA), and Islamic State West Africa; assessed in 2016 to have a fighter strength in the low thousands
Pakistan Indian Mujahedeen (IM):
aim(s): enhance networks in Pakistan to maintain safe havens and carry out attacks inside India
area(s) of operation: cofounders and brothers Mohammed Riyaz BHATKAL and Iqbal BHATKAL are reportedly leading IM from Karachi
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant-Khorasan (ISIL-K):
aim(s): establish an Islamic caliphate in the Afghanistan-Pakistan region
area(s) of operation: maintains a limited operational and recruitment presence throughout the country, primarily along the Pakistan-Afghanistan border to stage attacks inside Afghanistan; conducts small-scale shooting and bombing attacks against Pakistani Shia Muslims, military installations, and government buildings; claimed responsibility for the 13 May 2015 shooting of Shia Muslim bus passangers in Karachi, killing 45 people and injuring 13; assessed in early 2017 to have a few hundred fighters based in Pakistan; core ISIL refers to Pakistan and Afghanistan as its Wilayat al-Khorasan
Lashkar i Jhangvi (LJ):
aim(s): exterminate Shia Muslims, rid the region of Western influence and, ultimately, establish an Islamic state under Sharia in Pakistan
area(s) of operation: has a growing presence in Karachi, the capital of Sindh Province; loosely coordinated cells are spread across the country, primarily in Punjab and Balochistan provinces, Karachi, and in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) region; FATA is a semi-autonomous region in the northwest consisting of seven tribal agencies (districts) and six frontier regions directly governed by Pakistan's federal government through a special set of laws called the Frontier Crimes Regulations; majority of attacks are against local and foreign Shia Muslims and government personnel and facilities; LJ attacks in recent years have killed hundreds of Pakistanis, including the 21 January 2017 bombing at a vegetable market in the Shia Muslim section of Parachinar, Kurram Valley Agency, FATA, that killed at least 25 people and injured over 50; recruits travel to Afghanistan across from Pakistan's central FATA borders to attend paramilitary training in LJ camps; assessed in late 2015 to have a few hundred members; outlawed in Pakistan
Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP):
aim(s): remove Pakistani forces from the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and, ultimately, overthrow the Pakistan Government to install TTP's strict interpretation of Sharia throughout the country
area(s) of operation: maintains a large presence in Karachi, the capital of Sindh Province; trains and deploys fighters in the tribal belt in the Pashtun areas along the Pakistan-Afghanistan border, especially in Kunar Province where TTP has established sanctuaries; operationally active in the North Waziristan and Balochistan regions; targets Pakistan Government officials and military, security, and police personnel and Westerners, progovernment tribal elders, Shia Muslims, and education figures and advocates; formerly headquartered in Bajaur Agency in northern FATA, a semi-autonomous region in the northwestern consisting of seven tribal agencies (districts) and six frontier regions directly governed by Pakistan's federal government through a special set of laws called the Frontier Crimes Regulations; has carried out and claimed responsibility for numerous attacks against Pakistani and US interests throughout most of the country; killed approximately 543 people in Pakistan in 2014, including on 16 December 2014, when TTP gunmen entered the Army Public School in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Peshawar, and opened fire and detonated bombs, killing 157 and injuring 131 in the deadliest terrorist attack ever to occur in Pakistan; shot education rights activist Malala YOUSAFZAI in a failed assassination attempt on 9 October 2012; TTP has suspected involvement in the 2007 assassination of former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir BHUTTO; outlawed in Pakistan
Philippines Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL):
aim(s): establish a branch in Lanao de Sur Province
area(s) of operation: as of mid-2017, ISIL-affiliates Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG) and the Maute Group (a.k.a. Islamic State of Lanao) continued to control Marawi, Lanao de Sur Province's capitol; under ASG's supreme leader, Isnilon HAPILON, the two groups attacked Marawi on 23 May 2017, when government forces attempted to capture HAPILON; over 500 people had died in the conflict (89 security personnel and approximately 65 civilians and 353 militants) and over 471,224 others had been displaced by early July 2017
Jemaah Islamiya (JI):
aim(s): enhance its networks in the Philippines and, ultimately, overthrow the Philippine Government and establish a pan-Islamic state across Southeast Asia
area(s) of operation: maintains an operational and recruitment presence, especially in the south; longstanding bases include JI's Camp Jabal Quba on Mount Cararao in Lanao del Sur Province in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao; 25 January 2015 members ambushed a police anti-terrorism squad conducting a raid in Maguindaneo Province's city of Mamasapano in the Philippines' southern island of Mindanao, killing 44 police officers and three civilians; incarcerated members radicalize and recruit fellow prisoners
Qatar HAMAS:
aim(s): enhance its networks and support in Qatar
area(s) of operation: maintains an official political bureau in Doha
Russia Aum Shinrikyo (AUM):
aim(s): attract new members seeking religious outlets and a willingness to commit an increasing amount of their assets to AUM
area(s) of operation: current membership is comprised largely of Russian nationals living in Russia, where the majority of members have lived since the group formed circa 1984, even during the group's peak in the 1990s of tens of thousands of members spread across the globe; according to Russian officials in 2016, there are between 1,500 and 30,000 Russian followers living in Russia; recruitment efforts have intensified in recent years; on 20 September 2016, the Russian Supreme Court declared the group to be a terrorist organization and outlawed its activity
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL):
aim(s): implement its strict interpretation of Sharia in Dagestan, Chechnya, Ingushetia, and Kabardino-Balkariya
area(s) of operation: operational in the northern Caucasus's Dagestan, Chechnya, Ingushetia, and Kabardino-Balkariya (ISIL's Wilayat Kavkaz) regions, where the branch has been known as ISIL-Caucasus ISIL-C) since 23 June 2015; ISIL-C claimed responsibility for attacking a Russian military base on 2 September 2015 in Magaramkent in southern Dagestan, killing and injuring several Russian citizens; ISIL-C was placed in the US Department of State's designated global terror category under Executive Order 13224 on 29 September 2015; overall leader Aslan Avgazarovich BYUTUKAEV (a.k.a. Emir Khamzat) commanded suicide battalions before assuming his current role in June 2015; BYUTUKAEV continues to direct suicide operations and is responsible for numerous lethal suicide bombings over the years, including the 24 January 2011 attack at Moscow's Domodedovo Airport that killed at least 37 people and injured over 100; comprises fighters from four Caucasus regions: Dagestan, Chechnya, Ingushetia, and Kabardino-Balkariya; as of early 2017, an estimated 2,400 Russian nationals were fighting alongside ISIL as foreign fighters
Saudi Arabia al-Qa'ida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP):
aim(s): overthrow the Saudi Islamic monarchy and, ultimately, establish a regional Islamic caliphate; eradicate Western influence and presence from Saudi Arabia and the rest of the Arabian Peninsula
area(s) of operation: maintains a limited operational presence, targeting Saudi and Western interests; AQAP's senior bombmaker, Ibrahim Hassan Tali al-ASIRI, is among Saudi Arabia's most wanted for arrest
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL):
aim(s): replace the Saudi Islamic monarchy with an Islamic state applying ISIL's strict interpretation of Sharia; target minority Shia Muslims, Saudi security personnel, and their interests
area(s) of operation: maintains a robust recruitment presence; conducts deadly strikes against Saudi security personnel and bombs Shia Muslim mosques, markets, and other places where Shia Muslims gather; suicide bombers conducted three bombings on 4 July 2016 in Jiddah, Medina, and al-Qatif, killing at least four Saudi security personnel and wounding several civilians; one bombing was close to Islam's second holiest site, the Prophet's Mosque in Medina where Muhammad is buried; ISIL's bombing and gunfire attacks in Saudi Arabia have killed dozens of people since 2014, primarily in Ash Sharquiyah Province, home to the majority of Shia Muslims living in Saudi Arabia; ISIL refers to Saudi Arabia as its Wilayat Haramayn; ISIL-Saudi Arabia was placed in the US State Department's designated global terror category under Executive Order 13224 on 19 May 2016
Singapore Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL):
aim(s): enhance its networks in Singapore and, ultimately, implement ISIL's strict interpretation of Sharia
area(s) of operation: attacks in Bangladesh are staged in Singapore; operates under the name the Islamic State in Bangladesh; Singapore's authorities have arrested several Bangladeshi members and supporters since 2015, who were subsequently deported to Bangladesh
Jemaah Islamiya (JI):
aim(s): enhance its networks in Singapore and, ultimately, overthrow the Singapore Government and establish a pan-Islamic state across Southeast Asia
area(s) of operation: maintains a limited presence, primarily recruitment efforts in large cities; authorities have exercised intense counterterrorism measures against the group since at least 2000
Somalia al-Qa'ida (AQ):
aim(s): bolster networks and, ultimately, establish a pan-Islamic caliphate under a strict Salafi Muslim interpretation of Sharia
area(s) of operation: operates primarily in the south alongside al-Shabaab, an al-Qa'ida affiliate whose aim is to discredit and destablize the Federal Government of Somalia
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL):
aim(s): replace the Federal Government of Somalia with an Islamic state and implement ISIL's strict interpretation of Sharia
area(s) of operation: increasing its operations, recruitment efforts, and training camps in 2017 in the northeast in Puntland State; uses its growing presence to conduct attacks against African Union Mission for Somalia personnel, a regional peacekeeping force operated by the African Union with the UN's approval; leadership includes former al-Shabaab cleric Abdulkadir MUMIN
Syria Abdallah Azzam Brigades (AAB):
aim(s): disrupt and attack Shia Muslim and Western interests in Syria
area(s) of operation: remains operational; conducts attacks against primarily Shia Muslim organizations and individuals, including Hizballah members, and Westerners and their interests
al-Qa'ida (AQ):
aim(s): support al-Nusrah Front's efforts to overthrow President Bashar al-ASAD's regime and, ultimately, establish a regional Islamic caliphate
area(s) of operation: operational primarily in Idlib Governorate, with established networks and operating paramilitary training camps; likely continues to collaborate closely with al-Nusrah Front leaders, despite public claims of severing ties; majority of members are not Syrian nationals
Ansar al-Islam (AAI):
aim(s): remove Syrian President Bashar al-ASAD from power and install Sharia
area(s) of operation: operationally active in Syria since 2011; remained operational in Aleppo as of late 2016; launches attacks on Syrian Government and security forces and pro-Syrian Government militias; some AAI factions combat ISIL, while others are aligned with ISIL
Hizballah:
aim(s): preserve Syrian President Bashar al-ASAD's regime
area(s) of operation: operational activity throughout the country since 2012; centered on providing paramilitary support to President Bashar al-ASAD's regime against armed insurgents; tens of thousands of fighters remained active in Syria as of 2017; thousands of fighters have died on the Syrian battlefield
Kata'ib Hizballah (KH):
aim(s): preserve Syrian President Bashar al-ASAD's regime
area(s) of operation: deploys combatants to Syria to fight alongside Syrian Government and Lebanese Hizballah forces
Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) (Kongra-Gel):
aim(s): establish Kurdistan, which comprises territory in northern Syria
area(s) of operation: operational in the north combating ISIL, primarily in the Kurdish-populated region known as Rojava and Syrian Kurdistan; Salih MUSLIM Muhammad leads Kurdistan Workers Party's Syrian wing, the Syrian Kurdish Democratic Union Party (PYD); majority of fighters inside Syria are Syrian Kurds, along with Kurds from Iran, Turkey, and Iraq
Mujahidin Shura Council in the Environs of Jerusalem (MSC):
aim(s): enhance its networks in Syria and, ultimately, destroy the state of Israel
area(s) of operation: maintains limited networks for operational planning against Israel, logistics, transferring funds, and smuggling fighters and arms through Syria from the Gaza Strip and Libya to be used against Israel; by 2017, the majority of veteran members had defected to join other groups
Palestine Liberation Front (PLF):
aim(s): enhances its networks and, ultimately, destroy the state of Israel and establish a secular, Marxist Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital
area(s) of operation: maintains a recruitment and limited training presence in many refugee camps
PFLP-General Command (PFLP-GC):
aim(s): preserve Syrian President Bashar al-ASAD's regime
area(s) of operation: maintains a political base in Damascus; fighting since early 2012 alongside President al-ASAD's forces and Hizballah in areas where anti-regime paramilitary groups are active; currently, preserving al-ASAD's government is the group's most pressing priority; receives funds and training from the regime
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP):
aim(s): enhance its recruitment networks in Syria
area(s) of operation: maintains a recruitment and limited training presence in several refugee camps
Tanzania al-Qa'ida (AQ):
aim(s): drive US Government personnel, US business people, and other US influences out of Tanzania and, ultimately, establish a pan-Islamic caliphate under a strict Salafi Muslim interpretation
area(s) of operation: maintains a limited presence; on 7 August 1998, operatives detonated truck bombs that exploded and killed and injured scores of workers and severely damaged the US Embassy in Dar es Salaam, killing approximately 11 people and injuring a few thousand others; almost all of the dead and injured were Tanzanians
Tunisia al-Qa'ida (AQ):
aim(s): overthrow the Tunisian Government and, ultimately, establish a pan-Islamic caliphate under a strict Salafi Muslim interpretation of Sharia
area(s) of operation: maintains a longtime operational presence and established networks
al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM):
aim(s): replace the Tunisian Government with Sharia and, ultimately, establish a regional Islamic caliphate across all of North and West Africa
area(s) of operation: operationally active, primarily in the south near the borders with Algeria; Uqba bin Nafi Battalion, AQIM's branch in Tunisia, has claimed several lethal assaults in recent years against Tunisian military and security forces; AQIM's most deadliest attack on Tunisian forces happened in the Mount Chaambi region of Kasserine Governorate in July 2014, when operatives killed 15 soldiers and wounded at least 20
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL):
aim(s): replace the Tunisian Government with an Islamic state and implement ISIL's strict interpretation of Sharia
area(s) of operation: Tunisian ISIL fighters stage attacks just across the border in Libya against government facilities and personnel and foreign tourists in Tunisia; bolstering its operational and recruitment presence throughout the country; operatives armed with AK-47 assault rifles and rocket-propelled grenades killed 12 Tunisian security officials and seven civilians during attacks on Army and police posts on 7 March 2016 in the southeastern border town of Ben Guerdane, Medenine Governorate; assessed in 2016 to have recruited 4,000-6,000 Tunisians from all walks of life in person and online to fight in Syria and Iraq but primarily in Libya, where some have become key ISIL figures; Tunisia is a top source country for ISIL recruits
Turkey Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL):
aim(s): replace the Turkish Government with an Islamic state and implement ISIL's strict interpretation of Sharia
area(s) of operation: launches rocket attacks into southern Turkey from northern Syria; moves fighters and supplies across the Turkey-Syria border; responsible for suicide bombings and gunfire attacks on 28 June 2016 at Ataturk Aiport in Istanbul, killing 44 locals and foreigners and injuring at least 240; suicide bombers killed 102 people at a peace rally in Ankara on 10 October 2015, marking the deadliest attack in modern Turkish history; actively recruits fighters
Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) (Kongra-Gel):
aim(s): establish Kurdistan, which includes land in eastern and southeastern Turkey
area(s) of operation: PKK attacks have surged since 2016 in the southeast and spilled over to the country's western cities; targets primarily tourist locations and government, military, and security personnel and facilities; in October 2016, the Turkish Government reported thousands of PKK fighters had been killed and over 600 Turkish security force members had lost their lives and Human Rights groups reported hundreds of civilian deaths since the conflict between the Turkish Government and PKK resumed in July 2015, following a 2-1/2-year ceasefire; outlawed in Turkey
Uganda al-Shabaab:
aim(s): avenge Ugandan support for elements combatting al-Shabaab
area(s) of operation: remains operational in Uganda; suicide bombers killed approximately 76 people and injured at least 70 on 11 July 2010 in Kampala; remains operational across the country; leadership claims the attacks are in retaliation for Uganda's support for the African Union Mission for Somalia, a regional peacekeeping force operated by the African Union with the UN's approval
United Kingdom Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL):
aim(s): bolster its support and recruitment networks in the UK and, ultimately, destabilize the UK economy
area(s) of operation: maintains support and recruitment networks; Anjem CHOUDARY and associate Mizanur RAHMAN pled guilty on 16 August 2016 to inviting support for ISIL; CHOUDARY founded the banned UK-based extremist movement known as al-Muhajiroun, which UK authorities accuse of recruiting and facilitating activities on ISIL's behalf; the UK is a top source country in Europe for ISIL recruits; as of early 2017, approximately 750 to 850 British citizens were fighting in Syria or Iraq alongside ISIL, planning to go to fight, or had returned from the fight
United States al-Qa'ida (AQ):
aim(s): drive the US and US influence out of Muslim countries, destablize the US economy and, ultimately, destroy the US
area(s) of operation: maintains a limited presence; authorities continue to pursue operatives and supporters; on 11 September 2001, 19 operatives hijacked four commercial airliners in the US and took control of the cockpits; the hijackers crashed two planes into the World Trade Center's twin towers in New York City, one plane into the Pentagon in Arlington County, Virginia, and the fourth hijacked plane is thought to have been intended to crash into either the White House or Capitol Building; passengers overpowered the hijackers on the fourth plane that crashed in Stonycreek Township, Somerset County, Pennsylvania; approximately 2,993 people died and over 8,900 more were injured; these coordinated hijackings marked the deadliest terrorist attack to date in the US; on 26 February 1993, operatives detonated a massive VBIED inside the World Trade Center's North Tower in New York City in the US, killing six people and injuring 1,000
Uzbekistan Islamic Jihad Union (IJU):
aim(s): overthrow the Government of Uzbekistan
area(s) of operation: maintains a limited operational presence; IJU's attack tempo diminished after suicide bombers conducted three simultaneous lethal explosions in Tashkent on 30 July 2004 aimed at the US and Israeli embassies and the Uzbek chief prosecutor's headquarters; two Uzbek security guards at the Israeli Embassy were killed; the bombings occurred as the trial began for 15 IJU operatives accused in a wave of attacks in the spring of 2004 that killed approximately 50 people in the first known cases of suicide bombings in Central Asia
Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU):
aim(s): overthrow the Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan Governments and establish an Islamic state in the Fergana Valley, a fertile valley in eastern Uzbekistan, southern Kyrgyzstan, and northern Tajikistan
area(s) of operation: maintains a limited operational presence; attack tempo against government personnel and facilities has diminished dramatically since 2015
Venezuela National Liberation Army (Ejercito de Liberacion Nacional, ELN):
aim(s): enhance its narcotics trafficking networks in Venezuela
area(s) of operation: maintains a narcotics trafficking presence, facilitating the transshipment of narcotics through the country; has a history of transporting and holding hostages in Venezuela who were abducted in Colombia
West Bank Army of Islam (AOI):
aim(s): enhance its networks in the West Bank and, ultimately, establish an Islamic caliphate
area(s) of operation: maintains a limited operational presence
HAMAS:
aim(s): bolster recruitment networks in the West Bank and, ultimately, destroy the state of Israel
area(s) of operation: actively recruits youths and grooms young school children to embrace the group's ideology; in late 2016, an Islamic faction identified with HAMAS was known to recruit at the al-Quds University in Abu Dis, a Palestinian town in the Jerusalem Governorate bordering Israeli-controlled Jerusalem
Kahane Chai (Kach):
aim(s): expel Arabs from Israel's biblical lands and, ultimately, restore the biblical state of Israel
area(s) of operation: present in West Bank Jewish settlements, especially the Qiryat Arba' settlement in Hebron, where operatives have previously conducted bombings and shootings against Muslim and Christian Palestinians; considered to be operationally inactive in recent years
Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ):
aim(s): create an Islamic state in all of historic Palestine as defined by the British Mandate, which includes the West Bank
area(s) of operation: maintains a limited operational presence
Palestine Liberation Front (PLF):
aim(s): enhance its networks in the West Bank and, ultimately, destroy the state of Israel and establish a secular, Marxist Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital
area(s) of operation: maintains a recruitment and limited training presence in some of the West Bank's refugee camps
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP):
aim(s): bolster its recruitment networks in the West Bank
area(s) of operation: maintains a recruitment presence targeting youths
Yemen al-Qa'ida (AQ):
aim(s): overthrow the Yemen Government and, ultimately, establish a pan-Islamic caliphate under a strict Salafi Muslim interpretation of Sharia
area(s) of operation: operational throughout Yemen, in collaboration with its affiliate organization, al-Qa'ida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP)
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL):
aim(s): replace the Yemen Government with an Islamic state and implement ISIL's strict interpretation of Sharia
area(s) of operation: operational primarily in 'Adan and the capital, Sanaa, where operatives conduct attacks against Shia Muslims and government facilities and personnel; claimed responsibility for the deadliest attack in to 'Adan, where a suicide bomber detonated a vehicle-borne improvised explosive device on 29 August 2016, killing approximately 70 new recruits standing in line to register to join the military; suicide bombers detonated explosives on 20 March 2015 inside two Shia Muslim mosques in Sanaa, killing at least 137 worshippers and injuring over 300, which marked the first attack ISIL had claimed in Yemen; actively recruits Sunni Muslim youths; ISIL refers to Yemen as its Wilayat Sanaa; ISIL-Yemen was placed in the US State Department's designated global terror category under Executive Order 13224 on 19 May 2016