Africa :: Seychelles
  • Introduction :: Seychelles
  • Background:
    A lengthy struggle between France and Great Britain for the islands ended in 1814, when they were ceded to the latter. During colonial rule, a plantation-based economy developed that relied on imported labor, primarily from European colonies in Africa. Independence came in 1976. Single-party rule was brought to a close with a new constitution and free elections in 1993. President France-Albert RENE, who had served since 1977, was reelected in 2001, but stepped down in 2004. Vice President James Alix MICHEL took over the presidency and in 2006 was elected to a new five-year term; he was reelected in 2011 and again in 2015. In 2016, James MICHEL resigned and handed over the presidency to his Vice-President Danny FAURE.
  • Geography :: Seychelles
  • Location:
    archipelago in the Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagascar
    Geographic coordinates:
    4 35 S, 55 40 E
    Map references:
    Africa
    Area:
    total: 455 sq km
    land: 455 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 199
    Area - comparative:
    2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
    Land boundaries:
    0 km
    Coastline:
    491 km
    Maritime claims:
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
    Climate:
    tropical marine; humid; cooler season during southeast monsoon (late May to September); warmer season during northwest monsoon (March to May)
    Terrain:
    Mahe Group is volcanic with a narrow coastal strip and rocky, hilly interior; others are coral, flat, elevated reefs
    Elevation:
    0 m lowest point: Indian Ocean
    905 highest point: Morne Seychellois
    Natural resources:
    fish, coconuts (copra), cinnamon trees
    Land use:
    agricultural land: 6.5% (2011 est.)
    arable land: 2.2% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 4.3% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 0% (2011 est.)
    forest: 88.5% (2011 est.)
    other: 5% (2011 est.)
    Irrigated land:
    3 sq km (2012)
    Population distribution:
    more than three-quarters of the population lives on the main island of Mahe; Praslin contains less than 10%; a smaller percent on La Digue and the outer islands
    Natural hazards:
    lies outside the cyclone belt, so severe storms are rare; occasional short droughts
    Environment - current issues:
    water supply depends on catchments to collect rainwater; water pollution; biodiversity maintainance
    Environment - international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Geography - note:
    smallest African country; the constitution of the Republic of Seychelles lists 155 islands: 42 granitic and 113 coralline; by far the largest island is Mahe, which is home to about 90% of the population and the site of the capital city of Victoria
  • People and Society :: Seychelles
  • Population:
    94,633 (July 2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 198
    Nationality:
    noun: Seychellois (singular and plural)
    adjective: Seychellois
    Ethnic groups:
    predominantly black; mixed French, African, Indian, Chinese, and Arab
    Languages:
    Seychellois Creole (official) 89.1%, English (official) 5.1%, French (official) 0.7%, other 3.8%, unspecified 1.4% (2010 est.)
    Religions:
    Roman Catholic 76.2%, Protestant 10.5% (Anglican 6.1%, Pentecostal Assembly 1.5%, Seventh Day Adventist 1.2%, other Protestant 1.7), other Christian 2.4%, Hindu 2.4%, Muslim 1.6%, other non-Christian 1.1%, unspecified 4.8%, none 0.9% (2010 est.)
    Demographic profile:

    Seychelles has no indigenous population and was first permanently settled by a small group of French planters, African slaves, and South Indians in 1770. Seychelles’ modern population is composed of the descendants of French and later British settlers, Africans, and Indian, Chinese, and Middle Eastern traders and is concentrated on three of its 155 islands – the vast majority on Mahe and lesser numbers on Praslin and La Digue. Seychelles’ population grew rapidly during the second half of the 20th century, largely due to natural increase, but the pace has slowed because of fertility decline. The total fertility rate dropped sharply from 4.0 children per woman in 1980 to 1.9 in 2015, mainly as a result of a family planning program, free education and health care, and increased female labor force participation. Life expectancy has increased steadily, but women on average live 9 years longer than men, a difference that is higher than that typical of developed countries.

    The combination of reduced fertility and increased longevity has resulted in an aging population, which will put pressure on the government’s provision of pensions and health care. Seychelles’ sustained investment in social welfare services, such as free primary health care and education up to the post-secondary level, have enabled the country to achieve a high human development index score – among the highest in Africa. Despite some of its health and education indicators being nearly on par with Western countries, Seychelles has a high level of income inequality.

    An increasing number of migrant workers – mainly young men – have been coming to Seychelles in recent years to work in the construction and tourism industries. As of 2011, foreign workers made up nearly a quarter of the workforce. Indians are the largest non-Seychellois population – representing half of the country’s foreigners – followed by Malagasy.

    Age structure:
    0-14 years: 19.52% (male 9,482 /female 8,989)
    15-24 years: 12.96% (male 6,461 /female 5,806)
    25-54 years: 49.29% (male 24,841 /female 21,800)
    55-64 years: 10.44% (male 5,008 /female 4,870)
    65 years and over: 7.79% (male 2,974 /female 4,402) (2018 est.)
    population pyramid: population pyramid
    Dependency ratios:
    total dependency ratio: 42.8 (2015 est.)
    youth dependency ratio: 31 (2015 est.)
    elderly dependency ratio: 11.7 (2015 est.)
    potential support ratio: 8.5 (2015 est.)
    Median age:
    total: 35.8 years
    male: 35.3 years
    female: 36.5 years (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 76
    Population growth rate:
    0.74% (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 136
    Birth rate:
    13.4 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 142
    Death rate:
    7 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 130
    Net migration rate:
    1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 57
    Population distribution:
    more than three-quarters of the population lives on the main island of Mahe; Praslin contains less than 10%; a smaller percent on La Digue and the outer islands
    Urbanization:
    urban population: 56.7% of total population (2018)
    rate of urbanization: 1.26% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
    Major urban areas - population:
    28,000 VICTORIA (capital) (2018)
    Sex ratio:
    at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    15-24 years: 1.1 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    25-54 years: 1.12 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    55-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    Infant mortality rate:
    total: 9.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    male: 12.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    female: 7.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 136
    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 75.2 years (2018 est.)
    male: 70.7 years (2018 est.)
    female: 79.8 years (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 111
    Total fertility rate:
    1.85 children born/woman (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 144
    Health expenditures:
    3.4% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 176
    Physicians density:
    0.98 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
    Hospital bed density:
    3.6 beds/1,000 population (2011)
    Drinking water source:
    improved: urban: 95.7% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 95.7% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 95.7% of population (2015 est.)
    unimproved: urban: 4.3% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 4.3% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 4.3% of population (2015 est.)
    Sanitation facility access:
    improved: urban: 98.4% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 98.4% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 98.4% of population (2015 est.)
    unimproved: urban: 1.6% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 1.6% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 1.6% of population (2015 est.)
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
    NA
    HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
    NA
    HIV/AIDS - deaths:
    NA
    Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
    14% (2016)
    country comparison to the world: 130
    Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
    3.6% (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 91
    Education expenditures:
    3.6% of GDP (2011)
    country comparison to the world: 126
    Literacy:
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2012 est.)
    total population: 91.8% (2012 est.)
    male: 91.4% (2012 est.)
    female: 92.3% (2012 est.)
    School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
    total: 14 years (2015)
    male: 13 years (2015)
    female: 15 years (2015)
    Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:
    total: 14% (2015 est.)
    male: 12.1% (2015 est.)
    female: 16.2% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 94
  • Government :: Seychelles
  • Country name:
    conventional long form: Republic of Seychelles
    conventional short form: Seychelles
    local long form: Republic of Seychelles
    local short form: Seychelles
    etymology: named by French Captain Corneille Nicholas MORPHEY after Jean Moreau de SECHELLES, the finance minister of France, in 1756
    Government type:
    presidential republic
    Capital:
    name: Victoria
    geographic coordinates: 4 37 S, 55 27 E
    time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    Administrative divisions:
    25 administrative districts; Anse aux Pins, Anse Boileau, Anse Etoile, Anse Royale, Au Cap, Baie Lazare, Baie Sainte Anne, Beau Vallon, Bel Air, Bel Ombre, Cascade, Glacis, Grand Anse Mahe, Grand Anse Praslin, Inner Islands, La Riviere Anglaise, Les Mamalles, Mont Buxton, Mont Fleuri, Plaisance, Pointe Larue, Port Glaud, Roche Caiman, Saint Louis, Takamaka
    Independence:
    29 June 1976 (from the UK)
    National holiday:
    Constitution Day, 18 June (1993)Independence Day (National Day), 29 June (1976)
    Constitution:
    history: previous 1970, 1979; latest drafted May 1993, approved by referendum 18 June 1993, effective 23 June 1993 (2017)
    amendments: proposed by the National Assembly; passage requires at least two-thirds majority vote by the National Assembly; passage of amendments affecting the country’s sovereignty, symbols and languages, the supremacy of the constitution, fundamental rights and freedoms, amendment procedures, and dissolution of the Assembly also requires approval by at least 60% of voters in a referendum; amended several times, last in 2017 (2017)
    International law organization participation:
    has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
    Citizenship:
    citizenship by birth: no
    citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of the Seychelles
    dual citizenship recognized: no
    residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
    Suffrage:
    18 years of age; universal
    Executive branch:
    chief of state: President Danny FAURE (since 16 October 2016); Vice President Vincent MERITON (since 28 October 2016); note - James Alix MICHEL resigned the presidency effective 16 October 2016; the president is both chief of state and head of government
    head of government: President Danny FAURE (since 16 October 2016); Vice President Vincent MERITON (since 28 October 2016); note - James Alix MICHEL resigned the presidency effective 16 October 2016
    cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
    elections/appointments: president directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 5-year term (eligible for 1 additional term); election last held on 3-5 December 2015 with runoff a on 16-18 December 2015 (next to be held in December 2020)
    election results: President James Alix MICHEL reelected president in second round; percent of vote - James Alix MICHEL (PL) 50.2%, Wavel RAMKALAWAN (SNP) 49.8%
    Legislative branch:
    description: unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (up to 35 seats - the Assembly elected in September 2016 has 33 members; 25 members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote and up to 10 members elected by proportional representation vote; members serve 5-year terms)
    elections: last held on 8-10 September 2016 (next to be held in 2021); note - the National Assembly was dissolved in July 2011 resulting in early elections
    election results: percent of vote by party - LDS 49.6%, PL 49.2%, other 1.2%; seats by party - LDS 19, PL 14
    Judicial branch:
    highest courts: Seychelles Court of Appeal (consists of the court president and 4 justices); Supreme Court of Seychelles (consists of the chief justice and 9 puisne judges); Constitutional Court (consists of 3 Supreme Court judges)
    judge selection and term of office: all judges appointed by the president of the republic upon the recommendation of the Constitutional Appointments Authority, a 3-member body, with 1 member appointed by the president of the republic, 1 by the opposition leader in the National Assembly, and 1 by the other 2 appointees; judges appointed until retirement at age 70
    subordinate courts: Magistrates' Courts of Seychelles; Family Tribunal for issues such as domestic violence, child custody, and maintenance; Employment Tribunal for labor-related disputes
    Political parties and leaders:
    Lafors Demokratik Seselwa or LSD (Martin AGLAE)
    People's Party (Parti Lepep) or PL [James Alix MICHEL] (formerly SPPF)
    Seselwa (Seychelles) United Party or SUP [Robert ERNESTA] (formerly the New Democratic Party or NDP)
    Seychelles National Party or SNP [Wavel RAMKALAWAN] (formerly the United Opposition or UO)
    Seychelles Party for Social Justice and Democracy or SPSD
    Seychelles Patriotic Movement or SPM [Regis FRANCOURT]
    Seychelloise Alliance (Lalyans Seselwa) [Patrick PILLAY]
    Seychellois Democratic Alliance (Linyon Demokratik Seselwa) or LDS [Roger MANCIENNE] (includes SNP, Seychelloise Alliance, SPSD, SUP)
    International organization participation:
    ACP, AfDB, AOSIS, AU, C, CD, COMESA, EITI (candidate country), FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (NGOs), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, InOC, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITU, MIGA, NAM, OIF, OPCW, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)
    Diplomatic representation in the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Ronald Jean JUMEAU (since 8 September 2017)
    chancery: 800 Second Avenue, Suite 400C, New York, NY 10017
    telephone: [1] (212) 972-1785
    FAX: [1] (212) 972-1786
    consulate(s) general: New York
    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    the US does not have an embassy in Seychelles; the US Ambassador to Mauritius is accredited to Seychelles
    Flag description:
    five oblique bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, red, white, and green (bottom) radiating from the bottom of the hoist side; the oblique bands are meant to symbolize a dynamic new country moving into the future; blue represents sky and sea, yellow the sun giving light and life, red the peoples' determination to work for the future in unity and love, white social justice and harmony, and green the land and natural environment
    National symbol(s):
    coco de mer (sea coconut); national colors: blue, yellow, red, white, green
    National anthem:
    name: "Koste Seselwa" (Seychellois Unite)
    lyrics/music: David Francois Marc ANDRE and George Charles Robert PAYET

    note: adopted 1996

  • Economy :: Seychelles
  • Economy - overview:

    Since independence in 1976, per capita output in this Indian Ocean archipelago has expanded to roughly seven times the pre-independence, near-subsistence level, moving the island into the high income group of countries. Growth has been led by the tourist sector, which directly employs about 26% of the labor force and directly and indirectly accounts for more than 55% of GDP, and by tuna fishing. In recent years, the government has encouraged foreign investment to upgrade hotels and tourism industry services. At the same time, the government has moved to reduce the dependence on tourism by promoting the development of the offshore financial, information, and communication sectors, and renewable energy.

    In 2008, having depleted its foreign exchange reserves, Seychelles defaulted on interest payments due on a $230 million Eurobond, requested assistance from the IMF, and immediately enacted a number of significant structural reforms, including liberalization of the exchange rate, reform of the public sector to include layoffs, and the sale of some state assets. In December 2013, the IMF declared that Seychelles had successfully transitioned to a market-based economy with full employment and a fiscal surplus. However, state-owned enterprises still play a prominent role in the economy. Effective 1 January 2017, Seychelles was no longer eligible for trade benefits under the US African Growth and Opportunities Act after having gained developed country status. Seychelles grew at 5% in 2017 because of a strong tourism sector and low commodity prices. The Seychellois Government met the IMF’s performance criteria for 2017 but recognizes a need to make additional progress to reduce high income inequality, represented by a Gini coefficient of 46.8.

    As a very small open economy dependent on tourism, Seychelles remains vulnerable to developments such as economic downturns in countries that supply tourists, natural disasters, and changes in local climatic conditions and ocean temperature. One of the main challenges facing the government is implementing strategies that will increase Seychelles' long-term resilience to climate change without weakening economic growth.

    GDP (purchasing power parity):
    $2.75 billion (2017 est.)
    $2.612 billion (2016 est.)
    $2.499 billion (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 190
    GDP (official exchange rate):
    $1.498 billion (2017 est.) (2017 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate:
    5.3% (2017 est.)
    4.5% (2016 est.)
    4.9% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 43
    GDP - per capita (PPP):
    $29,300 (2017 est.)
    $27,800 (2016 est.)
    $26,900 (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 70
    Gross national saving:
    8.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
    10.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
    15.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 169
    GDP - composition, by end use:
    household consumption: 52.7% (2017 est.)
    government consumption: 34.4% (2017 est.)
    investment in fixed capital: 26.7% (2017 est.)
    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)
    exports of goods and services: 79.4% (2017 est.)
    imports of goods and services: -93.2% (2017 est.)
    GDP - composition, by sector of origin:
    agriculture: 2.5% (2017 est.)
    industry: 13.8% (2017 est.)
    services: 83.7% (2017 est.)
    Agriculture - products:
    coconuts, cinnamon, vanilla, sweet potatoes, cassava (manioc, tapioca), copra, bananas; tuna
    Industries:
    fishing, tourism, beverages
    Industrial production growth rate:
    2.3% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 121
    Labor force:
    47,210 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 194
    Labor force - by occupation:
    agriculture: 74% (2006)
    industry: 23% (2006)
    services: 74% (2006)
    Unemployment rate:
    3% (2017 est.)
    2.7% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 37
    Population below poverty line:
    39.3% (2013 est.)
    Household income or consumption by percentage share:
    lowest 10%: 15.4% (2007)
    highest 10%: 15.4% (2007)
    Distribution of family income - Gini index:
    46.8 (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 29
    Budget:
    revenues: 593.4 million (2017 est.)
    expenditures: 600.7 million (2017 est.)
    Taxes and other revenues:
    39.6% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 44
    Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):
    -0.5% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 63
    Public debt:
    63.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
    69.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 65
    Fiscal year:
    calendar year
    Inflation rate (consumer prices):
    2.9% (2017 est.)
    -1% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 132
    Central bank discount rate:
    11.17% (31 December 2010)
    country comparison to the world: 17
    Commercial bank prime lending rate:
    12.24% (31 December 2017 est.)
    12.36% (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 67
    Stock of narrow money:
    $627.3 million (31 December 2017 est.)
    $556.5 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 165
    Stock of broad money:
    $627.3 million (31 December 2017 est.)
    $556.5 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 169
    Stock of domestic credit:
    $650.3 million (31 December 2017 est.)
    $565.9 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 173
    Market value of publicly traded shares:

    NA

    Current account balance:
    -$307 million (2017 est.)
    -$286 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 106
    Exports:
    $564.8 million (2017 est.)
    $477.6 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 173
    Exports - commodities:
    canned tuna, frozen fish, petroleum products (reexports)
    Exports - partners:
    UAE 28.5%, France 24%, UK 13.8%, Italy 8.9%, Germany 4.6% (2017)
    Imports:
    $119.3 billion (2017 est.)
    $962.4 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 34
    Imports - commodities:
    machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals, other manufactured goods
    Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
    $545.2 million (31 December 2017 est.)
    $523.5 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 149
    Imports - partners:
    UAE 13.4%, France 9.4%, Spain 5.7%, South Africa 5% (2017)
    Debt - external:
    $2.559 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $2.651 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 148
    Exchange rates:
    Seychelles rupees (SCR) per US dollar -
    13.64 (2017 est.)
    13.319 (2016 est.)
    13.319 (2015 est.)
    13.314 (2014 est.)
    12.747 (2013 est.)
  • Energy :: Seychelles
  • Electricity access:
    population without electricity: 2,795 (2012)
    electrification - total population: 97% (2012)
    electrification - urban areas: 97% (2012)
    electrification - rural areas: 97% (2012)
    Electricity - production:
    409 million kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 170
    Electricity - consumption:
    365.9 million kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 176
    Electricity - exports:
    0 kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 195
    Electricity - imports:
    0 kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 197
    Electricity - installed generating capacity:
    87,000 kW (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 180
    Electricity - from fossil fuels:
    92% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 57
    Electricity - from nuclear fuels:
    0% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 181
    Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:
    0% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 199
    Electricity - from other renewable sources:
    9.2% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 73
    Crude oil - production:
    0 bbl/day (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 195
    Crude oil - exports:
    0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 191
    Crude oil - imports:
    0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 191
    Crude oil - proved reserves:
    0 bbl (1 January 2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 194
    Refined petroleum products - production:
    0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 199
    Refined petroleum products - consumption:
    6,500 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 168
    Refined petroleum products - exports:
    0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 199
    Refined petroleum products - imports:
    5,956 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 161
    Natural gas - production:
    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 194
    Natural gas - consumption:
    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 195
    Natural gas - exports:
    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 181
    Natural gas - imports:
    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 189
    Natural gas - proved reserves:
    0 cu m (1 January 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 194
    Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:
    1.4 million Mt (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 159
  • Communications :: Seychelles
  • Telephones - fixed lines:
    total subscriptions: 19,652 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 21 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 180
    Telephones - mobile cellular:
    total subscriptions: 167,282 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 178 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 186
    Telephone system:
    general assessment: effective system (2016)
    domestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity is approximately 185 telephones per 100 persons; radiotelephone communications between islands in the archipelago (2016)
    international: country code - 248; direct radiotelephone communications with adjacent island countries and African coastal countries; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean) (2016)
    Broadcast media:
    the government operates the only terrestrial TV station, which provides local programming and airs broadcasts from international services; multi-channel cable and satellite TV are available through 2 providers; the government operates 1 AM and 1 FM radio station; there is 1 privately operated radio station; transmissions of 2 international broadcasters are accessible in Victoria (2016)
    Internet country code:
    .sc
    Internet users:
    total: 52,664 (July 2016 est.)
    percent of population: 56.5% (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 193
    Broadband - fixed subscriptions:
    total: 15,221 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 16 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 161
  • Transportation :: Seychelles
  • National air transport system:
    number of registered air carriers: 1 (2015)
    inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 3 (2015)
    annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 497,496 (2015)
    annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 19,234,992 mt-km (2015)
    Civil aircraft registration country code prefix:
    S7 (2016)
    Airports:
    14 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 150
    Airports - with paved runways:
    total: 7 (2017)
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2017)
    914 to 1,523 m: 5 (2017)
    under 914 m: 1 (2017)
    Airports - with unpaved runways:
    total: 7 (2013)
    914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2013)
    under 914 m: 5 (2013)
    Heliports:
    1 (2013)
    Roadways:
    total: 526 km (2015)
    paved: 514 km (2015)
    unpaved: 12 km (2015)
    country comparison to the world: 196
    Merchant marine:
    total: 24 (2017)
    by type: general cargo 4, oil tanker 6, other 14 (2017)
    country comparison to the world: 134
    Ports and terminals:
    major seaport(s): Victoria
  • Military and Security :: Seychelles
  • Military expenditures:
    1.29% of GDP (2016)
    1.21% of GDP (2015)
    2.17% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 88
    Military branches:
    Seychelles People's Defense Forces (SPDF): Army (includes infantry, Special Forces (Tazar)), Coast Guard (includes Naval Wing, Air Wing) (2015)
    Military service age and obligation:
    18 years of age for voluntary military service (younger with parental consent); no conscription (2012)
  • Transnational Issues :: Seychelles
  • Disputes - international:
    Mauritius and Seychelles claim the Chagos Islands (UK-administered British Indian Ocean Territory)