This entry includes a listing of significant political parties, coalitions, and electoral lists as of each country's last legislative election, unless otherwise noted.

Country Comparison to the World

Afghanistan note - the Ministry of Justice licensed 84 political parties as of December 2012
Albania Alliance for Employment, Welfare, and Integration or APMI (coalition of 24 centrist and center-right parties) [Sali BERISHA:
Christian Democratic Party or PDK [Nard NDOKA
Democratic Party or PD [Lulzim BASHA
Movement for National Development of LZHK [Dashamir SHEHI
Republican Party or PR [Fatmir MEDIU

Alliance for a European Albania or ASHE (coalition of 38 parties from far left to right wing) [Edi RAMA:
Christian Democratic Party of PKD [Mark FRROKU
Party for Justice, Integration and Unity or PDIU [Shpetim IDRIZI
Socialist Movement for Integration or LSI [Ilir META
Socialist Party or PS [Edi RAMA
Union for Human Rights Party or PBDNJ [Vangjel DULE

other parties:
New Democratic Spirit or FRD [Bamir TOPI
note: only the major parties of each coalition are listed
Algeria Algerian National Front or FNA [Moussa TOUATI
note: a law banning political parties based on religion was enacted in March 1997
American Samoa Democratic Party [Oreta M. TOGAFAU
Republican Party [Tautai A. F. FAALEVAO
Andorra there is one coalition and three political parties at the national level:
Citizen's Party or IC and Independent's Party [Pere Lopez AGRASI
Democrats for Andorra or DA [Antoni MARTI PETIT
Greens of Andorra or VA [Isabel LOZANO MUNOZ
Liberal Party or PLA [Josep Pintat FORNE
Social Democratic Progress Party or PDS [Victo Naudi ZAMORA
note: there are also several smaller parties at the Parish level (one is Lauredian Union)
Angola Broad Convergence for the Salvation of Angola Electoral Coalition or CASA-CE [Abel CHIVUKUVUKU
National Front for the Liberation of Angola or FNLA [Lucas NGONDA
National Union for the Total Independence of Angola or UNITA [Isaias SAMAKUVA
Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola or MPLA [Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS
Social Renewal Party or PRS [Eduardo KUANGANA
note: 4 other parties qualified to participate in the national election in August 2012
Anguilla Anguilla Progressive Party or APP [Brent DAVIS
Anguilla Strategic Alternative or ANSA [Edison BAIRD
Anguilla United Front or AUF [Osbourne FLEMING, Victor BANKS
Anguilla United Movement or AUM [Hubert HUGHES
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua Labor Party or ALP [Gaston BROWNE
Barbuda People's Movement or BPM [Trevor WALKER
Barbuda People's Movement for Change [Arthur NIBBS
Barbudans for a Better Barbuda [Ordrick SAMUEL
United Progressive Party or UPP [W. Baldwin SPENCER
Argentina Civic Coalition or CC (a coalition loosely affiliated with Elisa CARRIO)
Dissident Peronists (PJ Disidente) or Federal Peronism (a sector of the Justicialist Party opposed to the Kirchners)
Front for Victory or FpV (a broad coalition, including elements of the PJ, UCR, and numerous provincial parties) [Cristina FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER
Peronist (or Justicialist) Party or PJ [Eduardo FELLNER
Radical Civic Union or UCR [Ernesto SANZ
Republican Proposal or PRO [Mauricio MACRI
Socialist Party or PS [Hermes BINNER
Renewal Front (Frente Renovador) [Sergio MASSA
numerous provincial parties
Armenia Armenian National Congress or ANC (bloc of independent and opposition parties) [Levon TER-PETROSSIAN
Armenian National Movement or ANM [Ararat ZURABIAN
Armenian Revolutionary Federation ("Dashnak" Party) or ARF [Hrant MARKARIAN
Heritage Party [Raffi HOVHANNISIAN
People's Party of Armenia [Stepan DEMIRCHIAN
Prosperous Armenia [Gagik TSARUKIAN
Republican Party of Armenia or RPA [Serzh SARGSIAN
Rule of Law Party (Orinats Yerkir) [Artur BAGHDASARIAN
Aruba Aliansa/Aruban Social Movement or MSA [Robert WEVER
Aruban Liberal Organization or OLA [Glenbert CROES
Aruban Patriotic Movement or MPA [Monica ARENDS-KOCK
Aruban Patriotic Party or PPA [Benny NISBET
Aruban People's Party or AVP [Michiel "Mike" EMAN
People's Electoral Movement Party or MEP [Nelson O. ODUBER
Real Democracy or PDR [Andin BIKKER
Workers Political Platform or PTT [Gregorio WOLFF
Australia Australian Greens Party [Christine MILNE
Australian Labor Party [Bill SHORTEN
Country Liberal Party [Terry MILLS
Family First Party [Steve FIELDING
Katter's Australian Party [Bob KATTER
Liberal National Party of Queensland [Campbell NEWMAN
Liberal Party [Tony ABBOTT
National Party of Australia [Warren TRUSS
Palmer United Party [Clive PALMER
Austria Alliance for the Future of Austria or BZOe [Josef BUCHER
Austrian People's Party or OeVP [Reinhold MITTERLEHNER
Communist Party of Austria or KPOe [Mirko MESSNER
Freedom Party of Austria or FPOe [Heinz Christian STRACHE
NEOS - The New Austria [Matthias STROLZ
Social Democratic Party of Austria or SPOe [Werner FAYMANN
"Team Stronach" [Frank STRONACH
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan Democratic Party or ADP [Sardar JALALOGLU
Azerbaijan Popular Front or AXCP [Ali KARIMLI
Civil Solidarity Party or CSP [Sabir RUSTAMKHANLI
Civil Unity Party [Sabir HAJIYEV
Classical Popular Front Party of Azerbaijan [Mirmahmud MIRALI-OGLU
Democratic Reforms Party [Asim MOLLAZADE
Great Creation Party [Fazil Gazanfaroglu MUSTAFAYEV
Hope (Umid) Party [Igbal AGAZADE
Justice Party [Ilyas ISMAILOV
Liberal Party of Azerbaijan [Lala Shovkat HACIYEVA, Avaz TEMIRKHAN
Motherland Party [Fazail AGAMALI
Musavat (Equality) [Arif HAJILI
Social Democratic Party of Azerbaijan or SDP [Araz ALIZADE
Social Welfare Party [Khanhusein KAZIMLI
Whole Azerbaijan Popular Front Party [Gudrat HASANGULIYEV
Yeni (New) Azerbaijan Party or YAP [President Ilham ALIYEV
Bahamas, The Free National Movement or FNM [Hubert MINNIS
Progressive Liberal Party or PLP [Perry CHRISTIE
Bahrain note: political parties are prohibited but political societies were legalized per a July 2005 law
Al Watan
Arab Islamic Center Society [Abdulrahman AL-BAKER
Constitutional Gathering Society [Abdulrahman AL-BAKER
Islamic Asalah [Abd al-Halim MURAD
Islamic Saff Society [Abdullah Khalil BU GHAMAR
Islamic Shura Society
Movement of National Justice Society [Muhi al-Din KHAN
National Action Charter Society [Muhammad AL-BUAYNAYN
National Democratic Action Society [Radhi AL-MOUSAWI
National Democratic Assembly [Hasan AL-ALI
National Dialogue Society
National Fraternity Society [Musa AL-ANSARI
National Islamic Minbar [Ali AHMAD
National Progressive Tribune [Abd al-Nabi SALMAN
National Unity Gathering
Unitary National Democratic Assemblage [Fadhil ABBAS
Wifaq National Islamic Society [Ali SALMAN
Bangladesh Awami League or AL [Sheikh HASINA
Communist Party of Bangladesh or CPB [Manjurul A. KHAN
Bangladesh Nationalist Front or BNF [Abdul Kalam AZADI
Bangladesh Nationalist Party or BNP [Khaleda ZIA
Bikalpa Dhara Bangladesh or BDB [Badrudozza CHOWDHURY
Islami Oikya Jote or IOJ [multiple leaders
Jatiya Party or JP (Ershad faction) [Hussain Mohammad ERSHAD
Liberal Democratic Party or LDP [Oli AHMED
National Socialist Party or JSD [KHALEQUZZAMAN
Tarikat Foundation [Syed Nozibul Bashar MAIZBHANDARI
Workers Party or WP [Rashed Khan MENON
Barbados Barbados Labor Party or BLP [Owen ARTHUR
Democratic Labor Party or DLP [Freundel STUART
People's Empowerment Party or PEP [David COMISSIONG
Belarus pro-government parties:
Belarusian Agrarian Party or AP [Mikhail RUS
Belarusian Patriotic Party [Nikolay ULAKHOVICH
Belarusian Socialist Sporting Party [Vladimir ALEKSANDROVICH
Belaya Rus [Aleksandr RADKOV
Communist Party of Belarus or KPB [Igor KARPENKO
Liberal Democratic Party or LDP [Sergey GAYDUKEVICH
Republican Party of Labor and Justice [Vasiliy ZADNEPRYANIY
opposition parties:
Belarusian Christian Democracy Party [Pavel SEVERINETS
Belarusian Labor Party [Aleksandr BUCHVOSTOV
Belarusian Liberal Party of Freedom and Progress [Vladimir NOVOSYAD
Belarusian Party of the Green [Oleg NOVIKOV
Belarusian Party of the Left "Fair World" [Sergey KALYAKIN
Belarusian Popular Front or BPF [Aleksey YANUKEVICH
Belarusian Social-Democratic Assembly [Stanislav SHUSHKEVICH
Belarusian Social Democratic Party ("Assembly") or BSDPH [Irina VESHTARD
Belarusian Social Democratic Party (People's Assembly) [Nikolay STATKEVICH
Christian Conservative Party or BPF [Zyanon PAZNIAK
United Civic Party or UCP [Anatoliy LEBEDKO
Belgium Flemish parties:
Christian Democratic and Flemish or CD&V [Wouter BEKE
Flemish Liberals and Democrats or Open VLD [Gwendolyn RUTTEN
Groen! [Meyren ALMACI
Libertarian, Direct, Democratic or LDD (formerly Dedecker's List) [Jean-Marie DEDECKER
New Flemish Alliance or N-VA [Bart DE WEVER
People's Party [Mischael MODRIKAMEN
Social Progressive Alternative or SP.A [Bruno TOBBACK
Vlaams Belang (Flemish Interest) or VB [Tom VAN GRIEKEN
Francophone parties:
Ecolo (Francophone Greens) [Patrick DUPRIEZ and Zakia KHATTABI
Francophone Federalist Democrats or FDF [Olivier MAINGAIN
Humanist and Democratic Center or CDH [Benoit LUTGEN
People's Party [Mischael MODRIKAMEN
Reform Movement or MR [Olivier CHASTEL
Socialist Party or PS [Elio DI RUPO
Workers' Party [Peter Mertens
other minor parties
Belize People's National Party or PNP [Wil MAHEIA
People's United Party or PUP [John BRICENO
United Democratic Party or UDP [Francis FONSECA
Vision Inspired by the People or VIP [Paul MORGAN
Benin African Movement for Democracy and Progress or MADEP [Sefou FAGBOHOUN]; Alliance of Progress Forces or AFP; Benin Renaissance or RB [Rosine SOGLO]; Democratic Renewal Party or PRD [Adrien HOUNGBEDJI]; Force Cowrie for an Emerging Benin or FCBE [Yayi BONI]; Impulse for Progress and Democracy or IPD [Theophile NATA]; Key Force or FC [Lazare SHOUTO
note: approximately 20 additional minor parties
Bermuda One Bermuda Alliance or OBA [Thad HOLLIS
Progressive Labor Party or PLP [Marc BEAN
Bhutan Bhutan Kuen-Nyam Party or BNK [Sonam TOBGAY
Bhutan Peace and Prosperity Party (Druk Phuensum Tshogpa) or DPT [Jigme THINLEY
Druck Chirwang Tshogpa or DCT
Druk Nymrub Tshogpa or DNT
People's Democratic Party or PDP [Tshering TOBGAY
Bolivia Christian Democratic Party or PDC [Jorge Fernando QUIROGA Ramirez
Movement Toward Socialism or MAS [Juan Evo MORALES Ayma
United Democrats or UD [Samuel DORIA MEDINA Arana
Bosnia and Herzegovina Alliance for a Better Future of BiH or SBB BiH [Fahrudin RADONCIC
Alliance of Independent Social Democrats or SNSD [Milorad DODIK
Bosnian-Herzegovinian Patriotic Party-Sefer Halilovic or BPS-Sefer Halilovic [Sefer HALILOVIC
Croat Peasants' Party-New Croat Initiative or HSS-NHI [Ante COLAK
Croatian Christian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina or HKDU [Ivan MUSA
Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina or HDZ-BiH [Dragan COVIC
Croatian Democratic Union 1990 or HDZ-1990 [Martin RAGUZ
Croatian Party of Rights dr. Ante Starcevic or HSP dr. Ante Starcevic
Croatian Party of Rights of Herceg-Bosne or HSP Herceg-Bosne [Vesna PINJUH
Democratic Front of DF [Zeljko KOMSIC
Democratic Peoples' Alliance or DNS [Marko PAVIC
Party of Democratic Action or SDA [Acting President Bakir IZETBEGOVIC
Party of Democratic Activity or A-SDA [Nermin OGRESEVIC
Party of Democratic Progress or PDP [Mladen IVANIC
People's Democratic Movement or NDP [Dragan CAVIC
Serb Democratic Party or SDS [Mladen BOSIC
Social Democratic Party of BiH or SDP BiH [Nermin NIKSIC
Botswana Botswana Alliance Movement or BAM [Ephraim Lepetu SETSHWAELO
Botswana Congress Party or BCP [Dumelang SALESHANDO
Botswana Democratic Party or BDP [Ian KHAMA
Botswana Movement for Democracy or BMD [Ndaba GAOLATLHE
Botswana National Front or BNF [Duma BOKO
Botswana Peoples Party or BPP [Motlatsi MOLAPISI
Umbrella for Democratic Change or UDC [Duma BOKO
Brazil Brazilian Communist Party or PCB [Ivan Martins PINHEIRO
Brazilian Democratic Movement Party or PMDB [Michel TEMER
Brazilian Labor Party or PTB [Cristiane BRASIL
Brazilian Renewal Labor Party or PRTB [Jose Levy FIDELIX da Cruz
Brazilian Republican Party or PRB [Marcos Antonio PEREIRA
Brazilian Social Democracy Party or PSDB [Aecio NEVES
Brazilian Socialist Party or PSB [Carlos Roberto SIQUEIRA de Barros
Christian Labor Party or PTC [Daniel TOURINHO
Christian Social Democratic Party or PSDC [Jose Maria EYMAEL
Communist Party of Brazil or PCdoB [Jose Renato RABELO
Democratic Labor Party or PDT [Carlos Roberto LUPI
The Democrats or DEM [Jose AGRIPINO
Free Homeland Party or PPL [Sergio RUBENS
Green Party or PV [Jose Luiz PENNA
Humanist Party of Solidarity or PHS [Eduardo MACHADO
Labor Party of Brazil or PTdoB [Luis Henrique de Oliveira RESENDE
National Ecologic Party or PEN [Adilson Barroso OLIVEIRA
National Labor Party or PTN [Jose Masci de ABREU
National Mobilization Party or PMN [Telma RIBEIRO dos Santos
Party of the Republic or PR [Alfredo NASCIMENTO
Popular Socialist Party or PPS [Roberto Joao Pereira FREIRE
Progressive Party or PP [Ciro NOGUEIRA
Progressive Republican Party or PRP [Ovasco Roma Altimari RESENDE
Republican Social Order Party or PROS [Euripedes JUNIOR
Social Christian Party or PSC [Vitor Jorge Abdala NOSSEIS
Social Democratic Party or PSD [Guilherme CAMPOS
Social Liberal Party or PSL [Luciano Caldas BIVAR
Socialism and Freedom Party or PSOL [Luiz ARAUJO
Solidarity or SD [Paulo PEREIRA DA SILVA
United Socialist Workers' Party or PSTU [Jose Maria DE ALMEIDA
Workers' Cause Party or PCO [Rui Costa PIMENTA
Workers' Party or PT [Rui FALCAO
British Virgin Islands Concerned Citizens Movement or CCM [Ethlyn SMITH
Brunei National Development Party or NDP [YASSIN Affendi
note: Brunei National Solidarity Party or PPKB [Abdul LATIF bin Chuchu
Bulgaria Alternative for Bulgarian Revival or ABV [Georgi PARVANOV
Attack (Ataka) [Volen Nikolov SIDEROV
Bulgarian Socialist Party or BSP [Mihail MIKOV
Bulgaria of the Citizens or DBG [Meglena KUNEVA
Bulgaria Without Censorship or BBTs [Nikolay BAREKOV
Citizens for the European Development of Bulgaria or GERB [Boyko BORISOV
Coalition for Bulgaria or CfB [Sergei STANISHEV
Democrats for a Strong Bulgaria or DSB [Radan KANEV
IMRO - Bulgarian National Movement or IMRO-BNM [Krasimir KARAKACHANOV
Movement for Rights and Freedoms or DPS [Lyutvi MESTAN
National Front for the Salvation of Bulgaria or NFSB [Valeri SIMEONOV
National Movement for Stability and Progress or NDSV [Hristina HRISTOVA
Order, Law, and Justice or RZS [Yane YANEV
Patriotic Front or PF (alliance of IMRO-BNM and NFSB)
Union of Democratic Forces or SDS [Bozhidar LUKARSKI
Reformist Bloc or RB (a five-party alliance including the DSB, DBG, and SDS)
Burkina Faso African Democratic Rally-Alliance for Democracy and Federation or ADF-RDA [Gilbert OUEDRAOGO
Citizen's Popular Rally or RPC [Antoine QUARE
Coalition of Democratic Forces of Burkina or CFD-B [Zio Eric FRANCOIS
Congress for Democracy and Progress or CDP [Assimi KOUANDA
Democratic and Popular Rally or RDP [Nana THIBAUT
Movement for Tolerance and Progress or MTP [Nayabtigungou Congo KABORE
Party for African Independence or PAI [Soumane TOURE
Party for Democracy and Progress-Socialist Party or PDP-PS [Francois O. KABORE
Party for Democracy and Socialism/Metba or PDS/Metba [Hama Arba DIALLO
Party for National Rebirth or PAREN [Barry TAHIROU
People's Movement for Progress or MPP [Roch March KABORE
Rally for the Development of Burkina or RDB [Celestin Saidou COMPAORE
Rally of Ecologists of Burkina Faso or RDEB [Ram OUEDRAGO
Republican Party for Integration and Solidarity or PARIS
Union for Democracy and Social Progress or UDPS [Fidele HIEN
Union for Progress and Change or UPC [Zephirin DIABRE
Union for Rebirth - Sankarist Movement or UNIR-MS [Benewende Stanislas SANKARA
Union for the Republic or UPR [Toussaint Abel COULIBALY
Union of Sankarist Parties or UPS [Ernest Nongma OUEDRAOGO
Burma All Mon Region Democracy Party or AMRDP [NAING NGWE THEIN
National Democratic Force or NDF [KHIN MAUNG SWE, Dr.THAN NYEIN
National League for Democracy or NLD [AUNG SAN SUU KYI
National Unity Party or NUP [TUN YE
Rakhine Nationalities Development Party or RNDP [Dr. AYE MAUNG
Shan Nationalities Democratic Party or SNDP [SAI AIKE PAUNG
Shan Nationalities League for Democracy or SNLD [HKUN HTUN OO
Union Solidarity and Development Party or USDP [SHWE MANN, HTAY OO
numerous smaller parties
Burundi governing parties:
Burundi Democratic Front or FRODEBU [Leonce NGENDAKUMANA
National Council for the Defense of Democracy - Front for the Defense of Democracy or CNDD-FDD [Jeremie NGENDAKUMANA
Union for National Progress (Union pour le Progress Nationale) or UPRONA [Bonaventure NIYOYANKANA
note: a multiparty system introduced in 1998 includes:
National Council for the Defense of Democracy or CNDD [Leonard NYANGOMA
National Resistance Movement for the Rehabilitation of the Citizen or MRC-Rurenzangemero [Epitace BANYAGANAKANDI
Party for National Redress or PARENA [Jean-Baptiste BAGAZA
Cabo Verde African Party for Independence of Cabo Verde or PAICV [Janira Hopffer ALMADA
Democratic and Independent Cabo Verdean Union or UCID [Antonio MONTEIRO
Democratic Christian Party or PDC [Manuel RODRIGUES
Democratic Renovation Party or PRD [Victor FIDALGO
Movement for Democracy or MPD [Ulisses CORREIA e Silva
Party for Democratic Convergence or PCD [Dr. Eurico MONTEIRO
Party of Work and Solidarity or PTS [Anibal MEDINA
Social Democratic Party or PSD [Joao ALEM
Cambodia Cambodian National Rescue Party or CNRP [SAM RANGSI also spelled SAM RAINSY
Cambodian People's Party or CPP [CHEA SIM
National United Front for an Independent, Neutral, Peaceful, and Cooperative Cambodia or FUNCINPEC [NORODOM RANARIDDH
Nationalist Party or NP former Norodom Ranariddh Party or NRP [SAO RANY
Cameroon Cameroon People's Democratic Movement or CPDM [Paul BIYA
Cameroon People's Party or CPP [Edith Kah WALLA
Cameroonian Democratic Union or UDC [Adamou Ndam NJOYA
Movement for the Defense of the Republic or MDR [Dakole DAISSALA
Movement for the Liberation and Development of Cameroon or MLDC [Marcel YONDO
National Union for Democracy and Progress or UNDP [Maigari BELLO BOUBA
Progressive Movement or MP [Jean-Jacques EKINDI
Social Democratic Front or SDF [John FRU NDI
Union of Peoples of Cameroon or UPC [Provisionary Management Bureau
Canada Bloc Quebecois [Mario BEAULIEU
Conservative Party of Canada [Stephen HARPER
Green Party [Elizabeth MAY
Liberal Party [Justin TRUDEAU
New Democratic Party or NDP [Thomas MULCAIR
Cayman Islands People's Progressive Movement or PPM [Kurt TIBBETTS
United Democratic Party or UDP [McKeeva BUSH
Central African Republic Alliance for Democracy and Progress or ADP [Clement BELIBANGA
Central African Democratic Rally or RDC [Louis-Pierre GAMBA
Civic Forum or FC
Democratic Forum for Modernity or FODEM [Saturnin NDOMBY
Liberal Democratic Party or PLD
Londo Association or LONDO
Movement for Democracy and Development or MDD
Movement for the Liberation of the Central African People or MLPC [Martin ZIGUELE
National Convergence or KNK [Francois BOZIZE
National Unity Party or PUN
New Alliance for Progress or NAP [Jean-Jacques DEMAFOUTH
Patriotic Front for Progress or FPP [Alexandre Philippe GOUMBA
People's Union for the Republic or UPR [Pierre Sammy MAKFOY
Social Democratic Party or PSD [Enoch LAKOUE
Chad Alliance for the Renaissance of Chad or ART, an alliance among the ruling MPS, RDP, and Viva-RNDP
Federation Action for the Republic or FAR [Ngarledjy YORONGAR
National Rally for Development and Progress or Viva-RNDP [Dr. Nouradine Delwa Kassire COUMAKOYE
National Union for Democracy and Renewal or UNDR [Saleh KEBZABO
Party for Liberty and Development or PLD [Jean-Baptiste LAOKOLE
Patriotic Salvation Movement or MPS [Mahamat Saleh AHMAT, chairman
Rally for Democracy and Progress or RDP [Lol Mahamat CHOUA
Union for Renewal and Democracy or URD [Sande NGARYIMBE
Chile Broad Social Movement or MAS [Alejandro NAVARRO Brain
Citizen Left or IC
Coalition for Change or CC (also known as the Alliance for Chile (Alianza) or APC) (including National Renewal or RN [Carlos LARRAIN Pena
Coalition of Parties for Democracy (Concertacion) or CPD (including Christian Democratic Party or PDC [Ignacio WALKER Prieto
Communist Party of Chile (Partido Comunista de Chile) or PC [Guillermo TEILLIER del Valle
Ecological Green Party [Cristian VILLAROEL Novoa
Equality Party [Lautaro GUANCA Vallejos
Humanist Party or PH [Danilo MONTEVERDE Reyes
Independent Democratic Union or UDI [Ernesto SILVA
Independent Regionalist Party or PRI [Carlos OLIVARES Zepeda
Liberal Party [Vlado MIROSEVIC
National Renewal or RN [Carlos LARRAIN
Progressive Party or PRO [Marco ENRIQUEZ-OMINAMI Gumucio
China Chinese Communist Party or CCP [XI Jinping
note: China has eight nominally independent small parties ultimately controlled by the CCP
Christmas Island none
Cocos (Keeling) Islands none
Colombia Alternative Democratic Pole or PDA [Clara LOPEZ
Conservative Party or PC [David BARGUIL
Democratic Center Party or CD [Alvaro URIBE Velez, Oscar Ivan ZULUAGA
Green Alliance [Jorge LONDONO, Antonio SANGUINO, Luis AVELLANEDA, Camilo ROMERO
Liberal Party or PL [Horacio SERPA
National Integration Party or PIN [Angel ALIRIO Moreno
Radical Change or CR [Carlos Fernando GALAN
Social National Unity Party or U Party [Roy BARRERAS, Jose David NAME
note: Colombia has eight major political parties, and numerous smaller movements
Comoros Convention for the Renewal of the Comoros or CRC [AZALI Assoumani
Democratic Rally of the Comoros [Mouigni MARAKA
Front National pour la Justice or FNJ [Ahmed RACHID
Juwa [Ahmed Abdallah SAMBI
National Alliance for the Comoros or ANC [Mahmoud ALI
Orange Party [Niganned "Kiki" DAOUDI
Party for the Comorian Agreement (Partie Pour l'Entente Commorienne) or PEC [Fahmi Said IBRAHIM
Rally for an Alternative of Harmonious and Integrated Development or RADHI
Rassemblement Democratique des Comores [Mougini Baraka Said SOILIHI
Rassemblement National pour le Development or RND [Omar TAMOU, Abdoulhamid AFFRAITANE
Rally with a Deveopment Initive with Warned Youth or RIDJA [Said Larifou
Union for the Development of the Comoros or UPDC [Ikililou DHOININE
Union Nationale pour la Democratie aux Comores or UNDC [Hassani HARUNA
Congo, Democratic Republic of the Christian Democrat Party or PDC [Jose ENDUNDO
Congolese Rally for Democracy or RCD [Azarias RUBERWA
Convention of Christian Democrats or CDC
Forces of Renewal or FR [Mbusa NYAMWISI
Movement for the Liberation of the Congo or MLC [Jean-Pierre BEMBA
People's Party for Reconstruction and Democracy or PPRD [Henri MOVA, Secretary General
Social Movement for Renewal or MSR [Pierre LUMBI
Unified Lumumbist Party or PALU [Antoine GIZENGA
Union for the Congolese Nation or UNC [Vital KAMERHE
Union for Democracy and Social Progress or UDPS [Etienne TSHISEKEDI
Union of Mobutuist Democrats or UDEMO [MOBUTU Nzanga
Congo, Republic of the Action Movement for Renewal or MAR
Congolese Labour Party or PCT
Congolese Movement for Democracy and Integral Development or MCDDI [Michel MAMPOUYA
Movement for Solidarity and Development or MSD
Pan-African Union for Social Development or UPADS [Martin MBERI
Rally for Democracy and the Republic or RDR [Raymond Damasge NGOLLO
Rally for Democracy and Social Progress or RDPS [Jean-Pierre Thystere TCHICAYA, president
Rally of the Presidential Majority or RMP
Union for Democracy and Republic or UDR
United Democratic Forces or FDU [Sebastian EBAO
many smaller parties
Cook Islands Cook Islands Party or CIP [Henry PUNA
Democratic Party or Demo [Dr. Terepai MAOATE
One Cook Islands Movement [Teina BISHOP
Costa Rica Accessibility Without Exclusion or PASE [Oscar Andres LOPEZ Arias
Broad Front (Frente Amplio) or PFA [Ana Patricia MORA
Citizen Action Party or PAC [Olivier PEREZ Gonzalez
Costa Rican Renovation Party or PRC [Gerardo Justo OROZCO Alvarez
Libertarian Movement Party or ML [Victor Danilo CUBERO Corrales
National Integration Party or PIN [Walter MUNOZ Cespedes
National Liberation Party or PLN [Bernal JIMENEZ
National Restoration Party or PRN [Carlos AVENDANO
Patriotic Alliance [Jorge ARAYA Westover
Popular Vanguard [Humberto VARGAS
Social Christian Unity Party or PUSC [Gerardo VARGAS
Cote d'Ivoire Citizen's Democratic Union or UDCY [Theodore MEL EG
Democracy and Liberty for the Republic or LIDER [Mamadou KOULIBALY
Democratic Party of Cote d'Ivoire or PDCI [Henri Konan BEDIE
Ivorian Popular Front or FPI [Pascal AFFI NGUESSAN
Ivorian Worker's Party or PIT [Daniel AKA AHIZ
Movement of the Future Forces or MFA [Innocent Augustin ANAKY KOBENA
Rally of the Republicans or RDR [Alassane OUATTARA
Union for Democracy and Peace in Cote d'Ivoire or UDPCI [Toikeuse MABRI
over 144 smaller registered parties
Croatia Bosniak Democratic Party of Croatia or BDSH [Medzad HODZIC
Croatian Civic Party or HGS [Zeljko KERUM
Croatian Democratic Congress of Slavonia and Baranja or HDSSB [Dragan VULIN
Croatian Democratic Union or HDZ [Tomislav KARAMARKO
Croatian Laborists - Labor Party [Nansi TIRELI
Croatian Party of Rights - dr. Ante Starcevic or HSP AS [Ivan TEPES
Croatian Peasant Party or HSS [Branko HRG
Croatian Pensioner Party or HSU [Silvano HRELJA
Croatian People's Party - Liberal Democrats or HNS [Vesna PUSIC
Croatian Pure Party of Rights or HCSP [Josip MILJIC
Democratic Centre or DC [Vesna SKARE-OZBOLT
HDZ-led Coalition [Tomislav KARAMARKO
Independent Democratic Serb Party or SDSS [Vojislav STANIMIROVIC
Independent List of Ivan Grubisic [Ivan GRUBISIC
Istrian Democratic Assembly or IDS [Boris MILETIC
Kukuriku Coalition [Zoran MILANOVIC
New Wave [Liubo JURCIC
Reformists Party [Radimir CACIC
Social Democratic Party of Croatia or SDP [Zoran MILANOVIC
Sustainable Development for Croatia or ORaH [Mirela HOLY
Cuba Cuban Communist Party or PCC [Raul CASTRO Ruz, first secretary
Curacao Frente Obrero Liberashon (Workers' Liberation Front) or FOL [Anthony GODETT
Movementu Futuro Korsou or MFK [Gerrit SCHOTTE
Movishon Antia Nobo or MAN [Eunice EISDEN
Partido Antia Restruktura or PAR [Emily DE JONGH-ELHAGE
Partido pa Adelanto I Inovashon Soshal or PAIS [Alex ROSARIA
Partido Nashonal di Pueblo or PNP [Humphrey DAVELAAR
Pueblo Soberano or PS [Helmin WIELS
Cyprus area under government control:
Citizens' Alliance or SP [Giorgos LILLIKAS
Democratic Party or DIKO [Nicolas PAPADOPOULOS
Democratic Rally or DISY [Averof NEOPHYTOU (Neofytou)
Ecological and Environmental Movement or KOP (Green Party) [Giorgos PERDIKIS
European Party or EVROKO [Dimitris SYLLOURIS
Movement of Social Democrats or KS-EDEK [Marinos SIZOPOULOS
National Popular Front or ELAM [Christos CHRISTOU
Progressive Party of the Working People or AKEL (Communist Party) [Andros KYPRIANOU
United Democrats or EDI [Praxoula ANTONIADOU
area administered by Turkish Cypriots:
Communal Democracy Party or TDP [Cemal OZYIGIT
Cyprus Socialist Party or KSP [Mehmet BIRINCI
Democrat Party- National Forces or DP-UG [Serdar DENKTAS
National Justice Party or UAP [Fatma SOLMAZ
National Unity Party or UBP [Huseyin OZGURGUN
New Cyprus Party or YKP [Murat KANATLI
Republican Turkish Party-United Forces or CTP-BG [Ozkan YORGANCIOGLU
Social Democratic Party or SDP [Tozun TUNALI
United Cyprus Party or BKP [Izzet IZCAN
Czech Republic parties in parliament: Christian Democratic Union-Czechoslovak People's Party or KDU-CSL [Pavel BELOBRADEK
Citizens for Budejovice or HOPB [Juraj THOMA
Civic Democratic Party or ODS [Petr FIALA
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia or KSCM [Vojtech FILIP
Czech Social Democratic Party or CSSD [Bohuslav SOBOTKA
Dawn of Direct Democracy or Usvit [Tomio OKAMURA
Green Party or SZ [Jana DRAPALOVA
Mayors and Independents or STAN [Martin PUTA
Mayors for Liberec Region or SLK [Marek PIETER
Movement of Dissatisfied Citizens or ANO [Andrej BABIS
North Bohemians or [Bronislav SCHWARZ
Party of Civic Rights or SPO [Jan VELEBA
Tradition Responsibility Prosperity 09 or TOP 09 [Karel SCHWARZENBERG
parties outside parliament: Czech Pirate Party [Lukas CERNOHORSKY
Free Citizens Party or Svobodni [Petr MACH
Liberal Reform Party or Ostravak [Eva SCHWARZOVA
Denmark Conservative People's Party or C [Soren PAPE POULSEN
Danish People's Party or O [Kristian THULESEN DAHL
Liberal Alliance or I [Anders SAMUELSEN
Liberal Party or V [Lars LOKKE RAMUSSEN
Social Democratic Party or A [Helle THORNING-SCHMIDT
Social Liberal Party or B [Morten OSTERGAAR
Socialist People's Party or F [Pia OLSEN DYHR
Red Alliance (Unity List) [collective leadership, spokesperson Johanne SCHMIDT-NIELSEN
Blue Alliance [collective leadership, spokesperson Lars Lokke RASMUSSEN
Djibouti Democratic National Party or PND [ADEN Robleh Awaleh
Democratic Renewal Party or PRD [Abdillahi HAMARITEH
Djibouti Development Party or PDD [Mohamed Daoud CHEHEM
Front pour la Restauration de l'Unite Democratique or FRUD [Ali Mohamed DAOUD
Movement for Development and Liberty or MODEL [Sheikh Guirreh MEIDAL
People's Rally for Progress or RPP [Ismail Omar GUELLEH
Peoples Social Democratic Party or PPSD [Moumin Bahdon FARAH
Republican Alliance for Democracy or ARD [Ahmed YOUSSOUF
Union for a Presidential Majority or UMP (a coalition of parties including RPP, FRUD, PND, and PPSD)
Union for Democracy and Justice or UDJ [Ismail GUEDI Hared
Union for National Salvation or USN (an umbrella coalition comprising PRD, PDD, MODEL, ARD, and UDJ) [Ahmed Youssouf HOUMER
Dominica Dominica Freedom Party or DFP [Judith PESTAINA
Dominica Labor Party or DLP [Roosevelt SKERRIT
Dominica United Workers Party or UWP [Hector JOHN
Dominican Republic Dominican Liberation Party or PLD [Leonel FERNANDEZ Reyna
Dominican Revolutionary Party or PRD [Miguel VARGAS Maldonado
National Progressive Front [Vinicio CASTILLO, Pelegrin CASTILLO
Social Christian Reformist Party or PRSC [Carlos MORALES Troncoso
Ecuador Alianza PAIS movement [Rafael Vicente CORREA Delgado
Avanza Party or AVANZA [Ramiro GONZALEZ
Creating Opportunities Movement or CREO [Guillermo LASSO
Institutional Renewal and National Action Party or PRIAN [Alvaro NOBOA
Pachakutik Plurinational Unity Movement or MUPP [Rafael ANTUNI
Patriotic Society Party or PSP [Lucio GUTIERREZ Borbua
Popular Democracy Movement or MPD [Luis VILLACIS
Roldosist Party or PRE
Social Christian Party or PSC [Pascual DEL CIOPPO
Socialist Party [Fabian SOLANO
Society United for More Action or SUMA [Mauricio RODAS
Warrior's Spirit Movement [Jaime NEBOT
Egypt officially recognized: Al-Asala [Ehab SHIHA
Al-Dustour (Constitution) Party [Hala SHOKRALLAH
Al-Karama Party [Mohamed SAMY
Al-Nour [Yunis MAKHYUN
Al-Wasat Party [Mohamad Abdel LATIF
Al-Watan [Imad Abd al-GHAFUR
Building and Development Party or BDP [Tarek al-ZOMOR
Congress Party [Omar Mokhtar SEMEIDA
Egyptian National Movement Party [Ahmed SHAFIK
Egyptian Social Democratic Party [Mohamed Aboul GHAR
El Tagamu'u Party [Sayed Abdel AAL
Free Egyptians Party [Essam KHALIL
New Wafd Party [Sayed al-BADADWI
Popular Current Party [Hamdeen SABAHI
Reform and Development Party [Mohamad Anwar al-SADAT
Socialist Popular Alliance [Abdel Ghafar SHOUKR
Strong Egypt Party [Abdel Moneim Aboul FOTOUH
El Salvador Democratic Change (Cambio Democratico) or CD [Douglas AVILES
Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front or FMLN [Medardo GONZALEZ
Great Alliance for National Unity or GANA [Jose Andres ROVIRA Caneles
National Coalition (Concertation Nacional) or CN [Manuel RODRIGUEZ
Nationalist Republican Alliance or ARENA [Jorge VELADO
Party of Hope or PES [Rodolfo Antonio PARKER Soto
Unidos por El Salvador [Manuel Rigoberto SOTO Lazo
Equatorial Guinea Convergence Party for Social Democracy or CPDS [Andres ESONO ONDO
Democratic Party for Equatorial Guinea or PDGE [Jeronimo OSA OSA ECORO
Electoral Coalition or EC
Popular Action of Equatorial Guinea or APGE [Carmelo MBA BACALE
Popular Union or UP [Daniel MARTINEZ AYECABA
not officially registered parties: Democratic Republican Force or FDR [Guillermo NGUEMA ELA
Independent Candidacy or CI [Gabriel NSE OBIANG OBONO
Party for Progress of Equatorial Guinea or PPGE [Severo MOTO
Union for the Center Right or UDC [Avelino MOCACHE MEAENGA
note: in November 2014, the government hosted a National Dialogue process to engage with the political opposition; the opposition particiapated with limited attendance and engagement; on March 18, 2015, the CPDS, FDR, and UP formed a coalition called the Front of Democratic Opposition or FOD
Eritrea People's Front for Democracy and Justice or PFDJ [ISAIAS Afworki
note: a National Assembly committee drafted a law on political parties in January 2001, but the full National Assembly never debated or voted on it
Estonia Center Party of Estonia (Keskerakond) or K [Edgar SAVISAAR
Estonian Conservative People's Party (Konservatiivne Rahvaerakond) or EKRE [Mart HELME
Estonian Reform Party (Reformierakond) or RE [Taavi ROIVAS
Free Party or EV [Andres HERKEL
Social Democratic Party or SDE [Sven MIKSER
Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica (Isamaa je Res Publica Liit) or IRL [Urmas REINSALU
Ethiopia Afar National Democratic Party or ANDP [Mohammed KEDIR
All Ethiopian Unity Organization or AEUO [Hailu SHAWEL
Arena Tigray [GEBRU Asrat
Argoba People's Democratic Organization or APDO [Abdulkader MOHAMMED
Benishangul Gumuz People's Democratic Party or BGPDP [Mulualem BESSE
Blue Party (Semayawi Party) [Yanatan TESFAYE, spokesman
Coalition for Unity and Democratic Party or CUDP [AYELE Chamiso
Ethiopian Democratic Party or EDP [MUSHE Semu
Ethiopian Federal Democratic Forum or FORUM [Dr. Moga FRISSA
Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front or EPRDF (including the following organizations: Amhara National Democratic Movement or ANDM; Oromo People's Democratic Organization or OPDO; Southern Ethiopian People's Democratic Movement or SEPDM; and Tigray People's Liberation Front or TPLF)
Gambella Peoples Unity Democratic Movement or GPUDM
Gurage Peoples Democratic Front [GIRMA Bogale
Harari National League or HNL [YASIN Husein
Oromo Federalist Democratic Movement or OFDM
Oromo People's Congress or OPC [IMERERA Gudina
Somali Democratic Alliance Forces or SODAF [BUH Hussien
Somali People's Democratic Party or SPDP [Abdulfetah Sheck ABDULAHI
South Ethiopian People's Democratic Union or SEPDU [TILAHUN Endeshaw
United Ethiopian Democratic Forces or UEDF [BEYENE Petros
Unity for Democracy and Justice or UDJ [Dr. NEGASSO Gidada
European Union Confederal Group of the European United Left-Nordic Green Left or GUE/NGL [Gabriele ZIMMER
Europe of Freedom and Democracy Group or EFD [Nigel FARAGE and David BORRELLI
European Conservatives and Reformists Group or ECR [Syed KAMALL
Group of Greens/European Free Alliance or Greens/EFA [Rebecca HARMS and Philippe LAMBERTS
Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe or ALDE [Guy VERHOFSTADT
Group of the European People's Party or EPP [Manfred WEBER
Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats or S&D [Gianni PITELLA
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) none; all independents
Faroe Islands Center Party (Midflokkurin) [Jenis av RANA
Independence Party (Sjalvstyrisflokkurin) [Kari P. HOJGAARD
People's Party (Folkaflokkurin) [Jorgen NICLASEN
Progressive Party (Framsokn) [Poul MICHELSEN
Republican Party (Tjodveldi) [Hogni HOYDAL
Social Democratic Party (Javnadarflokkurin) [Aksel JOHANNESEN
Union Party (Sambandsflokkurin) [Kaj Leo JOHANNESEN
Fiji FijiFirst [Aiyaz SAYED-KHAIYUM
Fiji Labor Party or FLP [Mahendra CHAUDHRY
Fiji United Freedon Party or FUFP [Jagath KARUNARATNE
National Federation Party or NFP [Dalip KUMAR
Peoples Democratic Party or PDP [Adi Sivia QORO
Social Democratic Liberal Party or SODELPA [Pio TABAIWALU
Finland Center Party or Kesk [Juha SIPILA
Christian Democrats or KD [Paivi RASANEN
Green League or Vihr [Ville NIINISTO
Left Alliance or Vas [Paavo ARHINMAKI
National Coalition Party or Kok [Alexander STUBB
Social Democratic Party or SDP [Antii RINNE
Swedish People's Party or SFP [Carl HAGLUND
The Finns Party or PS [Timo SOINI
France Europe Ecology - The Greens or EELV [Emmanuelle COSSE
French Communist Party or PCF [Pierre LAURENT
Left Front Coalition or FDG [Jean-Luc MELENCHON
Left Party or PG [Jean-Luc MELENCHON and Martine BILLARD
Left Radical Party or PRG [Jean-Michel BAYLET
Movement for France or MPF [Philippe DE VILLIERS
National Front or FN [Marine LE PEN
New Anticapitalist Party or NPA [collective leadership; main spokesperson Christine POUPIN
New Center or NC [Herve MORIN
Radical Party [Jean-Louis BORLOO
Rally for France or RPF [Charles PASQUA
Republican and Citizen Movement or MRC [Jean-Luc LAURENT
Socialist Party or PS [Haerlem DESIR
The Republicans (formerly Union for a Popular Movement or UMP) [Nicolas SARKOZY
Union des Democrates et Independants or UDI [Jean-Louis BORLOO
United Republic or RS [Dominique DE VILLEPIN
Worker's Struggle (Lutte Ouvriere) or LO [collective leadership; spokespersons Nathalie ARTHAUD and Arlette LAQUILLER
French Polynesia A Tia Porinetia [Teva ROHFRITSCH
Alliance for a New Democracy or ADN (includes the parties The New Star and This Country is Yours)
New Fatherland Party (Ai'a Api) [Emile VERNAUDON
Our Home alliance
People's Servant Party (Tavini Huiraatira) [James CHANCELOR
Popular Rally (Tahoeraa Huiraatira) [Gaston FLOSSE
Union for Democracy alliance or UPD [Oscar TEMARU
Gabon Alliance for National Rebirth or ARENA [Richard MOULOMBA
Circle of Liberal Reformers or CLR [General Jean Boniface ASSELE
Congress for Democracy and Justice or CDJ [Jules Aristide Bourdes OGOULIGUENDE
Democratic and Republican Alliance or ADERE [Divungui-di-Ndinge DIDJOB
Gabonese Democratic Party or PDG [Ali BONGO Ondimba
Gabonese Party for Progress or PGP [Benoit Mouity NZAMBA
Gabonese Union for Democracy and Development or UGDD [Zacharie MYBOTO
Independent Center Party of Gabon or PGCI [Luccheri GAHILA
National Rally of Woodcutters-Democratic or RNB-D [Pierre Andre KOMBILA
National Rally of Woodcutters-Rally for Gabon or RNB-RPG (Bucherons) [Fr. Paul M'BA-ABESSOLE
Party of Development and Social Solidarity or PDS [Seraphin Ndoat REMBOGO
Social Democratic Party or PSD [Pierre Claver MAGANGA-MOUSSAVOU
Union for Democracy and Social Integration or UDIS
Union for the New Republic or UPRN [Louis Gaston MAYILA
Union of Gabonese People or UPG [Mathieu Mboumba NZIENGUI - until the next Congress
Gambia, The Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction or APRC [Yahya JAMMEH
Gambia People's Democratic Party or GPDP [Henry GOMEZ
National Alliance for Democracy and Development or NADD [Halifa SALLAH
National Convention Party or NCP [Sheriff DIBBA
National Reconciliation Party or NRP [Hamat BAH
People's Democratic Organization for Independence and Socialism or PDOIS [Halifa SALLAH
People's Progressive Party or PPP [Omar JALLOW
United Democratic Party or UDP [Ousainou DARBOE
Georgia Alliance of Patriots [Irma INASHVILI
Conservative Party [Zviad DZIDZIGURI
European Democrats [Paata DAVITAIA
Free Georgia [Kakha KUKAVA
Georgian Dream (a five-party coalition composed of Georgian Dream-Democratic Georgia, Republican Party, National Forum, Conservative Party, and Industry Will Save Georgia, plus two factions of independent majoritarians)
Georgian Dream (a six-party coalition composed of Georgian Dream-Democratic Georgia, Republican Party, Our Georgia-Free Democrats, National Forum, Conservative Party, and Industry Will Save Georgia)
Georgian Dream-Democratic Georgia [Irakli GARIBASHVILI
Georgian People's Front [Nodar NATADZE
Georgian Troupe [Jondi BAGHTURIA
Industry Will Save Georgia (Industrialists) or IWSG [Giorgi TOPADZE
Labor Party [Shalva NATELASHVILI
National Democratic Party or NDP [Bachuki KARDAVA
National Forum [Kakhaber SHARTAVA
New Rights [Pikria CHIKHRADZE
Our Georgia-Free Democrats (OGFD) [Irakli ALASANIA
People's Party [Koba DAVITASHVILI
Republican Party [Khatuna SAMNIDZE
Traditionalists [Akaki ASATIANI
United Democratic Movement [Nino BURJANADZE
United National Movement or UNM [Mikheil SAAKASHVILI
Germany Alliance '90/Greens [Cem OEZDEMIR and Simone PETER
Alternative for Germany or AfD [Bernd LUCKE
Christian Social Union or CSU [Horst SEEHOFER
Free Democratic Party or FDP [Christian LINDNER
Left Party or Die Linke [Katia KIPPING and Bernd RIEXINGER
Social Democratic Party or SPD [Sigmar GABRIEL
Ghana Convention People's Party or CPP [Samia NKRUMAH
National Democratic Congress or NDC [John Dramani MAHAMA
New Patriotic Party or NPP [Paul AFOKO
People's National Convention or PNC [Alhaji Amed RAMADAN
note: listed are four of the more popular political parties as of December 2012; there are more than 20 registered parties
Gibraltar Gibraltar Liberal Party [Joseph GARCIA
Gibraltar Social Democrats or GSD [Daniel FEETHAM
Gibraltar Socialist Labor Party or GSLP [Fabian PICARDO
Progressive Democratic Party [Nick CRUZ
Greece Coalition of the Radical Left or SYRIZA [Alexis TSIPRAS
Communist Party of Greece or KKE [Dimitris KOUTSOUMBAS
Golden Dawn [Nikolaos MICHALOLIAKOS
Independent Greeks or ANEL [Panagiotis (Panos) KAMMENOS
Movement of Democratic Socialists or KIDISO [George PAPANDREOU
New Democracy or ND [Antonis SAMARAS
Panhellenic Socialist Movement-Democratic Alignment or PASOK-DP [Evangelos VENIZELOS
Popular Orthodox Rally or LAOS [Georgios KARATZAFERIS
Teleia (Full Stop) [Apostolos GKLETSOS
To Potami (The River) [Stavros THEODORAKIS
Union of Centrists or EK [Vassilis LEVENTIS
Greenland Democrats Party (Demokraatit) or D [Jens B. FREDERIKSEN
Forward Party (Siumut) or S [Aleqa HAMMOND
Inuit Community (Inuit Ataqatigiit) or IA [Kuupik KLEIST
Inuit Party (Partii Inuit) or PI [Nikku OLSEN
Solidarity Party (Atassut) or A [Gerhardt PETERSEN
Grenada Grenada United Labor Party or GULP [Wilfred HAYES
National Democratic Congress or NDC [Tillman THOMAS
New National Party or NNP [Keith MITCHELL
Guam Democratic Party [Carlo BRANCH
Republican Party [Mike BENITO
Guatemala Commitment, Renewal, and Order or CREO [Roberto GONZALEZ Diaz-Duran
Democratic Union or UD [Edwin Armando MARTINEZ Herrera
Encounter for Guatemala or EG [Nineth MONTENEGRO Cottom
Everyone Together for Guatemala or TODOS [Felipe ALEJOS
Grand National Alliance or GANA [Jaime Antonio MARTINEZ Lohayza
Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity or URNG [Angel SANCHEZ Viesca
Institutional Republican Party (formerly the Guatemalan Republican Front) or PRI [Luis Fernando PEREZ
National Advancement Party or PAN [Juan GUTIERREZ Strauss
National Unity for Hope or UNE [Sandra TORRES
Nationalist Change Union or UCN [Mario ESTRADA
New National Alternative or ANN [Pablo MONSANTO
Patriot Party or PP [Ingrid Roxana BALDETTI Elias
Renewed Democratic Liberty or LIDER [Manuel BALDIZON
Unionista Party or PU [Alvaro ARZU Irigoyen
Victoria (Victory) [Amilcar RIVERA
Vision with Values or VIVA [Harold CABALLEROS
Winaq [Rigoberta MENCHU
Guernsey none; all independents
Guinea-Bissau African Party for the Independence of Guinea-Bissau and Cabo Verde or PAIGC [Domingos Simoes PEREIRA
Democratic Convergence Party or PCD [Victor MANDINGA
New Democracy Party or PND [Iaia DJALO
Party for Social Renewal or PRS [Filomeno Mendes PEREIRA
Republican Party for Independence and Development or PRID [Aristides GOMES
Union for Change or UM [Agnelo REGALA
Guinea National Party for Hope and Development or PEDN [Lansana KOUYATE
Rally for the Guinean People or RPG [Alpha CONDE
Union for the Progress of Guinea or UPG [Jean Marie DORE
Union of Democratic Forces of Guinea or UFDG [Cellou Dalein DIALLO
Union of Republican Forces or UFR [Sidya TOURE

note: listed are the five most popular parties as of January 2014; overall, there are more than 140 registered parties
Guyana A Partnership for National Unity or APNU [David GRANGER
Alliance for Change or AFC [Khemraj RAMJATTAN
Justice for All Party [C.N. SHARMA
People's Progressive Party/Civic or PPP/C [Donald RAMOTAR
Rise, Organize, and Rebuild or ROAR [Ravi DEV
The United Force or TUF [Manzoor NADIR
The Unity Party [Joey JAGAN
Vision Guyana [Peter RAMSAROOP
Haiti Assembly of Progressive National Democrats or RDNP [Mirlande MANIGAT
Christian and Citizen For Haiti's Reconstruction or ACCRHA [Chavannes JEUNE
Convention for Democratic Unity or KID [Evans PAUL
Cooperative Action to Rebuild Haiti or KONBA [Jean William JEANTY
December 16 Platform or Platfom 16 Desanm [Dr. Gerard BLOT
Democratic Alliance or ALYANS [Evans PAUL
Democratic Centers's National Council or CONACED [Osner FEVRY
Democratic Movement for the Liberation of Haiti-Revolutionary Party of Haiti or MODELH-PRDH
Effort and Solidarity to Create an Alternative for the People or ESKAMP [Joseph JASME
Fanmi Lavalas or FL [Jean-Bertrand ARISTIDE
For Us All or PONT [Jean-Marie CHERESTAL
Grouping of Citizens for Hope or RESPE [Charles-Henri BAKER
Haiti in Action or AAA [Youri LATORTUE
Haitians for Haiti [Yvon NEPTUNE
Independent Movement for National Reconstruction or MIRN [Luc FLEURINORD
Konbit Pou refe Ayiti or KONBIT
Lavni Organization or LAVNI [Yves CRISTALIN
Liberal Party of Haiti or PLH [Jean Andre VICTOR
Liberation Platform or PLATFORME LIBERATION
Love Haiti or Renmen Ayiti [Jean-Henry CEANT and Camille LEBLANC
Merging of Haitian Social Democratics or FUSION [Edmonde Supplice BEAUZILE
Mobilization for National Development or MDN [Hubert de RONCERAY
National Front for the Reconstruction of Haiti or FRN [Guy PHILIPPE
New Christian Movement for a New Haiti or MOCHRENA [Luc MESADIEU
Peasant's Response or Repons Peyizan [Michel MARTELLY
Platform Alternative for Progress and Democracy or ALTENATIV [Victor BENOIT and Evans PAUL
Platform of Haitian Patriots or PLAPH [Dejean BELISAIRE and Himmler REBU
Popular Party for the Renewal of Haiti or PPRH [Claude ROMAIN
Respect or RESPE
Socialist Action Movement or MAS
Strength in Unity or Ansanm Nou Fo [Leslie VOLTAIRE
Struggling People's Organization or OPL [Sauveur PIERRE-ETIENNE
Union [Chavannes JEUNE
Union of Haitian Citizens for Democracy, Development, and Education or UCADDE [Jeantel JOSEPH
Union of Nationalist and Progressive Haitians or UNPH [Edouard FRANCISQUE
Unity or Inite [Levaillant LOUIS-JEUNE
Vigilance or Veye Yo [Lavarice GAUDIN
Youth for People's Power or JPP [Rene CIVIL
Holy See (Vatican City) none
Honduras Anti-Corruption Party or PAC [Salvador NASRALLA
Christian Democratic Party or DC [Felicito AVILA Ordonez
Democratic Unification Party or UD [Cesar HAM
Freedom and Refounding Party or LIBRE [Jose Manuel ZELAYA Rosales
Liberal Party or PL [Mauricio VILLEDA Bermudez
National Party of Honduras or PNH [Gladys Aurora LOPEZ
Social Democratic Innovation and Unity Party or PINU [Jorge Rafael AGUILAR Paredes
Hong Kong parties:
Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood or ADPL [Bruce LIU Sing-lee
Business and Professional Alliance or BPA [Andrew LEUNG
Civic Party [EU Audrey
Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong or DAB [TAM Yiu-chung
Democratic Party [Emily LAU
Labor Party [LEE Cheuk-yan
League of Social Democrats or LSD [LEUNG Kwok-hung
Liberal Party [Felix CHUNG Kwok-pan
Neo Democrats [joint leaders
New People's Party [Regina IP Lau Su-yee
People Power [Erica YUEN Mi-ming

Confederation of Trade Unions or CTU
Federation of Trade Unions or FTU
Neighborhood and Workers Service Center or NWSC
Professional Commons (think tank) [Charles Peter MOK
Professional Teachers Union or PTU

note: political blocs include: pro-democracy - ADPL, Civic Party, Democratic Party, Labor Party, LSD, People Power, Professional Commons; pro-Beijing - DAB, FTU, Liberal Party, New People's Party, BPA; there is no political party ordinance, so there are no registered political parties; politically active groups register as societies or companies
Hungary Christian Democratic People's Party or KDNP [Zsolt SEMJEN
Democratic Coalition or DK [Ferenc GYURCSANY
Dialogue for Hungary or PM [Gergely KARACSONY, Timea SZABO, co-chairs
Fidesz-Hungarian Civic Alliance or Fidesz [Viktor ORBAN
Hungarian Liberal Party or MLP [Gabor FODOR
Hungarian Socialist Party or MSZP [Jozsef TOBIAS
Movement for a Better Hungary or Jobbik [Gabor VONA
Politics Can Be Different or LMP [Andras SCHIFFER, Bernadett SZEL
Together 2014 or Egyutt [Viktor SZIGETVARI
Unity [a coalition of MSZP, Egyutt, DK, PM, and MLP for the 2014 legislative elections, since dissolved
Iceland Bright Future (Bjort Framtid) or BF [Gudmundur STEINGRIMSSON
Dawn (Dogun) [Benedikt SIGURDARSON
Independence Party (Sjalfstaedisflokkurinn) or IP [Bjarni BENEDIKTSSON
Left-Green Movement (Vinstrihreyfingin) or LGM [Katrin JAKOBSDOTTIR
Pirate Party [Birgitta JONSDOTTIR
Progressive Party (Framsoknarflokkurinn) or PP [Sigmundur David GUNNLAUGSSON
Rainbow [Bjarni HAROARSON
Social Democratic Alliance (Samfylkingin) or SDA [Arni Pall ARNASON
Solidarity (Samstada) [Lilja MOSESDOTTIR
India Aam Aadmi Party or AAP [Arvind KEJRIWAL
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam or AIADMK [J. JAYALALITHAA
All India Trinamool Congress or AITC [Mamata BANERJEE
Bahujan Samaj Party or BSP [MAYAWATI
Bharatiya Janata Party or BJP [Amit SHAH
Biju Janata Dal or BJD [Naveen PATNAIK
Communist Party of India or CPI [Suravaram Sudhakar REDDY, Secretary-General
Communist Party of India-Marxist or CPI(M) [Prakash KARAT
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam or DMK [M.KARUNANIDHI
Indian National Congress or INC [Sonia GANDHI
Janata Dal (United) or JD(U) [Sharad YADAV
Lok Janshakti Party (LJP) [Ram Vilas PASWAN
Nationalist Congress Party or NCP [Sharad PAWAR
Rashtriya Janata Dal or RJD [Lalu Prasad YADAV
Rashtriya Lok Dal or RLD [Ajit SINGH
Samajwadi Party or SP [Mulayam Singh YADAV
Shiromani Akali Dal or SAD [Parkash Singh BADAL
Shiv Sena or SS [Uddhav THACKERAY
Telegana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) [K. Chandrashekar RAO
Telugu Desam Party or TDP [Chandrababu NAIDU
YSR Congress(YSRC) [Jaganmohan REDDY
note: India has dozens of national and regional political parties
Indonesia Democrat Party or PD [Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO
Functional Groups Party or GOLKAR [Aburizal BAKRIE
Great Indonesia Movement Party or GERINDRA [PRABOWO Subianto Djojohadikusumo
Indonesia Democratic Party-Struggle or PDI-P [MEGAWATI Sukarnoputri
National Awakening Party or PKB [Muhaiman ISKANDAR
National Mandate Party or PAN [Hatta RAJASA
People's Conscience Party or HANURA [WIRANTO
Prosperous Justice Party or PKS [Anis MATTA
United Development Party or PPP [NA
Iran note: formal political parties are a relatively new phenomenon in Iran and most conservatives still prefer to work through political pressure groups rather than parties; often political parties or coalitions are formed prior to elections and disbanded soon thereafter; a loose pro-reform coalition called the 2nd Khordad Front, which includes political parties as well as less formal groups and organizations, achieved considerable success in elections for the sixth Majles in early 2000; groups in the coalition included the Islamic Iran Participation Front (IIPF), Executives of Construction Party (Kargozaran), Solidarity Party, Islamic Labor Party, Mardom Salari, Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution Organization (MIRO), and Militant Clerics Society (MCS; Ruhaniyun); the coalition participated in the seventh Majles elections in early 2004 but boycotted them after 80 incumbent reformists were disqualified; following his defeat in the 2005 presidential elections, former MCS Secretary General and sixth Majles Speaker Mehdi KARUBI formed the National Trust Party; a new conservative group, Islamic Iran Developers Coalition (Abadgaran), took a leading position in the new Majles after winning a majority of the seats in February 2004; ahead of the 2008 Majles elections, traditional and hardline conservatives attempted to close ranks under the United Front of Principlists and the Broad Popular Coalition of Principlists; several reformist groups, such as the MIRO and the IIPF, also came together as a reformist coalition in advance of the 2008 Majles elections; the IIPF has repeatedly complained that the overwhelming majority of its candidates were unfairly disqualified from the 2008 elections
Anbar Loyalty Party [Qasim al-FAHADAWI
Awakening Conference [Ahmad al-RISHAWI
Badr Organization [Hadi al-AMIRI
Civil Democratic Alliance
Da'wa Party (Islamic) [Vice President Nuri al-MALIKI
Da'wa Tanzim [Hashim al-MUSAWI branch
Fadilah Party [Ammar TUAMA
Goran (Change) List (also known as the Movement for Change) [Nushirwan MUSTAFA
Iraq Coalition [Abd al-Salam al-HAMMUDI
Iraqi Front for National Dialogue [Deputy Prime Minister Salih al-MUTLAQ
Iraqi Islamic Party or IIP [Ayad al-SAMARRAI
Iraqi Justice and Reform Movement [Shaykh Abdallah al-YAWR
Iraqi National Congress or INC [Ahmad CHALABI
Iraqi Turkoman Front [Arshad al-SALIHI
Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq or ISCI [Ammar al-HAKIM
Kurdistan Democratic Party or KDP [Kurdistan Regional Government President Masud BARZANI
Kurdistan Islamic Group (also called Islamic Group of Kurdistan) [Ali BAPIR
Kurdish Islamic Union [ Mohammed FARAI
Nationalism Coalition/Al Wataniyah [Vice President Ayad ALLAWI
National Future Gathering [Dhafir al-ANI
National Movement for Reform and Development [Muhammad al-KARBULI
National Reform Trend [Foreign Minister Ibrahim al-JAFARI
Patriotic Union of Kurdistan or PUK [former President Jalal TALABANI
Sadrist Trend [Muqtada al-SADR
Shia Independents [Higher Education Minister Husayn al-SHAHRISTANI
United for Iraq/Muttahidun Party [Vice President Usama al-NUJAYFI
Coalitions and Leaders: Al Ahrar Coalition/Sadrist Trend [Muqtada al-SADR
Al-Arabiyah Coalition [Deputy Prime Minister Salih al-MUTLAQ
Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq (ISCI) Coalition/Muwatin [Ammar al-HAKIM
Kurdistan Alliance [Muhsin al-SADUN
Nationalism Coalition/Al Wataniyah [Vice President Ayad ALLAWI
State of Law Coalition [Vice President Nouri al MALIKI
United for Reform Coalition/Muttahidun Party [Vice President Usama al-NUJAYFI
note: numerous smaller local, tribal, and minority parties
Ireland Fianna Fail [Micheal MARTIN
Fine Gael [Enda KENNY
Green Party [Eamon RYAN
Labor (Labour) Party [Joan BURTON
Renua Ireland [Lucinda CREIGHTON
Sinn Fein [Gerry ADAMS
Socialist Party [Collective Leadership
The Workers' Party [Michael DONNELLY
Isle of Man Alliance for Progressive Government
Liberal Vannin Party [Peter KARRAN
Manx Labor Party
Mec Vannin [Bernard MOFFATT

most members sit as independents
Israel Balad [Jamal ZAHALKA
Democratic Front for Peace and Equality (HADASH) [Muhammad BARAKEH
Kadima [Shaul MOFAZ
Kulanu [Moshe KAHLON
Labor Party [Isaac HERZOG
Likud [Binyamin NETANYAHU
National Union [Uri ARIEL
The Jewish Home (Bayit Yehudi) [Naftali BENNETT
The Movement (Hatnuah) [Tzipora "Tzipi" LIVNI
The New Movement-Meretz [Haim ORON
The Zionist Camp (established for March 2015 election purposes)
United Arab List-Ta'al [Ibrahim SARSUR
United Torah Judaism or UTJ [Yaakov LITZMAN
Yesh Atid [Yair LAPID
Yisrael Beiteinu or YB [Avigdor LIEBERMAN
Italy Center-right parties::
Brothers of Italy or FdI [Giorgia MELONI, Ignazio LA RUSSA, and Guido CROSETTO
Forza Italia [Silvio BERLUSCONI
The New Center-Right or NCD [Angelino ALFANO
Northern League or LN [Roberto MARONI
The Right or LD [Francesco STORACE
other minor parties

Center-left parties::
Democratic Centre or CD [Bruno TABACCI and Massimo DONADI
Democratic Party or PD [Matteo RENZI
Italian Socialist Party or PSI [Riccardo NENCINI
Left Ecology Freedom or SEL [Nichi VENDOLA
South Tyrolean People's Party or SVP [Arno KOMPATSCHER

Centrist parties::
Civic Choice or SC [Alberto BOMBASSEI
Future and Freedom for Italy or FLI [vacant
Union of the Center or UdC [Pier Ferdinando CASINI

other coalitions and parties::
Act to Stop the Decline or FiD [Michele BOLDRIN
Civil Revolution or RC [Antonio INGROIA
Five Star Movment or M5S [Beppe GRILLO
Jamaica Jamaica Labor Party or JLP [Andrew HOLNESS
People's National Party or PNP [Portia SIMPSON-MILLER
National Democratic Movement or NDM [Michael WILLIAMS
Japan Democratic Party of Japan or DPJ [Banri KAIEDA
Japan Communist Party or JCP [Kazuo SHII
Japan Innovation Party or JIP [Kenji EDA
Liberal Democratic Party or LDP [Shinzo ABE
New Komeito or NK [Natsuo YAMAGUCHI
Party for Future Generations or PFG [Shintaro ISHIHARA
People's Life Party or PLP [Ichiro OZAWA
Social Democratic Party or SDP [Tadatomo YOSHIDA
Jersey one declared party:
Jersey Democratic Alliance

note: all senators and deputies elected in 2008 were independents
Jordan Ahl al-Himma
Al-Hayah Jordanian Party [Zahier AMR
Arab Ba'ath Socialist Party [Akram al-HIMSI
Ba'ath Arab Progressive Party [Fuad DABBOUR
Democratic People's Party [Ablah ABU ULBAH
Democratic Popular Unity Party [Sa'id DIAB
Du'a Party [Muhammed ABU BAKR
Free Voice
Islamic Action Front or IAF [Hamzah MANSOUR
Islamic Centrist Party [Muhammad al-HAJ
Jordanian Communist Party [Munir HAMARNAH
Jordanian National Party [Muna ABU BAKR
Jordanian United Front [Amjad al-MAJALI
Labor and Trade
National Accord Youth Block
National Action
National Constitution Party [Ahmad al-SHUNAQ
National Current Party [Abd al-Hadi al-MAJALI
National Movement for Direct Democracy [Muhammad al-QAQ
National Union
National Unity
Nobel Jerusalem
Risalah Party [Hazem QASHOU
Stronger Jordan
The Direct Democratic Nationalists Movement Party [Nash'at KHALIFAH
The People
Unified Front
United Front
Voice of the Nation
Kazakhstan Ak Zhol Party (Bright Path) [Azat PERUASHEV
Alga [Vladimir KOZLOV
Auyl (Village) [Gani KALIYEV
Azat (Freedom) Party [Bolat ABILOV
Birlik (Unity) [Seril SULTANGALI
Communist Party of Kazakhstan or KPK [Serikbolsyn ABDILDIN
Communist People's Party of Kazakhstan [Vladislav KOSAREV
National Social Democratic Party or NSDP [Zharmakhan TUYAKBAY
Nur Otan (Fatherland's Ray of Light) [Nursultan NAZARBAYEV, Nurlan NIGMATULIN
Patriots' Party [Gani KASYMOV
Kenya Alliance Party of Kenya or AKP [Kiraitu MURUNGI
Amani Coalition (includes UDF, KANU, NFK) [Musalia MUDAVADI
Coalition for Reforms and Democracy or CORD (includes ODM, WDM-K, FORD-K) [Raila ODINGA
Forum for the Restoration of Democracy-Kenya or FORD-K [Moses WETANGULA
Forum for the Restoration of Democracy-People or FORD-P [Henry OBWOCHA
Jubilee Alliance (includes TNA, URP, NARC) [Uhuru KENYATTA
Kenya African National Union or KANU [Gideon MOI
National Rainbow Coalition or NARC [Charity NGILU
New Ford Kenya or NFK [Eugene WAMALWA
Orange Democratic Movement Party of Kenya or ODM [Raila ODINGA
The National Alliance or TNA [Uhuru KENYATTA
United Democratic Forum Party or UDF [Musalia MUDAVADI
United Republican Party or URP [William RUTO
Wiper Democratic Movement-K or WDM-K (formerly Orange Democratic Movement-Kenya or ODM-K) [Kalonzo MUSYOKA
Kiribati Boutokaan Te Koaua Party or BTK [Anote TONG
Kamaeuraoan Te I-Kiribati Party or KTK [Tetaua TAITAI
Maurin Kiribati Pati or MKP [Rimeta BENIAMINA

note: there is no tradition of formally organized political parties in Kiribati; they more closely resemble factions or interest groups because they have no party headquarters, formal platforms, or party structures
Korea, North major party:
Korean Workers' Party or KWP [KIM Jong Un

minor parties:
Chondoist Chongu Party [RYU Mi Yong
Social Democratic Party [KIM Yong Dae
Korea, South Justice Party [CHEON Ho-sun
Liberty Forward Party or LFP (merged with NFP in October 2012)
New Frontier Party (NFP) or Saenuri (formerly Grand National Party) [KIM Moo-sung
New Politics Alliance for Democracy or NPAD [MOON Jae-in
Unified Progressive Party or UPP (disbanded in December 2014)
Kosovo Albanian Christian Democratic Party of Kosovo or PSHDK [Uke BERISHA
Alliance for the Future of Kosovo or AAK [Ramush HARADINAJ
Civic Initiative for Kosovo or NISMA [Fatmir LIMAJ
Conservative Party of Kosovo or PK [Munir BASHA
Democratic League of Kosovo or LDK [Isa MUSTAFA
Democratic Party of Kosovo or PDK [Hashim THACI
Justice Party of Kosovo or PD [Ferid AGANI
Kosovo Democratic Turkish Party or KDTP [Mahir YAGCILAR
Movement for Self-Determination (Vetevendosje) or VV [Visar YMERI
Movement for Unification or LB [Avni KLINAKU
Serbian List [Aleksandar JABLANOVIC
Turkish Democratic Party of Kosovo or KDTP [Mahir YAGCILAR
Vakat Coalition or VAKAT [Rasim DEMIRI
note: a coalition formed for the 2014 parliamentary elections included the PDK, PD, LB, PSHDK, and PK
Kuwait none; while the formation of political parties is not permitted, they are not forbidden by law
Kyrgyzstan Ar-Namys (Dignity) Party [Feliks KULOV
Ata-Jurt (Homeland) [Kamchybek TASHIEV, Akhmat KELDIBEKOV, Sadyr JAPAROV
Ata-Meken (Fatherland) [Omurbek TEKEBAEV
Butun Kyrgyzstan (All Kyrgyzstan) [Adakhan MADUMAROV
Respublika [Omurbek BABANOV
Social-Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan (SDPK) [Almazbek ATAMBAEV
Laos Lao People's Revolutionary Party or LPRP [CHOUMMALI Saignason
Latvia Alliance of Regions or LRA [Martins BONDARS, Dainis LIEPINS
For Latvia from the Heart or NSL [Inguna SUDRABA
Social Democratic Party "Harmony" or SC [Janis URBANOVICS, Nils USAKOVS
National Alliance "All For Latvia!"-"For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK" or NA [Gaidis BERZINS, Raivis DZINTARS
Union of Greens and Farmers or ZZS [Augusts BRIGMANIS, Raimonds VEJONIS
Unity [Solvita ABOLTINA
Lebanon 14 March Coalition:
Democratic Left [Ilyas ATALLAH
Democratic Renewal Movement [Nassib LAHUD
Future Movement Bloc [Sa'ad al-HARIRI
Kataeb Party [Amine GEMAYEL
Lebanese Forces [Samir JA'JA
Tripoli Independent Bloc

8 March Coalition:
Development and Resistance Bloc [Nabih BERRI, leader of Amal Movement
Free Patriotic Movement [Michel AWN
Loyalty to the Resistance Bloc [Mohammad RA'AD
Nasserite Popular Movement [Usama SAAD
Popular Bloc [Elias SKAFF
Syrian Ba'th Party [Sayez SHUKR
Syrian Social Nationalist Party [Ali QANSO
Tashnaq [Hovig MEKHITIRIAN

Democratic Gathering Bloc [Walid JUNBLATT, leader of Progressive Socialist Party
Metn Bloc [Michel MURR
Lesotho All Basotho Convention or ABC [Motsoahae Thomas THABANE
Basotho Congress Party or BCP [Thulo MAHLAKENG
Basotho National Party or BNP [Thesele MASERIBANE
Democratic Congress or DC [Pakalitha MOSISILI
Lesotho Congress for Democracy or LCD [Mothetjoa METSING
Lesotho Peoples Congress or LPC [Molahlehi LETLOTLO
Marematlou Freedom Party or MFP [Vincent MALEBO
National Independent Party or NIP [Kimetso MATHABA
Popular Front for Democracy of PFD [Lekhetho RAKUOANE
Reformed Congress of Lesotho or RCL [Keketso RANTSO
Liberia Alliance for Peace and Democracy or APD [Marcus S. G. DAHN
Alternative National Congress or ANC [Orishil GOULD
Congress for Democratic Change or CDC [George WEAH
Liberia Destiny Party or LDP [Nathaniel BARNES
Liberia Transformation Party or LTP [Julius SUKU
Liberty Party or LP [J. Fonati KOFFA
Movement for Progressive Change or MPC [Simeon FREEMAN
National Democratic Coalition or NDC [Dew MAYSON
National Democratic Party of Liberia or NDPL [D. Nyandeh SIEH
National Patriotic Party or NPP [Theophilus C. GOULD
National Reformist Party or NRP [Maximillian T. W. DIABE
National Union for Democratic Progress or NUDP [Victor BARNEY
Unity Party or UP [Varney SHERMAN
Libya Al-Watan (Homeland) Party
Justice and Construction Party or JCP [Muhammad SAWAN
National Forces Alliance or NFA [Mahmoud JIBRIL, founder
National Front (initially the National Front for the Salvation of Libya, formed in 1981 as a diaspora opposition group)
Union for the Homeland [Abd al-Rahman al-SUWAYHILI

note: partial list of the larger political parties and leaders
Liechtenstein Fatherland Union (Vaterlaendische Union) or VU [Jakob BUECHEL
Progressive Citizens' Party (Fortschrittliche Buergerpartei) or FBP [Elfried HASLER
The Free List (Die Freie Liste) or FL [Wolfgang MARXER
the independents (Die Unabhaengigen) or DU [Harry QUADERER
Lithuania Christian Party or KP [Gediminas VAGNORIUS
Democratic Labor and Unity Party or DDVP [Kristina BRAZAUSKIENE
Electoral Action of Lithuanian Poles or LLRA [Valdemar TOMASEVSKI
Emigrants Party or EP [Juozas MURAUSKAS
Homeland Union-Lithuanian Christian Democrats or TS-LKD [Andrius KUBILIUS
Labor Party or DP [Loreta GRAUZINIENE
Liberal and Center Union or LCS [Arturas MELIANAS
Liberal Movement or LS or LRLS [Eligijus MASIULIS
Lithuanian People's Party or LLP [Kazimiera PRUNSKIENE
Lithuanian People's Party or LZP [Joana SIMANAUSKIENE
Lithuanian Russian Union or LRS [Sergejus DMITRIJEVAS
Lithuanian Social Democratic Party or LSDP [Algirdas BUTKEVICIUS
Nationalist Union or TS [Julius PANKA
Order and Justice Party or TT [Rolandas PAKSAS
Peasant and Greens Union or LVZS [Ramunas KARBAUSKIS
Republican Party or RP [Valdemaras VALKIUNAS
Russian Alliance or RA [Tamara LOCHANKINA
Socialist People's Front or SLF [Algirdas PALECKIS
The Union of National Unity or TVS [Algimantas MATULEVICIUS
Way of Courage or DK [Jonas VARKALA
YES-Homeland Revival and Perspective or YES Union or TAIP Union or TAIP [Arturas ZUOKAS
Young Lithuania Party or PJL [Stanislovas BUSKEVICIUS
Luxembourg Alternative Democratic Reform Party or ADR [Jean SCHOOS
Christian Social People's Party or CSV [Marc SPAUTZ
Democratic Party or DP [Xavier BETTEL
Green Party [Francoise FOLMER and Christian KMIOTEK
Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party or LSAP [Claude HAAGEN
The Left (dei Lenk/la Gauche) [Serge URBANY
other minor parties
Macau Alliance for Change or APM [Melinda CHAN Mei-yi
Macau-Guangdong Union or UMG [MAK Soi-kun
New Democratic Macau Association or ANMD (an electoral list of the New Macau Association)
New Hope or NE [Jose Maria Pereira COUTINHO
New Macau Association or ANM [Sulu SOU Ka-hou
New Union for Macau's Development or NUDM [Angela LEONG On-kei
Prosperous Democratic Macau Association or APMD (an electoral list of the New Macau Association)
Union for Development or UPD [KWAN Tsui-hang
Union for Promoting Progress or UPP [HO Ion-sang
United Citizens Association of Macau or ACUM [CHAN Meng-kam

note: there is no political party ordinance, so there are no registered political parties; politically active groups register as societies or companies
Macedonia Citizens Option for Macedonia or GROM [Stevco JAKIMOVSKI
Democratic Party of Albanians or DPA [Menduh THACI
Democratic Union for Integration or DUI [Ali AHMETI
Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization - Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity or VMRO-DPMNE [Nikola GRUEVSKI
National Democratic Revival or NDR [Rufi OSMANI
Social Democratic Union of Macedonia or SDSM [Zoran ZAEV

note: during the 2014 parliamentary elections VMRO-DPMNE, SDSM, and GROM each led coalitions
Madagascar AVANA Party [Jean-Louis ROBINSON
Economic Liberalism and Democratic Action for National Recovery/LEADER Fanilo or LF [Manasse ESOAVELOMANDROSO
Green Party/Parti Vert or AMHM [Sarah Georget RABEHARISOA
National Unity, Freedom, and Development or FFF [Andriamparany Benjamin RADAVIDSON
New Force for Madagascar or FIDIO [Hery RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA
Parti Hiaraka Isika or PHI [Albert Camille VITAL
Party of Andry Rajoelina or MPAR [Andry RAJOELINA
Pillar of Madagascar or AIM [Andry RAKOTOVAO
Ravlomanana Movement or MR [Marc RAVALOMANANA
Sambo Fiaran'i Noe or SFN
Union Party or Tambatra [Pety RAKOTONIAINA
Vondrona Politika Miara dia Malagasy Miara Miainga or VPM MMM [Milavonjy ANDRIASY
Malawi Alliance for Democracy or AFORD [Godfrey SHAWA
Chipani Cha Fuko or CCP [Davis KATSONGA PHIRI
Democratic Progressive Party or DPP [Peter MUTHARIKA
Malawi Congress Party or MCP [Lazarus CHAKWERA
People's Party or PP [Joyce BANDA
United Democratic Front or UDF [Atupele MULUZI
Malaysia National Front (Barisan Nasional) or BN (ruling coalition) consists of the following parties:
Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia Party or GERAKAN [MAH Siew Keong
Liberal Democratic Party (Parti Liberal Demokratik - Sabah) or LDP [TEO Chee Kang
Malaysian Chinese Association (Persatuan China Malaysia) or MCA [LIOW Tiong Lai
Malaysian Indian Congress (Kongres India Malaysia) or MIC [Govindasamy PALANIVEL
Parti Bersatu Rakyat Sabah or PBRS [Joseph KURUP
Parti Bersatu Sabah or PBS [Joseph PAIRIN Kitingan
Parti Pesaka Bumiputera Bersatu or PBB [Adenan SATEM
Parti Rakyat Sarawak or PRS [James MASING
Sarawak Progressive Democratic Party or SPDP [TIONG King Sing
Sarawak United People's Party (Parti Bersatu Rakyat Sarawak) or SUPP [Dr. SIM Kui Hian
United Malays National Organization or UMNO [NAJIB bin Abdul Razak
United Pasokmomogun Kadazandusun Murut Organization (Pertubuhan Pasko Momogun Kadazan Dusun Bersatu) or UPKO [Wilfred Madius TANGAU
People's Progressive Party (Parti Progresif Penduduk Malaysia) or PPP [M.Kayveas

People's Alliance (Pakatan Rakyat) or PR (opposition coalition) consists of the following parties:
Democratic Action Party (Parti Tindakan Demokratik) or DAP [TAN Kok Wai
Islamic Party of Malaysia (Parti Islam se Malaysia) or PAS [Abdul HADI Awang
People's Justice Party (Parti Keadilan Rakyat) or PKR [WAN AZIZAH Wan Ismail

notable independent parties:
Sabah Progressive Party (Parti Progresif Sabah) or SAPP [YONG Teck Lee
State Reform Party (Parti Reformasi Negeri) or STAR [Jeffery KITINGAN
Maldives note: political parties with an asterisk were dissolved on 7 February 2014 by the Elections Commission under the Political Parties Act, which requires a minimum membership; the status of these parties is unresolved, as the Supreme Court later ruled the dissolution invalid

Adhaalath (Justice) Party or AP [Sheikh Imran ABDULLA
Dhivehi Qaumee Party or DQP [Hassan SAEED
Dhivehi Rayyithunge Party (Maldivian People's Party) or DRP
Gaumee Itthihaad Party (National Unity Party) or GIP [Mohamed WAHEED
Islamic Democratic Party or IDP*
Maldives Development Alliance or MDA [Ahmed SIYAM
Maldives National Congress or MNC [Ali AMJAD
Maldives Reform Movement or MRM [Mohamed MUNAWWAR
Maldivian Democratic Party or MDP [Reeko Moosa MANIKU
Maldivian Labor Party or MLP [Ahmed MOOSA
Maldivian Social Democratic Party or MSDP [Reeko Ibrahim MANIKU
Meedhu Dhaaira
People's Alliance or PA [Moosa ZAMEERI
People's Party or PP [Ahmed RIYAZ
Poverty Alleviation Party or PAP
Progressive Party of Maldives or PPM [Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM
Republican (Jumhooree) Party or JP [Qasim IBRAHIM
Social Liberal Party or SLP [Mazian RASHEED
Mali African Solidarity for Democracy and Independence or SADI [Oumar MARIKO, Secretary General
Alliance for Democracy or ADEMA [Dionconda TRAORE
Alliance for Democracy and Progress or ADP (a coalition of political parties including ADEMA and URD formed in December 2006 to support the presidential candidacy of Amadou TOURE)
Alliance for Democratic Change (political group comprised mainly of Tuareg from Mali's northern region)
Alliance for the Solidarity of Mali-Convergence of Patriotic Forces or ASMA-CFP [Soumeylou Boubeye MAIGA
Alternative Forces for Renewal and Emergence or FARE [Modibo SIDIBE
Convergence for the development of Mali or CODEM [Housseyni GUINDO
Economic and Social Development Party or PDES [Jamille BITTAR
Front for Democracy and the Republic or FDR (a coalition of political parties including RPM and PARENA formed to oppose the presidential candidacy of Amadou TOURE)
Movement for a Common Destiny or MODEC [Koniba SIDIBE
National Congress for Democratic Initiative or CNID [Mountaga TALL
Party for Democracy and Progress or PDP [Mady KONATE
Party for National Renewal or PARENA [Tiebile DRAME
Patriotic Movement for Renewal or MPR [Choguel Kokalla MAIGA
Rally for Democracy and Labor or RDT [Amadou Ali NIANGADOU
Rally for Mali or RPM [Ibrahim Boubacar KEITA
Sudanese Union/African Democratic Rally or US/RDA [Mamadou Bamou TOURE
Union for Democracy and Development or UDD [Tieman Hubert COULIBALY
Union for Republic and Democracy or URD [Younoussi TOURE
Yelema [Moussa MARA
Malta Alternativa Demokratika/Alliance for Social Justice or AD (Green Party) [Arnold CASSOLA
Labor Party or PL [Joseph MUSCAT
Nationalist Party or PN [Simon BUSUTTIL
Marshall Islands traditionally there have been no formally organized political parties; what has existed more closely resembles factions or interest groups because they do not have party headquarters, formal platforms, or party structures; the following two "groupings" have competed in legislative balloting in recent years - Aelon Kein Ad Party [Michael KABUA
Mauritania Alliance for Justice and Democracy/Movement for Renewal or AJD/MR [Ibrahima Moctar SARR
Alternative or El-Badil [Mohamed Yahdhi Ould MOCTAR HACEN
Coalition of Majority Parties or CPM (parties supporting the regime including PRDR, UPR, UDP, RD, HATEM-PMUC, UCD)
Coalition for Pacific Alternation or CAP (coalition of opposition parties, including APP, El Wiam, and Sawab)
Coordination of Democratic Opposition or COD [Ahmed Ould DADDAH
Democratic Renewal or RD [Moustapha Ould ABDEIDARRAHMANE
El Karama Party [Cheikhna Ould Mohamed Ould HAJBOU
El Vadila Party [Ethmane Ould Ahmed ABOULMAALY
El Wiam [Boidiel Ould HOUMEIT
Initiative for the Resurgence of the Abolitionist Movement (Biram Dah ABEID
Mauritanian Party for Unity and Change or HATEM-PMUC [Saleh Ould HANENA
National Pact for Democracy and Development or PNDD-ADIL [Yahya Ould Ahmed El WAGHEF
National Rally for Freedom, Democracy and Equality or RNLDE
National Rally for Reform and Development or RNRD-TAWASSOUL [Mohamed Jamil MANSOUR
Party of Unity and Development or PUD [Mohamed BARO
Popular Front or FP [Mohamed Lemine Ch'bih Ould CHEIKH MALAININE
Popular Progressive Alliance or APP [Messaoud Ould BOULKHEIR
Rally of Democratic Forces or RFD [Ahmed Ould DADDAH
Ravah Party
Republican Party for Democracy and Renewal or PRDR [Mintata Mint HIDEID
Sawab [Abdel Salem Ould HORMA
Socialist and Democratic Unity Party or PUDS [Mahfouz Weld AZIZ
Surge of Youth for the Nation [Lalla CHERIVA
Union for Democracy and Progress or UDP [Naha Mint MOUKNASS
Union for the Republic or UPR [Sidi Mohamed Ould MAHAM
Union of Democratic Center or UCD [Cheikh Sid'Ahmed Ould BABA
Union of the Forces for Progress or UFP [Mohamed Ould MAOULOUD
Mauritius Alliance Lepep (Alliance of the People) [Sir Anerood JUGNAUTH
Labor Party (Parti Travailliste) or PTR or MLP [Navinchandra RAMGOOLAM
Mauritian Militant Movement (Mouvement Militant Mauricien) or MMM [Paul BERENGER
Mauritian Social Democratic Party (Parti Mauricien Social Democrate) or PMSD [Xavier Luc DUVAL
Mauritian Solidarity Front (Front Solidarite Mauricienne) or FSM [Cehi FAKEERMEEAH
Militant Socialist Movement (Mouvement Socialist Mauricien) or MSM [Pravind JUGNAUTH
Muvman Liberator or ML [Ivan COLLENDAVELLOO
PTR-MMM Coalition [Navinchandra RAMGOOLAM
Rodrigues Peoples Organization (Organisation du Peuple Rodriguais) or OPR [Serge CLAIR
Mexico Citizen's Movement (Movimiento Ciudadano) [Dante DELGADO Rannaoro
Institutional Revolutionary Party (Partido Revolucionario Institucional) or PRI [Cesar CAMACHO Quiroz
Labor Party (Partido del Trabajo) or PT [Alberto ANAYA Gutierrez
Mexican Green Ecological Party (Partido Verde Ecologista de Mexico) or PVEM [Jorge Emilio GONZALEZ Torres
Movement for National Regeneration (Movimiento Regeneracion Nacional) or MORENA [Marti BATRES
National Action Party (Partido Accion Nacional) or PAN [Gustavo MADERO Munoz
New Alliance Party (Partido Nueva Alianza) or PNA/PANAL [Luis CASTRO Obregon
Party of the Democratic Revolution (Partido de la Revolucion Democratica) or PRD [Jesus ZAMBRANO Grijalva
Micronesia, Federated States of no formal parties
Moldova represented in Parliament:
Communist Party of the Republic of Moldova or PCRM [Vladimir VORONIN
Democratic Party or PD [Marian LUPU
Liberal Democratic Party or PLDM [Vladimir FILAT
Liberal Party or PL [Mihai GHIMPU
Party of Socialists or PSRM [Igor DODON
not represented in Parliament:
Anti-Fascist Movement or Antifa [Grigore PETRENCO
Anti-Mafia Movement [Sergiu MOCANU
Christian Democratic People's Party or PPCD [Iurie ROSCA
Conservative Party or PC [Natalia NIRCA
Ecological Party of Moldova "Green Alliance" or PEMAVE [Vladimir BRAGA
European Action Movement or MAE [Veaceslav UNTILA
Humanist Party of Moldova or PUM [Valeriu PASAT
Labor Party or PM [Gheorghe SIMA
Liberal Reformers Party or PLR [Ion HADARCA
National Liberal Party or PNL [Vitalia PAVLICENKO
Our Party [Renato USATII
Patriots of Moldova Party or PPM [Mihail GARBUZ
Popular Republican Party or PPR [Nicolae ANDRONIC
Republican Party of Moldova or PRM [Andrei STRATAN
Roma Social Political Movement of the Republic of Moldova or MRRM [Ion BUCUR
Social Democratic Party or PSD [Victor SELIN
Social Political Movement "Equality" or MR [Valeriy KLIMENCO
United Moldova Party or PMUEM [Vladimir TURCAN
Monaco Horizon Monaco [Laurent NOUVION
Renaissance [SBM (public corporation)
Union Monegasque [Stephane VALERI
Mongolia Civil Will-Green Party or CWGP [Sanjaasuren OYUN, Sambuu DEMBEREL, Tserendorj GANKHUYAG
Democratic Party or DP [Zandaakhuu ENKHBOLD
Justice Coalition (includes MPRP and MNDP)
Mongolian National Democratic Party or MNDP [Mendsaikhan ENKHSAIKHAN
Mongolian People's Party or MPP [Miyegombo ENKHBOLD
Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party or MPRP [Nambar ENKHBAYAR
Montenegro Albanian Coalition (includes Democratic League in Montenegro or DSCG [Mehmet BARDHI
Bosniak Party or BS [Rafet HUSOVIC
Coalition for European Montenegro (bloc) [Milo DJUKANOVIC
Coalition FORCA for Unity (includes FORCA [Nazif CUNGU
Croatian Civic Initiative or HGI [Marija VUCINOVIC
Democratic Front or DF (bloc) (includes New Serb Democracy or NOVA [Andrija MANDIC
Democratic Union of Albanians or DUA [Mehmet ZENKA
Positive Montenegro [Darko PAJOVIC
Socialist People's Party or SNP [Srdan MILIC
Montserrat Movement for Change and Prosperity or MCAP [Reuben MEADE
People's Democratic Movement or PDM [Shirley OSBORNE
Morocco Action Party or PA [Mohammed EL IDRISSI
Al Ahd (The Covenant) Party [Najib EL OUAZZANI
An-Nahj Ad-Dimocrati or An-Nahj [Abdellah EL HARIF
Authenticity and Modernity Party or PAM [Mustapha BAKKOURY
Choura et Istiqlal (Consultation and Independence) Party or PCI [Abdelwahed MAACH
Citizens' Forces or FC [Abderrahman LAHJOUJI
Constitutional Union Party or UC [Mohammed ABIED
Democratic and Social Movement or MDS [Mahmoud ARCHANE
Democratic Forces Front or FFD [Touhami EL KHIARI
Democratic Socialist Vanguard Party or PADS [Ahmed BENJELLOUN
Democratic Society Party or PSD [Zhor CHEKKAFI
Democratic Union or UD [Bouazza IKKEN
Environment and Development Party or PED [Ahmed EL ALAMI
Istiqlal (Independence) Party or PI [Hamid CHABAT
Labor Party or LP [Abdelkrim BENATIK
Moroccan Liberal Party or PML [Mohamed ZIANE
National Democratic Party or PND [Abdallah KADIRI
National Ittihadi Congress Party or CNI [Abdelmajid BOUZOUBAA
National Popular Movement or MNP [Mahjoubi AHERDANE
National Rally of Independents or RNI [Salaheddine MEZOUAR
Neo-Democrats Party [Mohamed DARIF
Party of Justice and Development or PJD [Abdelillah BENKIRANE
Popular Movement or MP [Mohamed LAENSER
Progress and Socialism Party or PPS [Nabil BENABDELLAH
Reform and Development Party or PRD [Abderrahmane EL KOUHEN
Renaissance and Virtue Party or PRV [Mohamed KHALIDI
Renewal and Equity Party or PRE [Chakir ACHABAR
Social Center Party or PSC [Lahcen MADIH
Socialist Union of Popular Forces or USFP [Driss LACHGAR
Unified Socialist Party or GSU [Nabila MOUNIB
Mozambique Democratic Movement of Mozambique (Movimento Democratico de Mocambique) or MDM [Daviz SIMANGO
Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (Frente de Liberatacao de Mocambique) or FRELIMO [Armando Emilio GUEBUZA
Mozambique National Resistance (Resistencia Nacional Mocambicana) or RENAMO [Afonso DHLAKAMA
Namibia All People's Party or APP [Ignatius SHIXWAMENI
Communist Party of Namibia or CPN (formerly known as Workers' Revolutionary Party or WRP) [Attie BEUKES and Harry BOESAK
Congress of Democrats or CoD [Ben ULENGA
Democratic Turnhalle Alliance of Namibia or DTA [McHenry VENAANI
National Unity Democratic Organization or NUDO [Kuaima RIRUAKO
Rally for Democracy and Progress or RDP [Hidipo HAMUTENYA
Republican Party or RP [Henk MUDGE
South West Africa National Union or SWANU [Usutuaije MAAMBERUA
South West Africa People's Organization or SWAPO [Hifikepunye POHAMBA
United Democratic Front or UDF [Justus //GAROEB
United People's Movement or UPM [Jan J. VAN WYK
Nauru Democratic Party [Kennan ADEANG
Nauru First (Naoero Amo) Party
Nauru Party (informal)

note: loose multiparty system
Nepal note: 120 political parties participated in the 19 November 2013 election and the 30 parties listed below were elected to serve in the Constituent Assembly

Akhanda Nepal Party [Kumar KHADKA
Communist Party of Nepal-Marxist Leninist [C.P. MAINALI
Communist Party of Nepal-Unified Marxist-Leninist or UML [Jhalanath KHANAL
Communist Party of Nepal (United) [Chandra Dev JOSHI
Dalit Janajati Party [Bishwendra PASHWAN
Federal Socialist Party [Ashok RAI
Jana Jagaran Party Nepal [Lok Mani DHAKAL
Khambuwan Rastriya Morcha-Nepal [Ram Kumar RAI
Madhesi People's Rights Forum-Democratic [Bijay Kumar GACHCHADAR
Madhesi People's Rights Forum-Nepal [Upendra YADAV
Madhesi People's Rights Forum-Republican [Raj Kishore YADAV
Madhes Samata Party Nepal [Meghraj SAHANI
National Madhes Socialist Party [Sharat Singh BHANDARI
Nepal Pariwar Dal [Ek Nath DHAKAL
Nepal Workers and Peasants Party [Narayan Man BIJUKCHHE
Nepali Congress [Sushil KOIRALA
Nepali Janata Dal [Hari Charan SAH
Nepa Rastriya Party [Keshav Man SHAKYA
Rastriya Janamorcha Nepal [Chitra Bahadur K.C.
Rastriya Janamukti Party [Malwar Singh THAPA
Rastriya Prajatantra Party [Surya Bahadur THAPA
Rastriya Prajatantra Party-Nepal [Kamal THAPA
Sadbhavana Party [Rajendra MAHATO
Samajbadi Janata Party Nepal [Prem Bahadur SINGH
Sanghiya Sadbhavana Party [Anil JHA
Sanghiye Lokatantrik Rastriya Manch [Rukmini CHAUDARY
Terai Madhes Democratic Party [Mahantha THAKUR
Terai Madhes Sadbhavana Party-Nepal [Mahendra YADAV
Tharuhat Terai Party Nepal [Bhanuram CHAUDARY
Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) or UCPN(M) [Pushpa Kamal DAHAL, also known as PRACHANDA
Netherlands Christian Democratic Appeal or CDA [Sybrand VAN HAERSMA BUMA
Christian Union or CU [Arie SLOB
Democrats 66 or D66 [Alexander PECHTOLD
Green Left or GL [Bram VAN OJIK
Labor Party or PvdA [Diederik SAMSOM
Party for Freedom or PVV [Geert WILDERS
Party for the Animals or PvdD [Marianne THIEME
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy or VVD [Mark RUTTE
Reformed Political Party or SGP [Kees VAN DER STAAIJ
Socialist Party or SP [Emile ROEMER
plus a few minor parties
New Caledonia Build Our Rainbow Nation
Caledonia Together [Philippe GOMES
Caledonian Union or UC [Daniel GOA
Front National or FN [Marine LE PEN
Future Together (l'Avenir Ensemble) [Harold MARTIN
Kanak Socialist Front for National Liberation or FLNKS (includes PALIKA, UNI, UC, and UPM)
Labor Party (Labor Party) [Louis Kotra UREGEI
National Union for Independence (Union Nationale pour l'Independance) or UNI
Parti de Liberation Kanak or PALIKA [Paul NEAOUTYINE
Progressive Melanesian Union (Union Progressiste Mellanesienne) or UPM
Socialist Group [Jean Pierre BEL
Socialist Kanak Liberation or LKS [Nidoish NAISSELINE
The Future Together or AE [Harold MARTIN
The Rally or UMP [Pierre FROGIER
Union for Caledonia in France
Union of Pro-Independence Co-operation Committees [Francois BURCK
New Zealand ACT New Zealand [Rodney HIDE
Green Party [Russel NORMAN and Metiria TUREI
Jim Anderton's Progressive Party [James (Jim) ANDERTON
Mana Party [Hone HARAWIRA
Maori Party [Tariana TURIA and Dr. Pita SHARPLES
New Zealand First Party or NZ First [Winston PETERS
New Zealand Labor Party [Phil GOFF
New Zealand National Party [John KEY
United Future New Zealand [Peter DUNNE
Nicaragua Alliance for the Republic or APRE [Carlos CANALES
Conservative Party or PC [Alejandro BOLANOS Davis
Independent Liberal Party or PLI [Indalecio RODRIGUEZ
Liberal Constitutionalist Party or PLC [Maria Haydee OSUNA
Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance or ALN [Alejandro MEJIA Ferreti
Sandinista National Liberation Front or FSLN [Jose Daniel ORTEGA Saavedra
Sandinista Renovation Movement or MRS [Ana Margarita VIJIL
Nigeria Accord Party or ACC [Mohammad Lawal MALADO
Action Congress of Nigeria or ACN [Adebisi Bamidele AKANDE
All Nigeria Peoples Party or ANPP [Ogbonnaya C. ONU
All Progressives Congress [Adebisi Bamidele AKANDE, acting
All Progressives Grand Alliance or APGA [Victor C. UMEH
Congress for Progressive Change or CPC [Tony MOMOH
Democratic Peoples Party or DPP [Biodun OGUNBIYI
Labor Party or LP [Chief Dan NWANYANWU
Peoples Democratic Party or PDP [Adamu MU'AZU
Niger Democratic and Social Convention-Rahama or CDS-Rahama [Mahamane OUSMANE
National Movement for a Society of Development-Nassara or MNSD-Nassara [Seini OUMAROU
National Union of Independents or UNI [Amadou DJIBO ALI
Nigerien Alliance for Democracy and Progress-Zaman Lahiya or ANDP-Zaman Lahiya [Moussa Moumouni DJERMAKOYE
Nigerien Democratic Movement for an African Federation or MODEN/FA Lumana [Hama AMADOU
Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism or PNDS-Tarrayya [Mohamed BAZOUM
Rally for Democracy and Progress-Jama'a or RDP-Jama'a [Hamid ALGABID
Social and Democratic Rally or RSD-Gaskiyya [Cheiffou AMADOU
Union for Democracy and the Republic-Tabbat or UDR-Tabbat [Amadou Boubacar CISSE
note: the SPLM and SPLM-DC are banned political parties
Niue Alliance of Independents or AI
Niue People's Action Party or NPP [Young VIVIAN
Norfolk Island Norfolk Island Labor Party [Mike KELLY
Norfolk Liberals [John BROWN
Northern Mariana Islands Covenant Party [Benigno R. FITIAL
Democratic Party [Dr. Carlos S. CAMACHO
Republican Party [Juan S. REYES
Norway Center Party or Sp [Trygve Slagsvold VEDUM
Christian Democratic Party or KrF [Knut Arild HAREIDE
Conservative Party or H [Erna SOLBERG
Green Party or MDG [Rasmus NANSSON
Labor Party or Ap [Jonas Gahr STOHRE
Liberal Party or V [Trine SKEI-GRANDE
Progress Party or FrP [Siv JENSEN
Socialist Left Party or SV [Audun LYSBAKKEN
Oman political parties are illegal
Pakistan Awami National Party or ANP [Asfandyar Wali KHAN
Balochistan National Party-Awami or BNP-A
Balochistan National Party-Hayee Group or BNP-H [Dr. Abdul Hayee BALOCH
Balochistan National Party-Mengal or BNP-M [Sardar Akhtar Jan MENGAL
Jamaat-i Islami or JI [Sirajul HAQ
Jamhoori Watan Party or JWP [Talal Akbar BUGTI
Jamiat Ahle Hadith or JAH [Sajid MIR
Jamiat-i Ulema-i Islam Fazl-ur Rehman or JUI-F [Fazl-ur REHMAN
Jamiat-i Ulema-i Islam Sami-ul HAQ or JUI-S [Sami ul-HAQ
Jamiat-i Ulema-i Pakistan or JUP [Abul Khair ZUBAIR
Tehreek-e-Jafferia Pakistan [Allama Sajid NAQVI
Muttahida Qaumi Movement or MQM [Altaf HUSSAIN
Pakhtun-khwa Milli Awami Party or PKMAP [Mahmood Khan ACHAKZAI
Pakistan Awami Tehrik or PAT [Tahir ul QADRI
Pakistan Muslim League-Functional or PML-F [Pir PAGARO or Syed ShahMardan SHAH-II
Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz or PML-N [Nawaz SHARIF
Pakistan Muslim League-Quaid-i Azam or PML-Q [Chaudhry Shujaat HUSSAIN
Pakistan Peoples Party Parliamentarians or PPPP [Bilawal Bhutto ZARDARI, chairman; Asif Ali ZARDARI, president
Pakistan Tehrik-e Insaaf or PTI [Imran KHAN
Quami Watan Party or QWP [Aftab Ahmed Khan SHERPAO

note: political alliances in Pakistan can shift frequently
Palau none
Panama Democratic Change or CD [Ricardo MARTINELLI Berrocal
Democratic Revolutionary Party or PRD [Carlos PEREZ Herrera
Nationalist Republican Liberal Movement or MOLIRENA [Francisco "Pancho" ALEMAN
Panamenista Party [Juan Carlos VARELA Rodriguez
Popular Party or PP [Milton C. HENRIQUEZ
Papua New Guinea National Alliance Party or NA [Patrick PRUAITCHI
Papua New Guinea Party or PNGP [Beldan NEMAH
People's National Congress Party or PNC [Peter Paire O'NEILL
People's Party or PP (merged with People's National Congress Party)
People's Progress Party or PPP [Sir Julius CHAN
Triumph Heritage Empowerment Party or THE [Don POYLE
United Resources Party or URP [William DUMA

note: as of 13 March 2012, 41 political parties were registered
Paraguay Asociacion Nacional Republicana - Colorado Party or ANR [Lilian SAMANIEGO
Avanza Pais coalition [Adolfo FERREIRO
Broad Front coalition (Frente Guasu) or FG [Fernando Armindo LUGO Mendez
Movimiento Union Nacional de Ciudadanos Eticos or UNACE [Jorge OVIEDO MATTO
Partido del Movimiento al Socialismo or P-MAS [Camilo Ernesto SOARES Machado
Partido Democratica Progresista or PDP [Desiree MASI
Partido Encuentro Nacional or PEN [Fernando CAMACHO Paredes
Partido Liberal Radical Autentico or PLRA [Miguel ABDON SAGUIER
Partido Pais Solidario or PPS [Carlos Alberto FILIZZOLA Pallares
Partido Popular Tekojoja [Sixto PEREIRA
Patria Querida (Beloved Fatherland Party) or PPQ [Sebastian ACHA
Peru Alliance for Progress (Alianza para el Progreso) or APP [Cesar ACUNA Peralta
Fuerza Popular (formerly Fuerza 2011) [Keiko FUJIMORI Higuchi
National Solidarity (Solidaridad Nacional) or SN [Luis CASTANEDA Lossio
Peru Posible or PP (a coalition of Accion Popular and Somos Peru) [Alejandro TOLEDO Manrique
Peruvian Aprista Party (Partido Aprista Peruano) or PAP [Alan GARCIA Perez
Peruvian Nationalist Party [Ollanta HUMALA
Popular Christian Party (Partido Popular Cristiano) or PPC [Lourdes FLORES Nano
Wide Front (Frente Amplio), a coalition of left-of-center parties including Tierra y Libertad [Marco ARANA Zegarra
Philippines Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (Struggle of Filipino Democrats) or LDP [Edgardo ANGARA
Lakas ng EDSA-Christian Muslim Democrats or Lakas-CMD [Ferdinand Martin ROMUALDEZ, President
Liberal Party or LP [Joseph Emilio ABAYA, President
Nacionalista Party or NP [Manuel "Manny" VILLAR
Nationalist People's Coalition or NPC [Eduardo COJUNGCO, Jr.
PDP-Laban [Aquilino PIMENTEL III
People's Reform Party [Miriam Defensor SANTIAGO
Puwersa ng Masang Pilipino (Force of the Philippine Masses) or PMP [Joseph ESTRADA
United Nationalist Alliance or UNA [Toby TIANGCO (acting)
Pitcairn Islands none
Poland A Just Poland (union of PR and SP) [Jaroslaw GOWIN
Civic Platform or PO [Ewa KOPACZ,chairperson; Rafal GRUPINSKI, parliamentary caucus leader
Democratic Left Alliance or SLD [Leszek MILLER, chairman, parliamentary caucus leader
German Minority of Lower Silesia or MNSO [Ryszard GALLA, representative
Law and Justice or PiS [Jaroslaw KACZYNSKI, chairman; Mariusz BLASZCZAK, parliamentary caucus leader
New Right Congress or KNP [Michal MARUSIK, chairman
Poland Together or PR [Jaroslaw GOWIN, chairman
Polish People's Party or PSL [Janusz PIECHOCINSKI, chairman; Jan BURY, parliamentary caucus leader
Social Democratic Party of Poland or SDPL [Wojciech FILEMONOWICZ, chairman
United Poland or SP [Zbigniew ZIOBRO, chairperson
Your Movement or TR [Janusz PALIKOT, chairman, parliamentary caucus leader
Portugal Democratic and Social Center/Popular Party or CDS/PP [Paulo PORTAS
Social Democratic Party or PPD/PSD [Pedro PASSOS COELHO
Socialist Party or PS [Antonio COSTA
The Left Bloc or BE [Catarina Soares MARTINS
Unitarian Democratic Coalition or CDU [Jeronimo DE SOUSA
Puerto Rico National Democratic Party [Roberto PRATS
National Republican Party of Puerto Rico [Carlos MENDEZ
New Progressive Party or PNP [Pedro PIERLUISI
Popular Democratic Party or PPD [Alejandro Garcia PADILLA
Puerto Rican Independence Party or PIP [Ruben BERRIOS Martinez
Qatar none
Romania Christian-Democratic National Peasants' Party or PNT-CD [Aurelian PAVELESCU
Conservative Party or PC [Daniel CONSTANTIN
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania or UDMR [Hunor KELEMEN
National Liberal Party or PNL [Alina GORGIU and Vasile BLAGA co-presidents
National Union for Romania's Progress or UNPR [Gabriel OPREA
New Republic Party or NR [Mihail NEAMTU
People's Party - Dan Diaconescu or PP-DD [Marin DIACONESCU
Popular Movement Party or PMP [Eugen TOMAC
Social Democratic Party or PSD [Victor-Viorel PONTA
Russia A Just Russia [Sergey MIRONOV
Communist Party of the Russian Federation or CPRF [Gennadiy ZYUGANOV
Liberal Democratic Party of Russia or LDPR [Vladimir ZHIRINOVSKIY
United Russia [Dmitriy MEDVEDEV
note: 78 political parties are registered with Russia's Ministry of Justice (as of January 2014), but only four parties maintain representation in Russia's national legislature
Rwanda Liberal Party or PL [Protais MITALI
Party for Progress and Concord or PPC [Christian MARARA
Rwandan Patriotic Front or RPF [Paul KAGAME
Social Democratic Party or PSD [Vincent BIRUTA
Saint Barthelemy Action-Equilibre-Transparence [Maxime DESOUCHES
Ensemble pour Saint-Barthelemy [Benoit CHAUVIN
Saint-Barth d'Abord! or SBA [Bruno MAGRAS
Tous Unis pour Saint-Barthelemy [Karine MIOT-RICHARD
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha none
Saint Kitts and Nevis Concerned Citizens Movement or CCM [Vance AMORY
Nevis Reformation Party or NRP [Joseph PARRY
People's Action Movement or PAM [Shawn RICHARDS
People's Labour Party or PLP [Timothy HARRIS
Saint Kitts and Nevis Labor Party or SKNLP [Dr. Denzil DOUGLAS
Saint Lucia Lucian People's Movement or LPM [Therold PRUDENT
Saint Lucia Labor Party or SLP [Kenny ANTHONY
United Workers Party or UWP [Allen CHASTANET
Saint Martin Rassemblement Responsabilite Reussite or RRR [Alain RICHARDSON
Reussir Saint-Martin
Saint-Martin pour tous [Martha OGOUNDELE
Team Daniel Gibbs [Daniel GIBBS
Union Pour le Progres or UPP [Louis-Constant FLEMING
Saint Pierre and Miquelon Archipelago Tomorrow or AD [Stephane ARTANO
Ensemble pour l'Avenir [Annick GIRARDIN
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines New Democratic Party or NDP [Arnhim EUSTACE
Unity Labor Party or ULP [Ralph GONSALVES
Samoa Human Rights Protection Party or HRPP [Sailele Malielegaoi TUILA'EPA
Samoa Christian Party or TCP [Tuala Tiresa MALIETOA
Samoa Progressive Political Party or SPPP [Toalepaiali'i Toesulusulu S'iueva POSE II
Tautua Samoa [Leatinu'u Salole LESA
San Marino San Marino Common Good (includes Christian Democrats or PDCS [Teodoro LONFERNINI
Entente for the Country (includes Sammarinese Union of Moderates or USDM [Romeo MORRI and Glauco SANSOVINI
Active Citizenship (includes Civic 10 [Mateo CIACCI
other: Civic Movement R.E.T.E. (Network) [Gloria ARCANGELONI
For San Marino [Emilio DELLA BALDA
San Marino 3.0 [Simone DELLA VALLE
Sao Tome and Principe Force for Change Democratic Movement or MDFM [Fradigue Bandeira Melo DE MENEZES
Independent Democratic Action or ADI [Patrice TROVOADA
Movement for the Liberation of Sao Tome and Principe-Social Democratic Party or MLSTP-PSD [Aurelio MARTINS
Party for Democratic Convergence-Reflection Group or PCD-GR [Leonel Mario D'ALVA
other small parties
Saudi Arabia none
Senegal Alliance for the Republic-Yakaar [Macky SALL
Alliance of Forces of Progress or AFP [Moustapha NIASSE
And-Jef/African Party for Democracy and Socialism or AJ/PADS [Mamadou DIOP, Landing SAVANE
Benno Bokk Yakaar coaltion [Macky SALL
Benno Siggil Senegal (a coalition of opposition parties)
Bokk Giss Giss coalition [pape DIOP
Citizen Movement for National Reform or MCRN-Bes Du Nakk
Convergence Democratique BOKK GIS GIS (Common Vision) Pape DIOP
Democratic League-Labor Party Movement or LD-MPT [Mamadou NDOYE
Front for Socialism and Democracy/Benno Jubel or FSD/BJ [Cheikh Abdoulaye Bamba DIEYE
Gainde Centrist Bloc or BGC [Jean-Paul DIAS
Independence and Labor Party or PIT [Magette THIAM
People's Labor Party or PTP [El Hadji DIOUF
Reform Party or PR [Abdourahim AGNE
Republican Movement for Socialism and Democracy or MRDS
Rewmi Party [Idrissa SECK
Senegalese Democratic Party or PDS [Abdoulaye WADE
Socialist Party or PS [Ousmane Tanor DIENG
Union Centriste du Senegal or UCS [Abdoulaye BALDE'
Union for Democratic Renewal or URD [Djibo Leyti KA
Serbia Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians or SVM [Istvan PASZTOR
Boris Tadic Coalition [Boris TADIC
Democratic Party of Serbia or DSS [Sanda Razkovic IVIC
Dveri [Bosko OBRADOVIC
Enough of That [Sasa RADULOVIC
Party for Democratic Action or PDD [Riza HALIMI
Party of Democratic Action of the Sandzak or SDA [Sulejman UGLJANIN
Serbian Radical Party or SRS [Vojislav SESELJ
SNS-led Coalition/A Future We Believe In [Aleksandar VUCIC
United Regions of Serbia or URS [Mladan DINKIC
With Democratic Party for Democratic Serbia/Democratic Party or DS [Dragan DJILAS
LDP-led Coalition [Cedomir JOVANOVIC
Seychelles Independent Conservative Union of Seychelles or ICUS [Jona ALCINDOR
People's Party (Parti Lepep) or PL [James Alix MICHEL
Popular Democratic Movement or PDM [David PIERRE
Seychelles Freedom Party or SFP [Christopher GILL
Seychelles National Party or SNP [Wavel RAMKALAWAN
Seychelles United Party or SUP [Robert EMESTA
Sierra Leone All People's Congress or APC [Ernest Bai KOROMA
Peace and Liberation Party or PLP [Kandeh Baba CONTEH
People's Movement for Democratic Change or PMDC [Charles MARGAI
Sierra Leone People's Party or SLPP [Sumanu KAPEN
United Democratic Movement or UDM [Mohamed BANGURA
numerous other parties
Singapore National Solidarity Party or NSP [TAN Lam Siong
People's Action Party or PAP [LEE Hsien Loong
Reform Party [Kenneth JEYARETNAM
Singapore Democratic Alliance or SDA [Desmond LIM
Singapore Democratic Party or SDP [CHEE Soon Juan
Singapore People's Party or SPP [CHIAM See Tong
Workers' Party or WP [LOW Thia Khiang
Sint Maarten Concordia Political Alliance or CPA [Jeffery RICHARDSON
Democratic Party or DP [Sarah WESCOTT-WILLIAMS
National Alliance or NA [William MARLIN
United People's Party or UPP [Theodore HEYLIGER
Slovakia parties in the Parliament:
Christian Democratic Movement or KDH [Jan FIGEL
Direction-Social Democracy or Smer-SD [Robert FICO
Freedom and Solidarity or SaS [Richard SULIK
Most-Hid or Bridge [Bela BUGAR
Ordinary People and Independent Personalities or OLaNO [Igor MATOVIC
Slovak Democratic and Christian Union-Democratic Party or SDKU-DS [Pavol FRESO
selected parties outside the Parliament:
Civic Conservative Party or OKS [Ondrej DOSTAL
Nation and Justice - Our Party or NAS [Anna BELOUSOVOVA
Network or Siet [Radoslav PROCHAZKA
New Majority or NOVA [Daniel LIPSIC
Party of the Hungarian Coalition or SMK [Jozsef BERENYI
People's Party - Our Slovakia or LSNS [Marian KOTLEBA
Slovak National Party or SNS [Andrej DANKO
Slovenia Alliance of Alenka Bratusek or ZaAB [Alenka BRATUSEK
Democratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia or DeSUS [Karl ERJAVEC
Modern Center Pary or SMC [Miro CERAR
New Slovenia or NSi [Ljudmila NOVAK
Slovenian Democratic Party or SDS [Janez JANSA
Social Democrats or SD [Dejan ZIDAN
United Left or ZL (collective leadership)
Solomon Islands Democratic Alliance Party or DAP [Steve ABANA
Kadere Party of Solomon Islands or KPSI [Alfred LEGUA
People's Alliance Party or PAP [Nathaniel WAENA
Solomon Islands People First Party or SIPFP [Jimmie RODGERS
Solomon Islands Party for Rural Advancement or SIPRA [Manasseh MAELANGA
United Democratic Party [Thomas Ko CHAN
note: in general, Solomon Islands politics is characterized by fluid coalitions
Somalia none
South Africa African Christian Democratic Party or ACDP [Kenneth MESHOE
African National Congress or ANC [Jacob ZUMA
Congress of the People or COPE [Mosiuoa LEKOTA
Democratic Alliance or DA [Helen ZILLE
Economic Freedom Fighters or EFF [Julius MALEMA
Freedom Front Plus or FF+ [Pieter MULDER
Inkatha Freedom Party or IFP [Mangosuthu BUTHELEZI
National Freedom Party or NFP [Zanele kaMAGWAZA-MSIBI
Pan-Africanist Congress of Azania or PAC [Alton MPHETHI
United Christian Democratic Party or UCDP [Isaac Sipho MFUNDISI
United Democratic Movement or UDM [Bantu HOLOMISA
South Sudan National Congress Party of NCP [Omar al-BASHIR
Sudan People's Liberation Movement or SPLM [Salva KIIR Mayardit
Sudan People's Liberation Movement for Democratic Change or SPLM-DC [Lam AKOL
Spain Amaiur [collective leadership
Basque Nationalist Party or PNV or EAJ [Anoni ORTUZAR
Canarian Coalition or CC [Claudina MORALES Rodriquez
Ciutadans [Albert Rivera
Convergence and Union or CiU [Artur MAS i Gavarro
Entesa Catalonia de Progress [Carles BONET i Reves
Galician Nationalist Bloc or BNG [Xavier VENCE
Initiative for Catalonia Greens or ICV [Joan HERRERA i Torres and Dolors CAMATS
Popular Party or PP [Mariano RAJOY Brey
Republican Left of Catalonia or ERC [Oriol JUNQUERAS i Vies
Spanish Socialist Workers Party or PSOE [Pedro SANCHEZ
Union of People of Navarra or UPN [Yolanda BARCINA Angulo
Union, Progress and Democracy or UPyD [Rosa DIEZ Gonzalez
United Left or IU [Cayo LARA Moya
Yes to the Future or Geroa Bai [Uxue BARKOS
Sri Lanka All Ceylon Muslim Congress [Rishad BAITHUTHEEN
Democratic National Alliance, led by General (Retired) Sarath FONSEKA
Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna or JVP [Anura Kumara DISSANAYAKE
Jathika Hela Urumaya or JHU [Patali Champika RANAWAKA
Sri Lanka Freedom Party [Maithripala SIRISENA and Mahinda RAJAPAKSA claimed leadership as of January 2015
Sri Lanka Muslim Congress [Rauff HAKEEM
Tamil National Alliance [R. SAMPANTHAN
United National Party [Ranil WICKREMESINGHE
Sudan Democratic Unionist Party or DUP [Muhammad Uthman al-MIRGHANI
Muslim Brotherhood or MB
National Congress Party or NCP [Umar Hassan al-BASHIR
National Umma Party or UP [Siddiq al-MAHDI
Popular Congress Party or PCP [Hassan al-TURABI
Reform Now Party or RNP [Dr. Ghazi Salah ADDEEN
Sudanese Communist Party (SCP) [Mohammed Moktar Al-KHATEEB
Sudanese Congress Party [Ibrahim Al Shiek ABDULRAHMAN
Unionist Movement Party or UMP [Nagla AL-AZHARI
Suriname A-Combination (a coalition that includes the General Liberation and Development Party ABOP [Ronnie BRUNSWIJK
Basic Party for Renewal and Democracy or PVF [Soede Chand JAIRAM
Democratic Union Suriname or DUS [Japhet DIEKO
Mega Combination Coalition (a coalition that joined with A-Combination and the PL to form a majority in Parliament in 2010 - includes the National Democratic Party or NDP [Desire Delano BOUTERSE
National Democratic Party or NDP [Desire Delano BOUTERSE
National Union or NU [P. VAN LEEUWAARDE
New Front for Democracy and Development or NF (a coalition made up of the National Party of Suriname or NPS [Runaldo VENETIAAN
Party for Democracy and Development in Unity or DOE [Carl BREEVELD
Party for the Permanent Prosperity Republic Suriname or PVRS [Chas MIJNALS
People's Alliance, Pertjaja Luhur's or PL [Paul SOMOHARDJO
note: BVD and PVF participated in the election as a coalition (BVD/PVF) in the most recent elections, but separated after the election
Swaziland the status of political parties, previously banned, is unclear under the 2006 Constitution and currently being debated; the following are considered political associations
African United Democratic Party or AUDP [Stanley MAUNDZISA, president
Ngwane National Liberatory Congress or NNLC [Alvit DLAMINI, president
People's United Democratic Movement or PUDEMO [Mario MASUKU, president
Sweden Center Party (Centerpartiet) or C [Annie LOOF
Christian Democrats (Kristdemokraterna) or KD [Goran HAGGLUND
Green Party (Miljopartiet de Grona) or MP [spokespersons Asa ROMSON and Gustav FRIDOLIN
Left Party (Vansterpartiet) (formerly Communist Party) or V [Jonas SJOSTEDT
Liberal People's Party (Folkpartiet) or FP [Jan BJORKLUND
Moderate Party (Moderaterna) or M [Anna KINBERG BATRA
Social Democratic Party (Socialdemokraterna) or SAP [Stefan LOFVEN
Sweden Democrats (Sverigedemokraterna) or SD [Jimmie AKESSON
Switzerland Christian Democratic People's Party (Christlichdemokratische Volkspartei der Schweiz or CVP, Parti Democrate-Chretien Suisse or PDC, Partito Popolare Democratico Svizzero or PPD, Partida Cristiandemocratica dalla Svizra or PCD) [Christophe DARBELLAY
Conservative Democratic Party (Buergerlich-Demokratische Partei Schweiz or BDP, Parti Bourgeois Democratique Suisse or PBD, Partito Borghese Democratico Svizzero or PBD, Partido burgais democratica Svizera or PBD) [Martin LANDOLT
Free Democratic Party or FDP.The Liberals (FDP.Die Liberalen, PLR.Les Liberaux-Radicaux, PLR.I Liberali, Ils Liberals) [Philipp MUELLER
Green Liberal Party (Grunliberale or GLP, Parti vert liberale or PVL, Partito Verde-Liberale or PVL, Partida Verde Liberale or PVL) [Martin BAEUMLE
Green Party (Gruene Partei der Schweiz or Gruene, Parti Ecologiste Suisse or Les Verts, Partito Ecologista Svizzero or I Verdi, Partida Ecologica Svizra or La Verda) [Adele THORENS and Regula RYTZ
Social Democratic Party (Sozialdemokratische Partei der Schweiz or SPS, Parti Socialiste Suisse or PSS, Partito Socialista Svizzero or PSS, Partida Socialdemocratica de la Svizra or PSS) [Christian LEVRAT
Swiss People's Party (Schweizerische Volkspartei or SVP, Union Democratique du Centre or UDC, Unione Democratica di Centro or UDC, Uniun Democratica dal Center or UDC) [Toni BRUNNER
other minor parties
Syria legal parties: National Progressive Front or NPF [President Bashar al-ASAD, Dr. Suleiman QADDAH
Socialist Unionist Democratic Party [Fadlallah Nasr al-DIN
Syrian Arab Socialist Union or ASU [Safwan al-QUDSI
Syrian Communist Party (two branches) [Wissal Farha BAKDASH, Yusuf Rashid FAYSAL
Syrian Social Nationalist Party [As'ad HARDAN
Unionist Socialist Party [Fayez ISMAIL
Kurdish parties (considered illegal): Kurdish Azadi Party
Kurdish Democratic Accord Party (al Wifaq)
Kurdish Democratic Party (al Parti-Ibrahim wing)
Kurdish Democratic Party (al Parti-Mustafa wing)
Kurdish Democratic Party in Syria or KDP-S
Kurdish Democratic Patriotic/National Party
Kurdish Democratic Progressive Party or KDPP-Darwish
Kurdish Democratic Progressive Party or KDPP-Muhammad
Kurdish Democratic Union Party or PYD [Salih Muslim MOHAMMAD
Kurdish Democratic Unity Party
Kurdish Democratic Yekiti Party
Kurdish Future Party or KFP
Kurdish Future Party [Rezan HASSAN
Kurdish Left Party
Kurdish Yekiti (Union) Party
Syrian Kurdish Democratic Party
other: Syrian Democratic Party [Mustafa QALAAJI
Taiwan Democratic Progressive Party or DPP [TSAI Ing-wen
Kuomintang or KMT (Nationalist Party) [Eric Chu Li-lun
New Party [YOK Mu-ming
Non-Partisan Solidarity Union or NPSU [LIN Pin-kuan
People First Party or PFP [James SOONG Chu-ye
Taiwan Solidarity Union or TSU [HUANG Kun-huei
Tajikistan Agrarian Party of Tajikistan or APT [Amir QARAQULOV
Communist Party of Tajikistan or CPT [Shodi SHABDOLOV
Democratic Party of Tajikistan [Saidjafar ISMONOV
Islamic Revival Party of Tajikistan or IRPT [Muhiddin KABIRI
Party of Economic Reform of Tajikistan or PERT [Olimjon BOBOEV
People's Democratic Party of Tajikistan or PDPT [Emomali RAHMON
Social Democratic Party of Tajikistan or SDPT [Rahmatullo ZOYIROV
Socialist Party of Tajikistan or SPT [Abduhalim GHAFOROV
Tanzania Alliance for Chance and Transparency or ACT [Samson MWIGAMBA
Chama Cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo (Party of Democracy and Development) or CHADEMA [Willibrod SLAA
Chama Cha Mapinduzi or CCM (Revolutionary Party) [Jakaya Mrisho KIKWETE
Civic United Front or CUF [Ibrahim LIPUMBA
Democratic Party or DP [Christopher MTIKLA
National Convention for Construction and Reform - Mageuzi or NCCR-M [Hashim RUNGWE
Tanzania Labor Party or TLP [Mutamwega MUGAHWYA
United Democratic Party or UDP [Fahma DOVUTWA
Note: in March 2014, three opposition parties (CUF, CHADEMA, and NCCR-Mageusi) united to form Umoja wa Katiba ya Wananchi (Coalition for the People's Constituion) or UKAWA; during local elections held in October, 2014, UKAWA entered one candidate representing the three parties united in the coalition
Thailand Chat Pattana Party or CPN (Nation Development Party) [WANNARAT Channukul
Chat Thai Phattana Party or CTP (Thai Nation Development Party) [THEERA Wongsamut
Mahachon Party or Mass Party [APHIRAT Sirinawin
Matubhum Party (Motherland Party) [ Gen. SONTHI Bunyaratkalin
Phalang Chon Party (People Chonburi Power Party) [SONTHAYA Khunpluem
Phumjai (Bhumjai) Thai Party or PJT (Thai Pride) [ANUTIN Charnvirakul
Prachathipat Party or DP (Democrat Party) [ABHISIT Wechachiwa, also spelled ABHISIT Vejjajiva
Prachathipathai Mai Party (New Democracy Party) [SURATIN Phijarn
Puea Thai Party (For Thais Party) or PTP [acting leader VIROJ Paoin
Rak Prathet Thai Party (Love Thailand Party) [CHUWIT Kamonwisit
Rak Santi Party (Peace Conservation Party) [Pol. Lt. Gen. THAWIL Surachetphong
Timor-Leste Democratic Party or PD [Fernando "Lasama" de ARAUJO
Frenti-Mudanca [Jose Luis GUTERRES
National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction or CNRT [Kay Rala Xanana GUSMAO
Revolutionary Front of Independent Timor-Leste or FRETILIN [Mari ALKATIRI
(only parties in Parliament are listed)
Togo Action Committee for Renewal or CAR [Dodji APEVON
Democratic Convention of African Peoples or CDPA [Leopold GNININVI, Secretary-General
Movement of the Believers of Peace and Equality or MOCEP
National Alliance for Change or ANC [Jean-Pierre FABRE
Pan-African Patriotic Convergence or CPP [Edem KODJO
Rainbow Alliance (a coalition including: CAR and CDPA) [Brigitte Adjamagbo JOHNSON
Rally for the Support for Development and Democracy or RSDD [Harry OLYMPIO
Save Togo Collective or CST (a coalition including: ANC and PSR) [Ata Messan Zeus AJAVON
Socialist Pact for Renewal or PSR [Abi TCHESSA
Union for Democracy and Social Progress or UDPS [Gagou KOKOU
Union for the Republic or UNIR [Faure GNASSINGBE
Union of Forces for Change or UFC [Gilchrist OLYMPIO
Tokelau none
Tonga Democratic Party of the Friendly Islands [Samuela 'Akilisi POHIVA
People's Democratic Party or PDP [Tesina FUKO
Sustainable Nation-Building Party [Sione FONUA
Tonga Democratic Labor Party
Tonga Human Rights and Democracy Movement or THRDM
Trinidad and Tobago Congress of the People or COP [Prakash RAMADHAR
Democratic Action Congress or DAC [Hochoy CHARLES
Democratic National Alliance or DNA [Charles CARSON
Movement for National Development or MND [Garvin NICHOLAS
National Alliance for Reconstruction or NAR [Lennox SANKERSINGH
People's National Movement or PNM [Keith ROWLEY
Tobago Organization of the People or TOP [Ashworth JACK
United National Congress or UNC [Kamla PERSAD-BISSESSAR
Tunisia Afek Tounes [Emna MINF
Alliance for Tunisia (a coalition of Tunisia's Call [Beji CAID ESSEBSI
al-Nahda (The Renaissance) [Rachid GHANNOUCHI
Congress for the Republic or CPR [Moncef MARZOUKI
Democratic Forum for Labor and Liberties or FDTL (Ettakatol) [Mustapha Ben JAAFAR
Democratic Modernist Pole or PDM (a coalition)
Democratic Socialist Movement or MDS
Et-Tajdid Movement [Ahmed IBRAHIM
Free Patriotic Union or UPL (Union patriotique libre) [Slim RIAHI
Green Party for Progress or PVP [Mongi KHAMASSI
Liberal Social Party or PSL [Mondher THABET
Movement of Socialist Democrats or MDS [Ismail BOULAHYA
Popular Front (a coalition of 9 parties including Democractic Patriots' Movement, Workers' Party, Green Tunisia, Tunisian Ba'ath Movement, and Party of the Democractic Arab Vanguard)
Popular Petition (Aridha Chaabia) [Hachemi HAMDI
Popular Unity Party or PUP [Mohamed BOUCHIHA
Progressive Democratic Party or PDP [Maya JERIBI
The Initiative [Kamel MORJANE
Tunisia's Call (Nidaa Tounes) [Beji CAID ESSEBSI
Tunisian Workers' Communist Party or PCOT [Hamma HAMMAMI
Unionist Democratic Union or UDU [Ahmed INOUBLI
Turkey Anatolia Party or AnaParti [Emine Ulker TARHAN
Center Party [Abdurrahim KARSLI
Democratic Left Party or DSP [Masum TURKER
Democratic Party or DP [Gultekin UYSAL
Democratic Regions Party or DBP [Emine AYNA and Kamuran YUKSEK, co-chairs
Electronic Democracy Party or e-Parti [Emrehan HALICI
Felicity Party or SP [Mustafa KAMALAK
Freedom and Solidarity Party or ODP [Alper TAS and Bilge Seckin CETINKAYA, co-chairs
Grand Unity Party or BBP [Mustafa DESTICI
Independent Turkey Party or BTP [Haydar BAS
Justice and Development Party or AKP [Ahmet DAVUTOGLU
Nation and Justice Party or MILAD [Idris Naim SAHIN
Nationalist Movement Party or MHP [Devlet BAHCELI
People's Democratic Party or HDP [Selahattin DEMIRTAS and Figen YUKSEKDAG, co-chairs
Republican People's Party or CHP [Kemal KILICDAROGLU
Turkmenistan Democratic Party of Turkmenistan or DPT [Kasymguly BABAYEW
Party of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs or PIE [Orazmammet MAMMEDOW
note: a law authorizing the registration of political parties went into effect in January 2012; unofficial, small opposition movements exist abroad; the three most prominent opposition groups-in-exile are the National Democratic Movement of Turkmenistan (NDMT), the Republican Party of Turkmenistan, and the Watan (Fatherland) Party; the NDMT was led by former Foreign Minister Boris SHIKHMURADOV until his arrest and imprisonment in the wake of the 25 November 2002 attack on President NYYAZOW's motorcade
Turks and Caicos Islands People's Democratic Movement or PDM [Oswald SKIPPINGS
People's Progressive Party
Progressive National Party or PNP [Rufus EWING
Tuvalu there are no political parties but members of parliament usually align themselves in informal groupings
Uganda Conservative Party or CP [Ken LUKYAMUZI
Democratic Party or DP [Norbert MAO
Forum for Democratic Change or FDC [Muntu MUGISHA
Justice Forum or JEEMA [Asuman BASALIRWA
National Resistance Movement or NRM [Yoweri MUSEVENI
Peoples Progressive Party or PPP [Bidandi SSALI
Ugandan People's Congress or UPC [Olara OTUNNU
Ukraine Batkivshchyna ("Fatherland") [Yuliya TYMOSHENKO
Communist Party of Ukraine or CPU [Petro SYMONENKO
Opposition Bloc or OB [Yuriy BOIKO
People's Front or NF [Arseniy YATSENIUK
People's Will or VN [Ihor YEREMEYEV
Petro Poroshenko Bloc or BPP [Yuriy LUTSENKO
Radical Party [Oleh LYASHKO
Samopomich ("Selfreliance") [Andriy SADOVYI
Svoboda ("Freedom") [Oleh TYAHNYBOK
United Arab Emirates none; political parties are not allowed
United Kingdom Alliance Party (Northerm Ireland) [David FORD
Conservative Party [David CAMERON
Democratic Unionist Party or DUP (Northern Ireland) [Peter ROBINSON
Green Party of England and Wales or Greens [Natalie BENNETT
Labor Party [Ed MILIBAND
Liberal Democrats (Lib Dems) [Nick CLEGG
Party of Wales (Plaid Cymru) [Leanne WOOD
Respect Party [George GALLOWAY
Scottish National Party or SNP [Nicola STURGEON
Sinn Fein (Northern Ireland) [Gerry ADAMS
Social Democratic and Labor Party or SDLP (Northern Ireland) [Alasdair MCDONNELL
Ulster Unionist Party (Northern Ireland) [Mike NESBITT
UK Independence Party or UKIP [Nigel FARAGE
United States Democratic Party [Debbie Wasserman SCHULTZ
Green Party [Brian Bittner
Libertarian Party [Nicholas SARWARK
Republican Party [Reince PRIEBUS
Uruguay Broad Front (Frente Amplio) - formerly known as the Progressive Encounter/Broad Front Coalition or EP-FA [Monica XAVIER
Colorado Party (Vamos Uruguay) [Martha MONTANER
Independent Party [Pablo MIERES
National Party or Blanco [Luis Alberto HEBER
Uzbekistan Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan (O'zbekiston Ekologik Harakati) [Boriy ALIXONOV
Justice (Adolat) Social Democratic Party of Uzbekistan [Narimon UMAROV
Liberal Democratic Party of Uzbekistan (O'zbekiston Liberal-Demokratik Partiyasi) or LDPU [Sodiqjon TURDIYEV
National Rebirth Democratic Party of Uzbekistan (Milliy Tiklanish) [Sarvar OTAMURODOV
People's Democratic Party of Uzbekistan (Xalq Demokratik Partiyas) or NDP [Hotamjon KETMONOV
Vanuatu Greens Confederation or GC [Moana CARCASSES Kalosil
Iauko Group or IG [Tony NARI
Land and Justice Party (Graon mo Jastis Pati) or GJP [Ralph REGENVANU
Melanesian Progressive Party or MPP [Barak SOPE
Nagriamel movement or NAG [Frankie STEVENS
Natatok Indigenous People's Democratic Party or (NATATOK) or NIPDP [Alfred Roland CARLOT
National United Party or NUP [Ham LINI
People's Progressive Party or PPP [Sato KILMAN
People's Service Party or PSP [Don KEN
Reunification of Movement for Change or RMC [Charlot SALWAI
Union of Moderate Parties or UMP [Serge VOHOR
Vanua'aku Pati (Our Land Party) or VP [Edward NATAPEI
Vanuatu Democratic Party [Maxime Carlot KORMAN
Vanuatu Liberal Democratic Party or VLDP [Tapangararua WILLIE
Vanuatu National Party or VNP [Issac HAMARILIU
Vanuatu Progressive Development Party or VPDP [Robert Bohn SIKOL
Vanuatu Republican Party or VRP [Marcellino PIPITE
Venezuela A New Time or UNT [Enrique MARQUEZ
Brave People's Alliance or ABP [Richard BLANCO
Christian Democrats or COPEI [Roberto ENRIQUEZ
Coalition of opposition parties -- The Democratic Unity Table or MUD [Jesus "Chuo" TORREALBA
Communist Party of Venezuela or PCV [Oscar FIGUERA
Democratic Action or AD [Henry RAMOS ALLUP
Fatherland for All or PPT [Rafael UZCATEGUI
For Social Democracy or PODEMOS [Didalco Antonio BOLIVAR GRATEROL
Justice First or PJ [Julio BORGES
Movement Toward Socialism or MAS [Segundo MELENDEZ
Popular Will or VP [Leopoldo LOPEZ
Progressive Wave or AP [Henri FALCON
The Radical Cause or La Causa R [Americo DE GRAZIA
United Socialist Party of Venezuela or PSUV [Nicolas MADURO
Venezuelan Progressive Movement or MPV [Simon CALZADILLA
Venezuela Project or PV [Henrique Fernando SALAS FEO
Vietnam Communist Party of Vietnam or CPV [Nguyen Phu TRONG

note: other parties proscribed
Virgin Islands Democratic Party [Arturo WATLINGTON
Independent Citizens' Movement or ICM [Usie RICHARDS
Republican Party [Gary SPRAUVE
Wallis and Futuna Lua Kae Tahi (Giscardians)
Mouvement des Radicaux de Gauche or MRG
Rally for the Republic or RPR (UMP) [Clovis LOGOLOGOFOLAU
Socialist Party or PS
Taumu'a Lelei [Soane Muni UHILA
Union Populaire Locale or UPL [Falakiko GATA
Union Pour la Democratie Francaise or UDF
Yemen General People's Congress or GPC [Ali Abdallah SALIH
Islamic Reform Grouping or Islah [Muhammed Abdallah al-YADUMI, Abdul Wahab al-ANSI
Nasserite Unionist Party [Abdallah NU'MAN
Yemeni Socialist Party or YSP [Dr. Abd al-Rahman Umar al-SAQQAF

note: there are at least seven more active political parties
Zambia Alliance for Democracy and Development or ADD [Charles MILUPI
Christian Democratic Party or CDP [Daniel PULE
Forum for Democratic Alternatives or FDA [Ludwig SONDASHI
Fourth Revolution Party or 4R [Eric CHANDA
Forum for Democracy and Development or FDD [Edith NAWAKWI
Green Party or GREENS [Peter SINKAMBA
Heritage Party or HP [Godfrey MIYANDA
Movement for Multiparty Democracy or MMD [Nevers MUMBA
National Restoration Party or NAREP [Elias CHIPIMO
National Revolution Party or NRP [Cosmo MUMBA
Patriotic Front or PF [Edgar LUNGU
People's Party [Mike MULONGOTI
Republican Progressive Party or RPP [James LUKUKU
United National Independence Party or UNIP [Tilyenji KAUNDA
United Party for National Development or UPND [Hakainde HICHILEMA
Zambia Direct Democracy Movement or ZDDM [Edwin SAKALA
Zimbabwe African National Party or ANP [Egypt DZINEMUNHENZVA
Freedom Party [Cosmas MPONDA
Movambo Kusile Dawn or MKD [Simba MAKONI
Movement for Democratic Change - Ncube or MDC-N [Welshman NCUBE
Movement for Democratic Change - Renewal or MDC-R [Sekai HOLLAND
Movement for Democratic Change - Tsvangirai or MDC-T [Morgan TSVANGIRAI
Transform Zimbabwe or TZ [Jacob NGARIVHUME
United Parties [Abel MUZOREWA
Zimbabwe African National Union-Ndonga or ZANU-Ndonga [Wilson KUMBULA
Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front or ZANU-PF [Robert Gabriel MUGABE
Zimbabwe African Peoples Union or ZAPU [Dumiso DABENGWA