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Field Listing :: Population
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This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: Starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
Country Comparison to the World
Country
Population
Afghanistan 31,822,848 (July 2014 est.)
Akrotiri approximately 15,700 live on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 7,700 Cypriots, 3,600 Service and UK-based contract personnel, and 4,400 dependents
Albania 3,020,209 (July 2014 est.)
Algeria 38,813,722 (July 2014 est.)
American Samoa 54,517 (July 2014 est.)
Andorra 85,458 (July 2014 est.)
Angola 19,088,106 (July 2014 est.)
Anguilla 16,086 (July 2014 est.)
Antarctica no indigenous inhabitants, but there are both permanent and summer-only staffed research stations
note: 29 nations, all signatory to the Antarctic Treaty, operate through their National Antarctic Program a number of seasonal-only (summer) and year-round research stations on the continent and its nearby islands south of 60 degrees south latitude (the region covered by the Antarctic Treaty); the population engaging in and supporting science or managing and protecting the Antarctic region varies from approximately 4,400 in summer to 1,100 in winter; in addition, approximately 1,000 personnel, including ship's crew and scientists doing onboard research, are present in the waters of the treaty region; peak summer (December-February) population - 4,490 total; Argentina 667, Australia 200, Australia and Romania jointly 13, Belgium 20, Brazil 40, Bulgaria 18, Chile 359, China 90, Czech Republic 20, Ecuador 26, Finland 20, France 125, France and Italy jointly 60, Germany 90, India 65, Italy 102, Japan 125, South Korea 70, NZ 85, Norway 44, Peru 28, Poland 40, Russia 429, South Africa 80, Spain 50, Sweden 20, Ukraine 24, UK 217, US 1,293, Uruguay 70 (2008-2009); winter (June-August) station population - 1,106 total; Argentina 176, Australia 62, Brazil 12, Chile 114, China 29, France 26, France and Italy jointly 13, Germany 9, India 25, Japan 40, South Korea 18, NZ 10, Norway 7, Poland 12, Russia 148, South Africa 10, Ukraine 12, UK 37, US 337, Uruguay 9 (2009); research stations operated within the Antarctic Treaty area (south of 60 degrees south latitude) by National Antarctic Programs; year-round stations - 40 total; Argentina 6, Australia 3, Brazil 1, Chile 6, China 2, France 1, France and Italy jointly 1, Germany 1, India 1, Japan 1, South Korea 1, NZ 1, Norway 1, Poland 1, Russia 5, South Africa 1, Ukraine 1, UK 2, US 3, Uruguay 1 (2009); a range of seasonal-only (summer) stations, camps, and refuges - Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Bulgaria, Brazil, Chile, China, Czech Republic, Ecuador, Finland, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, South Korea, New Zealand, Norway, Peru, Poland, Romania (with Australia), Russia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Ukraine, UK, US, and Uruguay (2008-2009); in addition, during the austral summer some nations have numerous occupied locations such as tent camps, summer-long temporary facilities, and mobile traverses in support of research (May 2009 est.)
Antigua and Barbuda 91,295 (July 2014 est.)
Argentina 43,024,374 (July 2014 est.)
Armenia 3,060,631 (July 2014 est.)
Aruba 110,663 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimate based on a revision of the base population, fertility, and mortality numbers, as well as a revision of 1985-99 migration estimates from outmigration to inmigration, which is assumed to continue into the future; the new results are consistent with the 2000 census
Ashmore and Cartier Islands no indigenous inhabitants
note: Indonesian fishermen are allowed access to the lagoon and fresh water at Ashmore Reef's West Island; access to East and Middle Islands is by permit only
Australia 22,507,617 (July 2014 est.)
Austria 8,223,062 (July 2014 est.)
Azerbaijan 9,686,210 (July 2014 est.)
Bahamas, The 321,834 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Bahrain 1,314,089 (July 2014 est.)
note: immigrants make up almost 55% of the total population, according to UN data (2013)
Bangladesh 166,280,712 (July 2014 est.)
Barbados 289,680 (July 2014 est.)
Belarus 9,608,058 (July 2014 est.)
Belgium 10,449,361 (July 2014 est.)
Belize 340,844 (July 2014 est.)
Benin 10,160,556 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Bermuda 69,839 (July 2014 est.)
Bhutan 733,643 (July 2014 est.)
note: the Factbook population estimate is consistent with the first modern census of Bhutan, conducted in 2005; previous Factbook population estimates for this country, which were on the order of three times the total population reported here, were based on Bhutanese government publications that did not include the census
Bolivia 10,631,486 (July 2014 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,871,643 (July 2014 est.)
Botswana 2,155,784 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Bouvet Island uninhabited
Brazil 202,656,788 (July 2014 est.)
British Indian Ocean Territory no indigenous inhabitants
note: approximately 1,200 former agricultural workers resident in the Chagos Archipelago, often referred to as Chagossians or Ilois, were relocated to Mauritius and the Seychelles in the 1960s and 1970s; in November 2004, approximately 4,000 UK and US military personnel and civilian contractors were living on the island of Diego Garcia
British Virgin Islands 32,680 (July 2014 est.)
Brunei 422,675 (July 2014 est.)
Bulgaria 6,924,716 (July 2014 est.)
Burkina Faso 18,365,123 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Burma 55,746,253 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Burundi 10,395,931 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Cabo Verde 538,535 (July 2014 est.)
Cambodia 15,458,332 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Cameroon 23,130,708 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Canada 34,834,841 (July 2014 est.)
Cayman Islands 54,914 (July 2013 est.)
note: most of the population lives on Grand Cayman (July 2014 est.)
Central African Republic 5,277,959 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Chad 11,412,107 (July 2014 est.)
Chile 17,363,894 (July 2014 est.)
China 1,355,692,576 (July 2014 est.)
Christmas Island 1,530 (July 2014 est.)
Clipperton Island uninhabited
Cocos (Keeling) Islands 596 (July 2014 est.)
Colombia 46,245,297 (July 2014 est.)
Comoros 766,865 (July 2014 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 77,433,744 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Congo, Republic of the 4,662,446 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Cook Islands 10,134
note: the Cook Islands' Ministry of Finance & Economic Management estimated the resident population to have been 13,700 in September 2013 (July 2014 est.)
Coral Sea Islands no indigenous inhabitants
note: there is a staff of three to four at the meteorological station on Willis Island (July 2007 est.)
Costa Rica 4,755,234 (July 2014 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire 22,848,945 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Croatia 4,470,534 (July 2014 est.)
Cuba 11,047,251 (July 2014 est.)
Curacao 146,836 (July 2013 est.)
Cyprus 1,172,458 (July 2014 est.)
Czech Republic 10,627,448 (July 2014 est.)
Denmark 5,569,077 (July 2014 est.)
Dhekelia approximately 15,700 live on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 7,700 Cypriots, 3,600 service and UK based contract personnel, and 4,400 dependents
Djibouti 810,179 (July 2014 est.)
Dominica 73,449 (July 2014 est.)
Dominican Republic 10,349,741 (July 2014 est.)
Ecuador 15,654,411 (July 2014 est.)
Egypt 86,895,099 (July 2014 est.)
El Salvador 6,125,512 (July 2014 est.)
Equatorial Guinea 722,254 (July 2014 est.)
Eritrea 6,380,803 (July 2014 est.)
Estonia 1,257,921 (July 2014 est.)
Ethiopia 96,633,458 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
European Union 509,365,627 (July 2013 est.)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) 3,140 (July 2008 est.)
Faroe Islands 49,947 (July 2014 est.)
Fiji 903,207 (July 2014 est.)
Finland 5,268,799 (July 2014 est.)
France 66,259,012 (July 2014 est.)
note: the above figure is for metropolitan France and five overseas regions; the metropolitan France population is 62,814,233
French Polynesia 280,026 (July 2014 est.)
French Southern and Antarctic Lands no indigenous inhabitants
Ile Amsterdam (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): has no permanent residents but has a meteorological station
Ile Saint-Paul (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): is uninhabited but is frequently visited by fishermen and has a scientific research cabin for short stays
Iles Crozet: are uninhabited except for 18 to 30 people staffing the Alfred Faure research station on Ile del la Possession
Iles Kerguelen: 50 to 100 scientists are located at the main base at Port-aux-Francais on Ile Kerguelen
Bassas da India (Iles Eparses): uninhabitable
Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island (Iles Eparses): a small French military garrison and a few meteorologists on each possession; visited by scientists
Tromelin Island (Iles Eparses): uninhabited, except for visits by scientists
Gabon 1,672,597 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Gambia, The 1,925,527 (July 2014 est.)
Gaza Strip 1,816,379 (July 2014 est.)
Georgia 4,935,880 (July 2014 est.)
Germany 80,996,685 (July 2014 est.)
Ghana 25,758,108 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Gibraltar 29,185 (July 2014 est.)
Greece 10,775,557 (July 2014 est.)
Greenland 57,728 (July 2014 est.)
Grenada 110,152 (July 2014 est.)
Guam 161,001 (July 2014 est.)
Guatemala 14,647,083 (July 2014 est.)
Guernsey 65,849 (July 2014 est.)
Guinea 11,474,383 (July 2014 est.)
Guinea-Bissau 1,693,398 (July 2014 est.)
Guyana 735,554 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Haiti 9,996,731 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Heard Island and McDonald Islands uninhabited
Holy See (Vatican City) 842 (July 2014 est.)
Honduras 8,598,561 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Hong Kong 7,112,688 (July 2014 est.)
Howland Island uninhabited
note: American civilians evacuated in 1942 after Japanese air and naval attacks during World War II; occupied by US military during World War II, but abandoned after the war; public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service
Hungary 9,919,128 (July 2014 est.)
Iceland 317,351 (July 2014 est.)
India 1,236,344,631 (July 2014 est.)
Indonesia 253,609,643 (July 2014 est.)
Iran 80,840,713 (July 2014 est.)
Iraq 32,585,692 (July 2014 est.)
Ireland 4,832,765 (July 2014 est.)
Isle of Man 86,866 (July 2014 est.)
Israel 7,821,850 (July 2014 est.)
note: approximately 341,400 Israeli settlers live in the West Bank (2012); approximately 18,900 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2012); approximately 196,400 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2011)
Italy 61,680,122 (July 2014 est.)
Jamaica 2,930,050 (July 2014 est.)
Jan Mayen no indigenous inhabitants
note: personnel operate the Long Range Navigation (Loran-C) base and the weather and coastal services radio station
Japan 127,103,388 (July 2014 est.)
Jarvis Island uninhabited
note: Millersville settlement on western side of island occasionally used as a weather station from 1935 until World War II, when it was abandoned; reoccupied in 1957 during the International Geophysical Year by scientists who left in 1958; public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service
Jersey 96,513 (July 2014 est.)
Johnston Atoll 315 uninhabited
note: in previous years, there was an average of 1,100 US military and civilian contractor personnel present; as of September 2001, population had decreased significantly when US Army Chemical Activity Pacific (USACAP) departed; as of May 2005 all US government personnel had left the island (July 2010 est.)
Jordan 7,930,491 (July 2014 est.)
Kazakhstan 17,948,816 (July 2014 est.)
Kenya 45,010,056 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Kingman Reef uninhabited (July 2007 est.)
Kiribati 104,488 (July 2014 est.)
Korea, North 24,851,627 (July 2014 est.)
Korea, South 49,039,986 (July 2014 est.)
Kosovo 1,859,203 (July 2014 est.)
Kuwait 2,742,711 (July 2014 est.)
note: Kuwait's Public Authority for Civil Information estimates the country's total population to be 3,996,899 for 2014, with immigrants accounting for almost 69%
Kyrgyzstan 5,604,212 (July 2014 est.)
Laos 6,803,699 (July 2014 est.)
Latvia 2,165,165 (July 2014 est.)
Lebanon 5,882,562 (July 2014 est.)
Lesotho 1,942,008 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Liberia 4,092,310 (July 2014 est.)
Libya 6,244,174 (July 2014 est.)
note: immigrants make up just over 12% of the total population, according to UN data (2013)
Liechtenstein 37,313 (July 2014 est.)
Lithuania 3,505,738 (July 2014 est.)
note: Statistics Lithuania (the national statistical agency of Lithuania) estimates the country's total population at the start of 2013 to be 2,971,905, which takes into account the findings of Lithuania's 2011 census and the high rate of net outmigration since the country joined the EU in 2004
Luxembourg 520,672 (July 2014 est.)
Macau 587,914 (July 2014 est.)
Macedonia 2,091,719 (July 2014 est.)
Madagascar 23,201,926 (July 2014 est.)
Malawi 17,377,468 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Malaysia 30,073,353 (July 2014 est.)
Maldives 393,595 (July 2014 est.)
Mali 16,455,903 (July 2014 est.)
Malta 412,655 (July 2014 est.)
Marshall Islands 70,983 (July 2014 est.)
Mauritania 3,516,806 (July 2014 est.)
Mauritius 1,331,155 (July 2014 est.)
Mexico 120,286,655 (July 2014 est.)
Micronesia, Federated States of 105,681 (July 2014 est.)
Midway Islands no indigenous inhabitants; approximately 40 people make up the staff of US Fish and Wildlife Service and their services contractor living at the atoll (July 2013 est.)
Moldova 3,583,288 (July 2014 est.)
Monaco 30,508 (July 2014 est.)
Mongolia 2,953,190 (July 2014 est.)
Montenegro 650,036 (July 2014 est.)
Montserrat 5,215 (July 2014 est.)
note: an estimated 8,000 refugees left the island following the resumption of volcanic activity in July 1995; some have returned
Morocco 32,987,206 (July 2014 est.)
Mozambique 24,692,144 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Namibia 2,198,406 (July 2013 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Nauru 9,488 (July 2014 est.)
Navassa Island uninhabited
note: transient Haitian fishermen and others camp on the island
Nepal 30,986,975 (July 2014 est.)
Netherlands 16,877,351 (July 2014 est.)
New Caledonia 267,840 (July 2014 est.)
New Zealand 4,401,916 (July 2014 est.)
Nicaragua 5,848,641 (July 2014 est.)
Niger 17,466,172 (July 2014 est.)
Nigeria 177,155,754 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Niue 1,190 (July 2014 est.)
Norfolk Island 2,210 (July 2014 est.)
Northern Mariana Islands 51,483 (July 2014 est.)
Norway 5,147,792 (July 2014 est.)
note: Norway's national statistical agency estimated the national population to be approximately 5.08 million as of 1 July 2013
Oman 3,219,775 (July 2014 est.)
note: immigrants make up just over 30% of the total population, according to UN data (2013)
Pakistan 196,174,380 (July 2014 est.)
Palau 21,186 (July 2014 est.)
Palmyra Atoll no indigenous inhabitants
note: 4 to 20 Nature Conservancy staff, US Fish and Wildlife staff (July 2008 est.)
Panama 3,608,431 (July 2014 est.)
Papua New Guinea 6,552,730 (July 2014 est.)
Paracel Islands no indigenous inhabitants
note: there are scattered Chinese garrisons
Paraguay 6,703,860 (July 2014 est.)
Peru 30,147,935 (July 2014 est.)
Philippines 107,668,231 (July 2014 est.)
Pitcairn Islands 48 (July 2014 est.)
Poland 38,346,279 (July 2014 est.)
Portugal 10,813,834 (July 2014 est.)
Puerto Rico 3,620,897 (July 2014 est.)
Qatar 2,123,160 (July 2014 est.)
Romania 21,729,871 (July 2014 est.)
Russia 142,470,272 (July 2014 est.)
Rwanda 12,337,138 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Saint Barthelemy 7,267 (July 2014 est.)
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha 7,776 (July 2014 est.)
note: only Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha islands are inhabited
Saint Kitts and Nevis 51,538 (July 2014 est.)
Saint Lucia 163,362 (July 2014 est.)
Saint Martin 31,530 (July 2014 est.)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 5,716 (July 2014 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 102,918 (July 2014 est.)
Samoa 196,628 (July 2014 est.)
note: prior estimates used official net migration data by sex, but a highly unusual pattern for 1993 lead to a significant imbalance in the sex ratios (more men and fewer women) and a seeming reduction in the female population; the revised total was calculated using a 1993 number that was an average of the 1992 and 1994 migration figures
San Marino 32,742 (July 2014 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe 190,428 (July 2014 est.)
Saudi Arabia 27,345,986 (July 2014 est.)
note: immigrants make up more than 30% of the total population, according to UN data (2013)
Senegal 13,635,927 (July 2014 est.)
Serbia 7,209,764 (July 2014 est.)
note: does not include the population of Kosovo
Seychelles 91,650 (July 2014 est.)
Sierra Leone 5,743,725 (July 2014 est.)
Singapore 5,567,301 (July 2014 est.)
Sint Maarten 39,689 (July 2013 est.)
Slovakia 5,443,583 (July 2014 est.)
Slovenia 1,988,292 (July 2014 est.)
Solomon Islands 609,883 (July 2014 est.)
Somalia 10,428,043 (July 2014 est.)
note: this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1975 by the Somali Government; population counting in Somalia is complicated by the large number of nomads and by refugee movements in response to famine and clan warfare
South Africa 48,375,645 (July 2014 est.)
note: Statistics South Africa (the national statistical agency of South Africa) estimates the country's mid-year 2013 total population to be 52,981,991, which takes into account the findings of South Africa's 2011 census; estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands no indigenous inhabitants
note: the small military garrison on South Georgia withdrew in March 2001 replaced by a permanent group of scientists of the British Antarctic Survey, which also has a biological station on Bird Island; the South Sandwich Islands are uninhabited
South Sudan 11,562,695 (July 2014 est.)
Spain 47,737,941 (July 2014 est.)
Spratly Islands no indigenous inhabitants
note: there are scattered garrisons occupied by military personnel of several claimant states
Sri Lanka 21,866,445 (July 2014 est.)
Sudan 35,482,233 (July 2014 est.)
Suriname 573,311 (July 2014 est.)
Svalbard 1,872 (July 2014 est.)
Swaziland 1,419,623 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Sweden 9,723,809 (July 2014 est.)
Switzerland 8,061,516 (July 2014 est.)
Syria 17,951,639 (July 2014 est.)
note: approximately 18,900 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2012)
Taiwan 23,359,928 (July 2014 est.)
Tajikistan 8,051,512 (July 2014 est.)
Tanzania 49,639,138 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Thailand 67,741,401 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Timor-Leste 1,201,542 (July 2014 est.)
note: other estimates range as low as 800,000
Togo 7,351,374 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Tokelau 1,337 (July 2014 est.)
Tonga 106,440 (July 2014 est.)
Trinidad and Tobago 1,223,916 (July 2014 est.)
Tunisia 10,937,521 (July 2014 est.)
Turkey 81,619,392 (July 2014 est.)
Turkmenistan 5,171,943 (July 2014 est.)
Turks and Caicos Islands 49,070 (July 2014 est.)
Tuvalu 10,782 (July 2014 est.)
Uganda 35,918,915 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Ukraine 44,291,413 (July 2014 est.)
United Arab Emirates 5,628,805 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimate is based on the results of the 2005 census that included a significantly higher estimate of net immigration of non-citizens than previous estimates; the United Arab Emirates' National Bureau of Statistics estimated the country's total population to have been 8,264,070 in 2010, based on census data
United Kingdom 63,742,977 (July 2014 est.)
United States 318,892,103 (July 2014 est.)
United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges no indigenous inhabitants
note: public entry is only by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service
Johnston Atoll: in previous years, an average of 1,100 US military and civilian contractor personnel were present; as of May 2005, all US government personnel had left the island
Midway Islands: approximately 40 people make up the staff of US Fish and Wildlife Service and their services contractor living at the atoll
Palmyra Atoll: four to 20 Nature Conservancy, US Fish and Wildlife staff, and researchers
Uruguay 3,332,972 (July 2014 est.)
Uzbekistan 28,929,716 (July 2014 est.)
Vanuatu 266,937 (July 2014 est.)
Venezuela 28,868,486 (July 2014 est.)
Vietnam 93,421,835 (July 2014 est.)
Virgin Islands 104,170 (July 2014 est.)
Wake Island no indigenous inhabitants
note: approximately 150 military personnel and civilian contractors maintain and operate the airfield and communications facilities (2009)
Wallis and Futuna 15,561 (July 2014 est.)
West Bank 2,731,052 (July 2014 est.)
note: approximately 341,400 Israeli settlers live in the West Bank (2012); approximately 196,400 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2011)
Western Sahara 554,795 (July 2013 est.)
note: estimate is based on projections by age, sex, fertility, mortality, and migration; fertility and mortality are based on data from neighboring countries (July 2014 est.)
World 7,095,217,980 (July 2013 est.)
top ten most populous countries (in millions): China 1,349.59; India 1,220.80; United States 316.67; Indonesia 251.16; Brazil 201.01; Pakistan 193.24; Nigeria 174.51; Bangladesh 163.65; Russia 142.50; Japan 127.25
Yemen 26,052,966 (July 2014 est.)
Zambia 14,638,505 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Zimbabwe 13,771,721 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
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