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FIELD LISTING :: POPULATION Print
This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: Starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.


Country Comparison to the World

CountryPOPULATION
Afghanistan 32,564,342 (July 2015 est.)
Akrotiri approximately 15,700 live on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 7,700 Cypriots, 3,600 Service and UK-based contract personnel, and 4,400 dependents
Albania 3,029,278 (July 2015 est.)
Algeria 39,542,166 (July 2015 est.)
American Samoa 54,343 (July 2015 est.)
Andorra 85,580 (July 2015 est.)
Angola 19,625,353
note: results from Angola's 2014 national census estimate the country's population to be 25.8 million (July 2015 est.)
Anguilla 16,418 (July 2015 est.)
Antarctica no indigenous inhabitants, but there are both permanent and summer-only staffed research stations
note: 29 nations, all signatory to the Antarctic Treaty, operate through their National Antarctic Program a number of seasonal-only (summer) and year-round research stations on the continent and its nearby islands south of 60 degrees south latitude (the region covered by the Antarctic Treaty); the population engaging in and supporting science or managing and protecting the Antarctic region varies from approximately 4,400 in summer to 1,100 in winter; in addition, approximately 1,000 personnel, including ship's crew and scientists doing onboard research, are present in the waters of the treaty region
peak summer (December-February) population - 4,490 total; Argentina 667, Australia 200, Australia and Romania jointly 13, Belgium 20, Brazil 40, Bulgaria 18, Chile 359, China 90, Czech Republic 20, Ecuador 26, Finland 20, France 125, France and Italy jointly 60, Germany 90, India 65, Italy 102, Japan 125, South Korea 70, NZ 85, Norway 44, Peru 28, Poland 40, Russia 429, South Africa 80, Spain 50, Sweden 20, Ukraine 24, UK 217, US 1,293, Uruguay 70 (2008-2009)
winter (June-August) station population - 1,106 total; Argentina 176, Australia 62, Brazil 12, Chile 114, China 29, France 26, France and Italy jointly 13, Germany 9, India 25, Japan 40, South Korea 18, NZ 10, Norway 7, Poland 12, Russia 148, South Africa 10, Ukraine 12, UK 37, US 337, Uruguay 9 (2009); research stations operated within the Antarctic Treaty area (south of 60 degrees south latitude) by National Antarctic Programs
year-round stations - 40 total; Argentina 6, Australia 3, Brazil 1, Chile 6, China 2, France 1, France and Italy jointly 1, Germany 1, India 1, Japan 1, South Korea 1, NZ 1, Norway 1, Poland 1, Russia 5, South Africa 1, Ukraine 1, UK 2, US 3, Uruguay 1 (2009)
a range of seasonal-only (summer) stations, camps, and refuges - Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Bulgaria, Brazil, Chile, China, Czech Republic, Ecuador, Finland, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, South Korea, New Zealand, Norway, Peru, Poland, Romania (with Australia), Russia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Ukraine, UK, US, and Uruguay (2008-2009)
in addition, during the austral summer some nations have numerous occupied locations such as tent camps, summer-long temporary facilities, and mobile traverses in support of research (May 2009 est.)
Antigua and Barbuda 92,436 (July 2015 est.)
Argentina 43,431,886 (July 2015 est.)
Armenia 3,056,382 (July 2015 est.)
Aruba 112,162 (July 2015 est.)
Ashmore and Cartier Islands no indigenous inhabitants
note: Indonesian fishermen are allowed access to the lagoon and fresh water at Ashmore Reef's West Island; access to East and Middle Islands is by permit only
Australia 22,751,014 (July 2015 est.)
Austria 8,665,550 (July 2015 est.)
Azerbaijan 9,780,780 (July 2015 est.)
Bahamas, The 324,597
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Bahrain 1,346,613 (July 2015 est.)
note: immigrants make up approximately 50% of the total population, according to UN data (2015)
Bangladesh 168,957,745 (July 2015 est.)
Barbados 290,604 (July 2015 est.)
Belarus 9,589,689 (July 2015 est.)
Belgium 11,323,973 (July 2015 est.)
Belize 347,369 (July 2015 est.)
Benin 10,448,647
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Bermuda 70,196 (July 2015 est.)
Bhutan 741,919
note: the Factbook population estimate is consistent with the first modern census of Bhutan, conducted in 2005; previous Factbook population estimates for Bhutan, which were on the order of three times the total population reported here, were based on Bhutanese Government publications that did not include the census (July 2015 est.)
Bolivia 10,800,882 (July 2015 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,867,055 (July 2015 est.)
Botswana 2,182,719
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Bouvet Island uninhabited
Brazil 204,259,812 (July 2015 est.)
British Indian Ocean Territory no indigenous inhabitants
note: approximately 1,200 former agricultural workers resident in the Chagos Archipelago, often referred to as Chagossians or Ilois, were relocated to Mauritius and the Seychelles in the 1960s and 1970s; approximately 3,000 UK and US military personnel and civilian contractors were living on the island of Diego Garcia
British Virgin Islands 33,454 (July 2015 est.)
Brunei 429,646 (July 2015 est.)
Bulgaria 7,186,893 (July 2015 est.)
Burkina Faso 18,931,686
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Burma 56,320,206
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Burundi 10,742,276
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Cabo Verde 545,993 (July 2015 est.)
Cambodia 15,708,756
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Cameroon 23,739,218
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Canada 35,099,836 (July 2015 est.)
Cayman Islands 56,092 (July 2013 est.)
note: most of the population lives on Grand Cayman (July 2015 est.)
Central African Republic 5,391,539
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Chad 11,631,456 (July 2015 est.)
Chile 17,508,260 (July 2015 est.)
China 1,367,485,388 (July 2015 est.)
Christmas Island 2,205 (July 2015 est.)
Clipperton Island uninhabited
Cocos (Keeling) Islands 596 (July 2014 est.)
Colombia 46,736,728 (July 2015 est.)
Comoros 780,971 (July 2015 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 79,375,136
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Congo, Republic of the 4,755,097
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Cook Islands 9,838 (July 2015 est.)
note: the Cook Islands' Ministry of Finance & Economic Management estimated the resident population to have been 12,000 in December 2015
Coral Sea Islands no indigenous inhabitants
note: there is a staff of three to four at the meteorological station on Willis Island (July 2007 est.)
Costa Rica 4,814,144 (July 2015 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire 23,295,302
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Croatia 4,464,844 (July 2015 est.)
Cuba 11,031,433 (July 2015 est.)
Curacao 148,406 (July 2015 est.)
Cyprus 1,189,197 (July 2015 est.)
Czech Republic 10,644,842 (July 2015 est.)
Denmark 5,581,503 (July 2015 est.)
Dhekelia approximately 15,700 live on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 7,700 Cypriots, 3,600 service and UK based contract personnel, and 4,400 dependents
Djibouti 828,324 (July 2015 est.)
Dominica 73,607 (July 2015 est.)
Dominican Republic 10,478,756 (July 2015 est.)
Ecuador 15,868,396 (July 2015 est.)
Egypt 88,487,396 (July 2015 est.)
El Salvador 6,141,350 (July 2015 est.)
Equatorial Guinea 740,743 (July 2015 est.)
Eritrea 6,527,689 (July 2015 est.)
Estonia 1,265,420 (July 2015 est.)
Ethiopia 99,465,819
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
European Union 513,949,445 (July 2015 est.)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) 2,931 (2014 est.)
Faroe Islands 50,196 (July 2015 est.)
Fiji 909,389 (July 2015 est.)
Finland 5,476,922 (July 2015 est.)
France 66,553,766
note: the above figure is for metropolitan France and five overseas regions; the metropolitan France population is 62,814,233 (July 2015 est.)
French Polynesia 282,703 (July 2015 est.)
French Southern and Antarctic Lands no indigenous inhabitants
Ile Amsterdam (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): has no permanent residents but has a meteorological station
Ile Saint-Paul (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): is uninhabited but is frequently visited by fishermen and has a scientific research cabin for short stays
Iles Crozet: are uninhabited except for 18 to 30 people staffing the Alfred Faure research station on Ile del la Possession
Iles Kerguelen: 50 to 100 scientists are located at the main base at Port-aux-Francais on Ile Kerguelen
Bassas da India (Iles Eparses): uninhabitable
Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island (Iles Eparses): a small French military garrison and a few meteorologists on each possession; visited by scientists
Tromelin Island (Iles Eparses): uninhabited, except for visits by scientists
Gabon 1,705,336
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Gambia, The 1,967,709 (July 2015 est.)
Gaza Strip 1,869,055 (July 2015 est.)
Georgia 4,931,226 (July 2015 est.)
Germany 80,854,408 (July 2015 est.)
Ghana 26,327,649
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Gibraltar 29,258 (July 2015 est.)
Greece 10,775,643 (July 2015 est.)
Greenland 57,733 (July 2015 est.)
Grenada 110,694 (July 2015 est.)
Guam 161,785 (July 2015 est.)
Guatemala 14,918,999 (July 2015 est.)
Guernsey 66,080 (July 2015 est.)
Guinea-Bissau 1,726,170 (July 2015 est.)
Guinea 11,780,162 (July 2015 est.)
Guyana 735,222
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Haiti 10,110,019
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Heard Island and McDonald Islands uninhabited
Holy See (Vatican City) 1,000 (2015 est.)
Honduras 8,746,673
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Hong Kong 7,141,106 (July 2015 est.)
Howland Island uninhabited
note: American civilians evacuated in 1942 after Japanese air and naval attacks during World War II; occupied by US military during World War II but abandoned after the war; public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service
Hungary 9,897,541 (July 2015 est.)
Iceland 331,918 (July 2015 est.)
India 1,251,695,584 (July 2015 est.)
Indonesia 255,993,674 (July 2015 est.)
Iran 81,824,270 (July 2015 est.)
Iraq 37,056,169 (July 2015 est.)
Ireland 4,892,305 (July 2015 est.)
Isle of Man 87,545 (July 2015 est.)
Israel 8,049,314 (includes populations of the Golan Heights of Golan Sub-District and also East Jerusalem, which was annexed by Israel after 1967) (July 2015 est.)
note: approximately 20,500 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights; approximately 211,640 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2014)
Italy 61,855,120 (July 2015 est.)
Jamaica 2,950,210 (July 2015 est.)
Jan Mayen no indigenous inhabitants
note: personnel operate the Long Range Navigation (Loran-C) base and the weather and coastal services radio station
Japan 126,919,659 (July 2015 est.)
Jarvis Island uninhabited
note: Millersville settlement on western side of island occasionally used as a weather station from 1935 until World War II, when it was abandoned; reoccupied in 1957 during the International Geophysical Year by scientists who left in 1958; public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service
Jersey 97,294 (July 2015 est.)
Johnston Atoll uninhabited
note: in previous years, there was an average of 1,100 US military and civilian contractor personnel present; as of September 2001, population had decreased significantly when US Army Chemical Activity Pacific (USACAP) departed; as of May 2005 all US Government personnel had left the island
Jordan 8,117,564
note: increased estimate reflects revised assumptions about the net migration rate due to the increased flow of Syrian refugees (July 2015 est.)
Kazakhstan 18,157,122 (July 2015 est.)
Kenya 45,925,301
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Kingman Reef uninhabited
Kiribati 105,711 (July 2015 est.)
Korea, North 24,983,205 (July 2015 est.)
Korea, South 49,115,196 (July 2015 est.)
Kosovo 1,870,981 (July 2015 est.)
Kuwait 2,788,534 (July 2015 est.)
note: Kuwait's Public Authority for Civil Information estimates the country's total population to be 4,183,658 for 2015, with immigrants accounting more than 69%
Kyrgyzstan 5,664,939 (July 2015 est.)
Laos 6,911,544 (July 2015 est.)
Latvia 1,986,705 (July 2015 est.)
Lebanon 6,184,701 (July 2015 est.)
Lesotho 1,947,701
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Liberia 4,195,666 (July 2015 est.)
Libya 6,411,776 (July 2015 est.)
note: immigrants make up just over 12% of the total population, according to UN data (2015) (July 2015 est.)
Liechtenstein 37,624 (July 2015 est.)
Lithuania 2,884,433 (July 2015 est.)
Luxembourg 570,252 (July 2015 est.)
Macau 592,731
note: Macau's statistical agency estimated the total population to be approximately 646,800 as of 31 December 2015 (July 2015 est.)
Macedonia 2,096,015 (July 2015 est.)
Madagascar 23,812,681 (July 2015 est.)
Malawi 17,964,697
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Malaysia 30,513,848 (July 2015 est.)
Maldives 393,253 (July 2015 est.)
Mali 16,955,536 (July 2015 est.)
Malta 413,965 (July 2015 est.)
Marshall Islands 72,191 (July 2015 est.)
Mauritania 3,596,702 (July 2015 est.)
Mauritius 1,339,827 (July 2015 est.)
Mexico 121,736,809 (July 2015 est.)
Micronesia, Federated States of 105,216 (July 2015 est.)
Midway Islands no indigenous inhabitants; approximately 40 people make up the staff of US Fish and Wildlife Service and their services contractor living at the atoll (July 2014 est.)
Moldova 3,546,847 (July 2015 est.)
Monaco 37,731 (July 2015 est.)
note: immigrants make up more than 55% of the total population, according to UN data (2015)
Mongolia 2,992,908 (July 2015 est.)
Montenegro 647,073 (July 2015 est.)
Montserrat 5,241
note: an estimated 8,000 refugees left the island following the resumption of volcanic activity in July 1995; some have returned (July 2015 est.)
Morocco 33,322,699 (July 2015 est.)
Mozambique 25,303,113
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Namibia 2,212,307
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Nauru 9,540 (July 2015 est.)
Navassa Island uninhabited
note: transient Haitian fishermen and others camp on the island
Nepal 31,551,305 (July 2015 est.)
Netherlands 16,947,904 (July 2015 est.)
New Caledonia 271,615 (July 2015 est.)
New Zealand 4,438,393 (July 2015 est.)
Nicaragua 5,907,881 (July 2015 est.)
Nigeria 181,562,056
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Niger 18,045,729 (July 2015 est.)
Niue 1,190 (July 2014 est.)
Norfolk Island 2,210 (July 2014 est.)
Northern Mariana Islands 52,344 (July 2015 est.)
Norway 5,207,689 (July 2015 est.)
Oman 3,286,936 (July 2015 est.)
note: immigrants make up over 40% of the total population, according to UN data (2015)
Pakistan 199,085,847 (July 2015 est.)
Palau 21,265 (July 2015 est.)
Palmyra Atoll no indigenous inhabitants
note: variable temporary population of 4 to 20 staff and scientists of the Nature Conservancy and the US Fish and Wildlife Service (July 2014 est.)
Panama 3,657,024 (July 2015 est.)
Papua New Guinea 6,672,429 (July 2015 est.)
Paracel Islands no indigenous inhabitants
note: there are scattered Chinese garrisons
Paraguay 6,783,272 (July 2015 est.)
Peru 30,444,999 (July 2015 est.)
Philippines 100,998,376 (July 2015 est.)
Pitcairn Islands 48 (July 2014 est.)
Poland 38,562,189 (July 2015 est.)
Portugal 10,825,309 (July 2015 est.)
Puerto Rico 3,598,357 (July 2015 est.)
Qatar 2,194,817 (July 2015 est.)
Romania 21,666,350 (July 2015 est.)
Russia 142,423,773 (July 2015 est.)
Rwanda 12,661,733
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Saint Barthelemy 7,237 (July 2015 est.)
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha 7,795
note: only Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha islands are inhabited, not any of the other nearby islands/islets (July 2015 est.)
Saint Kitts and Nevis 51,936 (July 2015 est.)
Saint Lucia 163,922 (July 2015 est.)
Saint Martin 31,754 (July 2015 est.)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 5,657 (July 2015 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 102,627 (July 2015 est.)
Samoa 197,773
note: prior estimates used official net migration data by sex, but a highly unusual pattern for 1993 lead to a significant imbalance in the sex ratios (more men and fewer women) and a seeming reduction in the female population; the revised total was calculated using a 1993 number that was an average of the 1992 and 1994 migration figures (July 2015 est.)
San Marino 33,020 (July 2015 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe 194,006 (July 2015 est.)
Saudi Arabia 27,752,316 (July 2015 est.)
note: immigrants make up more than 30% of the total population, according to UN data (2015)
Senegal 13,975,834 (July 2015 est.)
Serbia 7,176,794
note: does not include the population of Kosovo (July 2015 est.)
Seychelles 92,430 (July 2015 est.)
Sierra Leone 5,879,098 (July 2015 est.)
Singapore 5,674,472 (July 2015 est.)
Sint Maarten 37,132 (2014 est.)
Slovakia 5,445,027 (July 2015 est.)
Slovenia 1,983,412 (July 2015 est.)
Solomon Islands 622,469 (July 2015 est.)
Somalia 10,616,380
note: this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1975 by the Somali Government; population counting in Somalia is complicated by the large number of nomads and by refugee movements in response to famine and clan warfare (July 2015 est.)
South Africa 53,675,563
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands no indigenous inhabitants
note: the small military garrison on South Georgia withdrew in March 2001, replaced by a permanent group of scientists of the British Antarctic Survey, which also has a biological station on Bird Island; the South Sandwich Islands are uninhabited
South Sudan 12,042,910 (July 2015 est.)
Spain 48,146,134 (July 2015 est.)
Spratly Islands no indigenous inhabitants
note: there are scattered garrisons occupied by military personnel of several claimant states
Sri Lanka 22,053,488 (July 2015 est.)
Sudan 36,108,853 (July 2015 est.)
Suriname 579,633 (July 2015 est.)
Svalbard 1,872 (July 2014 est.)
Swaziland 1,435,613
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Sweden 9,801,616 (July 2015 est.)
Switzerland 8,121,830 (July 2015 est.)
Syria 17,064,854 (July 2014 est.)
note: approximately 18,900 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2012) (July 2015 est.)
Taiwan 23,415,126 (July 2015 est.)
Tajikistan 8,191,958 (July 2015 est.)
Tanzania 51,045,882
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Thailand 67,976,405
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Timor-Leste 1,231,116 (July 2015 est.)
Togo 7,552,318
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Tokelau 1,337 (July 2014 est.)
Tonga 106,501 (July 2015 est.)
Trinidad and Tobago 1,222,363 (July 2015 est.)
Tunisia 11,037,225 (July 2015 est.)
Turkey 79,414,269 (July 2015 est.)
Turkmenistan 5,231,422 (July 2015 est.)
Turks and Caicos Islands 50,280 (July 2015 est.)
Tuvalu 10,869 (July 2015 est.)
Uganda 37,101,745
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Ukraine 44,429,471 (July 2015 est.)
United Arab Emirates 5,779,760 (July 2015 est.)
note: the UN estimates the country's total population to be 9,157,000 as of mid-year 2015; immigrants make up almost 90% of the total population, according to 2015 UN data (2016)
United Kingdom 64,088,222 (July 2015 est.)
United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges no indigenous inhabitants
note: public entry is only by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service
Johnston Atoll: in previous years, an average of 1,100 US military and civilian contractor personnel were present; as of May 2005, all US Government personnel had left the island
Midway Islands: approximately 40 people make up the staff of US Fish and Wildlife Service and their services contractor living at the atoll
Palmyra Atoll: four to 20 Nature Conservancy, US Fish and Wildlife staff, and researchers
United States 321,368,864 (July 2015 est.)
Uruguay 3,341,893 (July 2015 est.)
Uzbekistan 29,199,942 (July 2015 est.)
Vanuatu 272,264 (July 2015 est.)
Venezuela 29,275,460 (July 2015 est.)
Vietnam 94,348,835 (July 2015 est.)
Virgin Islands 103,574 (July 2015 est.)
Wake Island no indigenous inhabitants
note: approximately 150 military personnel and civilian contractors maintain and operate the airfield and communications facilities (2009)
Wallis and Futuna 15,613 (July 2015 est.)
West Bank 2,785,366 (represents Palestinian population only) (July 2015 est.)
note: approximately 371,000 Israeli settlers live in the West Bank; approximately 211,640 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2014)
Western Sahara 570,866 (July 2013 est.)
note: estimate is based on projections by age, sex, fertility, mortality, and migration; fertility and mortality are based on data from neighboring countries (July 2015 est.)
World 7,256,490,011 (July 2015 est.)
top ten most populous countries (in millions): China 1361.51; India 1251.70; United States 321.36; Indonesia 255.99; Brazil 204.26; Pakistan 199.09; Nigeria 181.56; Bangladesh 168.96; Russia 142.42; Japan 126.92
ten least populous countries: Holy See (Vatican City) 842; Nauru 9,540; Tuvalu 10,869; Palau 21,265; Monaco 30,535; San Marino 33,020; Liechtenstein 37,624; Saint Kitts and Nevis 51,936; Marshall Islands 72,191; Dominica 73,607
Yemen 26,737,317 (July 2015 est.)
Zambia 15,066,266
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
Zimbabwe 14,229,541
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)
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