Field Listing :: Household income or consumption by percentage share
Data on household income or consumption come from household surveys, the results adjusted for household size. Nations use different standards and procedures in collecting and adjusting the data. Surveys based on income will normally show a more unequal distribution than surveys based on consumption. The quality of surveys is improving with time, yet caution is still necessary in making inter-country comparisons.
Country
Household income or consumption by percentage share(%)
Afghanistan lowest 10%: 3.8%
highest 10%: 24% (2008)
Albania lowest 10%: 3.5%
highest 10%: 29% (2008)
Algeria lowest 10%: 2.8%
highest 10%: 26.8% (1995)
American Samoa lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Andorra lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Angola lowest 10%: 0.6%
highest 10%: 44.7% (2000)
Anguilla lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Antigua and Barbuda lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Argentina lowest 10%: 1.5%
highest 10%: 32.3% (2010 est.)
Armenia lowest 10%: 3.7%
highest 10%: 25.4% (2008)
Aruba lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Australia lowest 10%: 2%
highest 10%: 25.4% (1994)
Austria lowest 10%: 4%
highest 10%: 22% (2011)
Azerbaijan lowest 10%: 3.4%
highest 10%: 27.4% (2008)
Bahamas, The lowest 10%: 1%
highest 10%: 22% (2007)
Bahrain lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Bangladesh lowest 10%: 4%
highest 10%: 27% (2010 est.)
Barbados lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Belarus lowest 10%: 3.8%
highest 10%: 21.9% (2008)
Belgium lowest 10%: 3.4%
highest 10%: 28.4% (2006)
Belize lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Benin lowest 10%: 3.1%
highest 10%: 29% (2003)
Bermuda lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Bhutan lowest 10%: 2.3%
highest 10%: 37.6% (2003)
Bolivia lowest 10%: 0.5%
highest 10%: 43.3% (2008)
Bosnia and Herzegovina lowest 10%: 2.7%
highest 10%: 27.3% (2007)
Botswana lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Brazil lowest 10%: 0.8%
highest 10%: 42.9% (2009 est.)
British Virgin Islands lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Brunei lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Bulgaria lowest 10%: 2%
highest 10%: 35.2% (2007)
Burkina Faso lowest 10%: 2.9%
highest 10%: 32.2% (2009 est.)
Burma lowest 10%: 2.8%
highest 10%: 32.4% (1998)
Burundi lowest 10%: 4.1%
highest 10%: 28% (2006)
Cabo Verde lowest 10%: 1.9%
highest 10%: 40.6% (2001)
Cambodia lowest 10%: 3%
highest 10%: 37.3% (2007)
Cameroon lowest 10%: 2.3%
highest 10%: 35.4% (2001)
Canada lowest 10%: 2.6%
highest 10%: 24.8% (2000)
Cayman Islands lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Central African Republic lowest 10%: 2.1%
highest 10%: 33% (2003)
Chad lowest 10%: 2.6%
highest 10%: 30.8% (2003)
Chile lowest 10%: 1.5%
highest 10%: 42.8% (2009 est.)
China lowest 10%: 3.5%
highest 10%: 15%
note: data are for urban households only (2008)
Colombia lowest 10%: 0.9%
highest 10%: 44.4% (2010 est.)
Comoros lowest 10%: 0.9%
highest 10%: 55.2% (2004)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the lowest 10%: 2.3%
highest 10%: 34.7% (2006)
Congo, Republic of the lowest 10%: 2.1%
highest 10%: 37.1% (2005)
Cook Islands lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Costa Rica lowest 10%: 1.2%
highest 10%: 39.5% (2009 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire lowest 10%: 2.2%
highest 10%: 31.8% (2008)
Croatia lowest 10%: 3.3%
highest 10%: 27.5% (2008 est.)
Cuba lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Cyprus lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Czech Republic lowest 10%: 1.5%
highest 10%: 29.1% NA% (2012 est.)
Denmark lowest 10%: 1.9%
highest 10%: 28.7% (2007)
Djibouti lowest 10%: 2.4%
highest 10%: 30.9% (2002)
Dominica lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Dominican Republic lowest 10%: 1.8%
highest 10%: 36.4% (2010 est.)
Ecuador lowest 10%: 1.4%
highest 10%: 38.3%
note: data for urban households only (2010 est.)
Egypt lowest 10%: 4%
highest 10%: 26.6% (2008)
El Salvador lowest 10%: 1%
highest 10%: 37% (2009 est.)
Equatorial Guinea lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Eritrea lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Estonia lowest 10%: 2.7%
highest 10%: 27.7% (2004)
Ethiopia lowest 10%: 4.1%
highest 10%: 25.6% (2005)
European Union lowest 10%: 2.9%
highest 10%: 23.9% (2012 est.)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Faroe Islands lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Fiji lowest 10%: 2.6%
highest 10%: 34.9% (2009 est.)
Finland lowest 10%: 3.6%
highest 10%: 24.7% (2007)
France lowest 10%: 3%
highest 10%: 24.8% (2004)
French Polynesia lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Gabon lowest 10%: 2.5%
highest 10%: 32.7% (2005)
Gambia, The lowest 10%: 2%
highest 10%: 36.9% (2003)
Georgia lowest 10%: 2%
highest 10%: 31.3% (2008)
Germany lowest 10%: 3.6%
highest 10%: 24% (2000)
Ghana lowest 10%: 2%
highest 10%: 32.8% (2006)
Gibraltar lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Greece lowest 10%: 2.5%
highest 10%: 26% (2000 est.)
Greenland lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Grenada lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Guam lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Guatemala lowest 10%: 1.3%
highest 10%: 42.4% (2006)
Guernsey lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Guinea lowest 10%: 2.7%
highest 10%: 30.3% (2007)
Guinea-Bissau lowest 10%: 2.9%
highest 10%: 28% (2002)
Guyana lowest 10%: 1.3%
highest 10%: 33.8% (1999)
Haiti lowest 10%: 0.7%
highest 10%: 47.7% (2001)
Honduras lowest 10%: 0.4%
highest 10%: 42.4% (2009 est.)
Hong Kong lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Hungary lowest 10%: 3.1%
highest 10%: 22.6% (2009)
Iceland lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
India lowest 10%: 3.6%
highest 10%: 31.1% (2005)
Indonesia lowest 10%: 3.3%
highest 10%: 29.9% (2009)
Iran lowest 10%: 2.6%
highest 10%: 29.6% (2005)
Iraq lowest 10%: 3.6%
highest 10%: 25.7% (2007 est.)
Ireland lowest 10%: 2.9%
highest 10%: 27.2% (2000)
Isle of Man lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Israel lowest 10%: 2.5%
highest 10%: 24.3% (2008)
Italy lowest 10%: 2.3%
highest 10%: 26.8% (2000)
Jamaica lowest 10%: 2.1%
highest 10%: 35.8% (2004)
Japan lowest 10%: 1.9%
highest 10%: 27.5% (2008)
Jersey lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Jordan lowest 10%: 3.4%
highest 10%: 28.7% (2010 est.)
Kazakhstan lowest 10%: 3.9%
highest 10%: 23.7% (2011 est.)
Kenya lowest 10%: 1.8%
highest 10%: 37.8% (2005)
Kiribati lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Korea, North lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Korea, South lowest 10%: 6.4%
highest 10%: 37.7% (2011)
Kuwait lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Kyrgyzstan lowest 10%: 2.8%
highest 10%: 27.8% (2009 est.)
Laos lowest 10%: 3.3%
highest 10%: 30.3% (2008)
Latvia lowest 10%: 2.7%
highest 10%: 27.6% (2008)
Lebanon lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Lesotho lowest 10%: 1%
highest 10%: 39.4% (2003)
Liberia lowest 10%: 2.4%
highest 10%: 30.1% (2007)
Libya lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Liechtenstein lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Lithuania lowest 10%: 2.6%
highest 10%: 29.1% (2008)
Luxembourg lowest 10%: 3.5%
highest 10%: 23.8% (2000)
Macau lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Macedonia lowest 10%: 2.2%
highest 10%: 34.5% (2009 est.)
Madagascar lowest 10%: 2.2%
highest 10%: 34.7% (2010 est.)
Malawi lowest 10%: 3%
highest 10%: 31.9% (2004)
Malaysia lowest 10%: 1.8%
highest 10%: 34.7% (2009 est.)
Maldives lowest 10%: 1.2%
highest 10%: 33.3% (FY09/10)
Mali lowest 10%: 3.5%
highest 10%: 25.8% (2010 est.)
Malta lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Marshall Islands lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Mauritania lowest 10%: 2.5%
highest 10%: 29.5% (2000)
Mauritius lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Mexico lowest 10%: 2%
highest 10%: 37.5% (2010)
Micronesia, Federated States of lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Moldova lowest 10%: 3.3%
highest 10%: 26% (2010 est.)
Monaco lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Mongolia lowest 10%: 3%
highest 10%: 28.4% (2008)
Montserrat lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Morocco lowest 10%: 2.7%
highest 10%: 33.2% (2007)
Mozambique lowest 10%: 1.9%
highest 10%: 36.7% (2008)
Namibia lowest 10%: 2.4%
highest 10%: 42% (2010)
Nauru lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Nepal lowest 10%: 3.2%
highest 10%: 29.5% (2011)
Netherlands lowest 10%: 2.5%
highest 10%: 22.9% (1999)
New Caledonia lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
New Zealand lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Nicaragua lowest 10%: 1.4%
highest 10%: 41.8% (2005)
Niger lowest 10%: 3.7%
highest 10%: 28.5% (2007)
Nigeria lowest 10%: 1.8%
highest 10%: 38.2% (2010 est.)
Niue lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Northern Mariana Islands lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Norway lowest 10%: 3.9%
highest 10%: 21% (2008)
Oman lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Pakistan lowest 10%: 3.9%
highest 10%: 39.3% (FY05/06)
Palau lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Panama lowest 10%: 1.1%
highest 10%: 40.1% (2010 est.)
Papua New Guinea lowest 10%: 1.7%
highest 10%: 40.5% (1996)
Paraguay lowest 10%: 1%
highest 10%: 41.1% (2010 est.)
Peru lowest 10%: 1.4%
highest 10%: 36.1% (2010 est.)
Philippines lowest 10%: 2.6%
highest 10%: 33.6% (2009 est.)
Poland lowest 10%: 3.3%
highest 10%: 27.1% (2009 est.)
Portugal lowest 10%: 3.1%
highest 10%: 28.4% (1995 est.)
Puerto Rico lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Qatar lowest 10%: 1.3%
highest 10%: 35.9% (2007)
Romania lowest 10%: 1.7%
highest 10%: 19.8% (2011 est.)
Russia lowest 10%: 5.7%
highest 10%: 42.4% (2011 est.)
Rwanda lowest 10%: 2.1%
highest 10%: 43.2% (2011 est.)
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Saint Kitts and Nevis lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Saint Lucia lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Saint Pierre and Miquelon lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Samoa lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
San Marino lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Sao Tome and Principe lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Saudi Arabia lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Senegal lowest 10%: 2.5%
highest 10%: 30.1% (2005)
Seychelles lowest 10%: 4.7%
highest 10%: 15.4% (2007)
Sierra Leone lowest 10%: 2.6%
highest 10%: 33.6% (2003)
Singapore lowest 10%: 4.4%
highest 10%: 23.2% (2008)
Slovakia lowest 10%: 4.4%
highest 10%: 22.4% (2009 est.)
Slovenia lowest 10%: 3.9%
highest 10%: 19.8% (2011)
Solomon Islands lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Somalia lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
South Africa lowest 10%: 1.2%
highest 10%: 51.7% (2009 est.)
Spain lowest 10%: 2.6%
highest 10%: 26.6% (2000)
Sri Lanka lowest 10%: 1.6%
highest 10%: 39.5% (2009)
Sudan lowest 10%: 2.7%
highest 10%: 26.7% (2009 est.)
Suriname lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Swaziland lowest 10%: 1.7%
highest 10%: 40.1% (2010 est.)
Sweden lowest 10%: 3.6%
highest 10%: 22.2% (2000)
Switzerland lowest 10%: 7.5%
highest 10%: 19% (2007)
Syria lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Taiwan lowest 10%: 6.4%
highest 10%: 40.3% (2010)
Tajikistan lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA% (2009 est.)
Tanzania lowest 10%: 2.8%
highest 10%: 29.6% (2007)
Thailand lowest 10%: 2.8%
highest 10%: 31.5% (2009 est.)
Timor-Leste lowest 10%: 4%
highest 10%: 27% (2007)
Togo lowest 10%: 3.3%
highest 10%: 27.1% (2006)
Tonga lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Trinidad and Tobago lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Tunisia lowest 10%: 2.3%
highest 10%: 31.5% (2000)
Turkey lowest 10%: 2.1%
highest 10%: 30.3% (2008)
Turkmenistan lowest 10%: 2.6%
highest 10%: 31.7% (1998)
Turks and Caicos Islands lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Tuvalu lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Uganda lowest 10%: 2.4%
highest 10%: 36.1% (2009 est.)
Ukraine lowest 10%: 3.8%
highest 10%: 22.5% (2011 est.)
United Arab Emirates lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
United Kingdom lowest 10%: 2.1%
highest 10%: 28.5% (1999)
United States lowest 10%: 2%
highest 10%: 30% (2007 est.)
Uruguay lowest 10%: 1.9%
highest 10%: 34.4% (2010 est.)
Uzbekistan lowest 10%: 2.8%
highest 10%: 29.6% (2003)
Vanuatu lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Venezuela lowest 10%: 1.7%
highest 10%: 32.7% (2006)
Vietnam lowest 10%: 3.2%
highest 10%: 30.2% (2008)
Virgin Islands lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Wallis and Futuna lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
West Bank lowest 10%: 3.2%
highest 10%: 28.2% (2009 est.)
Western Sahara lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
World lowest 10%: 2.8%
highest 10%: 28.2% (2008 est.)
Yemen lowest 10%: 2.9%
highest 10%: 30.8% (2005)
Zambia lowest 10%: 1.2%
highest 10%: 38.8% (2004)
Zimbabwe lowest 10%: 2%
highest 10%: 40.4% (1995)