FIELD LISTING :: MARITIME CLAIMS
This entry includes the following claims, the definitions of which are excerpted from the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which alone contains the full and definitive descriptions:


Country Comparison to the World

CountryMARITIME CLAIMS
Afghanistan none (landlocked)
Albania territorial sea: 12 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Algeria territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 32-52 nm
American Samoa territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Andorra none (landlocked)
Angola territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Anguilla territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Antarctica Australia, Chile, and Argentina claim Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) rights or similar over 200 nm extensions seaward from their continental claims, but like the claims themselves, these zones are not accepted by other countries; 21 of 28 Antarctic consultative nations have made no claims to Antarctic territory (although Russia and the US have reserved the right to do so) and do not recognize the claims of the other nations; also see the Disputes - international entry
Antigua and Barbuda territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Argentina territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Armenia none (landlocked)
Aruba territorial sea: 12 nm
Ashmore and Cartier Islands territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Australia territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Austria none (landlocked)
Azerbaijan none (landlocked)
Bahamas, The territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Bahrain territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
continental shelf: extending to boundaries to be determined
Bangladesh territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 18 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: up to the outer limits of the continental margin
Barbados territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Belarus none (landlocked)
Belgium territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: geographic coordinates define outer limit
continental shelf: median line with neighbors
Belize territorial sea: 12 nm in the north, 3 nm in the south; note - from the mouth of the Sarstoon River to Ranguana Cay, Belize's territorial sea is 3 nm; according to Belize's Maritime Areas Act, 1992, the purpose of this limitation is to provide a framework for negotiating a definitive agreement on territorial differences with Guatemala
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Benin territorial sea: 200 nm
Bermuda territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Bhutan none (landlocked)
Bolivia none (landlocked)
Bosnia and Herzegovina no data available
Botswana none (landlocked)
Bouvet Island territorial sea: 4 nm
Brazil territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to edge of the continental margin
British Indian Ocean Territory territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
British Virgin Islands territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Brunei territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm or to median line
Bulgaria territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Burkina Faso none (landlocked)
Burma territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Burundi none (landlocked)
Cabo Verde measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Cambodia territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm
Cameroon territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
Canada territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Cayman Islands territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Central African Republic none (landlocked)
Chad none (landlocked)
Chile territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200/350 nm
China territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Christmas Island territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Clipperton Island territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Cocos (Keeling) Islands territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Colombia territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Comoros territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Congo, Democratic Republic of the territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: since 2011 the DRC has a Common Interest Zone agreement with Angola for the mutual development of off-shore resources
Congo, Republic of the territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Cook Islands territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Coral Sea Islands territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Costa Rica territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm
Cote d'Ivoire territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm
Croatia territorial sea: 12 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Cuba territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Curacao territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
Cyprus territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Czech Republic none (landlocked)
Denmark territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Djibouti territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Dominica territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Dominican Republic measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Ecuador territorial sea: 200 nm
continental shelf: 100 nm from 2,500-m isobath
Egypt territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm or the equidistant median line with Cyprus
continental shelf: 200 nm
El Salvador territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Equatorial Guinea territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Eritrea territorial sea: 12 nm
Estonia territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: limits as agreed to by Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Sweden, and Russia
Ethiopia none (landlocked)
European Union NA
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) territorial sea: 12 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Faroe Islands territorial sea: 3 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or agreed boundaries or median line
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm or agreed boundaries or median line
Fiji measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation; rectilinear shelf claim added
Finland territorial sea: 12 nm (in the Gulf of Finland - 3 nm)
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm; extends to continental shelf boundary with Sweden, Estonia, and Russia
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
France territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm (does not apply to the Mediterranean)
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
French Polynesia territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
French Southern and Antarctic Lands territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm from Iles Kerguelen and Iles Eparses (does not include the rest of French Southern and Antarctic Lands); Juan de Nova Island and Tromelin Island claim a continental shelf of 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Gabon territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Gambia, The territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 18 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: extent not specified
Gaza Strip see entry for Israel
note: effective 3 January 2009 the Gaza maritime area is closed to all maritime traffic and is under blockade imposed by Israeli Navy until further notice
Georgia territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Germany territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Ghana territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm
Gibraltar territorial sea: 3 nm
Greece territorial sea: 12 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Greenland territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm or agreed boundaries or median line
continental shelf: 200 nm or agreed boundaries or median line
Grenada territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Guam territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Guatemala territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Guernsey territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
Guinea-Bissau territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Guinea territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Guyana territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the outer edge of the continental margin
Haiti territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
Heard Island and McDonald Islands territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Holy See (Vatican City) none (landlocked)
Honduras territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: natural extension of territory or to 200 nm
Hong Kong territorial sea: 3 nm
Howland Island territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Hungary none (landlocked)
Iceland territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
India territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Indonesia measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Iran territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: bilateral agreements or median lines in the Persian Gulf
continental shelf: natural prolongation
Iraq territorial sea: 12 nm
continental shelf: not specified
Ireland territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Isle of Man territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
Israel territorial sea: 12 nm
continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
Italy territorial sea: 12 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Jamaica measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to edge of the continental margin
Jan Mayen territorial sea: 4 nm
contiguous zone: 10 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Japan territorial sea: 12 nm; between 3 nm and 12 nm in the international straits - La Perouse or Soya, Tsugaru, Osumi, and Eastern and Western Channels of the Korea or Tsushima Strait
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Jarvis Island territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Jersey territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
Johnston Atoll territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Jordan territorial sea: 3 nm
Kazakhstan none (landlocked)
Kenya territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Kingman Reef territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Kiribati territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Korea, North territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
note: military boundary line 50 nm in the Sea of Japan and the exclusive economic zone limit in the Yellow Sea where all foreign vessels and aircraft without permission are banned
Korea, South territorial sea: 12 nm; between 3 nm and 12 nm in the Korea Strait
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: not specified
Kosovo none (landlocked)
Kuwait territorial sea: 12 nm
Kyrgyzstan none (landlocked)
Laos none (landlocked)
Latvia territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: limits as agreed to by Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Sweden, and Russia
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Lebanon territorial sea: 12 nm
Lesotho none (landlocked)
Liberia territorial sea: 200 nm
Libya territorial sea: 12 nm
note: Gulf of Sidra closing line - 32 degrees, 30 minutes north
exclusive fishing zone: 62 nm
Liechtenstein none (landlocked)
Lithuania territorial sea: 12 nm
Luxembourg none (landlocked)
Macau not specified
Macedonia none (landlocked)
Madagascar territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or 100 nm from the 2,500-m isobath
Malawi none (landlocked)
Malaysia territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation; specified boundary in the South China Sea
Maldives measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Mali none (landlocked)
Malta territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive fishing zone: 25 nm
Marshall Islands territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Mauritania territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Mauritius measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Mexico territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Micronesia, Federated States of territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Midway Islands territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Moldova none (landlocked)
Monaco territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 12 nm
Mongolia none (landlocked)
Montenegro territorial sea: 12 nm
continental shelf: defined by treaty
Montserrat territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Morocco territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Mozambique territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Namibia territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Nauru territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Navassa Island territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Nepal none (landlocked)
Netherlands territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
New Caledonia territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
New Zealand territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Nicaragua territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
continental shelf: natural prolongation
Nigeria territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Niger none (landlocked)
Niue territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Norfolk Island territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Northern Mariana Islands territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Norway territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 10 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm
Oman territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Pakistan territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Palau territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Palmyra Atoll territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Panama territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm or edge of continental margin
Papua New Guinea measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Paracel Islands NA
Paraguay none (landlocked)
Peru territorial sea: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm
Philippines territorial sea: irregular polygon extending up to 100 nm from coastline as defined by 1898 treaty; since late 1970s has also claimed polygonal-shaped area in South China Sea up to 285 nm in breadth
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
Pitcairn Islands territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Poland territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: defined by international treaties
Portugal territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Puerto Rico territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Qatar territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: as determined by bilateral agreements or the median line
Romania territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Russia territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Rwanda none (landlocked)
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Saint Kitts and Nevis territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Saint Lucia territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Saint Pierre and Miquelon territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm
Samoa territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
San Marino none (landlocked)
Sao Tome and Principe measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Saudi Arabia territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 18 nm
continental shelf: not specified
Senegal territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Serbia none (landlocked)
Seychelles territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Sierra Leone territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm
Singapore territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: within and beyond territorial sea, as defined in treaties and practice
Sint Maarten territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
Slovakia none (landlocked)
Slovenia territorial sea: 12 nm
Solomon Islands measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm
Somalia territorial sea: 200 nm
South Africa territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to edge of the continental margin
South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
South Sudan none (landlocked)
Spain territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm (applies only to the Atlantic Ocean)
Spratly Islands NA
Sri Lanka territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Sudan territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 18 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Suriname territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Svalbard territorial sea: 4 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm unilaterally claimed by Norway but not recognized by Russia
Swaziland none (landlocked)
Sweden territorial sea: 12 nm (adjustments made to return a portion of straits to high seas)
exclusive economic zone: agreed boundaries or midlines
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Switzerland none (landlocked)
Syria territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
Taiwan territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Tajikistan none (landlocked)
Tanzania territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Thailand territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Timor-Leste territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Togo territorial sea: 30 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Tokelau territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Tonga territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Trinidad and Tobago measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the outer edge of the continental margin
Tunisia territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 12 nm
Turkey territorial sea: 6 nm in the Aegean Sea; 12 nm in Black Sea and in Mediterranean Sea
exclusive economic zone: in Black Sea only: to the maritime boundary agreed upon with the former USSR
Turkmenistan none (landlocked)
Turks and Caicos Islands territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Tuvalu territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Uganda none (landlocked)
Ukraine territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m or to the depth of exploitation
United Arab Emirates territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
United Kingdom territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: as defined in continental shelf orders or in accordance with agreed upon boundaries
United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
United States territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: not specified
Uruguay territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or edge of continental margin
Uzbekistan none (doubly landlocked)
Vanuatu measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Venezuela territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 15 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Vietnam territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Virgin Islands territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Wake Island territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Wallis and Futuna territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
West Bank none (landlocked)
Western Sahara contingent upon resolution of sovereignty issue
World a variety of situations exist, but in general, most countries make the following claims measured from the mean low-tide baseline as described in the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea: territorial sea - 12 nm, contiguous zone - 24 nm, and exclusive economic zone - 200 nm; additional zones provide for exploitation of continental shelf resources and an exclusive fishing zone; boundary situations with neighboring states prevent many countries from extending their fishing or economic zones to a full 200 nm
Yemen territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Zambia none (landlocked)
Zimbabwe none (landlocked)