FIELD LISTING :: PUBLIC DEBT
This entry records the cumulative total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency. Public debt should not be confused with external debt, which reflects the foreign currency liabilities of both the private and public sector and must be financed out of foreign exchange earnings.


Country Comparison to the World

CountryPUBLIC DEBT(% OF GDP)
Afghanistan 7.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
8% of GDP (2016 est.)
Albania 71.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
73.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Algeria 25.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
20.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover central government debt as well as debt issued by subnational entities and intra-governmental debt
American Samoa 12.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Andorra 41% of GDP (2014 est.)
41.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
Angola 65.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
79.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
Anguilla 20.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
20.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
Antigua and Barbuda 86.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
86.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Argentina 52.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
53.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Armenia 53.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
51.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Aruba 67% of GDP (2013)
55% of GDP (2012)
Australia 41.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
40.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Austria 78.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
83.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: this is general government gross debt, defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year; it covers the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); the general government sector comprises the sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government and social security funds; as a percentage of GDP, the GDP used as a denominator is the gross domestic product in current year prices
Azerbaijan 54.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
50.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Bahamas, The 57.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
53% of GDP (2016 est.)
Bahrain 90.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
81.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Bangladesh 32.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
32.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Barbados 132.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
137% of GDP (2016 est.)
Belarus 51% of GDP (2017 est.)
53.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Belgium 103.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
105.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions; general government debt is defined by the Maastricht definition and calculated by the National Bank of Belgium as consolidated gross debt; the debt is defined in European Regulation EC479/2009 concerning the implementation of the protocol on the excessive deficit procedure annexed to the Treaty on European Union (Treaty of Maastricht) of 7 February 1992; the sub-sectors of consolidated gross debt are: federal government, communities and regions, local government, and social security funds
Belize 99% of GDP (2017 est.)
95.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Benin 54.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
49.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Bermuda 43% of GDP (FY14/15)
Bhutan 102.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
110% of GDP (2016 est.)
Bolivia 50.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
46.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt and includes debt instruments issued by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities
Bosnia and Herzegovina 41% of GDP (2017 est.)
44% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions.
Botswana 15.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
15.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Brazil 84% of GDP (2017 est.)
78.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Brunei 2.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Bulgaria 23.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
27.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
note:: defined by the EU's Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and loans; general government sector comprises the subsectors: central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Burkina Faso 38.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
38.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Burundi 56.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
47.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Cabo Verde 126% of GDP (2017 est.)
129.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Cambodia 35.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
33.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Cameroon 33.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
31.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Canada 89.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
91.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: figures are for gross general government debt, as opposed to net federal debt; gross general government debt includes both intragovernmental debt and the debt of public entities at the sub-national level
Central African Republic 53.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
56% of GDP (2016 est.)
Chad 52.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
52.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Chile 23.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
21% of GDP (2016 est.)
China 47.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
44.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: official data; data cover both central and local government debt, including debt officially recognized by China's National Audit Office report in 2011; data exclude policy bank bonds, Ministry of Railway debt, and China Asset Management Company debt
Colombia 49.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
50.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities
Comoros 28.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
31.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 15.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
16.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
Congo, Republic of the 119.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
114.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Costa Rica 49.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
44.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire 46.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
47% of GDP (2016 est.)
Croatia 78.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
82.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Cuba 49.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
43.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Curacao 33.2% of GDP (2012 est.)
40.6% of GDP (2011 est.)
Cyprus 99.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
107.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment
Czechia 34.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
36.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
Denmark 36.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
37.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Djibouti 30.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
31.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Dominica 87.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
74.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Dominican Republic 37.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
35% of GDP (2016 est.)
Ecuador 45% of GDP (2017 est.)
42.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Egypt 103.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
96.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover central government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
El Salvador 59.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
59.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: El Salvador's total public debt includes non-financial public sector debt, financial public sector debt, and central bank debt
Equatorial Guinea 42.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
47.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Eritrea 131.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
132.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
Estonia 8.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
9.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities, including sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Eswatini 29.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
24.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
Ethiopia 56.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
55% of GDP (2016 est.)
European Union 86.8% of GDP (2014)
85.5% of GDP (2013)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) 0% of GDP (2015 est.)
Faroe Islands 35% of GDP (2014 est.)
Fiji 46.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
46.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Finland 61.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
63% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
France 97% of GDP (2017 est.)
96.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Gabon 61.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
64.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Gambia, The 123.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
118.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Georgia 44.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
44.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities; Georgia does not maintain intragovernmental debt or social funds
Germany 64.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
68.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: general government gross debt is defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); the general government sector comprises the sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government and social security funds; the series are presented as a percentage of GDP and in millions of euros; GDP used as a denominator is the gross domestic product at current market prices; data expressed in national currency are converted into euro using end-of-year exchange rates provided by the European Central Bank
Ghana 71.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
73.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Gibraltar 7.5% of GDP (2008 est.)
8.4% of GDP (2006 est.)
Greece 181.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
183.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Greenland 13% of GDP (2015 est.)
Grenada 71.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
82.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Guam 22.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
32.1% of GDP (2013)
Guatemala 24.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
24.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Guinea 39.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
42.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Guinea-Bissau 42% of GDP (2017 est.)
48.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
Guyana 50.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
50.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Haiti 31.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
33.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Honduras 43.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
41.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Hong Kong 0.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
0.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Hungary 69.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
73.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: general government gross debt is defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and national, state, and local government and social security funds.
Iceland 40.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
52.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
India 70.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
68.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, and exclude debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Indonesia 28.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
28.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Iran 40.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
48.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: includes publicly guaranteed debt
Iraq 58% of GDP (2017 est.)
64.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Ireland 68.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
72.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Israel 61% of GDP (2017 est.)
62.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Italy 131.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
132% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: Italy reports its data on public debt according to guidelines set out in the Maastricht Treaty; general government gross debt is defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year, in the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); the general government sector comprises central, state, and local government and social security funds
Jamaica 104.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
113.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Japan 236.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
235.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Jordan 95.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
95.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover central government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Kazakhstan 21.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
21% of GDP (2016 est.)
Kenya 55.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
53.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Kiribati 26.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
22.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Korea, South 39.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
40% of GDP (2016 est.)
Kosovo 20.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
19.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Kuwait 20.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
9.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Kyrgyzstan 59.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
58.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Laos 62.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
58.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Latvia 34.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
37.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities, including sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Lebanon 152.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
150.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover central government debt and exclude debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment
Lesotho 34.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
35.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Liberia 34.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
28.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Libya 5.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
7.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Lithuania 36.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
40.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: official data; data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities, debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
Luxembourg 23% of GDP (2017 est.)
20.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Macau 0% of GDP (2017 est.)
0% of GDP (2016 est.)
Macedonia 39.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
39.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: official data from Ministry of Finance; data cover central government debt; this data excludes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; includes treasury debt held by foreign entitites; excludes debt issued by sub-national entities; there are no debt instruments sold for social funds
Madagascar 37.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
38.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Malawi 59.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
60.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Malaysia 54.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
56.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: this figure is based on the amount of federal government debt, RM501.6 billion ($167.2 billion) in 2012; this includes Malaysian Treasury bills and other government securities, as well as loans raised externally and bonds and notes issued overseas; this figure excludes debt issued by non-financial public enterprises and guaranteed by the federal government, which was an additional $47.7 billion in 2012
Maldives 68.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
65.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Mali 35.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
35.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Malta 52.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
56.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: Malta reports public debt at nominal value outstanding at the end of the year, according to guidelines set out in the Maastricht Treaty for general government gross debt; the data include the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); general government comprises the central, state, and local governments, and social security funds
Marshall Islands 28% of GDP (2017 est.)
31% of GDP (2016 est.)
Mauritania 91.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
98.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Mauritius 60.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
60.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Mexico 54.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
56.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
Micronesia, Federated States of 24.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
25.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Moldova 37.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
42.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Mongolia 91.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
90% of GDP (2016 est.)
Montenegro 67.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
66.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Morocco 64.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
64.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Mozambique 102.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
118.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
Namibia 46.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
44.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
Nauru 60.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
65% of GDP (2016 est.)
Nepal 27.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
27.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Netherlands 56.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
61.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment, debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
New Caledonia 6.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
6.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
New Zealand 26.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
28.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Nicaragua 33.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
31% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: official data; data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by Government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as retirement, medical care, and unemployment, debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions; Nicaragua rebased its GDP figures in 2012, which reduced the figures for debt as a percentage of GDP
Niger 46.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
45.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Nigeria 23.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
19.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Northern Mariana Islands 7.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
Norway 36.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
36.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data exclude treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Oman 44.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
33.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: excludes indebtedness of state-owned enterprises
Pakistan 67.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
67.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Palau 24.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
21.6% of GDP (2015)
Panama 38.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
37.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Papua New Guinea 32.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
31.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Paraguay 25.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
24.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Peru 25.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
24.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued by government entities other than the treasury; the data exclude treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities
Philippines 37.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
39% of GDP (2016 est.)
Poland 51.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
54.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities, the data include subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Portugal 125.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
129.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Puerto Rico 54.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
49.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Qatar 54% of GDP (2017 est.)
46.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Romania 36.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
39.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: defined by the EU's Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and loans; general government sector comprises the subsectors: central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Russia 17.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
15.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment, debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Rwanda 40.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
37.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Saint Kitts and Nevis 62.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
65.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Saint Lucia 71.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
69.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 80.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
82.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Samoa 49.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
52.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
San Marino 56.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
22.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe 83.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
94% of GDP (2016 est.)
Saudi Arabia 17.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
13.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Senegal 61.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
60.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Serbia 61.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
73.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Seychelles 63.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
69% of GDP (2016 est.)
Sierra Leone 58.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
54.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Singapore 110.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
106.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: Singapore's public debt consists largely of Singapore Government Securities (SGS) issued to assist the Central Provident Fund (CPF), which administers Singapore's defined contribution pension fund; special issues of SGS are held by the CPF, and are non-tradable; the government has not borrowed to finance deficit expenditures since the 1980s; Singapore has no external public debt
Slovakia 50.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
51.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general Government Gross Debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by Government entities, including sub-sectors of central, state, local government, and social security funds
Slovenia 75.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
78.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: defined by the EU's Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and loans; general government sector comprises the central, state, local government, and social security funds
Solomon Islands 10% of GDP (2017 est.)
7.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Somalia 76.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
93% of GDP (2014 est.)
South Africa 52.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
51.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
South Sudan 66.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
86.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Spain 98.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
99% of GDP (2016 est.)
Sri Lanka 79.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
79.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: covers central government debt and excludes debt instruments directly owned by government entities other than the treasury (e.g. commercial bank borrowings of a government corporation); the data includes treasury debt held by foreign entities as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement; sub-national entities are usually not permitted to sell debt instruments
Sudan 126% of GDP (2017 est.)
91.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Suriname 72.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
75.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
Sweden 40.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
42.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Switzerland 42.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
43.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: general government gross debt; gross debt consists of all liabilities that require payment or payments of interest and/or principal by the debtor to the creditor at a date or dates in the future; includes debt liabilities in the form of Special Drawing Rights (SDRs), currency and deposits, debt securities, loans, insurance, pensions and standardized guarantee schemes, and other accounts payable; all liabilities in the GFSM (Government Financial Systems Manual) 2001 system are debt, except for equity and investment fund shares and financial derivatives and employee stock options
Syria 58.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
55.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Taiwan 35.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
36.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data for central government
Tajikistan 47.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
41.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
Tanzania 38.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
38% of GDP (2016 est.)
Thailand 41.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
41.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
Timor-Leste 0% of GDP (2016)
0% of GDP (2015)
Togo 78.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
81.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Tonga 48% of GDP (FY2017 est.)
51.8% of GDP (FY2016 est.)
Trinidad and Tobago 41.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
37.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Tunisia 71.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
61.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Turkey 28.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
28.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Turkmenistan 28.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
24.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Tuvalu 49.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
54.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Uganda 39% of GDP (2017 est.)
37.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Ukraine 75.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
81.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: the total public debt of $64.5 billion consists of: domestic public debt ($23.8 billion); external public debt ($26.1 billion); and sovereign guarantees ($14.6 billion)
United Arab Emirates 19.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
20.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
United Kingdom 87% of GDP (2017 est.)
88.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
United States 82.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
81.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover only what the United States Treasury denotes as "Debt Held by the Public," which includes all debt instruments issued by the Treasury that are owned by non-US Government entities; the data include Treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by individual US states, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of Treasury borrowings from surpluses in the trusts for Federal Social Security, Federal Employees, Hospital and Supplemental Medical Insurance (Medicare), Disability and Unemployment, and several other smaller trusts; if data for intragovernment debt were added, "gross debt" would increase by about one-third of GDP
Uruguay 66.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
61.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions.
Uzbekistan 24.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
10.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Vanuatu 48.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
46.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Venezuela 34.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
31.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, as well as the debt of state-owned oil company PDVSA; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include some debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; some debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
Vietnam 58.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
59.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: official data; data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Virgin Islands 53.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
45.9% of GDP (2014)
Wallis and Futuna 5.6% of GDP (2004 est.)
note: offical data; data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
West Bank 24.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
23.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
World 61.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
60.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Yemen 135.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
119.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Zambia 62.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
58.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Zimbabwe 75.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
69.9% of GDP (2016 est.)