FIELD LISTING :: RESERVES OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE AND GOLD
This entry gives the dollar value for the stock of all financial assets that are available to the central monetary authority for use in meeting a country's balance of payments needs as of the end-date of the period specified. This category includes not only foreign currency and gold, but also a country's holdings of Special Drawing Rights in the International Monetary Fund, and its reserve position in the Fund.


Country Comparison to the World

CountryRESERVES OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE AND GOLD
Afghanistan $6.232 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$6.681 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
Albania $3.093 billion (31 September 2016 est.)
$3.14 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Algeria $113.4 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$145 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Angola $20.43 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$24.08 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Argentina $32.11 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$25.52 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Armenia $1.512 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$1.775 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Australia $54.3 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$49.27 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Austria $25.22 billion (17 February 2017 est.)
$24.94 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
Azerbaijan $7.453 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$7.91 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Bahamas, The $1.02 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$895.5 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Bahrain $3.26 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$4.657 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Bangladesh $29.77 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$27.49 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Barbados $608.1 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$657.5 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Belarus $4.206 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$4.176 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Belgium $24.1 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$25.4 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
Belize $409.3 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$437.2 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Benin $645.5 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$731.6 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Bolivia $10.08 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$13.06 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina $4.8 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$4.791 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Botswana $7.682 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$8.486 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Brazil $373.3 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$368.7 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Bulgaria $25.13 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$22.16 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Burkina Faso $333.4 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$259.6 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Burma $8.913 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$8.463 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Burundi $100.2 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$136.2 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Cabo Verde $447.6 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$494.5 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Cambodia $8.477 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$7.376 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Cameroon $2.416 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$2.714 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Canada $82.5 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$79.75 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Chad $627.5 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$382.9 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Chile $36.79 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$38.64 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
China $3.01 trillion (31 December 2016 est.)
$3.405 trillion (31 December 2015 est.)
Colombia $46.7 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$46.7 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the $774 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$1.216 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Congo, Republic of the $1.989 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$2.244 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Costa Rica $7.96 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$7.834 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire $4.952 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$4.716 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Croatia $14.46 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$14.97 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Cuba $13.1 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$12.1 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Cyprus $776.8 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$807.6 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Czechia $78.62 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$64.49 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Denmark $61.8 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$65.19 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Dominica $100 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$126.2 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Dominican Republic $6.924 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$5.852 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Ecuador $3.8 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$2.29 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Egypt $15.06 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$15.49 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
El Salvador $3.238 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$2.787 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Equatorial Guinea $621.9 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$1.205 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Eritrea $213.1 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$209.5 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Estonia $475.5 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$414.8 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Ethiopia $2.956 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$3.113 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
European Union $740.9 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
$746.9 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
note: data are for the European Central Bank
Fiji $884 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$918.8 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Finland $10.6 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$10 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
France $153.9 billion (29 April 2016 est.)
$138.2 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Gabon $1.585 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$1.878 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Gambia, The $91.7 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$83.8 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Georgia $2.855 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$2.521 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Germany $173.7 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$173.7 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Ghana $6.137 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$5.885 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Greece $6.026 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$6.212 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
Grenada $198 million (31 December 2015 est.)
$170 million (31 December 2014 est.)
Guatemala $8.803 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$7.746 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Guinea $243.6 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$233.5 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Guyana $547.7 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$600.9 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Haiti $1.936 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$1.919 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Honduras $3.846 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$3.755 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Hong Kong $342.7 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$358.8 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Hungary $31.62 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$33.13 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Iceland $4.412 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$5.041 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
India $359.1 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$351.6 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Indonesia $116.4 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$105.9 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Iran $135.5 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$110 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Iraq $44.15 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$54.06 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Ireland $2.203 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$1.748 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
Israel $97.22 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$90.58 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Italy $130.6 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$142.2 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
Jamaica $2.9 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$2.914 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Japan $1.233 trillion (31 December 2015 est.)
$1.261 trillion (31 December 2014 est.)
Jordan $15.18 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$16.57 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Kazakhstan $30.1 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$28.07 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Kenya $7.374 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$7.548 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Kiribati $8.37 million (31 December 2010 est.)
Korea, South $371.1 billion (2016 est.)
$368 billion (2015 est.)
Kosovo $NA
Kuwait $28.72 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$30.96 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Kyrgyzstan $1.838 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$1.778 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Laos $1.024 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$1.058 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Latvia $7.507 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
$7.893 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
Lebanon $47.74 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$48.6 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Lesotho $812.5 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$904.2 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Libya $56.15 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$73.83 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Lithuania $1.697 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$8.728 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
Luxembourg $1 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$771 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Macau $18.89 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$16.44 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
note: the Fiscal Reserves Act that came into force on 1 January 2012 requires the fiscal reserves to be separated from the foreign exchange reserves and to be managed separately; the transfer of assets took place in February 2012
Macedonia $2.732 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$2.471 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Madagascar $1.076 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$814.9 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Malawi $605.9 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$693.1 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Malaysia $97.38 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$95.29 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Maldives $565.5 million (31 December 2015 est.)
$627.4 million (31 December 2014 est.)
Malta $529 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$415.5 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Mauritius $4.526 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$4.26 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Mexico $176.4 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$178 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
note: Mexico also maintains access to an $88 million Flexible Credit Line with the IMF
Micronesia, Federated States of $75.06 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Moldova $2.206 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$1.757 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Montenegro $599.6 million (31 December 2014 est.)
Montserrat $51.47 million (31 December 2015 est.)
$45.1 million (31 December 2014 est.)
Morocco $24.67 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$23.01 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Mozambique $1.541 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$2.582 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Namibia $1.762 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$1.69 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Nepal $10.17 billion (30 October 2016 est.)
$8.88 billion (30 October 2015 est.)
Netherlands $39.03 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$35.39 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
New Zealand $18.55 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$14.7 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Nicaragua $2.442 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$2.492 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Nigeria $23.47 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$29.07 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Norway $57.46 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$64.8 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
Oman $14.54 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$17.54 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Pakistan $20.53 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$20.05 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Palau $580.9 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Panama $3.878 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$3.378 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Papua New Guinea $1.629 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$1.738 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Paraguay $6.059 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$5.939 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Peru $60.41 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$61.59 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Philippines $80.69 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$80.67 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Poland $90.21 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$94.91 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Portugal $19.4 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$19.62 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
Qatar $36.03 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$37.26 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Romania $39.86 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$38.71 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Russia $365.5 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$368.4 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Rwanda $756.3 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$1.03 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines $165 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$166 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Samoa $139.4 million (31 December 2015 est.)
$140.7 million (31 December 2014 est.)
San Marino $392 million (2014 est.)
$539.3 million (2013 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe $68.3 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$72.86 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Saudi Arabia $553.7 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$616.4 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Senegal $2.173 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$2.012 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Serbia $12.94 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$12.99 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Seychelles $590.5 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$536.2 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Singapore $249.7 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$247.7 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Slovakia $2.657 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$2.892 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Slovenia $753 million (28 February 2017 est.)
$850 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Somalia $30.45 million (2014 est.)
South Africa $44.6 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$45.91 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Spain $53.97 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$50.35 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
Sri Lanka $6.542 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$7.303 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Sudan $167.3 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$173.5 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Suriname $393 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$625.2 million (31 December 2014 est.)
Swaziland $696.3 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$698.9 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Sweden $59.83 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$55.13 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Switzerland $602.7 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$545.5 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
Syria $504.6 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$772.9 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Taiwan $434.2 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$426 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Tajikistan $416.9 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$494.3 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Tanzania $3.771 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$4.073 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
note: excludes gold
Thailand $171.9 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$156.5 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Togo $647.6 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$574 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Tonga $180.7 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$156.1 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Trinidad and Tobago $9.394 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$10.38 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Tunisia $6.322 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$7.085 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Turkey $115 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$110.5 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Turkmenistan $10.9 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$13.62 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Uganda $2.851 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$2.909 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
note: excludes gold
Ukraine $16.01 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$13.3 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
United Arab Emirates $84.93 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$93.93 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
United Kingdom $129.6 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$107.7 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
United States $117.6 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$130.1 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
Uruguay $14.85 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$15.63 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Uzbekistan $14.5 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$15 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Vanuatu $251.9 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$269.2 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Venezuela $10.43 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$16.37 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Vietnam $34.66 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$28.62 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Yemen $639.6 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$1.978 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Zambia $2.046 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$2.968 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Zimbabwe $326.3 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$339.1 million (31 December 2015 est.)