FIELD LISTING :: GROSS NATIONAL SAVING
Gross national saving is derived by deducting final consumption expenditure (household plus government) from Gross national disposable income, and consists of personal saving, plus business saving (the sum of the capital consumption allowance and retained business profits), plus government saving (the excess of tax revenues over expenditures), but excludes foreign saving (the excess of imports of goods and services over exports). The figures are presented as a percent of GDP. A negative number indicates that the economy as a whole is spending more income than it produces, thus drawing down national wealth (dissaving).


Country Comparison to the World

CountryGROSS NATIONAL SAVING(% OF GDP)
Afghanistan 22.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
25.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
21.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Albania 15.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
15.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
16.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Algeria 34.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
37.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
36.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Angola 3.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
3.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
-0.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Antigua and Barbuda 26% of GDP (2017 est.)
24.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
30.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Argentina 12.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
13.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
14.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Armenia 17.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
17% of GDP (2016 est.)
18.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Australia 22.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
21.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
22.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Austria 26.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
25.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
25.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Azerbaijan 25% of GDP (2017 est.)
18% of GDP (2016 est.)
22.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Bahamas, The 8.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
13.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
13.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Bahrain 19% of GDP (2017 est.)
21% of GDP (2016 est.)
22% of GDP (2015 est.)
Bangladesh 29.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
30.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
30.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Barbados 10.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
8.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
8.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Belarus 19.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
21.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
25.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Belgium 23.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
22.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
23.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Belize 11% of GDP (2017 est.)
11.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
12.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Benin 20% of GDP (2017 est.)
17.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
17.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Bhutan 34.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
33.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
32% of GDP (2015 est.)
Bolivia 15.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
15.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
14.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina 12.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
11.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
10.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Botswana 29.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
42.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
40.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Brazil 16.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
16.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
15.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Brunei 48.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
43.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
51.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Bulgaria 22.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
24.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
21.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Burkina Faso 9.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
7.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
5.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Burma 16.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
16.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
19.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Burundi -5.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
-4.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
-6.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Cabo Verde 33.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
33.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
33.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Cambodia 13.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
14.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
13.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Cameroon 16.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
16.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
17.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Canada 19.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
19.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
20.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Central African Republic 5.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
4.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
4.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Chad 17.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
7.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
14.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Chile 20% of GDP (2017 est.)
20.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
21.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
China 45.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
45.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
47.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Colombia 21.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
21% of GDP (2016 est.)
20.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Comoros 12.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
10.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
18.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 7.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
8.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
16.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Congo, Republic of the 13.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
-26.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
-2.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Costa Rica 16.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
16.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
15.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire 16.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
18.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
17.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Croatia 24.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
22.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
24.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Cuba 10.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
11% of GDP (2016 est.)
12.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Cyprus 11.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
10.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
11.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Czechia 27.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
27.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
28.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Denmark 27.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
28.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
28.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Djibouti 12.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
16.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
19% of GDP (2015 est.)
Dominica 16.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
20.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
14.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Ecuador 23.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
24.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
24.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Egypt 9.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
9.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
10.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
El Salvador 13% of GDP (2017 est.)
11.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
10.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Equatorial Guinea 0.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
0.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
17.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Eritrea 4.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
4% of GDP (2016 est.)
1.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Estonia 26.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
24.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
26% of GDP (2015 est.)
Ethiopia 28.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
32% of GDP (2016 est.)
31.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
European Union 22% of GDP (2016 est.)
21.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
21.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
Faroe Islands 25.7% of GDP (2012 est.)
25.2% of GDP (2011 est.)
25.9% of GDP (2010 est.)
Fiji 10.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
9.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
16.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Finland 22.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
20.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
20.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
France 22.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
22% of GDP (2016 est.)
22.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Gabon 24.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
24% of GDP (2016 est.)
29.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Gambia, The 10% of GDP (2017 est.)
9.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
4.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Georgia 21.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
19.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
20.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Germany 27.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
27.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
27.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Ghana 7.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
7.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Greece 10.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
9.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
9.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Grenada 13.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
17% of GDP (2016 est.)
13.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Guatemala 13.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
13.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
13.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Guinea-Bissau 11.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
14% of GDP (2016 est.)
11.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Guinea -1.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
-6.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
-8.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Guyana 14.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
15.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
8.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Haiti 28.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
29.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
29.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Honduras 21.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
19.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
19.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Hong Kong 24.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
26.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
24.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Hungary 24.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
24.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
25.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Iceland 28.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
29.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
24.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
India 28.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
29.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
31.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Indonesia 32.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
32.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
32.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Iran 41.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
37.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
37.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Iraq 13.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
11.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
18% of GDP (2015 est.)
Ireland 37.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
35.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
32.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Israel 24.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
24.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
24.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Italy 19.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
19.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
18.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Jamaica 16.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
17% of GDP (2016 est.)
18.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Japan 27% of GDP (2017 est.)
27.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
27% of GDP (2015 est.)
Jordan 11.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
9.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
10.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Kazakhstan 22.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
22.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
26.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Kenya 15.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
15.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
10.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Korea, North NA%
Korea, South 37.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
36.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
36.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Kosovo 12.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
12.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
12.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Kuwait 24.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
25.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
30.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Kyrgyzstan 22.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
23.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
18.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Laos 18% of GDP (2017 est.)
14.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
14.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Latvia 20.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
21.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
21.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Lebanon 3.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
4.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
2.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Lesotho 20.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
21% of GDP (2016 est.)
23.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Liberia NA% (2017 est.)
-21.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
-2.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
Libya 1.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
-11% of GDP (2016 est.)
-8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Lithuania 16% of GDP (2017 est.)
15.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
17.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Luxembourg 23.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
22.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
24% of GDP (2015 est.)
Macedonia 26.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
30.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
29% of GDP (2015 est.)
Madagascar 14.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
16% of GDP (2016 est.)
11.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Malawi 2.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
-3.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
2.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Malaysia 28% of GDP (2017 est.)
28.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
28.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Maldives 2.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
0.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
12.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Mali 13% of GDP (2017 est.)
10.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
12.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Malta 31.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
31.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
29.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Mauritania 28.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
24.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
18.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Mauritius 13.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
16.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
16.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Mexico 21.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
21.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
20.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Moldova 18.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
18.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
18% of GDP (2015 est.)
Mongolia 29.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
25.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
21.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Montenegro 7.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
6.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
6.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Morocco 29.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
28.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
28.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Mozambique 18.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
5.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Namibia 18% of GDP (2017 est.)
11.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
20.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Nepal 42.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
40% of GDP (2016 est.)
44% of GDP (2015 est.)
Netherlands 30.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
28.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
28.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
New Zealand 21.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
20.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
20.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Nicaragua 22.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
22.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
23.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Nigeria 14.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
13.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
12.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Niger 23.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
24.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
24.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Norway 34.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
34.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
36.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Oman 19.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
19.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
18.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Pakistan 11.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
13.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
14.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data are for fiscal years
Panama 40.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
40.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
39.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Papua New Guinea 40.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
44.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
39.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Paraguay 20.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
19.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
15.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Peru 20.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
20.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
19.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Philippines 25.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
24.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
23.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Poland 19% of GDP (2017 est.)
19.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
19.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Portugal 17% of GDP (2017 est.)
15.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
15.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Qatar 48.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
44% of GDP (2016 est.)
46.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Romania 21.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
22.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
23.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Russia 26.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
27.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
27.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Rwanda 10.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
7.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
8.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Saint Kitts and Nevis 17.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
18.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
16.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Saint Lucia 17% of GDP (2017 est.)
21.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
29% of GDP (2015 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines -4.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
-5.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
-3.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe 25.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
21.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
19.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Saudi Arabia 28.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
25.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
26.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Senegal 22% of GDP (2017 est.)
21.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
17.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Serbia 14.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
14% of GDP (2016 est.)
14.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Seychelles 16.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
11.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
15.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Sierra Leone -1.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
-9.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
-5.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Singapore 45% of GDP (2017 est.)
44.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
44.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Slovakia 22.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
20.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
23.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Slovenia 24.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
23.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
23.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Solomon Islands 16.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
14% of GDP (2016 est.)
14.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
South Africa 16.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
16.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
16.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
South Sudan 9.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
20% of GDP (2016 est.)
7.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Spain 22.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
22.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
21.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Sri Lanka 29.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
29% of GDP (2016 est.)
26.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Sudan 12.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
11.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
9.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Suriname 50.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
57.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
51.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Swaziland 11.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
12.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
23% of GDP (2015 est.)
Sweden 29.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
29.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
28.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Switzerland 33.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
33.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
34.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Syria 20.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
19.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
20.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Taiwan 34.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
35.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
36.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Tajikistan 11.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
17.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
12.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Tanzania 19.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
23% of GDP (2016 est.)
24.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Thailand 32.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
33.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
30.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Togo 17.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
17.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
15.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Trinidad and Tobago 10.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
9.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
12.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Tunisia 13.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
13.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
12.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Turkey 25.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
24.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
24.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Turkmenistan 23.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
23.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
19.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Uganda 19.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
20.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
17.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Ukraine 17.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
17.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
15.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
United Arab Emirates 24.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
27.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
29.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
United Kingdom 13.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
12.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
13% of GDP (2015 est.)
United States 17.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
18% of GDP (2016 est.)
19.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Uruguay 17.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
18.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
17.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Uzbekistan 31.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
31.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
31.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Venezuela 8.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
7.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
31.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Vietnam 28% of GDP (2017 est.)
30.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
27.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
West Bank 7.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
9.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
5% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: includes Gaza Strip
World 27.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
27.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
27.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Yemen 0.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
-4.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
-3.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Zambia 38.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
37.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
38.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Zimbabwe 15.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
15.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
4.9% of GDP (2015 est.)