Africa :: Seychelles
  • Introduction :: Seychelles
  • Background:
    Seychelles was uninhabited prior to being discovered by Europeans early in the 16th century. A lengthy struggle between France and Great Britain for the islands ended in 1814, when they were ceded to the latter. During colonial rule, a plantation-based economy developed that relied on imported labor, primarily from European colonies in Africa. Independence came in 1976. Following a coup d’etat in 1977, the country was a socialist one-party state until adopting a new constitution and holding free elections in 1993. President France-Albert RENE, who had served since 1977, was reelected in 2001, but stepped down in 2004. Vice President James Alix MICHEL took over the presidency and in 2006 was elected to a new five-year term; he was reelected in 2011 and again in 2015. In 2016, James MICHEL resigned and handed over the presidency to his vice-president, Danny FAURE.
  • Geography :: Seychelles
  • Location:
    archipelago in the Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagascar
    Geographic coordinates:
    4 35 S, 55 40 E
    Map references:
    total: 455 sq km
    land: 455 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 199
    Area - comparative:
    2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
    Area comparison map: Area comparison map
    Land boundaries:
    0 km
    491 km
    Maritime claims:
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
    tropical marine; humid; cooler season during southeast monsoon (late May to September); warmer season during northwest monsoon (March to May)
    Mahe Group is volcanic with a narrow coastal strip and rocky, hilly interior; others are coral, flat, elevated reefs
    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Morne Seychellois 905 m
    Natural resources:
    fish, coconuts (copra), cinnamon trees
    Land use:
    agricultural land: 6.5% (2011 est.)
    arable land: 2.2% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 4.3% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 0% (2011 est.)
    forest: 88.5% (2011 est.)
    other: 5% (2011 est.)
    Irrigated land:
    3 sq km (2012)
    Population distribution:
    more than three-quarters of the population lives on the main island of Mahe; Praslin contains less than 10%; a smaller percent on La Digue and the outer islands
    Natural hazards:
    lies outside the cyclone belt, so severe storms are rare; occasional short droughts
    Environment - current issues:
    water supply depends on catchments to collect rainwater; water pollution; biodiversity maintainance
    Environment - international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Geography - note:
    the smallest African country in terms of both area and population; the constitution of the Republic of Seychelles lists 155 islands: 42 granitic and 113 coralline; by far the largest island is Mahe, which is home to about 90% of the population and the site of the capital city of Victoria
  • People and Society :: Seychelles
  • Population:
    95,981 (July 2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 198
    noun: Seychellois (singular and plural)
    adjective: Seychellois
    Ethnic groups:
    predominantly creole (mainly of East African and Malagasy heritage); also French, Indian, Chinese, and Arab populations
    Seychellois Creole (official) 89.1%, English (official) 5.1%, French (official) 0.7%, other 3.8%, unspecified 1.4% (2010 est.)
    Roman Catholic 76.2%, Protestant 10.5% (Anglican 6.1%, Pentecostal Assembly 1.5%, Seventh Day Adventist 1.2%, other Protestant 1.7%), other Christian 2.4%, Hindu 2.4%, Muslim 1.6%, other non-Christian 1.1%, unspecified 4.8%, none 0.9% (2010 est.)
    Demographic profile:

    Seychelles has no indigenous population and was first permanently settled by a small group of French planters, African slaves, and South Indians in 1770. Seychelles’ modern population is composed of the descendants of French and later British settlers, Africans, and Indian, Chinese, and Middle Eastern traders and is concentrated on three of its 155 islands – the vast majority on Mahe and lesser numbers on Praslin and La Digue. Seychelles’ population grew rapidly during the second half of the 20th century, largely due to natural increase, but the pace has slowed because of fertility decline. The total fertility rate dropped sharply from 4.0 children per woman in 1980 to 1.9 in 2015, mainly as a result of a family planning program, free education and health care, and increased female labor force participation. Life expectancy has increased steadily, but women on average live 9 years longer than men, a difference that is higher than that typical of developed countries.

    The combination of reduced fertility and increased longevity has resulted in an aging population, which will put pressure on the government’s provision of pensions and health care. Seychelles’ sustained investment in social welfare services, such as free primary health care and education up to the post-secondary level, have enabled the country to achieve a high human development index score – among the highest in Africa. Despite some of its health and education indicators being nearly on par with Western countries, Seychelles has a high level of income inequality.

    An increasing number of migrant workers – mainly young men – have been coming to Seychelles in recent years to work in the construction and tourism industries. As of 2011, foreign workers made up nearly a quarter of the workforce. Indians are the largest non-Seychellois population – representing half of the country’s foreigners – followed by Malagasy.

    Age structure:
    0-14 years: 18.85% (male 9,297/female 8,798)
    15-24 years: 12.39% (male 6,283/female 5,607)
    25-54 years: 49.03% (male 25,209/female 21,851)
    55-64 years: 11.46% (male 5,545/female 5,455)
    65 years and over: 8.27% (male 3,272/female 4,664) (2020 est.)
    population pyramid : population pyramid
    Dependency ratios:
    total dependency ratio: 46.7
    youth dependency ratio: 34.9
    elderly dependency ratio: 11.8
    potential support ratio: 8.5 (2020 est.)
    Median age:
    total: 36.8 years
    male: 36.3 years
    female: 37.4 years (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 76
    Population growth rate:
    0.69% (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 139
    Birth rate:
    12.8 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 148
    Death rate:
    7.1 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 122
    Net migration rate:
    1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 60
    Population distribution:
    more than three-quarters of the population lives on the main island of Mahe; Praslin contains less than 10%; a smaller percent on La Digue and the outer islands
    urban population: 57.5% of total population (2020)
    rate of urbanization: 1.26% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
    Major urban areas - population:
    28,000 VICTORIA (capital) (2018)
    Sex ratio:
    at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.12 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1.15 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female
    total population: 1.07 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
    Infant mortality rate:
    total: 9.3 deaths/1,000 live births
    male: 11.5 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 6.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 136
    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 75.6 years
    male: 71.1 years
    female: 80.2 years (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 112
    Total fertility rate:
    1.83 children born/woman (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 146
    Drinking water source:
    improved: total: 96.2% of population
    unimproved: total: 3.8% of population (2017 est.)
    Current Health Expenditure:
    5% (2017)
    Physicians density:
    2.12 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
    Hospital bed density:
    3.6 beds/1,000 population (2011)
    Sanitation facility access:
    improved: total: 100% of population
    unimproved: total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
    HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
    HIV/AIDS - deaths:
    Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
    14% (2016)
    country comparison to the world: 130
    Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
    3.6% (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 91
    Education expenditures:
    4.4% of GDP (2016)
    country comparison to the world: 89
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 95.9%
    male: 95.4%
    female: 96.4% (2018)
    School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
    total: 16 years
    male: 15 years
    female: 16 years (2016)
    Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:
    total: 11.6%
    male: 12.6%
    female: 10.4% (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 113
  • Government :: Seychelles
  • Country name:
    conventional long form: Republic of Seychelles
    conventional short form: Seychelles
    local long form: Republic of Seychelles
    local short form: Seychelles
    etymology: named by French Captain Corneille Nicholas MORPHEY after Jean Moreau de SECHELLES, the finance minister of France, in 1756
    Government type:
    presidential republic
    name: Victoria
    geographic coordinates: 4 37 S, 55 27 E
    time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    etymology: founded as L'etablissement in 1778 by French colonists, the town was renamed in 1841 by the British after Queen Victoria (1819-1901); "victoria" is the Latin word for "victory"
    Administrative divisions:
    27 administrative districts; Anse aux Pins, Anse Boileau, Anse Etoile, Anse Royale, Au Cap, Baie Lazare, Baie Sainte Anne, Beau Vallon, Bel Air, Bel Ombre, Cascade, Glacis, Grand Anse Mahe, Grand Anse Praslin, Ile Perseverance I, Ile Perseverance II, La Digue, La Riviere Anglaise, Les Mamelles, Mont Buxton, Mont Fleuri, Plaisance, Pointe Larue, Port Glaud, Roche Caiman, Saint Louis, Takamaka
    29 June 1976 (from the UK)
    National holiday:
    Constitution Day, 18 June (1993); Independence Day (National Day), 29 June (1976)
    history: previous 1970, 1979; latest drafted May 1993, approved by referendum 18 June 1993, effective 23 June 1993
    amendments: proposed by the National Assembly; passage requires at least two-thirds majority vote by the National Assembly; passage of amendments affecting the country’s sovereignty, symbols and languages, the supremacy of the constitution, fundamental rights and freedoms, amendment procedures, and dissolution of the Assembly also requires approval by at least 60% of voters in a referendum; amended several times, last in 2017
    International law organization participation:
    has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
    citizenship by birth: no
    citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of the Seychelles
    dual citizenship recognized: no
    residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
    18 years of age; universal
    Executive branch:
    chief of state: President Danny FAURE (since 16 October 2016); Vice President Vincent MERITON (since 28 October 2016); note - James Alix MICHEL resigned the presidency effective 16 October 2016; the president is both chief of state and head of government
    head of government: President Danny FAURE (since 16 October 2016); Vice President Vincent MERITON (since 28 October 2016)
    cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
    elections/appointments: president directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 5-year term (eligible for 1 additional term); election last held on 3-5 December 2015 with a runoff on 16-18 December 2015 (next to be held in December 2020)
    election results: President James Alix MICHEL reelected president in second round; percent of vote - James Alix MICHEL (PL) 50.2%, Wavel RAMKALAWAN (SNP) 49.8%
    Legislative branch:
    description: unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (up to 35 seats - the Assembly elected in September 2016 has 33 members; 25 members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote and up to 10 members elected by proportional representation vote; members serve 5-year terms)
    elections: last held on 8-10 September 2016 (next to be held in 2021); note - the National Assembly was dissolved in July 2011 resulting in early elections
    election results: percent of vote by party - LDS 49.6%, PL 49.2%, other 1.2%; seats by party - LDS 19, PL 14; composition - men 26, women 7, percent of women 21.2%
    Judicial branch:
    highest courts: Seychelles Court of Appeal (consists of the court president and 4 justices); Supreme Court of Seychelles (consists of the chief justice and 9 puisne judges); Constitutional Court (consists of 3 Supreme Court judges)
    judge selection and term of office: all judges appointed by the president of the republic upon the recommendation of the Constitutional Appointments Authority, a 3-member body, with 1 member appointed by the president of the republic, 1 by the opposition leader in the National Assembly, and 1 by the other 2 appointees; judges serve until retirement at age 70
    subordinate courts: Magistrates' Courts of Seychelles; Family Tribunal for issues such as domestic violence, child custody, and maintenance; Employment Tribunal for labor-related disputes
    Political parties and leaders:

    Lafors Seselwa Demokratik  or LSD [Martin AGLAE]
    One Seychelles [Alain St. ANGE]
    Seselwa (Seychelles) United Party or SUP [Robert ERNESTA] (formerly the New Democratic Party or NDP)
    Seychelles National Party or SNP [Wavel RAMKALAWAN] (formerly the United Opposition or UO)
    Seychelles Party for Social Justice and Democracy or SPSD [Alexia AMESBURY]
    Seychelles Patriotic Movement or SPM [Vincent LARUER]
    Seychelloise Alliance (Lalyans Seselwa) [Patrick PILLAY]
    Seychellois Democratic Alliance (Linyon Demokratik Seselwa) or LDS [Roger MANCIENNE] (includes SNP, SPSD, and SUP)
    United Seychelles or US [Vincent MERITON] (formerly People's Party (Parti Lepep) or PL; (formerly SPPF)

    International organization participation:
    Diplomatic representation in the US:
    Ambassador Ronald Jean JUMEAU (since 8 September 2017)
    chancery: 800 Second Avenue, Suite 400C, New York, NY 10017
    telephone: [1] (212) 972-1785
    FAX: [1] (212) 972-1786
    consulate(s) general: New York
    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    the US does not have an embassy in Seychelles; the US Ambassador to Mauritius is accredited to Seychelles
    Flag description:
    five oblique bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, red, white, and green (bottom) radiating from the bottom of the hoist side; the oblique bands are meant to symbolize a dynamic new country moving into the future; blue represents sky and sea, yellow the sun giving light and life, red the peoples' determination to work for the future in unity and love, white social justice and harmony, and green the land and natural environment
    National symbol(s):
    coco de mer (sea coconut); national colors: blue, yellow, red, white, green
    National anthem:
    name: "Koste Seselwa" (Seychellois Unite)
    lyrics/music: David Francois Marc ANDRE and George Charles Robert PAYET

    note: adopted 1996

  • Economy :: Seychelles
  • Economy - overview:

    Since independence in 1976, per capita output in this Indian Ocean archipelago has expanded to roughly seven times the pre-independence, near-subsistence level, moving the island into the high income group of countries. Growth has been led by the tourism sector, which directly employs about 26% of the labor force and directly and indirectly accounts for more than 55% of GDP, and by tuna fishing. In recent years, the government has encouraged foreign investment to upgrade hotels and tourism industry services. At the same time, the government has moved to reduce the dependence on tourism by promoting the development of the offshore financial, information, and communication sectors and renewable energy.

    In 2008, having depleted its foreign exchange reserves, Seychelles defaulted on interest payments due on a $230 million Eurobond, requested assistance from the IMF, and immediately enacted a number of significant structural reforms, including liberalization of the exchange rate, reform of the public sector to include layoffs, and the sale of some state assets. In December 2013, the IMF declared that Seychelles had successfully transitioned to a market-based economy with full employment and a fiscal surplus. However, state-owned enterprises still play a prominent role in the economy. Effective 1 January 2017, Seychelles was no longer eligible for trade benefits under the US African Growth and Opportunities Act after having gained developed country status. Seychelles grew at 5% in 2017 because of a strong tourism sector and low commodity prices. The Seychellois Government met the IMF’s performance criteria for 2017 but recognizes a need to make additional progress to reduce high income inequality, represented by a Gini coefficient of 46.8.

    As a very small open economy dependent on tourism, Seychelles remains vulnerable to developments such as economic downturns in countries that supply tourists, natural disasters, and changes in local climatic conditions and ocean temperature. One of the main challenges facing the government is implementing strategies that will increase Seychelles' long-term resilience to climate change without weakening economic growth.

    GDP (purchasing power parity):
    $2.75 billion (2017 est.)
    $2.612 billion (2016 est.)
    $2.499 billion (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 190
    GDP (official exchange rate):
    $1.498 billion (2017 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate:
    5.3% (2017 est.)
    4.5% (2016 est.)
    4.9% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 43
    GDP - per capita (PPP):
    $29,300 (2017 est.)
    $27,800 (2016 est.)
    $26,900 (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 70
    Gross national saving:
    8.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
    10.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
    15.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 169
    GDP - composition, by end use:
    household consumption: 52.7% (2017 est.)
    government consumption: 34.4% (2017 est.)
    investment in fixed capital: 26.7% (2017 est.)
    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)
    exports of goods and services: 79.4% (2017 est.)
    imports of goods and services: -93.2% (2017 est.)
    GDP - composition, by sector of origin:
    agriculture: 2.5% (2017 est.)
    industry: 13.8% (2017 est.)
    services: 83.7% (2017 est.)
    Agriculture - products:
    coconuts, cinnamon, vanilla, sweet potatoes, cassava (manioc, tapioca), copra, bananas; tuna
    fishing, tourism, beverages
    Industrial production growth rate:
    2.3% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 121
    Labor force:
    47,210 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 194
    Labor force - by occupation:
    agriculture: 3%
    industry: 23%
    services: 74% (2006)
    Unemployment rate:
    3% (2017 est.)
    2.7% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 37
    Population below poverty line:
    39.3% (2013 est.)
    Household income or consumption by percentage share:
    lowest 10%: 4.7%
    highest 10%: 15.4% (2007)
    revenues: 593.4 million (2017 est.)
    expenditures: 600.7 million (2017 est.)
    Taxes and other revenues:
    39.6% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 44
    Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):
    -0.5% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 63
    Public debt:
    63.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
    69.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 65
    Fiscal year:
    calendar year
    Inflation rate (consumer prices):
    2.9% (2017 est.)
    -1% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 132
    Current account balance:
    -$307 million (2017 est.)
    -$286 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 106
    $564.8 million (2017 est.)
    $477.6 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 172
    Exports - partners:
    UAE 28.5%, France 24%, UK 13.8%, Italy 8.9%, Germany 4.6% (2017)
    Exports - commodities:
    canned tuna, frozen fish, petroleum products (reexports)
    $1.155 billion (2017 est.)
    $991 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 180
    Imports - commodities:
    machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals, other manufactured goods
    Imports - partners:
    UAE 13.4%, France 9.4%, Spain 5.7%, South Africa 5% (2017)
    Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
    $545.2 million (31 December 2017 est.)
    $523.5 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 149
    Debt - external:
    $2.559 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $2.651 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 148
    Exchange rates:
    Seychelles rupees (SCR) per US dollar -
    13.64 (2017 est.)
    13.319 (2016 est.)
    13.319 (2015 est.)
    13.314 (2014 est.)
    12.747 (2013 est.)
  • Energy :: Seychelles
  • Electricity access:
    electrification - total population: 100% (2016)
    Electricity - production:
    350 million kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 175
    Electricity - consumption:
    325.5 million kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 182
    Electricity - exports:
    0 kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 196
    Electricity - imports:
    0 kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 198
    Electricity - installed generating capacity:
    88,000 kW (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 181
    Electricity - from fossil fuels:
    91% of total installed capacity (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 56
    Electricity - from nuclear fuels:
    0% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 181
    Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:
    0% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 199
    Electricity - from other renewable sources:
    9% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 83
    Crude oil - production:
    0 bbl/day (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 198
    Crude oil - exports:
    0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 191
    Crude oil - imports:
    0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 193
    Crude oil - proved reserves:
    0 bbl (1 January 2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 193
    Refined petroleum products - production:
    0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 199
    Refined petroleum products - consumption:
    7,300 bbl/day (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 166
    Refined petroleum products - exports:
    0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 200
    Refined petroleum products - imports:
    7,225 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 155
    Natural gas - production:
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 194
    Natural gas - consumption:
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 196
    Natural gas - exports:
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 182
    Natural gas - imports:
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 187
    Natural gas - proved reserves:
    0 cu m (1 January 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 192
    Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:
    1.15 million Mt (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 165
  • Communications :: Seychelles
  • Telephones - fixed lines:
    total subscriptions: 20,290
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 21 (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 177
    Telephones - mobile cellular:
    total subscriptions: 178,946
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 189 (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 187
    Telecommunication systems:
    general assessment: effective system; direct international calls to over 100 countries; radiotelephone communications between islands in the archipelago; 3 ISPs; use of Internet cafes' for access to Internet; 4G services and 5G soon (2020)
    domestic: fixed-line 21 per 100 and mobile-cellular teledensity is 189 telephones per 100 persons (2018)
    international: country code - 248; landing points for the PEACE and the SEAS submarine cables providing connectivity to Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Asia; direct radiotelephone communications with adjacent island countries and African coastal countries; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean) (2019)
    the COVID-19 outbreak is negatively impacting telecommunications production and supply chains globally; consumer spending on telecom devices and services has also slowed due to the pandemic's effect on economies worldwide; overall progress towards improvements in all facets of the telecom industry - mobile, fixed-line, broadband, submarine cable and satellite - has moderated
    Broadcast media:

    the national broadcaster, Seychelles Broadcasting Corporation (SBC), which is funded by taxpayer money, operates the only terrestrial TV station, which provides local programming and airs broadcasts from international services; a privately owned Internet Protocol Television (IPTV) channel also provides local programming multi-channel cable and satellite TV are available through 2 providers; the national broadcaster operates 1 AM and 1 FM radio station; there are 2 privately operated radio stations; transmissions of 2 international broadcasters are accessible in Victoria

    Internet country code:
    Internet users:
    total: 55,616
    percent of population: 58.77% (July 2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 194
    Broadband - fixed subscriptions:
    total: 19,696
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 21 (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 153
  • Military and Security :: Seychelles
  • Military and security forces:
    Seychelles People’s Defence Forces (SPDF): Army (includes infantry, Special Forces (Tazar), and Presidential Security Unit), Coast Guard, and Air Force (2019)
    Military expenditures:
    1.3% of GDP (2019)
    1.44% of GDP (2018)
    1.57% of GDP (2017)
    1.29% of GDP (2016)
    1.21% of GDP (2015)
    country comparison to the world: 94
    Military and security service personnel strengths:

    the Seychelles People’s Defence Forces (SPDF) is comprised of about 500 personnel (200 Land Forces; 200 Coast Guard; 100 Air Force)

    (2019 est.)
    Military equipment inventories and acquisitions:
    the SPDF's inventory primarily consists of Soviet-era equipment delivered in the 1970s and 1980s; since 2010, China and India are the leading suppliers of newer equipment (mostly donations of patrol boats and aircraft) (2019 est.)
    Military service age and obligation:
    18-28 years of age for voluntary military service (18-25 for officers); 6-year initial commitment; no conscription (2019)
  • Transportation :: Seychelles
  • National air transport system:
    number of registered air carriers: 1 (2015)
    inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 3 (2015)
    annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 497,496 (2015)
    annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 19,234,992 mt-km (2015)
    Civil aircraft registration country code prefix:
    S7 (2016)
    14 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 150
    Airports - with paved runways:
    total: 7 (2019)
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
    914 to 1,523 m: 5
    under 914 m: 1
    Airports - with unpaved runways:
    total: 7 (2013)
    914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2013)
    under 914 m: 5 (2013)
    1 (2013)
    total: 526 km (2015)
    paved: 514 km (2015)
    unpaved: 12 km (2015)
    country comparison to the world: 195
    Merchant marine:
    total: 25
    by type: general cargo 4, oil tanker 6, other 15 (2019)
    country comparison to the world: 138
    Ports and terminals:
    major seaport(s): Victoria
  • Transnational Issues :: Seychelles
  • Disputes - international:

    Mauritius and Seychelles claim the Chagos Islands (UK-administered British Indian Ocean Territory)