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Country Comparison :: Distribution of family income - Gini index
Distribution of family income - Gini index measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of family income in a country. The more nearly equal a country's income distribution, the lower its Gini index, e.g., a Scandinavian country with an index of 25. The more unequal a country's income distribution, the higher its Gini index, e.g., a Sub-Saharan country with an index of 50. If income were distributed with perfect equality the index would be zero; if income were distributed with perfect inequality, the index would be 100.
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Rank
country Distribution of family income - Gini index Date of Information
1 Lesotho
63.2
1995
2 South Africa
63.1
2005
3 Botswana
63.0
1993
4 Sierra Leone
62.9
1989
5 Central African Republic
61.3
1993
6 Namibia
59.7
2010
7 Haiti
59.2
2001
8 Honduras
57.7
2007
9 Colombia
55.9
2010
10 Guatemala
55.1
2007
11 Hong Kong
53.7
2011
12 Thailand
53.6
2009
13 Paraguay
53.2
2009
14 Bolivia
53.0
2010
15 Chile
52.1
2009
16 Panama
51.9
2010 est.
17 Brazil
51.9
2012
18 Papua New Guinea
50.9
1996
19 Zambia
50.8
2004
20 Swaziland
50.4
2001
21 Costa Rica
50.3
2009
22 Gambia, The
50.2
1998
23 Zimbabwe
50.1
2006
24 Sri Lanka
49.0
2010
25 Mexico
48.3
2008
26 Peru
48.1
2010
27 Singapore
47.8
2012
28 Ecuador
47.7
December 2012
29 Madagascar
47.5
2001
30 China
47.4
2012
31 Dominican Republic
47.2
2010 est.
32 El Salvador
46.9
2007
33 Rwanda
46.8
2000
34 Malaysia
46.2
2009
35 Georgia
46.0
2011
36 Argentina
45.8
2009
37 Mozambique
45.6
2008
38 Jamaica
45.5
2004
39 Bulgaria
45.3
2007
40 Uruguay
45.3
2010
41 United States
45.0
2007
42 Philippines
44.8
2009
43 Cameroon
44.6
2001
44 Guyana
44.6
2007
45 Iran
44.5
2006
46 Uganda
44.3
2009
47 Nigeria
43.7
2003
48 Kenya
42.5
2008 est.
49 Burundi
42.4
1998
50 Russia
42.0
2012
51 Cote d'Ivoire
41.5
2008
52 Senegal
41.3
2001
53 Djibouti
40.9
2002
54 Morocco
40.9
2007 est.
55 Turkmenistan
40.8
1998
56 Nicaragua
40.5
2010
57 Turkey
40.2
2010
58 Mali
40.1
2001
59 Tunisia
40.0
2005 est.
60 United Kingdom
40.0
FY08/09
61 Jordan
39.7
2007
62 Burkina Faso
39.5
2007
63 Ghana
39.4
2005-06
64 Guinea
39.4
2007
65 Macedonia
39.2
2011
66 Mauritius
39.0
2006 est.
67 Mauritania
39.0
2000
68 Malawi
39.0
2004
69 Venezuela
39.0
2011
70 Bhutan
38.7
71 Portugal
38.5
2007
72 Serbia
38.0
2013 est.
73 Cambodia
37.9
2008 est.
74 Yemen
37.7
2005
75 Israel
37.6
2012
76 Japan
37.6
2008
77 Tanzania
37.6
2007
78 Vietnam
37.6
2008
79 Maldives
37.4
80 India
36.8
2004
81 Uzbekistan
36.8
2003
82 Indonesia
36.8
2009
83 Laos
36.7
2008
84 Mongolia
36.5
2008
85 Benin
36.5
2003
86 New Zealand
36.2
1997
87 Bosnia and Herzegovina
36.2
2007
88 Lithuania
35.5
2009
89 Algeria
35.3
1995
90 Latvia
35.2
2010
91 Albania
34.5
2008
92 Greece
34.3
2012 est.
93 Taiwan
34.2
2011
94 Poland
34.1
2009
95 Niger
34.0
2007
96 Ireland
33.9
2010
97 Azerbaijan
33.7
2008
98 Kyrgyzstan
33.4
2007
99 Romania
33.2
2011
100 Moldova
33.0
2010
101 Ethiopia
33.0
2011
102 Nepal
32.8
2010
103 France
32.7
2008
104 Tajikistan
32.6
2006
105 Bangladesh
32.1
2010
106 Canada
32.1
2005
107 Spain
32.0
2005
108 Croatia
32.0
2010
109 Timor-Leste
31.9
2007 est.
110 Italy
31.9
2012 est.
111 Estonia
31.3
2010
112 Korea, South
31.1
2011 est.
113 Cyprus
31.0
2012 est.
114 Netherlands
30.9
2007
115 Armenia
30.9
2008
116 Egypt
30.8
2008
117 Pakistan
30.6
FY07/08
118 European Union
30.6
2012 est.
119 Australia
30.3
2008
120 Kosovo
30.0
FY05/06
121 Switzerland
29.6
2010
122 Kazakhstan
28.9
2011
123 Ukraine
28.2
2009
124 Belgium
28.0
2005
125 Iceland
28.0
2006
126 Malta
27.4
2011
127 Belarus
27.2
2008
128 Germany
27.0
2006
129 Finland
26.8
2008
130 Austria
26.3
2007
131 Luxembourg
26.0
2005
132 Slovakia
26.0
2005
133 Norway
25.0
2008
134 Czech Republic
24.9
2012
135 Denmark
24.8
2011 est.
136 Hungary
24.7
2009
137 Montenegro
24.3
2010
138 Slovenia
23.8
2011
139 Sweden
23.0
2005
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