Library

 

President Nixon and the Role of Intelligence in the 1973 Arab-Israeli War

Welcome to the new CIA Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Electronic Reading Room.  Be sure to bookmark this site, and note that our former URL will be decommissioned in the near future.

This collection highlights the causes and consequences of US Intelligence Community’s (IC) failure to foresee the October 1973 Arab-Israeli War, also known as the October War or the Yom Kippur War. A coalition of Arab nations led by Egypt and Syria launched a surprise attack on Israel on October 6, the day of Yom Kippur. Prior to October 6, the CIA concluded that the Arabs would not attack, so the offensive surprised US policymakers as well as Israel. Directorate of Intelligence (DI) analysts believed that Arab military inferiority would militate against an attack on Israel. DI analysis did not explore the possibility that leaders might go to war--even at the risk of losing--to pursue political objectives. According to an internal postmortem, Agency analysis was impaired by preconceptions about Arab military capabilities, information overload, rational actor modeling and groupthink.

View the OPA Press Release and Collection Booklet

Documents in this Collection

Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d8394545
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-11-12B-CIA.pdf102.93 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d83944fe
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-10-10B-CIA.pdf49.43 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d839452b
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-12-07A.pdf695.35 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d8394517
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-11-28B.pdf144.1 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d83944fb
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1975-09-01A.pdf5.76 MB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d839451d
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-09-20.pdf230.68 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d839453b
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-10-25H.pdf158.99 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d8394562
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-10-30E.pdf220.71 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d8394534
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-11-05-CIA.pdf256.38 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d8394503
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-10-24C-CIA.pdf361.64 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d83944fa
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-12-20-CIA.pdf775.23 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d8394518
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-12-06B.pdf487.55 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d8394540
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-10-19C-CIA.pdf548.06 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d839451e
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-12-11A.pdf96.94 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d8394551
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-06-01.pdf283.49 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d8394507
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-11-02.pdf1.46 MB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d839454f
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-09-28.pdf88.09 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d83944fd
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-10-05-CIA.pdf84.65 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d8394508
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-10-25B-CIA.pdf128.67 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d8394555
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1972-08-16.pdf285.06 KB

Pages