Central Intelligence Agency Fleet Alternative Fuel Use and Vehicle Acquisition Report
Compliance with EP Act and E.O. 13149 from Fiscal Years 1999 to 2004
[PDF Version 120KB*]
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is developing methods to increase the Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) percentage in its qualifying fleet, enhance its qualifying fleet's alternative fuel usage, and improve its fleet's overall fuel economy.
In reviewing this document, it is important to remember that much of the CIA fleet is exempt due to locations where Federal requirements on alternative fuel vehicles do not apply. Within the United States, economy and geography-including the absence of an extensive alternative fuel infrastructure-have hampered the Agency's efforts to acquire and use alternative fuel vehicles.
This represents the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) cumulative report covering fiscal year (FY) 1999 to 2004 on its fleet alternative fuel use and vehicle acquisition compliance pursuant to the requirements of the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 1992 (Public Law 102-486), as amended by the Energy Conservation Act of 1998 (Public Law 105-388) and Executive order (E.O.) 13149, "Greening the Government through Federal Fleet and Transportation Efficiency" (65 FR 24607), which was signed on April 21 2000.
Exhibit 1. CIA's Performance in Meeting EPAct and E.O. 13149 Requirements
|Authority/Mandate||Performance Measure||Goal/Requirement||CIA Performance (data from FY 1999-2004)|
|EP Act||Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) acquisitions||75 percent of the covered light-duty vehicles (LDVs) acquired in FY 1999-2004 must be AFVs.||Acquired 87 AFVs out of 863 covered vehicle acquisitions. (10 percent). CIA earned 87 credits for its AFV acquisitions. No additional credits were earned.|
|E.O. 13149||Alternative fuel use in AFVs||By FY 2005, increase alternative fuel use in AFVs to a majority of the total fuel used in those vehicles.||Less than 1 percent of the fuel used in AFVs was alternative fuel. Data is not available to identify precisely the percent of alternative fuel use in AFVs.|
|Fuel economy of light-duty acquisitions||By FY 2005, increase fuel economy by 3 miles per gallon (mpg) compared to FY 1999 baseline.||The average fuel economy for FY 1999-2004 acquisitions (2124 vehicles) was 16.8 mpg.1|
|Petroleum consumption||By FY 2005, reduce covered consumption by 20 percent compared to FY 1999 baseline (in gasoline gallon equivalents (GGEs)).||457, 716 GGEs were consumed in FY 2003 and FY2004. 2 Data for FY1999 2002 is not available|
1 The fleet fuel economy figures were derived from http://www.fueleconomy.gov.
2 CIA consumption figure is extrapolated from verifiable consumption quantities.
EP Act Compliance
CIA first reported under the EP Act in 1997. This constitutes CIA's third report, and it covers FY 1999 to 2004. During the period covered by this report, 10 percent of CIA's FY 1999-2004 qualifying fleet acquisitions under the EP Act (87 vehicles) was comprised of AFVs.
Federal fleets earn one credit for each AFV acquired and for every 450 gallons of neat biodiesel (B100) or 2,250 gallons of B20 (20 percent biodiesel and 80 percent petroleum diesel) used. Additional credits are earned for (i) AFVs that operate exclusively on alternative fuels, (ii) Zero Emission Vehicles of any size, and (iii) dedicated medium-duty or heavy-duty AFVs. For FY 1999-2004, CIA earned 87 credits for its AFV acquisitions, and earned no additional credits.
CIA's AFVs of choice from FY 1999-2004 were flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs) that can run on E85 (85 percent ethanol, 15 percent gasoline).
FFVs operating on E85 comprise 99 percent of CIA's total AFV fleet. CIA's early (circa 1996) attempts to convert to CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) vehicles were complicated by a variety of issues. Such issues included: (i) drivers were reluctant to use the CNG station because of the range restriction for those AFVs powered with CNG, (ii) there were a small number of CNG refueling stations elsewhere, and (iii) CNG expansion during warmer months restricted the amount of fuel available for tank use. As a result, only one of CIA's AFV acquisitions during the period covered by this report was a CNG vehicle. See appendix A below.
Of the 2124 LDVs in CIA's fleet acquisitions during FY 1999 to 2004, 1261 (59.3%) were exempt from compliance with the EP Act: CIA had 863 covered vehicles (40.7%) under the EP Act. Exemptions were granted for fleet size, geographic location or use outside of a qualifying Metropolitan Statistical Area/Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA/CMSA), law enforcement vehicles, and emergency vehicles. Exemptions claimed against CIA's fleet acquisitions from FY 1999 to 2004 are as follows:
- Law Enforcement (242 vehicles - 11 percent of total)
- Emergency (0 vehicles - 0 percent of total)
- Non MSA/CMSA (84 vehicles - 4 percent of total)
- Geographic (935 vehicles - 44 percent of total)
FY 2005/2006 Projected Acquisitions
CIA vehicle acquisition plans and procedures are currently being modified in order to increase the number of AFVs acquired (including leased vehicles) as replacements to CIA's qualifying fleet, and to increase the number of AFVs acquired (including leased vehicles) as additions to CIA's qualifying fleet.
E.O. 13149 Compliance
E.O. 13149 requires each agency to reduce vehicular petroleum consumption by 20 percent by the end of FY 2005, and specifies three approaches agencies must take to achieve this goal:
- Comply with EP Act's annual AFV requirements (previously addressed)
- Use alternative fuels in AFVs the majority of the time
- Increase the fuel economy of light-duty acquisitions (excluding AFVs) by 3 mpg by the end of FY 2005 as compared to baseline FY 1999 acquisitions.
Use of Alternative Fuels in AFVs
Although CIA acquired approximately 87 AFVs from FY 1999-2004, almost none of them were operated using alternative fuels. As described in the CIA's Alternative Fuel Use and Vehicle Acquisition Plan (posted August 2005), there are numerous obstacles in obtaining and using alternative fuels. This is due, in large measure, to an insufficient alternative fuel infrastructure. In fact, although CIA has endeavored to comply with the alternative fuel requirements, such efforts have been cost prohibitive for CIA. For example, the CIA had previously created a CNG fueling station in the late 1990's. The failure of this fuel alternative to be widely accepted forced the eventual removal of the station. Although CIA supports the objectives of EO13149, until an alternative fuel infrastructure is firmly established, obtaining and using alternative fuels will be a challenging task.
Improve Fuel Economy
The CIA recently calculated the fuel economy of its fleet for FY 1999-2004 using the miles per gallon (mpg) figures from http://www.fueleconomy.gov. This standardized listing provides the mpg ratings for most known vehicle types. The average mpg per vehicle in CIA's fleet was determined to be 16.8 mpg, which will be the baseline for subsequent reporting. This resource was relied upon for calculation because CIA is otherwise unable to recreate data for fuel economy for each fiscal year from 1999-2004.
In FY 2003 and 2004, the CIA fleet used a total of 457, 716 Gasoline Gallon Equivalents (GGE). Figures for FY 1999 to 2002 are not available.
|Actual FY 1999-2004 Light-Duty Vehicle Acquisitions|
|Total number of Light Duty (8500 GVWR)
FY 1999 - 2004 Vehicle Acquisitions
|EP Act Covered Acquisitions||340||523||863|
|Actual FY 1999-2004 AFV Vehicle Acquisitions|
|Sedan||E85 Flex Fuel||36||0||36|
|Station Wagon||E85 Flex Fuel||0||0||0|
|Minivan||E85 Flex Fuel||39||0||39|
|Minivan||CNG Flex Fuel||1||0||1|
|SUV||E85 Flex Fuel||11||0||11|
|Total Number of AFV Acquisitions||87||0||87|
Appendix B - List of Acronyms
|AFV||Alternative Fuel Vehicle|
|B100||Biodiesel (100 percent, neat)|
|B20||Biodiesal (20 percent biodiesel, 80 percent petroleum diesel)|
|CIA||Central Intelligence Agency|
|CNG||Compressed Natural Gas|
|E85||Ethanol (85 percent ethanol, 15 percent petroleum)|
|EP Act||Energy Policy Act of 1992|
|FFV||Flexible Fuel Vehicle|
|GGE||Gasoline Gallon Equivalent|
|GVWR||Gross Vehicle Weight Rating|
|MPG||Miles Per Gallon|
|MSA/CMSA||Metropolitan Statistical Area/Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area|
|SUV||Sport Utility Vehicle|
* Adobe® Reader® is needed to view Adobe PDF files. If you don't already have Adobe Reader installed, you may download the current version at www.adobe.com (opens in a new window). [external link disclaimer]