Central Intelligence Agency Fleet Alternative Fuel Use and Vehicle Acquisition Report
Compliance with EPAct and E.O. 13149 in Fiscal Years 2004 and 2005 (through June 2005)
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The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is developing methods to increase the AFV percentage in its qualifying fleet, enhance its qualifying fleet's alternative fuel usage, and improve its fleet's overall fuel economy. By 31 August 2005, CIA will publish a plan describing how it seeks to accomplish this.
In reviewing this document, it is important to remember that much of the CIA fleet is exempt due to locations where Federal requirements on alternative fuel vehicles do not apply. Within the United States, economy and geography—including the absence of an extensive alternative fuel infrastructure—have hampered the Agency's efforts to acquire and use alternative fuel vehicles.
This represents the CIA report, derived from fiscal year 2004, and fiscal year 2005 (through June 2005) sources, on its fleet performance in meeting the requirements of the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 1992 (Public Law 102-486), as amended by the Energy Conservation Act of 1998 (Public Law 105-388) and Executive order (E.O.) 13149, "Greening the Government through Federal Fleet and Transportation Efficiency" (65 FR 24607), which was signed in April 2000.
Exhibit 1. CIA's Performance in Meeting EPAct and E.O. 13149 Requirements
|Authority/Mandate||Performance Measure||Goal/Requirement||CIA Performance (data from June 2005)|
|EPAct||Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) acquisitions||75 percent of the 198 covered light-duty vehicles (LDVs) acquired in FY 2004 must be AFVs.||Acquired 15 AFVs out of 198 covered vehicle acquisitions (8 percent). CIA earned 15 credits for its AFV acquisitions. No additional credits were earned.|
|E.O. 13149||Alternative fuel use in AFVs||By FY 2005, increase alternative fuel use in AFVs to a majority of the total fuel used in those vehicles.||Less than 1 percent of the fuel used in AFVs was alternative fuel. Data is not available to identify precisely the percent of alternative fuel use in AFVs.|
|Fuel economy of light-duty acquisitions||By FY 2005, increase fuel economy by 3 miles per gallon (mpg) compared to FY 1999 baseline.||The average fuel economy for the covered FY2004 fleet (786 vehicles) is 17.0 mpg. FY1999 baseline data is not available. 1|
|Petroleum consumption||By FY 2005, reduce covered consumption by 20 percent compared to FY 1999 baseline (in gasoline gallon equivalents (GGEs)).||326,457 GGEs were consumed in FY 2004. 2 FY 1999 baseline data is not available.|
1CIA will use FY2004 fuel economy figures as a baseline because FY1999 data is unavailable.
2CIA consumption figure is extrapolated from verifiable consumption quantities. This figure will be used as the baseline.
CIA first reported under the EPAct in 1997. This constitutes CIA’s second report. As a result of its vehicle acquisitions, 8 percent of CIA’s FY 2004 qualifying fleet acquisitions under the EPAct (198 vehicles) were AFVs.
The graphic below illustrates the negligible effect that CIA’s qualifying fleet has on increased AFV use within the United States Government. The number of CIA vehicles qualifying under the EPAct’s parameters is relatively small, compared with qualifying fleets in other agencies.
Federal fleets earn one credit for each AFV acquired and for every 450 gallons of neat biodiesel (B100) or 2,250 gallons of B20 (20 percent biodiesel and 80 percent petroleum diesel) used. Additional credits are earned for (i) AFVs that operate exclusively on alternative fuels, (ii) Zero Emission Vehicles of any size, and (iii) dedicated medium-duty or heavy-duty AFVs. For FY 2004, CIA earned 15 credits for its AFV acquisitions, and earned no additional credits.
CIA’s AFVs of choice in FY 2004 were flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs) that can run on E85 (85 percent ethanol, 15 percent gasoline). All 15 AFVs acquired by CIA in FY2004 were FFVs.
FFVs operating on E85 comprise the majority of CIA’s total AFV fleet. CIA’s early (circa 1996) attempts to convert to CNG vehicles were complicated by a variety of issues. Such issues included: (i) drivers were reluctant to use the CNG station because of the range restriction for those AFVs powered with CNG, (ii) there were a small number of CNG refueling stations elsewhere, and (iii) CNG expansion during warmer months restricted the amount of fuel available for tank use.
Of the 3,604 LDVs in CIA’s fleet, 2,818 (78.2%) are exempt from compliance with the EPAct: CIA has 786 covered vehicles (21.8%) in its fleet. Exemptions are granted for fleet size, geographic location or use outside of a qualifying Metropolitan Statistical Area/Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA/CMSA), law enforcement vehicles, and emergency vehicles. Exemptions claimed against CIA’s fleet are as follows:
- Law Enforcement (109 vehicles – 3.0 percent of total)
- Emergency (11 vehicles – less than 0.1 percent of total)
- Non MSA/CMSA (790 vehicles – 21.9 percent of total)
- Geographic (1908 vehicles - 52.9 percent of total)
FY 2005/2006 Projected Acquisitions
CIA vehicle acquisition plans and procedures are currently being modified in order to increase the number of AFVs acquired (including leased vehicles) as replacements to CIA’s qualifying fleet, and to increase the number of AFVs acquired (including leased vehicles) as additions to CIA’s qualifying fleet.
E.O. 13149 Compliance
E.O. 13149 requires each agency to reduce vehicular petroleum consumption by 20 percent by the end of FY 2005, and specifies three approaches agencies must take to achieve this goal:
- Comply with EPAct’s annual AFV requirements (previously addressed)
- Use alternative fuels in AFVs the majority of the time
- Increase the fuel economy of light-duty acquisitions (excluding AFVs) by 3 mpg by the end of FY 2005 as compared to baseline FY 1999 acquisitions.
Use of Alternative Fuels in AFVs
Although CIA currently has approximately 100 AFVs in its fleet, almost none of them are operated using alternative fuels. This is due, in large measure, to an insufficient alternative fuel infrastructure. In fact, although CIA has endeavored to comply with the alternative fuel requirements, such an infrastructure has been cost prohibitive for CIA.
In the late 1990s, CIA invested in a CNG station. The supplier later removed the station because an insignificant amount of alternative fuel was being used. Drivers were reluctant to use the CNG station because of the range restriction for those AFVs powered with CNG: (i) there is a small number of CNG refueling stations elsewhere, and (ii) CNG expansion during warmer months restricts the amount of fuel available for tank use. Unless and until fuel alternatives are firmly established and widely used, there will be significant economic, technical and operational barriers in establishing the requisite infrastructure. CIA, however, is working on a plan to enhance its overall alternative fuel use and will endeavor to comply with the mandates of the EPAct.
Improve Fuel Economy
The CIA recently established the baseline average mpg of its qualifying fleet. This baseline – 17.0 mpg – is derived from the qualifying fleet as it existed in June 2005. (CIA only possesses current qualifying fleet data, and is unable to provide FY2004 data by itself. Likewise, CIA is only able to extrapolate verifiable consumption quantities for FY2004 at this time. ) This figure will be considered the FY2004 fuel economy figure and will be the baseline for subsequent reporting. As noted above, CIA is unable to recreate fuel economy data for FY1999.
Petroleum Consumption Progress Report
The CIA recently established the petroleum consumption baseline of its qualifying fleet. This baseline – 326,457 GGE – is extrapolated from verifiable consumption quantities.
|Actual FY 2004 Light-Duty Vehicle Acquisitions||Total Vehicle Inventory|
|Total number of Light Duty (8500 GVWR)
FY 2004 Vehicle Acquisitions
|EPAct Covered Acquisitions||170||28||198||786|
|Actual FY 2004 AFV Vehicle Acquisitions||Total Vehicle Inventory|
|Sedan||E85 Flex Fuel||15||0||15||35|
|Station Wagon||E85 Flex Fuel||0||0||0||1|
|Minivan||E85 Flex Fuel||0||0||0||51|
|Minivan||CNG Flex Fuel||0||0||0||2|
|SUV||E85 Flex Fuel||0||0||0||2|
|Total Number of AFV Acquisitions||15||0||15||91|
Appendix B - List of Acronyms
|AFV||Alternative Fuel Vehicle|
|B100||Biodiesel (100 percent, neat)|
|B20||Biodiesal (20 percent biodiesel, 80 percent petroleum diesel)|
|CIA||Central Intelligence Agency|
|CNG||Compressed Natural Gas|
|E85||Ethanol (85 percent ethanol, 15 percent petroleum)|
|EPAct||Energy Policy Act of 1992|
|FFV||Flexible Fuel Vehicle|
|GGE||Gasoline Gallon Equivalent|
|GVWR||Gross Vehicle Weight Rating|
|MPG||Miles Per Gallon|
|MSA/CMSA||Metropolitan Statistical Area/Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area|
|SUV||Sport Utility Vehicle|
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