The following accomplishments cover more than one region of the world:
- Support to NATO. The National Ground Intelli- gence Center (NGIC) supported the NATO stock- pile planning program. The expansion of NATO and the entry of selected East European countries into the Alliance have added new planning requirements to account for the differences in capabilities of former Warsaw Pact equipment and that of the historic members. NGIC analysts pro- vided data on equipment performance to support the modeling used to quantify the amounts of materiel and ammunition needed to execute specific missions.
- Arms Control Monitoring. NIMA analysts provided support to monitoring existing arms control agreements. Imagery provided a key tool in monitoring compliance with the limitations on treaty- limited weapons covered in the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START), the Intermediate- Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty, and the Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty.
- Deployed imagery and mapping support. NIMA deployed Customer Support Response Teams (CSRTs) to Kosovo, Italy, Albania, Germany, Kuwait, Bahrain, and El Salvador. These teams provided imagery and geospatial information expertise and products in support of combat, peacekeeping, and humanitarian operations. The teams permitted deployed forces in tactical environments to obtain support from personnel familiar with National systems and direct links to those systems and NIMA information. In the past, many of these forces have been unable to obtain such direct support.
- Peace Talks Support. NIMA provided onsite imagery and mapping support to the Kosovo Peace talks at Rambouillet, France. The NIMA geospatial analyst deployed to the talks provided negotiators access to imagery and imagery intelligence and geospatial information. The deployed analyst produced near real-time special purpose imagery and geospatial products releasable to foreign governments.
- NIMA-in-a-Box. During Operation Allied Force, NIMA provided imagery and maps at multiple scales plus near real-time imagery via the Internet on 15 deployed laptop computers, dubbed “NIMA-in-a-Box.” The imagery and maps could be easily accessed at the desired scale with the click of a mouse. Printouts could be made quickly with an attached color printer. NIMA-in-a-Box won immediate accolades for helping to save the life of a downed F-16 pilot. The Airborne Command and Control Center (ABCCC) battle staff used NIMA-in-a-Box to identify potential obstacles, such as powerlines, and plotted a safe course for the rescue helicopter.
- War Crimes. INR played a central role in imple- menting the President’s December 1998 commit- ment to genocide and atrocities prevention. INR helped USG efforts to document the ethnic cleansing campaign in Kosovo that led to the forced dis- placement of over a million Kosovars and the NATO bombing campaign against the Belgrade regime. INR also was the lead drafter of the Department of State-released document entitled Erasing History: Ethnic Cleansing in Kosovo which was published to support US diplomatic efforts and to raise international awareness of ethnic cleansing by Serb forces.
- Humanitarian Issues. To support global and humanitarian issues, INR worked with the rest of the IC on imagery support in response to natural disasters, such as forest fires in Southeast Asia, hurricanes, and earthquakes. Declassified U-2 imagery helped regional planners in Latin America during the clean-up from Hurricane Mitch.
- Global Coverage. CIA has a well-integrated package of programs that gives the DI “global coverage” of key functional issues in lower priority countries. A combination of in-house analysis linked closely to an ambitious program of outsourced research and analysis enables CIA to serve policymakers on a variety of issues, such as: political instability, food insecurity, demographic stress points, warning of impending humanitarian crises and potential mass killings, ethnic conflict, and water flashpoints. For each of these issues, CIA analysts have developed or are developing sophisticated quantitative and qualitative methodologies, supplemented by extensive outreach to academic, think-tank, and policy communities.
- Counter Drug Activities. CIA collected intelligence that assisted US law enforcement agencies in conducting operations against members of Latin American and Middle East terrorist groups, smugglers of aliens into the United States, and narcotics traffickers.
- Humanitarian Aid to Earthquake Affected Regions. CIA supported USAID’s humanitarian relief efforts following the earthquakes in Turkey and Taiwan by quickly assembling map packages of the affected regions and, in each case, deliver- ing the packages to a representative of USAID’s Office of Foreign Disaster literally on their way to the airport for an outbound flight.
- Briefings to Military on CIA. CIA hosted 2,000 military visitors and traveled to the field to meet and brief many more, including battle groups, Marine Expeditionary Forces, and Special Operations Units. Briefings provided direct access to Agency analytical and operational expertise and informed officers of CIA roles, missions, and capabilities to support the warfighter.
- Kosovo. CIA analysts provided key analytic support on the crisis in Kosovo to US policy and military commanders, receiving praise from US diplomats and military commanders.
- Humanitarian Support in Kosovo. NIMA supplied 200 maps and an updated names index to USAID for Kosovo humanitarian response planning. This information on towns, the natural geography, and the transportation infrastructure was used to plan relief efforts in Kosovo.
- Crisis Support. US European Command’s Joint Analysis Center supported joint and combined task forces in the European Theater by providing intelligence communications technicians, planners, operations officers, and regional experts to the US national intelligence cells in Sarajevo and Pristina.
- Kosovo Support. US Transportation Command provided timely and comprehensive intelligence support to planners and operators throughout offensive, peacekeeping, and humanitarian relief phases of the Kosovo mission. Customers were afforded quick, around-the-clock access to a wide range of intelligence products.
- Kosovo. INR worked actively with several international agencies involved in Kosovo to create Geographic Information System (GIS) mechanisms that improved operational coordination and data sharing on such critical areas as landmines, housing damage and the safe repatriation of refugees.
- Quick-Response Programs. Throughout the Balkan conflict, National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) specialists were on alert for repair, maintenance, and training missions in support of customers using NRO systems in the Balkan war zone. Quick-response missions included efforts such as: repair of data receive and analysis terminals onboard US ships supporting the operation; the training of pilots on proper combat search and rescue procedures to optimize NRO systems support to rescues; and the enhancement of threat situational awareness systems in tactical fighter wings.
- Training for Balkans-Bound Navy Air Squadron. In July, the NRO trained pilots and crews of Patrol Squadron (VP-16) Jacksonville, FL, on the unit’s newly acquired, NRO-developed data receive systems, as the unit prepared to deploy to the Balkan war zone. This training provided aircrews a better understanding of how NRO systems’ data could assist in executing their over-the-horizon, threat, and indications and warning missions.
- CIA Reporting on Conflicts. CIA reported on internal conflict and regional instability in Sub-Saharan Africa to support policymakers formulating strategies for these ongoing regional conflicts.
- Africa. In July 1999, INR published the ground breaking paperArms and Conflict in Africa. The first of its kind, this unclassified paper tracked licit and illicit arms flows in Africa.
- Protection in High-Threat Areas. US Pacific Command provided force protection threat assessments to US military elements deployed on joint military exercises and humanitarian operations in high-threat environments such as Sri Lanka, Laos, Indonesia, Vietnam, and the Philippines. Command reporting identified indigenous and transnational terrorist threats as well as areas of insurgent violence or political unrest and criminal activities.
- East Timor. CIA analysts provided policymakers analysis on the crisis in East Timor and supported policymaker visits to the region.
- Relief and Rebuilding Efforts in Central America. US Southern Command’s (USSOUTHCOM’s) J2 and its Joint Intelligence Center (JIC) helped restore civil and environmental stability in Central America in the aftermath of severe hurricane damage. Following Hurricane Mitch, over 15,000 US troops were deployed to carry out a $155 million relief and rebuilding effort to assist El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Honduras. The USSOUTHCOM J2 and JIC provided the first intelligence personnel and assets on the ground and coordinated the deployment of NIMA’s Enhanced Deployable Image Product Library, which provided the most current imagery and mapping products available to help with rescue and reconstruction.
- Training to CENTCOM Forces in the Gulf. In April the NRO initiated a program of tailored NRO systems presentations for the Joint Task Force-Southwest Asia (JTF-SWA) Pre-Deployment Course at the Regional Joint Intelligence Training Facility (RJITF) in Tampa, FL. These presentations are now a standard part of all JTF-SWA Pre-Deployment Courses to ensure CENTCOM and component command intelligence personnel deploying to the Gulf are trained to effectively use core intelligence skills and systems.
- Prototype Imagery Tool to CENTCOM. In response to an urgent CENTCOM request, NRO in partnership with DIA immediately deployed a prototype tool that provides users with an up-to-date display of the national imagery tasking plan. This quick response allowed CENTCOM to enhance the impact of NRO imaging systems on combat operations during DESERT FOX.
- Support to US Policy. CIA provided media analysis, all-source briefings, and written finished intelligence in support of US policy objectives in the region.