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Resolving the Retained Scud-Variant Missile Question

Delivery Systems - Annex A

 

 

Introduction

The data in this Annex are complementary to and in support of the material found in the Delivery Systems Report and as such should be referenced only in conjunction with that Report. Items in this Annex address specific topics that are presented in the Report but include greater detail or additional data, and provide more information to support the contentions and arguments in the main text.

 

1.1 Scud Missile Material Balance

Documentation recovered by ISG appears to be an Iraqi attempt to account for its Scud missiles. This material reportedly was never disclosed to the UN. The documentation includes the serial numbers for all 819 Scud missiles Iraq received from the Soviet Union between 1972 and 1988, contract numbers, and the disposition of these missiles broken down by serial number. Also included are two figures: the first entitled “Inventory Account of Used Rockets Provided by Russia (Declaration)” represents the Scud missile account as given to the UN; the second figure entitled “Inventory Account of Used Rockets Provided by Russia (Facts)” is, according to the engineer, the most accurate accounting for Iraq’s Scud missiles. The numbers in this second figure vary from the numbers Iraq disclosed in its 2002 Currently Accurate Full, and Complete Declaration (CAFCD) to the UN, and the explanation for the discrepancy in the numbers is provided in these documents. According to the source of this information, these documents represent the full story on Scud missile material balance. This material was most likely prepared to support a presentation at the Technical Evaluation Meetings (TEMs) held in Baghdad in early 1998.

Available data suggest that Iraq’s declaration of its unilateral destruction to the UN was assembled from eyewitness accounts rather than by matching up serial numbers. The Regime officials who participated in this effort supposedly interviewed more than 100 army personnel and other individuals who saw or claimed to have seen the disposition of the Scud missiles at some time. The method in which this information was derived was susceptible to error and, as such, should likely not have been forwarded to the UN as the official position.

Figure 2 reportedly contains Iraq’s most accurate accounting for its Scud missiles. The figures in the chart are supported by the serial numbers contained in some of the other documents. The total number of missiles listed in the accounting is 816 vice 819, and an explanation was attempted, shown in the following inset.

ISG assesses that the accounting for missiles 853648 and 866417 is still incomplete.

The 3 Missing Scud Missiles

ISG derived the following information from recovered documents. This explanation was part of the overall effort to provide the most accurate accounting for Scud missiles, which the UN has reportedly not seen.

  • Engine for Missile Serial Number 853667. Engine serial number 85366, was used to replace engine 878426 in a flight test on 28 December 1990. According to the source’s diary, remnants of engine 878426 appeared in debris of Iraq’s unilaterally destroyed missiles, and tests of these remnants indicated that the engine had never been fired. Engine 878426 had been given to Project 144/2 for use in an Al Husayn, but, confusingly, the diary records that the engine was also used in the December test. 878426 had in fact been unilaterally destroyed, which is why forensic tests of the remnants showed that the engine had never been fired.
  • Engine for Missile Serial Number 853648. The warhead for the engine with serial number 853648 appeared under serial number 8507101 in 1992 as part of the unilaterally destroyed debris, but, when the debris was rechecked in 1996, they were unable to locate this item again and was therefore considered unaccounted for.
  • Engine for Missile Serial Number 866417. In 1992 among the remnants of the unilaterally destroyed material, a nozzle was encountered, which had an illegible serial number. The number read 8-2-16. The number was thought to be 852016 or 8552216; however, missiles with these serial numbers were never delivered to Iraq. As with the previous engine, this nozzle was not found among the debris when it was rechecked in 1996. A document recovered from Project 144/2 noted that engine 866417 was present for modification for the Al Husayn.

 
Below is the breakdown for all 819 SCUD-B missiles according to the year of delivery and serial number. This information is reflected in Figure 2.

Year of Delivery-1974

1
742504
Training
2
742509
Iran-Iraq War
3
742516
Iran-Iraq War
4
742519
Iran-Iraq War
5
742524
Training
6
742527
Iran-Iraq War
7
742530
Iran-Iraq War
8
742532
Iran-Iraq War
9
742536
Iran-Iraq War
10
742540
Iran-Iraq War
11
742543
Training
12
742547
Iran-Iraq War
13
742552
Iran-Iraq War
14
742559
Iran-Iraq War
15
742562
Iran-Iraq War
16
742565
Iran-Iraq War
17
742568
Training
18
742570
Iran-Iraq War
19
742571
Iran-Iraq War
20
742577
Training
21
742581
Training
22
742587
Iran-Iraq War
23
742591
Iran-Iraq War
24
742595
Iran-Iraq War
25
742598
Iran-Iraq War
26
742602
Iran-Iraq War
27
742606
Iran-Iraq War
28
742614
Iran-Iraq War
29
742618
Iran-Iraq War
30
742620
Iran-Iraq War
31
742626
Iran-Iraq War
32
742629
Iran-Iraq War
33
742634
Iran-Iraq War
34
742638
Iran-Iraq War
35
742645
Iran-Iraq War
36
742650
Returned
37
742655
Iran-Iraq War
38
742657
Iran-Iraq War
39
742673
Iran-Iraq War
40
742675
Iran-Iraq War
41
742679
Iran-Iraq War
42
742684
Iran-Iraq War
43
742689
Iran-Iraq War
44
742693
Returned
45
742699
Iran-Iraq War

 

Year of Delivery-1978

46
784018
Iran-Iraq War
47
784020
Iran-Iraq War
48
784023
Iran-Iraq War
49
784026
Iran-Iraq War
50
784029
Iran-Iraq War
51
784031
Iran-Iraq War
52
784034
Iran-Iraq War
53
784037
Iran-Iraq War
54
784040
Iran-Iraq War
55
784045
Iran-Iraq War
56
784048
Iran-Iraq War
57
784053
Iran-Iraq War
58
784056
Iran-Iraq War
59
784059
Iran-Iraq War
60
784064
Iran-Iraq War
61
784067
Iran-Iraq War
62
784093
Iran-Iraq War
63
784103
Iran-Iraq War
64
784106
Iran-Iraq War
65
784110
Iran-Iraq War
66
784111
Iran-Iraq War
67
784113
Iran-Iraq War
68
784117
Iran-Iraq War
69
784119
Iran-Iraq War
70
784121
Iran-Iraq War
71
784124
Iran-Iraq War
72
784127
Iran-Iraq War
73
784130
Iran-Iraq War
74
784133
Iran-Iraq War
75
784136
Iran-Iraq War
76
784139
Iran-Iraq War
77
784142
Iran-Iraq War
78
784144
Iran-Iraq War
79
784147
Iran-Iraq War
80
784150
Iran-Iraq War
81
784155
Iran-Iraq War
82
784158
Iran-Iraq War
83
784161
Iran-Iraq War
84
784166
Iran-Iraq War
85
784169
Iran-Iraq War
86
784174
Iran-Iraq War
87
784180
Iran-Iraq War

 

Year of Delivery-1979

88
794532
Iran-Iraq War
89
794535
Iran-Iraq War
90
794537
Iran-Iraq War
91
794539
Iran-Iraq War
92
794541
Iran-Iraq War
93
794544
Iran-Iraq War
94
794548
Iran-Iraq War
95
794551
Iran-Iraq War
96
794556
Iran-Iraq War
97
794559
Iran-Iraq War
98
794564
Iran-Iraq War
99
794569
Iran-Iraq War
100
794573
Iran-Iraq War
101
794576
Iran-Iraq War
102
794578
Iran-Iraq War
103
794581
Iran-Iraq War
104
794590
Iran-Iraq War
105
794592
Iran-Iraq War
106
794599
Iran-Iraq War
107
794602
Iran-Iraq War
108
794612
Iran-Iraq War
109
794614
Iran-Iraq War
110
794617
Iran-Iraq War
111
794621
Iran-Iraq War
112
794624
Iran-Iraq War
113
794628
Iran-Iraq War
114
794634
Iran-Iraq War
115
794636
Iran-Iraq War

 

Year of Delivery-1982

116
827615
Iran-Iraq War
117
827618
Iran-Iraq War
118
827621
Iran-Iraq War
119
827624
Iran-Iraq War
120
827627
Iran-Iraq War
121
827632
Iran-Iraq War
122
827637
Iran-Iraq War
123
827640
Iran-Iraq War
124
827643
Iran-Iraq War
125
827645
Iran-Iraq War
126
827648
Iran-Iraq War
127
827653
Iran-Iraq War
128
827656
Iran-Iraq War
129
827660
Iran-Iraq War
130
827663
Iran-Iraq War
131
827668
Iran-Iraq War
132
827671
Iran-Iraq War
133
827676
Iran-Iraq War
134
827679
Iran-Iraq War
135
827682
Iran-Iraq War
136
827684
Iran-Iraq War
137
827688
Iran-Iraq War
138
827691
Iran-Iraq War
139
827694
Iran-Iraq War
140
827697
Iran-Iraq War
141
827702
Iran-Iraq War
142
827703
Iran-Iraq War
143
827705
Iran-Iraq War
144
827706
Iran-Iraq War
145
827708
Iran-Iraq War

 

Year of Delivery-1983

146
838648
Iran-Iraq War
147
838650
Iran-Iraq War
148
838653
Iran-Iraq War
149
838656
Iran-Iraq War
150
838658
Iran-Iraq War
151
838661
Iran-Iraq War
152
838664
Iran-Iraq War
153
838666
Iran-Iraq War
154
838669
Iran-Iraq War
155
838671
Iran-Iraq War
156
838673
Iran-Iraq War
157
838676
Iran-Iraq War
158
838679
Iran-Iraq War
159
838682
Iran-Iraq War
160
838686
Iran-Iraq War
161
838693
Iran-Iraq War
162
838695
Iran-Iraq War
163
838706
Iran-Iraq War
164
838710
Iran-Iraq War
165
838713
Iran-Iraq War
166
838716
Iran-Iraq War
167
838721
Iran-Iraq War
168
838724
Iran-Iraq War
169
838730
Iran-Iraq War
170
838733
Iran-Iraq War
171
838993
Iran-Iraq War
172
838996
Iran-Iraq War
173
838997
Iran-Iraq War
174
838999
Iran-Iraq War
175
839021
Iran-Iraq War
176
839024
Iran-Iraq War
177
839027
Iran-Iraq War
178
839033
Iran-Iraq War
179
839036
Iran-Iraq War
180
839039
Iran-Iraq War
181
839042
Iran-Iraq War
182
839045
Iran-Iraq War
183
839048
Iran-Iraq War
184
839051
Iran-Iraq War
185
839054
Iran-Iraq War
186
839057
Iran-Iraq War
187
839060
Iran-Iraq War
188
839065
Iran-Iraq War
189
839068
Iran-Iraq War
190
839073
Iran-Iraq War

 

Year of Delivery-1984

191
841101
Iran-Iraq War
192
841104
Iran-Iraq War
193
841107
Iran-Iraq War
194
841110
Iran-Iraq War
195
841112
Iran-Iraq War
196
841118
Iran-Iraq War
197
841123
Iran-Iraq War
198
841126
Iran-Iraq War
199
841129
Iran-Iraq War
200
841131
Iran-Iraq War
201
841134
Iran-Iraq War
202
841137
Iran-Iraq War
203
841140
Iran-Iraq War
204
841143
Iran-Iraq War
205
841146
Iran-Iraq War
206
841149
Iran-Iraq War
207
841152
Iran-Iraq War
208
841155
Iran-Iraq War
209
841158
Iran-Iraq War
210
841161
Iran-Iraq War
211
841164
Iran-Iraq War
212
841166
Iran-Iraq War
213
841169
Iran-Iraq War
214
841202
Iran-Iraq War
215
841214
Iran-Iraq War
216
841220
Iran-Iraq War
217
841225
Iran-Iraq War
218
841228
Iran-Iraq War
219
841233
Iran-Iraq War
220
841238
Iran-Iraq War
221
841245
Iran-Iraq War
222
841250
Iran-Iraq War
223
841253
Iran-Iraq War
224
841342
Iran-Iraq War
225
831347
Iran-Iraq War
226
841354
Iran-Iraq War
227
841357
Iran-Iraq War
228
841360
Iran-Iraq War
229
841363
Iran-Iraq War
230
841370
Iran-Iraq War
231
841373
Iran-Iraq War
232
841376
Iran-Iraq War
233
841379
Iran-Iraq War
234
841384
Iran-Iraq War
235
841388
Iran-Iraq War
236
841389
Iran-Iraq War
237
841392
Iran-Iraq War
238
841394
Iran-Iraq War
239
841395
Iran-Iraq War
240
841398
Iran-Iraq War
241
841414
Iran-Iraq War
242
841417
Iran-Iraq War
243
841420
Iran-Iraq War
244
841423
Iran-Iraq War
245
841426
Iran-Iraq War
246
841429
Iran-Iraq War
247
841432
Iran-Iraq War
248
841435
Iran-Iraq War
249
841438
Iran-Iraq War
250
841441
Iran-Iraq War
251
841444
Iran-Iraq War
252
841447
Iran-Iraq War
253
841450
Iran-Iraq War
254
841453
Iran-Iraq War
255
841456
Iran-Iraq War
256
841459
Iran-Iraq War
257
841462
Iran-Iraq War
258
841465
Iran-Iraq War
259
841468
Iran-Iraq War
260
841471
Iran-Iraq War
261
841474
Iran-Iraq War
262
841477
Iran-Iraq War
263
841482
Iran-Iraq War
264
841485
Iran-Iraq War
265
841489
Iran-Iraq War
266
841494
Iran-Iraq War
267
841592
Iran-Iraq War
268
841598
Iran-Iraq War
269
841602
Iran-Iraq War
270
841605
Iran-Iraq War
271
841608
Iran-Iraq War
272
841616
Iran-Iraq War
273
841621
Iran-Iraq War
274
841624
Test for dev. missile
275
841630
Iran-Iraq War
276
841636
Iran-Iraq War
277
841642
Iran-Iraq War
278
841645
Iran-Iraq War
279
841648
Iran-Iraq War
280
841651
Iran-Iraq War
281
841654
Iran-Iraq War
282
841658
Iran-Iraq War
283
841661
Iran-Iraq War
284
841666
Iran-Iraq War
285
841669
Iran-Iraq War
286
841672
Iran-Iraq War
287
841683
Iran-Iraq War
288
841686
Iran-Iraq War
289
841691
Iran-Iraq War
290
841693
Iran-Iraq War
291
841854
Iran-Iraq War
292
841857
Iran-Iraq War
293
841860
Iran-Iraq War
294
841862
Iran-Iraq War
295
841865
Iran-Iraq War
296
841870
Iran-Iraq War
297
841877
Test for dev. missile
298
841888
Iran-Iraq War
299
841891
Iran-Iraq War
300
841896
Iran-Iraq War
301
841899
Iran-Iraq War
302
841901
Iran-Iraq War
303
841911
Iran-Iraq War
304
841916
Iran-Iraq War
305
841919
Iran-Iraq War
306
841922
Iran-Iraq War
307
841925
Iran-Iraq War
308
841928
Iran-Iraq War
309
841931
Iran-Iraq War
310
841935
Iran-Iraq War
311
841942
Iran-Iraq War
312
841945
Iran-Iraq War
313
841949
Iran-Iraq War
314
841952
Iran-Iraq War
315
841959
Iran-Iraq War
316
841964
Iran-Iraq War
317
841967
Iran-Iraq War
318
841972
Iran-Iraq War
319
841978
Iran-Iraq War
320
841983
Iran-Iraq War
321
841986
Iran-Iraq War
322
841989
Iran-Iraq War
323
841992
Iran-Iraq War
324
841995
Iran-Iraq War
325
841998
Iran-Iraq War

 

Year of Delivery-1985

326
853203
Iran-Iraq War
327
853208
Test for dev. missile
328
853215
Unilaterally destroyed
329
853222
UNSCOM destroyed
330
853225
Iran-Iraq War
331
853233
Iran-Iraq War
332
853238
UNSCOM destroyed
333
853242
Iran-Iraq War
334
853249
Iran-Iraq War
335
853252
Iran-Iraq War
336
853255
Iran-Iraq War
337
853259
Desert Storm
338
853261
Iran-Iraq War
339
853265
Iran-Iraq War
340
853268
Test for dev. missile
341
853271
Unilaterally destroyed
342
853272
Iran-Iraq War
343
853275
Desert Storm
344
853341
UNSCOM destroyed
345
853344
Desert Storm
346
853347
Iran-Iraq War
347
853350
UNSCOM destroyed
348
853354
UNSCOM destroyed
349
853357
UNSCOM destroyed
350
853363
Desert Storm
351
853367
Unilaterally destroyed
352
853370
Iran-Iraq War
353
853374
Desert Storm
354
853379
Iran-Iraq War
355
853382
UNSCOM destroyed
356
853387
Test for dev. missile
357
853390
Desert Storm
358
853392
Desert Storm
359
853399
Unilaterally destroyed
360
853402
Iran-Iraq War
361
853405
Iran-Iraq War
362
853409
Test for dev. missile
363
853411
Iran-Iraq War
364
853413
Iran-Iraq War
365
853417
Test for dev. missile
366
853421
Test for dev. missile
367
853423
Iran-Iraq War
368
853426
UNSCOM destroyed
369
853428
Iran-Iraq War
370
853434
Test for dev. missile
371
853440
Iran-Iraq War
372
853443
Iran-Iraq War
373
853446
Test for dev. missile
374
853448
Iran-Iraq War
375
853449
UNSCOM destroyed
376
853451
Test for dev. missile
377
853453
Iran-Iraq War
378
853458
Iran-Iraq War
379
853462
Test for dev. missile
380
853469
Unilaterally destroyed
381
853473
Iran-Iraq War
382
853478
Unilaterally destroyed
383
853481
Iran-Iraq War
384
853484
UNSCOM destroyed
385
853489
Iran-Iraq War
386
853491
Test for dev. missile
387
853494
Engine test
388
853497
Unilaterally destroyed
389
853501
Unilaterally destroyed
390
853503
Desert Storm
391
853507
Desert Storm
392
853510
Desert Storm
393
853512
Test for dev. missile
394
853514
Desert Storm
395
853518
Unilaterally destroyed
396
853520
Unilaterally destroyed
397
853523
Desert Storm
398
853525
Desert Storm
399
853528
Unilaterally destroyed
400
853530
Unilaterally destroyed
401
853534
Unilaterally destroyed
402
853538
Unilaterally destroyed
403
853541
Test for dev. missile
404
853546
Unilaterally destroyed
405
853553
Desert Storm
406
853557
UNSCOM destroyed
407
853561
UNSCOM destroyed
408
853565
Desert Storm
409
853573
Unilaterally destroyed
410
853575
Test for dev. missile
411
853581
UNSCOM destroyed
412
853587
Unilaterally destroyed
413
853591
Unilaterally destroyed
414
853595
Unilaterally destroyed
415
853596
Unilaterally destroyed
416
853598
Desert Storm
417
853602
Desert Storm
418
853604
Test for dev. missile
419
853606
Unilaterally destroyed
420
853608
Desert Storm
421
853611
Test for dev. missile
422
853613
Unilaterally destroyed
423
853616
Test for dev. missile
424
853622
Desert Storm
425
853626
Unilaterally destroyed
426
853633
Unilaterally destroyed
427
853636
Test for dev. missile
428
853640
Unilaterally destroyed
429
853643
UNSCOM destroyed
430
853645
Desert Storm
431
853648
**See insert
432
853651
Unilaterally destroyed
433
853655
Desert Storm
434
853659
Unilaterally destroyed
435
853663
Desert Storm
436
853667
**See insert
437
853676
Unilaterally destroyed
438
853679
Desert Storm
439
853683
Unilaterally destroyed
440
853685
UNSCOM destroyed
441
853689
Unilaterally destroyed

 

Year of Delivery-1986

442
863692
Iran-Iraq War
443
863694
Unilaterally destroyed
444
863697
Iran-Iraq War
445
863699
Iran-Iraq War
446
863701
Iran-Iraq War
447
863702
Iran-Iraq War
448
863703
Iran-Iraq War
449
863707
Test for dev. missile
450
863708
Unilaterally destroyed
451
863710
Iran-Iraq War
452
863711
Iran-Iraq War
453
863715
Iran-Iraq War
454
863716
Iran-Iraq War
455
863719
Iran-Iraq War
456
863721
Iran-Iraq War
457
863723
Iran-Iraq War
458
863724
Iran-Iraq War
459
863726
Iran-Iraq War
460
863729
UNSCOM destroyed
461
863730
Iran-Iraq War
462
863736
Iran-Iraq War
463
863739
Iran-Iraq War
464
863743
Iran-Iraq War
465
863751
Iran-Iraq War
466
863752
Iran-Iraq War
467
863755
Unilaterally destroyed
468
863756
Iran-Iraq War
469
863762
Iran-Iraq War
470
863764
Iran-Iraq War
471
863772
Iran-Iraq War
472
863778
Iran-Iraq War
473
863780
Unilaterally destroyed
474
866131
Unilaterally destroyed
475
866134
Iran-Iraq War
476
866137
Iran-Iraq War
477
866139
Iran-Iraq War
478
866140
Iran-Iraq War
479
866141
Iran-Iraq War
480
866146
Iran-Iraq War
481
866149
Iran-Iraq War
482
866151
Test for dev. missile
483
866156
Iran-Iraq War
484
866158
Iran-Iraq War
485
866161
Iran-Iraq War
486
866163
Desert Storm
487
866169
Iran-Iraq War
488
866175
Iran-Iraq War
489
866187
Iran-Iraq War
490
866193
Iran-Iraq War
491
866197
Iran-Iraq War
492
866203
Iran-Iraq War
493
866205
Iran-Iraq War
494
866209
Test for dev. missile
495
866212
Test for dev. missile
496
866215
Desert Storm
497
866217
Iran-Iraq War
498
866219
Unilaterally destroyed
499
866221
Iran-Iraq War
500
866224
Iran-Iraq War
501
866227
Unilaterally destroyed
502
866229
Iran-Iraq War
503
866231
UNSCOM destroyed
504
866232
Test for dev. missile
505
866235
Test for dev. missile
506
866237
Iran-Iraq War
507
866242
Unilaterally destroyed
508
866247
Iran-Iraq War
509
866250
Iran-Iraq War
510
866252
Iran-Iraq War
511
866256
Unilaterally destroyed
512
866260
Iran-Iraq War
513
866264
Iran-Iraq War
514
866269
Iran-Iraq War
515
866270
Unilaterally destroyed
516
866274
Iran-Iraq War
517
866277
Unilaterally destroyed
518
866280
Iran-Iraq War
519
866288
Iran-Iraq War
520
866293
Iran-Iraq War
521
866302
Iran-Iraq War
522
866304
UNSCOM destroyed
523
866309
Iran-Iraq War
524
866311
Iran-Iraq War
525
866313
Iran-Iraq War
526
866314
Test for dev. missile
527
866318
Iran-Iraq War
528
866320
Iran-Iraq War
529
866322
Iran-Iraq War
530
866325
Iran-Iraq War
531
866328
Desert Storm
532
866331
Iran-Iraq War
533
866333
Iran-Iraq War
534
866337
Iran-Iraq War
535
866340
Iran-Iraq War
536
866341
Iran-Iraq War
537
866345
Test for dev. missile
538
866348
UNSCOM destroyed
539
866353
Desert Storm
540
866357
Desert Storm
541
866359
Desert Storm
542
866363
Desert Storm
543
866366
UNSCOM destroyed
544
866368
Desert Storm
545
866373
Unilaterally destroyed
546
866405
UNSCOM destroyed
547
866406
Desert Storm
548
866412
Iran-Iraq War
549
866417
**See insert
550
866423
Unilaterally destroyed
551
866427
Desert Storm
552
866432
UNSCOM destroyed
553
866434
Iran-Iraq War
554
866442
Iran-Iraq War
555
866444
Iran-Iraq War
556
866449
Unilaterally destroyed
557
866454
Desert Storm
558
866458
Iran-Iraq War
559
866460
UNSCOM destroyed
560
866467
Unilaterally destroyed
561
866469
Iran-Iraq War
562
866470
UNSCOM destroyed
563
866471
Unilaterally destroyed
564
866474
Unilaterally destroyed
565
866476
Iran-Iraq War
566
866477
Unilaterally destroyed
567
866481
Iran-Iraq War
568
866484
UNSCOM destroyed
569
866487
Desert Storm
570
866490
Desert Storm
571
866504
Desert Storm
572
866507
Engine test
573
866508
Unilaterally destroyed
574
866513
Test for dev. missile
575
866516
Desert Storm
576
866519
Desert Storm
577
866524
Test for dev. missile
578
866527
Unilaterally destroyed
579
866530
Desert Storm
580
866533
Desert Storm
581
866535
Desert Storm
582
866539
Desert Storm
583
866543
Unilaterally destroyed
584
866544
Desert Storm
585
866547
Unilaterally destroyed
586
866550
Desert Storm
587
866552
Unilaterally destroyed
588
866557
Test for dev. missile
589
866564
Unilaterally destroyed
590
866570
Unilaterally destroyed
591
866573
UNSCOM destroyed
592
866585
Test for dev. missile
593
866590
Desert Storm
594
866593
Test for dev. missile
595
866595
Iran-Iraq War
596
866597
Desert Storm
597
866598
Iran-Iraq War
598
866599
Test for dev. missile
599
866602
Desert Storm
600
866605
Unilaterally destroyed
601
866614
UNSCOM destroyed
602
866620
Test for dev. missile
603
866628
UNSCOM destroyed
604
866634
Iran-Iraq War
605
866641
Test for dev. missile
606
866649
Desert Storm
607
866654
Iran-Iraq War
608
866658
Desert Storm
609
866664
Desert Storm
610
866667
UNSCOM destroyed
611
866669
UNSCOM destroyed
612
866674
UNSCOM destroyed
613
866677
Iran-Iraq War
614
866679
Desert Storm
615
866682
Desert Storm
616
866684
Desert Storm
617
866686
Iran-Iraq War
618
866688
Iran-Iraq War
619
866689
Desert Storm
620
866691
UNSCOM destroyed
621
866692
Desert Storm
622
866693
Desert Storm
623
866694
Unilaterally destroyed
624
866695
Unilaterally destroyed
625
866697
Unilaterally destroyed
626
866698
Desert Storm

 

Year of Delivery-1987

627
876704
Unilaterally destroyed
628
876711
Unilaterally destroyed
629
876716
Desert Storm
630
876723
UNSCOM destroyed
631
876726
Unilaterally destroyed
632
876734
Desert Storm
633
876739
Desert Storm
634
876743
UNSCOM destroyed
635
876746
Desert Storm
636
876754
Desert Storm
637
876758
Test for dev. missile
638
876762
Unilaterally destroyed
639
876766
Engine test
640
876768
Desert Storm
641
876771
Unilaterally destroyed
642
876773
Desert Storm
643
876776
UNSCOM destroyed
644
876778
Desert Storm
645
876782
Engine test
646
876784
Desert Storm
647
876786
UNSCOM destroyed
648
876789
Unilaterally destroyed
649
876790
Unilaterally destroyed
650
876792
Test for dev. missile
651
876794
Desert Storm
652
876795
Test for dev. missile
653
876797
Engine test
654
876798
Desert Storm
655
876799
Test for dev. missile
656
878303
Test for dev. missile
657
878306
UNSCOM destroyed
658
878312
Test for dev. missile
659
878315
Desert Storm
660
878318
Desert Storm
661
878321
Test for dev. missile
662
878324
Unilaterally destroyed
663
878327
Test for dev. missile
664
878329
Test for dev. missile
665
878333
Test for dev. missile
666
878336
UNSCOM destroyed
667
878338
Unilaterally destroyed
668
878341
Desert Storm
669
878343
Desert Storm
670
878346
Test for dev. missile
671
878349
UNSCOM destroyed
672
878351
UNSCOM destroyed
673
878354
UNSCOM destroyed
674
878357
Test for dev. missile
675
878361
Desert Storm
676
878363
Unilaterally destroyed
677
878368
Test for dev. missile
678
878371
UNSCOM destroyed
679
878374
Desert Storm
680
878379
Desert Storm
681
878382
Unilaterally destroyed
682
878386
Desert Storm
683
878392
Desert Storm
684
878396
Test for dev. missile
685
878401
Desert Storm
686
878405
Desert Storm
687
878409
Test for dev. missile
688
878414
Unilaterally destroyed
689
878416
Test for dev. missile
690
878419
Desert Storm
691
878423
Desert Storm
692
878426
Unilaterally destroyed
693
878430
Unilaterally destroyed
694
878434
Test for dev. missile
695
878435
Desert Storm
696
878439
Desert Storm
697
878442
Test for dev. missile
698
878445
Engine test
699
878453
Unilaterally destroyed
700
878456
Unilaterally destroyed
701
878463
Desert Storm
702
878466
Iran-Iraq War
703
878470
Iran-Iraq War
704
878473
Iran-Iraq War
705
878476
Iran-Iraq War
706
878484
Unilaterally destroyed
707
878485
Iran-Iraq War
708
878488
Iran-Iraq War
709
878491
Iran-Iraq War
710
878494
Iran-Iraq War
711
878497
Iran-Iraq War
712
878499
Iran-Iraq War
713
878502
Iran-Iraq War
714
878504
Iran-Iraq War
715
878507
Iran-Iraq War
716
878511
Iran-Iraq War
717
878513
Unilaterally destroyed
718
878517
Iran-Iraq War
719
878520
Iran-Iraq War
720
878528
Iran-Iraq War
721
878531
Iran-Iraq War
722
878537
Iran-Iraq War
723
878544
Unilaterally destroyed
724
878547
Iran-Iraq War
725
878552
Iran-Iraq War
726
878559
Iran-Iraq War
727
878562
Iran-Iraq War
728
878567
Iran-Iraq War
729
878569
Iran-Iraq War
730
878572
UNSCOM destroyed
731
878575
Iran-Iraq War
732
878577
Iran-Iraq War
733
878581
Iran-Iraq War
734
878583
Test for dev. missile
735
878589
Iran-Iraq War
736
878590
Iran-Iraq War
737
878593
Iran-Iraq War
738
878595
Iran-Iraq War
739
878596
Iran-Iraq War
740
878597
Iran-Iraq War
741
878599
Iran-Iraq War
742
878601
Iran-Iraq War
743
878608
Iran-Iraq War
744
878610
Iran-Iraq War
745
878615
Iran-Iraq War
746
878619
Iran-Iraq War
747
878622
Iran-Iraq War
748
878625
Iran-Iraq War
749
878627
Iran-Iraq War
750
878629
Iran-Iraq War
751
878632
Iran-Iraq War
752
878635
Unilaterally destroyed
753
878640
Iran-Iraq War
754
878642
Iran-Iraq War
755
878648
Iran-Iraq War
756
878651
Iran-Iraq War
757
878653
Iran-Iraq War
758
878656
Iran-Iraq War
759
878658
UNSCOM destroyed
760
878660
Test for dev. missile
761
878663
Iran-Iraq War
762
878666
Iran-Iraq War
763
878671
Iran-Iraq War
764
878673
Iran-Iraq War
765
878678
Unilaterally destroyed
766
878682
Iran-Iraq War
767
878685
Iran-Iraq War
768
878687
Test for dev. missile
769
878691
Desert Storm
770
878694
Test for dev. missile
771
878696
Desert Storm
772
878704
Iran-Iraq War
773
878707
Iran-Iraq War
774
878711
Iran-Iraq War
775
878716
Iran-Iraq War
776
878720
Iran-Iraq War
777
878723
Iran-Iraq War
778
878726
Iran-Iraq War
779
878731
Iran-Iraq War
780
878734
Iran-Iraq War
781
878737
Unilaterally destroyed
782
878739
Engine test
783
878744
Unilaterally destroyed
784
878747
Unilaterally destroyed
785
878750
Unilaterally destroyed
786
878752
Iran-Iraq War
787
878755
Unilaterally destroyed
788
878759
Iran-Iraq War
789
878762
Unilaterally destroyed
790
878764
UNSCOM destroyed
791
878767
Iran-Iraq War
792
878770
UNSCOM destroyed
793
878772
UNSCOM destroyed
794
878775
UNSCOM destroyed
795
878779
Iran-Iraq War
796
878809
Iran-Iraq War
797
878811
Iran-Iraq War
798
878817
Iran-Iraq War
799
878822
Desert Storm
800
878825
Iran-Iraq War
801
878829
Iran-Iraq War
802
878833
Iran-Iraq War
803
878836
Iran-Iraq War
804
878840
Iran-Iraq War
805
878845
Desert Storm
806
878850
Iran-Iraq War
807
878858
Iran-Iraq War
808
878861
Iran-Iraq War
809
878866
Desert Storm
810
878869
Desert Storm
811
878873
Desert Storm
812
878877
Iran-Iraq War
813
878878
Iran-Iraq War
814
878880
Iran-Iraq War
815
878883
Desert Storm
816
878886
Iran-Iraq War
817
878887
Iran-Iraq War
818
878890
Iran-Iraq War
819
878891
Iran-Iraq War

 

1.2 Scud Warhead Material Balance

ISG has collected an official National Monitoring Directorate (NMD) document, dated 12 December 1997, on the expenditure of Scud warheads imported from the Soviet Union, which differs from the figures provided in the 1996 Full, Final, and Complete Disclosure (FFCD). These FFCD data are also repeated in the 2002 CAFCD. The NMD document is most likely part of that organization’s effort to reconcile the material for imported Scud warheads. Although unable to verify information, ISG judges that this is a factual accounting for the 819 Scud warheads Iraq imported from the Soviet Union.

As with the data in for missile consumption (Section 1.1), this material was most likely prepared to support a presentation at the Warhead Technical Evaluation Meeting (TEM) held in Baghdad between the 1st and 6th February 1998.

Following the acceptance of UNSCR 687, Iraq was forced to destroy its remaining inventory of Scud missiles, warheads, and related equipment. Iraq had imported 819 warheads from the Soviet Union and had succeeded in producing warheads indigenously. During the period of warhead destruction, the distinction between the imported warheads and the indigenously produced warheads became unclear, and thus a full and accurate accounting for the destruction of imported and indigenously produced Scud warheads has never been reconciled.

  • According to the NMD accounting (Tables 1 & 2), Iraq fired 87 imported warheads and six indigenously produced warheads (presumably concrete warheads for the Al Hijarah missiles) during the 1991 Gulf War. In the 1996 FFCD and the CAFCD, Iraq declared that it had fired 88 imported warheads and 5 indigenously produced Al Hijarah warheads. This leaves a discrepancy of one imported warhead.
  • In the 1996 FFCD and the CAFCD, the Iraqis declared that they unilaterally destroyed 119 imported warheads. This NMD document shows only 118 had been destroyed.
  • The disagreement between the numbers provided in the 1996 FFCD and the CAFCD, and this NMD document for the “special” CBW warheads destroyed by the Chemical Destruction Group, (CDG), is the largest. During this destruction of warheads, an accurate accounting for the number of imported versus indigenously produced warheads was never achieved.

Table 1
Accounting for Imported Soviet Scud Warheads (819 total)

 
1996 FFCD & 2002 CAFCD
Returned to USSR
2
2
Fired during Iran-Iraq War
516
516
Test fired
57
57
Fired during 1991 Gulf War
87
88
Unilaterally destroyed
118
119
Destroyed under UN supervision
17
17
Special Warheads destroyed by CDG
22
19
Used in analysis
---
1
Total
819
819

This is a comparison of the figures derived from the NMD document and the 2002 CAFCD.

 

Table 2
Warheads Used by Purpose and Year

Year Document Warheads
Exhausted
Remarks
# Date
1. Warheads used against Iran
1980 2 20 Nov 1980 53 No indication to the number of warheads or code numbers
1981 5 21 Nov 1980 16 No indication to the number of warheads or code numbers
7 03 Mar 1981 1 No warhead number or code. Launch failed and will be used for reverse-engineering
8 07 Apr 1981 5  
10 24 June 1981 3  
13 27 Nov 1981 2  
15 18 Dec 1981 2  
1982 3 04 May 1982 2  
4 07 Jul 1982 8  
7 21 Sept 1982 11  
8 11 Sept 1982 3  
10 19 Dec 1982 2  
1983 3 02 Feb 1983 4  
9 19 May 1983 7  
12 17 Aug 1983 2  
13 08 Oct 1983 4  
15 01 Nov 1983 10  
16 18 Nov 1983 4  
18 22 Dec 1983 5  
19 30 Dec 1983 1  
1984 8 22 Feb 1984 15  
9 05 Mar 1984 11  
14 15 June 1984 9  
21 06 Oct 1984 18  
1985 10 21 Mar 1985 54  
11 03 Apr 1985 9  
12 15 Apr 1985 13  
16 03 May 1985 2  
18 09 June 1985 4  
22 14 June 1985 11  
1987 2 19 Jan 1987 27  
7 27 Mar 1987 9  
1988 18 19 May 1988 189  
Total 516  
2. Warheads Launched During the 1991 Gulf War
1991 1 08 June 1991 87 No documents mention the [serial] numbers of the warheads. 93 total were launched, of which 6 were Iraqi made
2 08 June 1991
Total 87  
3. Warheads Launched in Training, Flight Tests, and Mineral Analyzation
1977 6 Oct 1977 6 No warheads [serial] numbers mentioned in documents
1985 29 09 Aug 1985 1 No warheads [serial] numbers mentioned in documents
1987 16 04 May 1987 2 No warheads [serial] numbers mentioned in documents
19 07 Aug 1987 1 No warheads [serial] numbers mentioned in documents
25 05 Oct 1987 3  
26 09 Oct 1987 1  
27 18 Oct 1987 1  
28 23 Nov 1987 2  
1988 1 02 Jan 1988 2  
2 06 Jan 1988 1 Used for metal analysis
16 15 June 1988 7  
17 07 July 1988 3  
19 03 Sept 1988 2  
25 20 Nov 1988 3  
26 02 Dec 1988 3  
1989 1 24 Feb 1989 2  
3 07 July 1989 1  
4 24 Aug 1989 1  
1990 1 07 Jan 1990 4  
3 18 Apr 1990 1 No definition if warhead is Iraqi or Russian—suspect latter
5 18 Apr 1990 1  
11 09 May 1990 1  
12 09 July 1990 1  
10 28 June 1990 1 No code or indication about the warhead
21 02 Dec 1990 3  
* 26 Dec 1990 1 * 2nd Division Orders doesn’t reflect warhead code
* 26 Dec 1990 2 * 2nd Division Orders doesn’t reflect warhead code
Total 57  
4. Warheads Destroyed by UNSCOM
1991 5 31 July 1991 17  
5. Special Warheads Destroyed by UNSCOM /CDG at Al Muthanna (Sept 1992 and April 1993)
1992/3 ** Sept 92/Apr 93 22 **Verification certificate for the warhead destruction by UNSCOM in Sept 1992 and April 1993. Warheads were not indicated at the time but were later by both UNSCOM and Iraq. Now with UNSCOM (Bahrain)
6. Conventional Warheads Destroyed by Iraq in 1991 (Unilateral)
1991 10 21 July 1991 118  
13 22 Oct 1991  
7. Conventional Warheads Returned to Russia
1980 3 03 April 1980 2  
 
Overall Total 819  

 

Official NMD document with the expenditure of 819 imported Scud warheads.

 


Posted: Apr 23, 2007 09:19 AM
Last Updated: Apr 23, 2007 09:19 AM