Flashback: 13 August 1961-Berlin Wall Divides Tyranny from Freedom
On 13 August 1961, the communist East German state began building the Berlin Wall with the approval of the Soviet government. The new wall physically separated the Soviet Eastern sector of Berlin from the free Western half of the city.
East Germany asserted that construction of the barrier was a defensive measure necessary to protect the people of East Berlin from Western aggression. In reality, the Wall went up to stem the flow of East Germans seeking the freedom of the West.
The film Red Blockage – East Germany Closes Border, below, highlights the events and emotion surrounding the construction of the Berlin Wall. To learn more about this moment in history, check out the CIA’s previously published featured story, Historical Collection Division publication Berlin Wall photos on , and stream [ playlistexternal link disclaimer].