Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
April 3, 2019
Document Release Date: 
April 12, 2019
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
September 26, 1979
PDF icon HUMAN RIGHTS HIGHLIGHTS -[15518320].pdf179.59 KB
� HUMAN RIGHTS HIGHLIGHTS Approved for Release: 2018/10/08 C0063929213526 3.3(b)(1)>25Yrs � to 13526 3.5(c) SECRET/NOFORN/NOCONTRACT/ORCON /c7-69/7? STATE DEPT DECLASSTICAT1ON REVIEW f) 0 Retain class'n 0 Change/ciassify to 0(-Declassify with concurrence of C._/1# 4 ARGENTINA: TIMERMAN RELEASED 0 after SOURCES: Press; Buenos Aires_3838; .L4 WAT-05:72gr3 i2? iv/44,4 3.3(b)(1) - Withdrawal No. (U) prisoner, Jacobo Timerman, Argentina's best known political was stripped of his citizenship and expelled from the country on the evening of September 25. He is expected to joiritc his family in Israel. (C) Rumors concerning Timerman's impeding release gained currency following a reported Supreme Court decision of September 17 that declared his detention illegal. The Court's decision has not been made public, but Embassy Buenos Aires sources have indicated that the Court acted independently of executive pressure. (U) Kidnapped in April 1977 by security agents, Timerman has been held despite a military tribunal's finding that he was not guilty of subversive actions and a July 1978 Supreme Court ruling that his detention under state-of-siege powers was unjustified. 3.3(b)(1) source, President Videla had promised the head of the visiting Inter-American Human Rights Commission (September 6-20) that the government would respect the Supreme Court's decision favoring Timerman. (C) INR Comment: Timerman's release is a significant accomplishment for Videla and his moderate military supporters. SECRET/NOPORN/NOCONTRACT/ORCON Approved for Release: 2018/10/08 C00639292 L.tfr ejcbcAiy.. � eib)e- /177 1 � 1 Approved for Release: 2018/10/08 C00639292 SECRET/NOFORN/NOCONTRACT/ORCON - 2 - (C) No evidence was ever published to substantiate charges that Timerman was involved in political or economic subversion. Furthermore, his continued detention seriously' compromised the government at a time �when the frequency of category one human rights violations was declining significantly. Timerman was held in spite of these facts because he symbolized for military hardliners and counter-terrorist fanatics what they hold responsible for the nation's ills. Even though he was not a terrorist per se, Timerman's detractors believe that he encouraged and justified subversion through his journalism, associated with those who financed terrorism (Graiver, et. al.), and participated in a variety of corrupt business deals. That he is a Jew compounded his problem with anti-Semitic military officers, as did his tendency to be arrogant. (C) That so much was suspected and so little was proven seemed only to be taken as evidence that Timerman is very clever and, therefore, all the more dangerous. The irrationality of those like Brig. Gen. Camps, who conducted the original investigation into Timerman's affairs, made it difficult for those aware of the political-diplomatic implications of the case to secure Timerman's release. That he has now been expelled can probably be attributed to a Videla decision to push the matter at a propitious moment, i.e., in the context of the IAHRC visit and the Supreme Court decision. 3.5(c) SECRET/NOFORN/NOCONTRACT/ORCON Approved for Release: 2018/10/08 C00639292