DAILY SUMMARY - 1946/04/26

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September 11, 2018
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Approved for Release: 2018/09/05 CO1068498 APPROVED FOR RELEASE - Historical Programs Staff - 30 August 2018 3.3(h)(2) 26; APR 1946 . USSR refuses to join tripartite protest to Rumania�According to Embassy Moscow, the Soviet Government has refused the US invita- tion to join the US and UK in a tripartite approadh to the Rumanian Government regarding the Iatter's failure to fulfill its pledges of political freedom and early elections (see Daily Summary of 19 April, item 3). The Sbviet note characterized the US charges against Rumania as "utterly groundless.' 2. Yugoslav 1 May move on Trieste doubted�The Supreme Allied Com- Mender, Mediterranean, considers that a Yugoslav move on Trieete on 1 May is "hizhly unlikely." He believes that a secret Yugoslav mobi Liza- tion should be treated "with considerable reserve.' 3. Soviets deny taking initiative for Hoover visit�Ambassador Smith has asked the Soviets whether, as reported by General Clark, they :,nvited Hoover (through the Chief of the UNRRA Mission, Austria) to (risit Moscow. The Soviets state that they received an inquiry "from the other side" in Vienna, and they merely authorized an affirmatdve reply. 4. Uniform French customs inspection suftested�Embassy Paris has been asked by Murphy whether it can "informally let the French know" that the US hopes that they will apply to the planes and personnel of other nations the same customs inspection which the US has accepted. Murphy acted after learning of the alleged smuggling of money and arms by Soviet aircraft, which are not subjected to customs at Le Bourget airport. 5. Hungary to_oproach Rumania on Transylvania�Minister Schoenfeld reports, according to "reliable information," that (a) during the recent visit to Moscow by Hungarian officials, Molotov urged Hungary td take the initiative prior to the Peace Conference in opening negotiations with Rumania concerning the Transylvanian question (see Daily Summary of 23 April, item 5), and (b) the Hungarian Cabinet has decided to send an emissary to Rumania to arrange a meeting of the Foreign Ministers to 'consider the question. Ce Document No. NO CHANGE in C1as3. 0 DECLASSIFIED Class. CHANCED TO: TS DDA Memo, 4 ipr 77 Auth: DDA REG. 77Z1763 1 'flirt e 4 MAR 1978 By: 61 Approved for Release: 2018/09/05 CO1068498 Approved for Release: 2018/09/05 CO1068498 APPROVED FOR RELEASE - Historical Programs Staff - 30 August 2018 3.3(h)(2) 8. RE2gzsuL,Iade b Commission on Italo-Ysgasjs_Arbo�Dunn reports that the Commission on the Italo-Yugoslav boundary has made considerable progress on the report of its findings. The Soviets have � indicated a desire to complete this report before discussing boundary � ,recommendations . Although the Soviet delegation has stubbornly � upheld the Yugoslav point of view, it has made several substantial concessions after long discussion. EUROPE-AFRICA � 9. FRANCE:Cal_2:m_2,1i.2prpves Bidault's policies�In a conversation between Bidault and Secretary Byrnes on 25 April, Caffery questioned � Bidault on his unusually vigorous remarks `against Russian preten- sions." Bidault replied that the Cabinet had given him a "free hand" In foreign affairs. Earlier Bidault had remarked that the Cabinet had asked him to remain in office as Minister of Foreign Affairs. Accord- ing to Caffery, "how long Bidault will remain is another matter.," - 2 - Approved for Release: 2018/09/05 C01068498 Approved for Release: 2018/09/05 CO1068498 APPROVED FOR RELEASE - Historical Programs Staff - 30 August 2018 10. ITALY: Wheat deemed crucial factor in elections�According to Embassy Rome, the British Ambassador has transmitted an appeal from Italian Vice-Premier Nermi to Prime Minister Attlee asking for the diversion to Italy of five shiploads of wheat now en route to Britain. Nenni asserted that (a) such British action to tide Italy over the pre-election period would have "favorable political repercussions, and (b) any Soviet decision to ship grain to Italy now would increase the Communist vote by ten percent thus making the Communist Party the strongest single group in the Constituent Assembly. The US Embassy comments that alleviation of famine conditions during this critical period "may well mean the difference between success or failure" of US Italian policy. 11. HUNGARY: Soviets finally grant clearance for US officials�Ambas- sador Smith has been informed by Vishinsky, and GeneralKey confirms, that instructions have been given to the Soviet delegate ACC to issue permits for entry into Hungary to General Haynes and H. Merle Cochran (State Department Inspector with rank of Minister), who are to investi- gate alleged black market activities of US personnel. (Soviet authorities in Hungary on 2 April had refused clearance on the grounds that Moscow must approve visits of important State and War Department officials; see Daily Summary of 4 April, item 3.) 12, GERMANY: British position remyslUn the Ruhr--According to Embassy London, the Foreign Office takes the position, with which the Dutch and Belgians are in general agreement, that (a) the Ruhr should not be poli- tically separated from Germany but should be under international economic control; and (b) Soviet participation "should be considered very carefully", possibly in relation to Soviet willingness to have Eastern European industrial centers under similar control. 13, GERMANY: Closing of camps�General McNarney has urged the War Department to announce that displaced persons* camps are to be closed by 1 July, since failure to do so prevents (a) effective planning with the displaced persons regarding their future resettlement status and (b) taking advantage of the good weather necessary to complete the repatriation program this year. Approved for Release: 2018/09/05 CO1068498 Approved for Release: 2018/09/05 CO1068498 APPROVED FOR RELEASE - Historical Programs Staff - 30 August 2018 Torfpl. ,fgrVTIAV 14. IRAN: Embass believes Qavam "sincere Datriot"--Embassy Tehran's current summary of the Iranian political situation contains the following points: (a) there are indications that Soviet forces may at last be leaving Azerbaijan, though there are persistent reports of an increase in Soviet citizens and soldiers wearing civilian clothes; (b) it is unlikely that Azerbaijan will make "substantial con- cessions" in its forthcoming negotiations with Tehran; (c) Qavam is "acting as a sincere patriot" in attempting to appease the USSR with- out becoming a Soviet puppet; (d) the USSR "undoubtedly" is better pleased with Qavam than with his predecessors but probably will not be satisfied with his policy indefinitely; and (e) the principal dangers are that Qavam will be forced to yield too much ground to pro-Soviet factions in Iran and that he will be physically unable to stand up under his present "terrific burden." Approved for Release: 2018/09/05 CO1068498
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