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February 14, 1961
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Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 %dr ambinc 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2) 14 February 1961 Copy No. C 79 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 4-0-P SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 TOP SEKLT r�tr -TOP-SECRET- Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 \ Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 hop P.! 1/..1Ii 14 February 1961 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN CONTENTS 1. Congo: Lumumba's death will further discredit Tshomb4 and Kasavubu regimes. (Page t) 2. Berlin: East Germany bars West German church- men from East Berlin. (Page i) 3. Burma: Army leadership may shift toward a more neutral position following recent purge of senior officers. (Page ti) 4. Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland: Federation may break up on issue of African representation in government of Northern Rhodesia. (Page tt) 5. North Vietnam: Government delegation Dlanni7 trip to new African states. Page it) -TOP-SEGRET \ Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 t1/401 11-4 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 14 February. 1961 DAILY BRIEF Congo: Lumumba's death will further discredit Tshombd's government. Opposition to the leaders in Leopoldville will also be intensified, and there may be reprisals by Lumumba's supporters against whites and Africans in the Congo. The announcement of Lumumba's death also provoked a vigorous attack against Hammar- skjold in the UN Security Council by Soviet delegate Zo- rin. Zorin stated that the USSR has "not the slightest con- fidence" in the secretary general, whom he blamed for "this shameful crime." Moscow may now publicly press for replacing the UN operation in the Congo with a super- visory commission drawn from Afro-Asian nations which support Gizenga's Stanleyville regime. Mobutu's forces, which moved up the Congo River by barge last week, have engaged troops of Gizenga about 200 miles northwest of Stanleyville. (Back- up, Page 1) (Map) Berlin: The East German action on 12 February bar- C\ ring seven West German bishops and other leading church- men from attending religious services in East Berlin is further evidence that the regime is not living up to its agree-, .; ment with the West Germans to relax controls on the Berlin � sector border. It was this agreement which was instrumen- tal in inducing Bonn to reactivate the interzonal trade agree- ment on 29 December, East Germany's action is the latest In a series of steps toward the long-held goal of severing remaining links between the Evangelical Church in East Ger- many and its leaders in West Berlin and West Germany. While --T-OP-SE\C-RET Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 \Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195' A V A 1.0 %Oa � a..a � Nuo, this move was probably taken with Soviet knowledge, it does not appear to represent a shift from the Soviet policy of avoiding a Berlin crisis at this time. (Backup, Page 3) Burma: The recent purge of senior Burmese Army O k officers favoibIy disposed toward the West has removed the principal proponents of army resistance to Prime Min- ister U Nuts policy of closer relations with Communist L44_ 4e China. One effect of this may be decreased receptivity. ;4 fp to United States materiel and training assistance. W),t6 the removal of some of the army's most able commanders,Eluz, 41'2A the government's anti-insurgent campaign may be adverse- ip ly affecteC (Backup, Page 5) Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland: CI:he outcome of the current talks between Rhodesian and British officials concerning constitutional changes which would increase African influence in the British protectorate of Northern Rhodesia may determine whether the Federation breaks up. The Federation's prime minister reportedly, has stated that white-controlled Southern Rhodesia will leave the Federa- tion if London insists, as now seems likely, on an African majority in the legislature of Northern Rhodesia. The American consul general in Salisbury views the next weeks and months as critical. *On 12 February the federal government called up North- ern Rhodesian territorial reserves to be ready for possible disorders, which may arise when London announces the new constitution for Northern Rhodesia. Africans have held large rallies and are reportedly ready to engage in violence if their demands for franchise and representation are not me_tj (Backup, Page 6) North Vietnam - Africa: North Vietnam is moving to expand further its international contacts, particularly with 14 Feb 61 \ DAILY BRIEF ii Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 *mai, I %.11 ....vi_Ja.,11.L.4 N the new African states. a North Vietnamese government delegation was asking permis- sion to visit Cairo on an African trip that will iaclude stops in Morocco, Guinea, Mali, and Nigeria. Guinea and Mali--in addition to Cuba recognized North Viet- nam last year; Cairo is host to a permanent North Viet- namese trade delegation but does not formally recognize the Communist regime. In the past several months, North Vietnam also has sent trade and cultural delega- tions to promote closer ties in the Middle East and in Indonesia. (Backup, Page 8) 14 Feb 61 DAILY BRIEF iii Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 ow" Brazzaville Luanda Atlantic Ocean 31594 Approximate area controlled by: Kasavubu-Mobutu Gizenga Kalonji Tshombe United Nations Forces - Selected road Selected railroad Selected airfield X Cut railroad STATUTE MILES Republic of the Con INDON 1.1 �Gemena Con 0 Coquilhatville TUNISIA 2,600 Ikela. MALAY 6 Leopoldvi ysville MOROCCO 3,140 1001 4040 Luouta Lodja LIBERIA IRELAND 655 ETHICiPIA ; 1,800 GIZFNGA 7,000 V( I Bukavu Kongolo Albertville NIGERIA 1,800 �Manono SWEDE 680 TSHO 4,0 hville 0 Lake Albert Usumbura Lake Tanganyika 14 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Map Page Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 'fteCOP SECRET1N..0) Situation in the Congo Lumumba's death�probably at the hands of Katanga officials�is likely to widen the gap between international supporters and opponents of the ex-premier. Nembers of Nigeria's UN delegation, who have been spearheading ef- forts to work out a moderate solution to the Congo situation, efforts were likely to be frustrated by� a wave of recrimination against Tshombe and, by association, Kasavubu, Belgium, and France. The Nigerians fear that Morocco and Ghana, the only members of the militant African neutralist bloc whose forces remain in the Congo, might order. their 4,900 troops to intervene on the side of Lumumba forces against Kasavubu and TshombE Tshombe's government is likely to find it even more dif- ficult than before to obtain support abroad. Belgian finan- cial interests and some factions of the Belgian Government, who have been Katanga's principal props to date, may now be unwilling to furnish adequate assistance. Kata.nga forces reportedly pre moving un the rail line from Elisabethvi..11e to Kamina. Tshombe's troops have occupied a town about 60 miles southwest of Kamina and 20 miles inside Baluba tribal territory. Further advance will be hindered by hostile Baluba . action, which has prevented trains escortif by UN troops from reaching Kamina since mid-January. Mobutu's forces attacked a town near Burnba on 10 February, GizAncia "all friendly coun- tries" that if aid had not arrived by 15 February, "Stanleyville will have, ceased to exist." In Leopoldville, UN representative Dayal apparently is working against the Ileo government's efforts to obtain the support of Lumumba followers. As a result, TOP SECRET 14 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 1 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 ',OP SECRE-T vg, his party would gain more by waiting than by par- ticipating in the government now. Dayal stated on 30 Jan- uary that Lumumba's strength was growing and that the Kasavubu government was "only the instrument of a for- eign power." TOP SEC 14 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 2 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 Nis SECRET isad `EaSt Germany Bars Churchmen From East Berlin The religious services were held in connection with the all-German Evangelical Church synod now meeting in West Berlin. Past synod sessions in both East and West Berlin have been attended by large numbers of ecclesias- tics and laymen from both parts of the country. Prior to scheduling this year's synod, East German churchmen sounded out the regime on its attitude toward permitting synod sessions in East Berlin. The chairman of the State Office for Church Affairs indicated that the regime might tolerate a "purely religious service" but under no circum- stances would it permit a business meeting. In a speech on 9 February East German party boss Ulbricht made clear that his regime intended to use the church meeting to drive a wedge between church members in East and West Germany. He said that Bishop Dibelius of Berlin-Brandenburg and other prominent churchmen "have no business in the GDR or its capital." Nevertheless, on 12 February Dibelius was permitted to attend the reli- gious service in East Berlin, perhaps because he is a West Berliner, rather than a West German, and the regime does not see its way clear to bar West Berliners from the Soviet sector at this time. This is the second recent step to undercut the ties be- tween the church in East and West Germany. On 12 January, the 'Ulbricht regime announced that the Evangelical Church would not be permitted to hold its congress (Kirchentag) in East Berlin in July, on grounds that the selection of Berlin for the meeting was intended as "provocation" and an occa- sion for "revanchist outbursts." The regime offered to per- mit the meeting in some East German city, such as Leipzig, but flatly refused to guarantee that anyone desiring to attend would be allowed to do so. Earlier, East German officials sharply reduced the financial aid which the church in West Germany is allowed to transmit to East German congregations. The East Ger- man people give lip service to the regime's objectives but continue to adhere to the church as one of the few 14 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 3 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 �SECRET- Nftd � remaining ties with the West and the focal point for op- position to Communism. . In view of the continuing East German harassing of the movement of West Germans in Berlin, Bonn will probably urge that NATO maintain its retaliatory re- strictions on the travel of East Germans to NATO coun- tries. Bonn, however, has thus far given no indication that it intends to halt vital steel or machinery shipments to East Germany in an effort to force the East Germans to implement their 29 December pledge to stop reqiiiri passes for West Germans entering East Berlin. 14 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 4 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 *amyl SECRET Adverse Effects of Burmese Army Shake-up Two brigadiers and nine field-grade officers who were ousted from their commands on 3 February included Burma's most forceful advocates of an active army role in Burmese politics. With Brigadier Maung Maung as their spokesman, they comprised the pro-Western core of army leadership and had pressed General Ne Win for an extension of the Ameri- can military aid program under way since 1958. Many officers remaining in the army share the views of those relieved, and some, in protest against Ne Win's actions, reportedly plan to avoid combat with Burma's various insurgent forces for three to four months, which would allow internal security to deteriorate serious1.3S American military aid program is in particular jeopardy at this time, both because it was the special proj- ect of Brigadier Maung Maung and because General Ne Win sees it as a potential source of embarrassment with the Chinese Communists. Ne Win is said to have argued that while he is neither pro- nor anti-American, "the govern- ment of Burma and the army cannot afford to be aligned too closely with any non-socialist ideal whether it be American or Communistj _further factor affecting the stability of both the gov- ernment and army in Burma is the marked disaffection of the ethnic minority elements who feel they are discrimi- nated against by the Burman majority. Added to the long- standing Karen insurgency and the Shan dissidents, Chin army officers have been reported prepared to mutiny a- gainst their Burman superiors, and one Kachin unit has deserted. Karens, Chins, and Kachins are upset by Bur- mese plans to establish Buddhism as the state religion; Kachin civilians recently rioted and stoned a train in pro- test. Many Kachins in North Burma feel their elected lead- ers are incapable of supporting their interests against the Burmans. So strong is this feeling that one hereditary chieftain was dis mitted suicid_eV ---SEeRET 14 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 5 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 SECRET kap; Fed,eration of Rhodesia and Nyasaland he Federation, formed by Britain in 1953 of three de- pendent areas in differing stages of political evolution, is ac- corded the status of a self-governing territory handled by the Commonwealth Relations Office as is the keystone territory, Southern Rhodesia, Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland, on the other hand, are under the control of the Colonial Office. Nego- tiations concerning Northern Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia have been in progress recentlx3 meeting at Salisbury between Southern Rhodesian offi- cials including African representatives and Commonwealth Re- lations Secretary Sandys has resulted in-an agreement--subject to British parliamentary approval and a Southern Rhodesian ref- erendum in June. The agreement calls for a bill of rights in the Southern Rhodesian constitution, a dual electoral roll system by which in essence 70,000 white voters will elect 50 representa- tives and some 50,000 Africans will elect 15 representatives, and a constitutional council to safeguard civil rights with the power to delay discriminatory legislation. In return for Rhode- sian acceptance of these pro-African provisions, Britain is to surrender its reserve powers to veto legislation affecting native affairs�one of London's major powers over Southern Rhodesif., 'ate white segregationist Dominion party has refused to agree to the proposals and will probably wage a bitter campaign against such a settlement. To a lesser extent, there is some dissatisfaction in African circles over the limited gains, and the position of Joshua Nkomo, leader of the National Democrat- ic party, may be weakened by the extremist faction-) The negotiations in London concerning Northern Rhodesia's constitutional reform are proceeding less satisfactorily because of differences over the extent of African participation in the legislature. The Africans demand a clear majority in both the Legislative and the Executive Council. In the Legislative Coun- cil they now have nine members out of 30; in the Executive Council, 2 out of 10. African delegates have warned that a failure to reach a satisfactory solution "must lead to unrest" in Northern Rhodesia. In preparation for the possibility of polit- ical and/or racial disorders when Britain's Colonial Secretary/ 14 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 6 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 IFS %tad a../Lacleod announces anew constitution, reserve troops�pre- dominantly white--were called up on 12 February in Northern Rhodesia by the Federation's Ministry of Defense. This is the first time the federal government has called up territorial units without a specific request from a territorial government. 14 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 7 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 .isrOP SECRET Noith Vietnam Seeks More Contacts in Africa And Asia North Vietnamese ambassadors are already accred- ited to Guinea and Mali, and an ambassador is on the way to Cuba. The forthcoming African visit by the North Viet- namese government delegation underscores the importance Hanoi puts on this area. Seeking to use their own former colonial status to establish a common bond, the North Viet- namese will try to encourage formal diplomatic exchanges with the UAR, Morocco--which recently formalized rela- tions with Saigon�and Nigeria. Neither Nigeria nor the UAR is likely to agree, but Morocco, anxious to demon- strate its nonalignment,may be more amenable to North Vietnamese overtures. The culture troupe that Hanoi recently sent to Indonesia reportedly turned in a creditable performance and, on 19 De- cember, North Vietnam's minister of culture, who led the company on its tour, signed a cultural agreement with Indo- nesia. This agreement provides for additional visits in 1961. For several years, Indonesia and North Vietnam have had consular relations, although Djakarta does not formally recog- nize the North Vietnamese Government. A delegation of North Vietnamese assemblymen visited Burma in January. Like Indonesia, Burma does not formally recognize North Vietnam but permits Hanoi to maintain a con- sular post in Rangoon. There also is a North Vietnamese con- sul in India, and North Vietnamese trade representatives are in Cambodia and the UAR. Iraq has given Hanoi permission to open a permanent trade post in Baghdad, and a two-man North Vietnamese trade delegation visited Yemen in January. North Vietnam's trade potential with these countries is not impres- sive, yet Hanoi seems intent on using this avenue to establish contacts in hopes of building them into formal diplomatic rela= tions. -Tt9P-SECRET 14 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 8 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 .0% VT! 1-1 It T A V Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 ittad *id THE1PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House Special Assistant for National Security Affairs Scientific Adviser to the President Director of the Budget Director, Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization Director, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Chairman, Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence .Activities Executive Secretary, National Security Council The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State Director, International Cooperation Administration The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Administration The Counselor The Assistant Secretary of State for Policy Planning The Director of Intelligence and Research The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Chief of Staff, United States Army Commandant, United States Marine Corps Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific Assistant Secretary of Defense (International Security Affairs) Assistant to Secretary of Defense (Special Operations) The Director, The Joint Staff Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of Army Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of Navy Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force The Department of Justice The Attorney General The Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director The Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman The National Security Agency The Director The United States Information Agency The Director The National Indications Center The Director ZONF717ENTIA-L--- Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195 TOP SECRET / %Pr -TOP-SECRET- Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000195