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August 27, 2020
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February 16, 1961
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Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 NuriraCUICIC I Nor � 16 February 1961 Copy No. C 78 CENTRAL IYTELLIGENCE BULLETIN TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 4044, Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 44A1a-SE-UFIE-T- -TOP-SEeRET- a Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 .4k_pproved for Release: 2020/08/11 602000197, TOP SECRET 16 February 1961 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN CONTENTS 1. Congo: Various Afro-Asian neutralist spokesmen echo Soviet line on Lumumba's death. (Page 0 3. Laos: Proposal for a neutral nation commission "almost completely accepted" by Laotian cabinet. (Page ti) 4. Indonesia: Army commander publicly admits in- filtration in New Guinea. (Page lit) 5. Austria: Chancellor Raab to resign; picks succes- sor. (Page t t t) 6. Watch Committee conclusions. (Page ttt) TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO200019,74 w Tep SECRET CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 16 February 1961 DAILY BRIEF *Congo: Afro-Asian neutralist spokesmen are echoing the Soviet 1i1i�n condemning the UN's failure to protect Lu- mumba, and some are placing the responsibility on the West. Nkrumah of Ghana has sent a message to Hammarskjold, threatening to withdraw his forces from the� Congo unless all Congolese troops are "completely disarmed" within a month. However, Nkrumah also offered to augment Ghana's ontingent to accomplish the disarmament. Nehru announced 7li n 15 February that India will send troops to the Congo pro- ided that the UN operation there becomes "effective!' Ear- ier he stated that the goal of the UN Congo command should e to encourage a "unified, independent, sovereign Congo Republic" and that it should take military action if necessary to attain this goal. In a 15 February message to Hammarskjold he demanded that the UN take prompt action to punish Lumum- ha's killers and cut off outside aid to Tshornhp and Mobutu. Gizenga, stated, 'We have, decided to arrest all the Belgians and their allies" in the Congo. He demanded the withdrawal of the UN within 24 hours and repeated earlier ur- gent appeals for aid, this time including "soldiers, arms, and munitions of war." he had appealed to Nasir and Nkrumah for aid, urging that the UAR reach agree- ment with Ghana "for everything" to go from Accra to Stanley- ville in a large aircraft. Eastern European reaction to the death a Lumumba has ranged from violent regime-organized demonstrations against Belgian diplomatic installations to the issuing of official con-. demnatory statements and the delivery of protest notes to the UN. On 15 February East Germany, Yugoslavia, Guinea, and TOP SECRET k\\ Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 Nor TOP SECRET Ghana recognized Gizenga, and other bloc and some neutral- ist states will probably follow suit. The controlled UAR press has reported that Nasir "will fully recognize" Gizenga's re- gime as "a lawful and national government." Laos:( the proposal for a neutral nations commission in Laos had been "almost completely accepted" by the cabinet and would be considered shortly by the King and the council of minis- ters. If a favorable decision is reached, either the govern- ment or. the King will make a declaration of neutrality and is- sue an invitation to the commission. Phoumi would go to Phnom Penh after the meeting to offer Souvanna Phouma a high post in a broadened gov ernmenip Eyihile Laotian officials thus appear to appreciate the need for political steps to ease the Laotian crisis, there is as yet) 16 Feb 61 DAILY BRIEF TOP SECRET, 11 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 _Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 Ilir TOP SECRET o assurance that they will carry through, or that Souvanna would receive their overtures favorably. (Backup, Page-5) (Map) Indonesia: A territorial army commander has publicly admitted Indonesia's infiltration attempts in New Guinea and has described them as legal, claiming that the territory is part of Indonesia. Foreign Minister Subandrio subsequently charged the Dutch with aiding antigovernment guerrillas in East Indonesia and reiterated that Indonesia cannot ignore Dutch reinforcements in New Guinea. (Backup, Page 6) Austria: Chancellor Julius Raab has sent a letter to the People's party conference in session this week at Semmering In which, according to a reliable source of the US Embassy in Vienna, he announced his intention to resign "in the near future," probably around the first of April. Raab, who as- sumed office in April 1953, has recommended as his succes- sor Alfons Gorbach, present chairman of the party and a strong right-winger. The source foresees no serious con- troversy within the party over the selection of Gorbach and Infers that it will be satisfactory to the USSR, which appar- ently anticipates no change in Raab's policy of maintaining friendly relations with Moscow and opposing Austrian mem- bership in the European Economic Community (Common Mar- ket), both of which the USSR coriders essential to the main- tenance of Austrian neutrality. ) (Backup, Page 8) ATCH COMMITTEE CONCLUSIONS A. (No change from last weekT) (No change from last week)3 The Communist forces in Laos continue their delaying tactics along the approaches to the Plaine des Jarres,--3- 16 Feb 61 DAILY BRIEF TOP SECRET \ \ \ \ 111 o IC Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 \xx \mu II Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197' XX Tef"---SEGRE-T %we pitt their resistance will stiffen as they fall back on that important base. Although there are no indications that they will step up the intensity of military opera- tions, they have the capability of making a determined active defense of their base in order to retain a strong bargaining position in any future negotiations. The Com- munists will probably continue to depend upon the forces presently in Laos and the present flow of supply as long as these forces are not being used to their full potential-.) D. ZRaximum Soviet propaganda exploitation of Lumumba's death in an effort to rally neutralist opinion against fur- ther UN activity in the Congo is now likely to be coupled with increased attempts by the UAR and other radical African states, supported by the bloc, to provide mil- itary aid to the Gizenga regime. Lumumba's death raises the specter of possible reprisals against Euro- peans in the Congo and substantially diminishes nros- pects for reconciliation of 0000sincr -F . artinne 16 Feb 61 DAILY BRIEF TOP SECRET , Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 A�.. Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 Pot Brazzaville Luanda Atlantic Ocean 3 594 Republic o Gemena IN DON Coquilhatville TUNISIA 2,600 MALAY 6 SU N 3 MO UTU 000 Leopoldville Thysvi Ile MOROCCO Approximate area controlled by: Kasayubu�Mobutu C1 Gizenga Kalonji Tshornbe United Nations Forces ----- Selected road Selected railroad --r� Selected airfield X Cut railroad STATUTE MILES Luputa Ikela � rt Francqui GHANA 1,900 Luluabour Bak 400 B t heti Ba oko LIBERIA IRELAND 655 e Congo ETHIOPIA 600 ETHIOPIA 1,800 Usumbura Kongolo AIbertviller Tan MOROCCO Elisa NIGERIA SWEDE 680 TSHOM 4,11 hville 16 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Map Page Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 ake anyika Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 two4 Situation in the Congo The Chinese Communist Government's statement on Lu- mumba.'s death issued on 14 February is much terser than the Soviet statement of the same day and indicates that Moscow will exercise the principal initiative for exploiting the affair in the bloc's interest. Unlike the Soviet statement, the Chi- nese specifically cite the United States as the responsible principal behind the "sanguinary crime." Peiping concludes with a generalized statement of "support" for the Congolese people. Communist regime-sponsored demonstrations have been reported from Prague, Warsaw, and Belgrade. The Yugoslav demonstration was by far the most violent and destructive and, as police vehicles were damaged and at least one po- liceman seriously injured, went beyond the limits intended by the regime. Belgrade is planning an additional demon- stration by 20 February in Slovenia; others are probably sched- uled. though with increased security precautions. the Pankow regime organized protest meetings in at least two districts, and one such meeting was held in Sofia. Both the Czechs and Yugoslays have sent notes of protest to the UN, and the Polish premier sent a letter of condolence to Gizenga. CHammarskjold told American representatives on 14 Feb- ruary that he felt the communications he had received from African and Asian leaders represented a "letting off of steam." Hammarskjold apparently believes that these leaders will realize the limited military potential and narrow mandate of the UN force and will moderate their ositiong the UN has information that both Mobutu and General Lundula, Gizenga's military commander, might agree to the establish- ment of a 50-mile-wide neutral zone along the Equateur- Orientale border. Acting on this information, the UN commander 16 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 1 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 iftwi �T-OP�SECRET is proceeding to the area with a strong negotiating team. There are no UN troops stationed in this part of the Congo. growing panic on his part and raises the possibility that he may order or sanction reprisals against whites in areas under his control. In addition to his order to arrest Europeans and his ultimatum to the UN, Gizenga stated that he felt "obliged" to declare war on Belgium in 48 hours and that he expects "direct intervention by Belgium" from Ruanda-Urundi. He requested immediate assurances of support and assistance in these moves. if a supply route to Orientale through Sudan is im- practicable, the six IL-18s based in Ghana might be used to furnish aid to Stanleyville, the air- craft fly to Stanleyville via 1.1e uongo mouth to avoid over- flight of other African territories. This route is almost as long as the direct flight to Stanleyville from Cairo. Aircraft using it would have to carry enough fuel for a round-trip flight, since no aviation fuel is available in Stanleyville. his army wa noping to avenge Lumumba by mounting offensives against Leopoldville and Ells ethville ha. WAR frlISTated by lack of arms and transport. TOP SECRET 16 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 2 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 TOP SECRET TOP SECRET 16 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 3 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 ..4�1 TOP SECRET -ro-14-sEatE--T 16 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 4 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 Aph, Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 \_se IPHONG � king I. ( A Along RDLin A .1P 17-7 �kuolato 51 A M TA' A AliNnt nO eutt�mait 0 etlitHeittlOk LIJAN PRABANG k Ii des Jar K �tie. tn.. .Oiln Ss* THAILAND A LAOS Government forces Government Antigovernment Antigovernment concentrations Kong Le /Pathet Lao forces Main route number Road Trail Chinese Nationalist Irregulars 25 " 50 75 100 Miles ? � I 25 50 75 100 Kilometers jase 26716 1 5-58 1-1 MM rFri lee eilektem ANS.'S.. NOM.. OM 05ut m MIA, Joon 0 'Warm Cearn Olea Tinh CHINA CAP MCI RU A PASSAK`) ' I C AM BO D I A Sew ere not neresee4 1U ICC U.S. Government. ;Ill DE ICE 8/10 E CAC BA DEMARCATION LINE Co KhamAie, 16 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Map Page Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 %woo SECRET Situation in Laos Laotian Army headquarters has ordered one of its two "mobile groups" in the Tha Thom - Ban Ta Viang area to move north and seize Xieng Khouang town and airfield. The operation is to be supported by air-borne troops. The prin- cipal objective of this maneuver is to divert Kong Le - Pathet Lao forces from the main Laotian Army eastward along Route 7 toward the Plaine des Jarres. the Kong Le - Pathet Lao forces have prepared succes- sive defense positions on both the western and southern ap- proaches to the Plaine des Jarres. Newly constructed gun emplacements have also appeared supplementing field forti- fications constructed by the French in the Plaine des Jarr7s. during .the Indodhina war. movement of light armored vehicles into the FlainedesJarres.rheretheterrainJavorsihe use of armor. five small, acKea venicies similar to the Bren gun carrier reportedly arrived in the Plaine des Jarres area on 11 February. Three light armored nersonnel carriers were also noted in the area. Lp , loc IL-14s and LI-2s continue to 17 scheduled for air- lift flights into Laos. 16 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 5 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 SECRET Indonesia Pressing Claim to Netherlands New Guinea Indonesia is going forward simultaneously with a mil- itary build-up, paramilitary action in New Guinea, and dip- lomatic activities designed to focus world attention on its claim to New Guinea and to exert international pressure for solution of the problem this spring. Djakarta has repeatedly justified the recent large-scale arms purchases from the Soviet Union as necessary to coun- ter Dutch reinforcements in New Guinea, Lt. Col. Busiri, an army commander in East Indonesia, stated on 10 February that Indonesian armed forces are strengthening defensive po- sitions in areas bordering New Guinea in accordance with President Sukarno's orders. He claimed that "New Guinea Indonesians" are "only awaiting the order" to give substance to the statement by Army Chief of Staff General Nasution that the final decision in the struggle lies in New Guinea it- self. Busiri said, "We know everything which occurs in New Guinea" owing to the understanding between "us and the New Guinea partisans." Statements by Busiri and Foreign Minister Subandrio on In- donesian infiltration efforts in New Guinea are the first pub- lic admissions of such activity. five Indonesian infiltration attempts in 1960, apparently for the purpose of psycholoeical warfare, intelligence collection, and minor sabotage. Djakarta may be preparing for renewed-in- filtration attempts in March or April. Subandrio has stated that Djakarta would not accept a UN trusteeship of New Guinea because the area is already part of Indonesia, and would regard as illegal any UN mission sent MGjjinci with out Indonesia's consent. he welcomed the continued mediation efforts of Malayan Prime Minister Rahman since it is in the interest of the free world to settle the dispute before a threat to peace develops in the area Subandrio is also trying to promote another political Afro-Asian conference similar to the one held in Bandung, 16 Feb Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 6 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000194 Indonesia, in in April 1955. He stated on 11 February that a second "Bandung conference" would be useful to discuss such problems as foreign intervention in the domestic affairs of -oAsiff nations. SECRET- 16 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 7 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO200019 CONFIDENTIAt Austrian Chancellor Reportedly to Resign Soon Chancellor Raab's health has been precarious following a stroke in 1957, and he has been reported on the verge of retirement since he stepped down last February as party chairman in favor of Gorbach. An effective and able politi- cal leader, Raab has brooked no opposition from his asso- ciates. His foreign policy reflected his desire to serve as a mediator or bridge between East and West, which on oc- casion led him to pursue a more conciliatory course toward the USSR than was deemed wise or expedient in many pro- Western quarters. His prestige suffered somewhat last summer during Khrushchev's visit to Austria when--against the wishes of his cabinet and party--he accompanied the So- viet leader on a tour of the country and made no protest a- gainst Khrushchev's violent attacks on Austria's Western friends. It was Raab's hope, only partially realized, that Moscow would reduce Austrian reparations payments and in- crease mutual trade. Raab's hand-picked successor, 62-year-old Alfons Gorbach, is a stanch right-wing conservative. His eleva- tion to the party chairmanship last year was a minimum con- cession to those who were demanding reform within the party organization to broaden its popular appeal. In domestic pol- icy, he may be somewhat more liberal than Raab. He is said, however, not to be a warm advocate of a representa- tive form of government but to prefer the rule of an intellec- tual elite undisturbed by interference from the mass below. A veteran of World War I, in which he lost a leg, Gorbach is a member of the National Defense Committee of the Aus- trian Parliament, a strong opponent of neutralism and com- munism, and an advocate of "military neutrality" for his coun- try. His aversion to communism has led him to endorse cer- tain neo-Nazi activities in rural Austria as a matter of vote- getting expediency. A shrewd and tough negotiator in party af- fairs, he enjoys good relations with the Socialist leaders in the coalition government. His impressions of the United States, gained from a 60-day leader exchange grant visit in 1957, are reported to be favorable. His foreign policy is likp y to be simi- lar to that of his predecessor. 16 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 8 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 002000197 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House The Special Assistant for National Security Affairs The Scientific Adviser to the President The Director of the Budget The Director, Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization The Director, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Chairman, Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities Executive Secretary, National Security Council The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Director, International Cooperation Administration The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Administration The Counsel or The Assistant Secretary of State for Policy Planning The Director of Intelligence and Research The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Chief of Staff, United States Army Commandant, United States Marine Corps Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Assistant Secretary of Defense (International Security Affairs) The Assistant to Secretary of Defense (Special Operations) The Director, The Joint Staff The Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff The Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of Army The Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of Navy The Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force The Department of Justice The Attorney General The Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director The Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman The National Security Agency The Director The United States Information Agency The Director The National Indications Center The Director CONFIftENTIAL Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197 a4Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 C 2000197 TOP-SECKE-1- --TOP-SEeRrr Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2000197