CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN - 1961/02/20

Document Type: 
Collection: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
02000199
Release Decision: 
RIPPUB
Original Classification: 
U
Document Page Count: 
16
Document Creation Date: 
March 16, 2022
Document Release Date: 
August 5, 2016
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
F-2014-02699
Publication Date: 
February 20, 1961
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PDF icon CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULL[14877434].pdf436.34 KB
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Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 " INTELLIGENCE # 20 February 1961 Copy No. C CENTRAL BULLETIN 7 27 Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 TOP-SECRET_____ The Daily Brief of the CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN is produced by the Director of Central Intelligence in consultation with representatives of departments and agencies of the United States Intelligence Board. Back-up material is produced by CIA with as much consultation with other departments and agencies as is practicable. When, because of the time factor, consultation with the department or agency of primary concern is not practicable, the brief will be produced by CIA and marked with an asterisk. Intelligence in this publication is based on all sources, including Interpretations of intelligence information in this publication rep- resent immediate and preliminary views which are subject to modi- fication in the light of further information and more complete analysis. Certain intelligence items in this publication may be designated specifically for no further dissemination. Other intelligence items may be disseminated further, but only on a need-to-know basis. WARNING This document contains classified information affecting the national security of the United States within the meaning of the espionage laws, US Code Title 18, Sections 793, 794, and 798. The law prohibits its transmission or the revelation of its contents in any manner to an unauthorized person, as well as its use in any manner prejudicial to the safety or interest of the United States or for the benefit of any foreign government to the detriment of the United States. .���� PGR Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 (b)(3) )r --3154.4:r.LL k\��. 20 February 1961 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN CONTENTS 1, 2. 3. Congo: Situation of Nkrumah calls Casablanca Accra to study Con7o can high command. Laos: King's speech sets stage for invitation form neutral nations Gizenga regime remains chaotic; Conference countries to question and possibility of Afri- (Page t) reaffirms Laotian neutrality and to "nonaligned neighbors" to commission. (Page i) 4. 5. 6. TOP (b)(3) (b)(1) (b)(3) (b)(1) (b)(3) (b)(1) (b)(3) (b)(1) (b)(3) Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 (b)(3) %our --3-b�are CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 20 February 1961 DAILY BRIEF Congo: The situation of the Gizenga regime in Stanleyvill continues to be chaotic. Press sources hint that Chief of Staff Lundula may be about to negotiate with Mobutu *Laos: King Sayan& speech on 19 February reaffirmed Lao- tian neutrality and called for an end to foreign intervention. The King expressed the hope that Cambodia, Burma, and Malaya woul form a commission to come to Laos and "establish that the country threatens no one and aspires solely to peace." Although it is too early for reports of international reaction to have been received, the Pathet Lao radio, in an anticipatory denunciation of the neutral N 'ITYP---SECREL_\T Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 (b)(3)1 proposed 14-nation conference on Laos. nations commission proposal, on 18 February termed it merely another US device to avoid reconvening the 1954 Geneva Conference or holding Cambodia7 PrineA Sihanniiirvc (b)(3) (b)(1) (b)(3) 20 Feb 61 DAILY BRIEF ii TO (b)(3)' Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 (b)(3) 1 (b)(1) (b)(3) 20 Feb 61 L\\\ DAILY BRIEF (b)(3)1 1 Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 Situation in the Congo: The internal situation in the Congo continues to pre- occupy other African governments. Ghana President Nkrumah's proposed all-African command obtaining its endorse- r nc p e ear y anuary at the Casablanca con- ference of chiefs of state of Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Morocco, and the UAR. Ceylon and Libya were represented by ob- servers at Casablanca. The five so-called Casablanca powers have all recognized the Gizenga regime and, except for Ghana, have withdrawn their troops from the UN Command in the Meanwhile, Moscow is continuing to avoid direct criti- cism or comment on US policy on the Congo question--an ap- parent attempt to cushion the impact on US-Soviet relations of the USSR's extreme demands for a Congo solution. Soviet propaganda treatment of both the President's press confer- ence statement on the Congo and Ambassador Stevenson's speech at the UN acknowledges that the US and Soviet posi- tions are sharply opposed. Moscow refrains, however, from 20 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 1 Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 002000199 Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 Val/ implicating the US by name in its attacks against Belgium, Hammarskjold, and the Congolese leaders. Implied crit- icisms of the US are conveyed only in references to Belgium's NATO allies and by SOIYIP in1nftinnQ from foreign press sources. 20 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 2 Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 (b)(3) TO 20 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 3 (b)(1) (b)(3) (b)(3) Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 (b)(3) Unrest May Be Spreading in Portuguese Africa Portugal's East African province of Mozambique is not now experiencing unrest similar to that in Angola, but nation- alist-inspired disorders occurred last summer in the north- ern part of the province, bordering on Tanganyika. Tribes- men reportedly attacked Portuguese administrative posts and staged large demonstrations in several areas. While most of the tribesmen were armed with their traditional weapons, some of them may have been carrying modern firearms\ The Mozambique government has been particularly con- cerned over the inflammatory effect of foreign radiobroad= casts. Radio Peiping announced last October that it was sched- uling seven hours of Portuguese-language broadcasts per week to Africa and described the Portuguese provinces as "the dark- est areas" of Africa. Furthermore, there is fear that thous= ands of Africans returning from work in the Rhodesias and South Africa might spark extremist nationalist movements. -TOP-SECREL 20 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 4 (b)(1) (b)(1) (b)(3) (b)(3) Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 (b)(3) (b) (b) 20 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 5 (1) (3) Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 Two N r crv-1-4,L3..Io� tirst# Racial Disorders Threaten Northern Rhodesia 'Elie breakup of the conference on 19 February was brought about by the inability of the British, Africans, and Rhodesian whites to reconcile their differences over the terms of the new constitution for Northern Rhodesia. Afri- can leaders such as Kenneth Kaunda, president of the United National Independence party, and Harry Nkumbula, leader of the rival African National Congress, have demanded that Britain give the Africans a majority of the seats in both the Legislative and Executive Councils. There are over 2,000,- 000 Africans as compared with some 75,000 Europeans in the country, but the Africans have only nine members out of 30 on the Legislative Council and two of 10 on the Executive Councig gThite settlers, on the other hand, have strenuously op- posed any such increase of African influence. Prime Minis- ter Welensky of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland has stated that Southern Rhodesia�a self-governing colony under settler control�might secede from the federation if Britain granted the Africans' demands A franchise is envisaged for Southern Rho- desia, where it has received support from moderate African) 20 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 6 Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 I I 1-.11:71 Eationalist groups. However, the nationalists are better or- ganized and more extremist in the protectorate of Northern Rhodesia, where native leaders are greatly influenced by the recent political advances of African groups in Nyasaland3 20 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 7 Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 4-11 o7274t,41,Q (b)(3) Hanoi Expands Subversive Apparatus in South Vietnam The boast that Diem could be overthrown in 1961--has also been made by high-ranking North Vietnamese officials. The Communists evidently feel that the presidential elections scheduled for April will provide excellent opportunities for stepped-up political and paramilitary action. The Communist strategy for the moment is apparently to emphasize propaganda activities, inspire popular demon- strations, and promote small-scale violence, but to avoid tests of strength with South Vietnamese regular military units. Since the end of December, Communist-initiated clashes have generally been confined to small-scale hit-and- run terrorist attacks, harassment of village offices and secu- rity posts, kidnapings, and murders. "Tax" collections from the peasants during the current rice harvest are helping to fi- nance much of the Communist program. -TOP-SECIZEL 20 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 8 (b)(1) (b)(3) (b)(3) Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 IGO va 1.4 THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House The Special Assistant for National Security Affairs The Scientific Adviser to the President The Director of the Budget The Director, Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization The Director, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Chairman, Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities Executive Secretary, National Security Council The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Director, International Cooperation Administration The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Administration The Counselor The Assistant Secretary of State for Policy Planning The Director of Intelligence and Research The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Assistant Secretary of Defense (International Security Affairs) The Assistant to Secretary of Defense (Special Operations) The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Chief of Staff, United States Army Commandant, United States Marine Corps U.S. Rep., Military Committee and Standing Group, NATO Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Director, The Joint Staff The Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff The Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of Army The Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of Navy The Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force The Department of Justice The Attorney General The Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director The Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman The National Security Agency The Director The United States Information Agency The Director The National Indications Center The Director ---coistriDENT2AL_ Approved for Release: 2016/07/05 CO2000199 ozi