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August 14, 2020
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August 27, 2020
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April 29, 1961
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Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 %re i %or G�iiiviG ,17 29 April 1961 UOPNO U CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001994 �IFUr�StVITET� P SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 � Ak; Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 %POI TOP SECRET 29 April 1961 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN CONTENTS 1. Laos: Pathet Lao forces make new gains east of Savannakhet. (Page t) 2. Portuguese Africa: Status report on Angola and Por- tuguese Guinea. (Page tt) 3. Nepal: Katmandu agrees to use of Chinese Communist troops in border area. (Page tt) 4. India: Nehru reportedly planning mid-May trip to USSR, France, UK, and US. (Page tt) 5. UAR: Mobilization exercise scheduled for May (Page itt) 6. Cuba: Delegations from the bloc and most Latin Amer- ican countries gather for May Day demonstrations. (Page 7. Dominican Republic: Dissidents reported planning a move against Trujillo within next two weeks. (Page tit) TOP-SEC-RE-T.- \ t t) Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 03firoved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 Lot Chas ....1:::: "T. Phong Saly I 'I N IPHON�G SALY --........ en Bien PM ... --- - / .......:�. ;.........1\ L. I ------,,r- 1 . ...- .�,0 NAMITHA ."'" \t I � ,---"' ".":,;:::. � i i . r t)tuong Sal � Nam Sac ' 1 \ �1 it t ,.......- / 1 1'�.,to' ie Sam Neu ....- s ( -.1.../ LUANGIPRABANG ., SAM NEUA ....,. \,....".... \ '.-- ',"...........-- t-/ X I E N G -..."'" KHOUANG N, SAYABOURY i .. 1 Muong Soui ,16.. Ban Ban \ � f "� A �-'.'- - . �-..o."....''...., i 7 ) ''''-'''., g _ NORTHERN LAOS k ( hou Khoun '''.-- I ''��� Xiang Khovang Muonb Ka '�' Phalli , '1 �4 '� .... Ban Ta Viang / Vang Vieng r.t. hT a Thom . %...-�� \ 40 Forces in KONG LE - PATHET LAO Contact ��� KONG LE - PATHET LAO AREAS SI ROAD - --TRAIL ROUTE NUMBER .6.19.41U- 510 ,109 STATUTE MILES � VIENTIANE Vinh �...t Kam Keut Mahaxay Phine SAVANNAKHET 29 Apr 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Map Page Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 41;44,4, Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 *id TOP SECRET CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 29 April 1961 DAILY BRIEF *Laos: A major new enemy drive is reported under way in CI the Tchepone area east of Savannakhet. General Phoumi has received field reports stating that Tchepone is encircled and under heavy attack by enemy forces, and that Muong Phine, IL) about 20 miles west of Tchepone on the road to Savannakhet-- fell on 27 April. A relief column sent from Savannakhet, con- sisting of three paratroop companies and a Thai 105-mm. bat- tery, reportedly was stopped west of Muong Phine by enemy . _ ambush and a blown bridge. Phoumi describes the situation as "extremely crit eal" and has asked fnr a ITS air strike in the Tchevone area. on 25 April Soviet aircraft airdropped supplies to rebel forces about 25 miles northwest of Tchepone. A MAAG representative is being sent to evaluate the confused situation in the Savannakhet area. No major change or activity has been reported from the other fronts. Souvanna Phouma, according to a Hanoi broadcast of 28 April, has declared that "only after agreements on military regulations are signed will the cease-fire order be issued for all fronts." Souvanna made this remark upon his arrival in Xieng Khouang on 28 April from Hanoi. After the Pathet Lao ignored his earlier proposal to meet in Luang Prabang to arrange a cease-fire, Phoumi called for a cease-fire meeting under a flag of truce on the morningof 29 April (local time) at the front south of yang Vieng. tihe Soviet airlift into Laos continues to be scheduled through 29 April. On 28 April, six Soviet IL-14's flew mis- sions to Xieng Khouang and returned to Hanoi (Backup, Page 1) (Map 4.4,444:�4 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 r iDeitra Dun npur theIN� Barkha Demarcated boundary. Railroad -x-s- Undemarcated boundary Road --- Indefinite boundary Trail 31240 UNCLASSIFIED Boundaries are not necessarily those recognized by the U.S. Government. 7 STATUTE MILES Taklakhar '`':,,.. r .._. , ./ 'kr \ .. - '14 CHINA s,... A Tradum Mugu ''.- - -s, - .....:-...- .....; :-_-. - 41 \..,,p r ---1 13 4 ., Tingn ... � � ' Ilstse Mustang Area 4'1,, , Giipnq - . Dzwl Dzong I ��=0,a, eliyalam Dzoncf Nepalganj Pokhara. p 4 0 Reit � 1./ri,an`-11 "icam\ch."; � LBazar 1 Sik Amlekhgam uoknow Bijulpura Darjeeli atse Gren9tse Li a._ Punekhe 0=5-, 1 N'Y BHUTAN C 29 Apr 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Map Page Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 Fey 'Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 Nroe %ad TOP SECRET Portuguese AfricaOl'ortuguese government officials ex- pect unrest in Angola to spread to several cities south of Luanda, where there have been recent indications of white separatist sentiment as well as African discontent. In the northern part of the province, rebels reportedly are able to move freely in wide areas extending south from the Congo border. At the same time, reports from Portuguese Guinea indicate that incursions by native terrorists operating� largely from the neighboring Republic of Guinea may be imminenq (Backup, Page 3) (Map) Communist China - Nepal:d)eiping and Katmandu have reportedly agreed on the use of Chinese combat troops to pro- tect the joint border survey teams now moving into the Mus- tang border area of Nepal. The new agreement could be used by Peiping as a precedent for the employment of Chinese troops in general mop-up operations against Tibetan rebels who have taken refuge in this and other isolated northern border regions of Nepal. According to one report, approximately two thousand armed Tibetans are in the Mustang area alone. Pei- ping made a similar arrangement in 1960 with Rangoon for the protection of joint survey teams along the Sino-Burmese bor- der, and Chinese troops subsequently moved farther into Burma to play the major role in driving out KMT irregulars. Nepal apparently agreed to the procedure out of concern for the safety of the teams in an area over which it has only nominal control and fears that the Tibetans will in time take to banditry and looting of the local inhabitants:1 India:liehru reportedly is planning a trip in mid-May which woulciinclude visits to the Soviet Union and--later, via Paris and '- London--to the United States. Nehru told President Prasad ing the week of 17 April that his ambition was to bring about a disarmament agreement. The Indian prime minister, who has .rt-' long regarded disarmament as the key to a general reduction'y /'?t,G ) zfur.�6 --/LL 29 Apr 61 DAILY BRIEF 25 /7' TOP SECRET / A Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 _ Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 si TOP SECRET rin East-West tensions, had been increasingly concerned over thP laek nf nrogrPss in nuclear, test-ban negotiations at Geneva7:1 UAR: a mobilization .exercise is planned for next month. The scope and type of exercise is not clear but is probably connected with current UAR efforts to unify the forces of both regions. It may be only a headquarters exercise. However, if large-scale troop movements take place, Israel may take similar meas- ilroc xxihi Ph would inerpage hansinn Cuba: Delegations trom tile smo-boviet D1OC ana most Latin American countries are now in Cuba or en route there for May Day demonstrations which will feature celebrations of the Cas- tro regime's recent victory. Jesus Soto, Communist leader of the Cuban labor confederation, is reported in the Cuban press to have said on 24 April that Cuba would be proclaimed "the first socialist democratic republic in America" on 1 May. (Backup, Page 5) *Dominican Republic:Oin attempt to depose Dominican dic- tator Trujillo is planned for some time within the next two weeks, according to information given the US Consulate by a knowledge- able dissident source. The consulate considers the information accurate, but notes that the opposition has been "historically long on planners and short on actors." If the plan succeeds, the consulate believes the US Government may receive an urgent call for assistance in the form of diplomatic recognition of the new anthnritiPs and "nnssiblv even military help in keeping order." a plan, probably related to the revolt attempt, is under way to assassinate Trujillo between 29 April and 2 May. The dissident group is not believed to have made adequate plans for controlling the situation after the dictator's removal, but believes immediate action is necessary to avoid discovery of the plot. Although oppo- sition to Trujillo continues to grow in almost all sectors of the population as police atrocities continue, police surveillance and terrorism have prevented effective planning by the dissidents 29 .4r 61 - DAILY BRIEF TOP SECRET iii - W ii Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 *01 Ele Situation in Laos Souvanna has apparently decided to boycott the royal funeral ceremonies in Luang Prabang to avoid meeting with leaders of the Boun Oum government. Souvanna has asked for an audience with Sihanouk in Phnom Penh on 2 May, apparently to inform the Cambodian leader of the results of his world tour regarding Laos. Sihanouk, while considering Souvanna as the only choice for premier of Laos, is unhappy over Souvanna's leftward drift which he blames on Western shortsightedness. Sihanouk doubts that Souvanna is now in a position to prevent a Communist takeover in Laos, and is deeolv concerned over the implications to Cambodia's security. commanders of all combat units to be vigilant in the wake ot the appeal by the Geneva co-chairmen for a cease-fire in Laos. All units were directed to send daily reports of the activities, strength, and location of Vientiane forces to enable the Plaine des Jarres headquarters to "keep abreast of the enemy's situation and to ensure the safety of our side during the negotiations." a truce in Laos "will not come easily" and warned against "enemy trickery and deception." be prepared to fight at all times and to listen only to orders from headquarters. On 28 April Souvanna Phouma, acting as "Premier of the Kingdom of Laos," signed a joint communiqu�ith North Vietnam's Premier Pham Van Dong agreeing to the establish- ment of diplomatic relations at the ambassadorial levels and the future signing of agreements on economic and cultural co- operation. In a move perhaps designed to provide legal justifi- cation for North Vietnamese personnel already in Laos, Souvanna received Hanoi's commitment to build and repair a number of communication lines, to help train technicians, and to send SECRET 29 Apr 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 1 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 SECRET "specialists" to Laos. The communiqu�harshly critical of American policy in Laos, also noted Souvanna's full approval of Hanoi's struggle for "peaceful reunification of Vietnam." A total of at least 32 Chinese Communist aircraft�pos- sibly IL-28 jet light bombers--have deployed from North China to the Hengyang area, probably Leiyang Airfield which has been recently reactivated, and which is located about 275 miles north of Canton. The first group of 20 aircraft arrived there on 22 April: a second grout, of 12 arrived on 28 April. attempt to conceal their deployment to this area. Although no Chinese Communist bombers have ever been permanently based south of Shanghai, temporary deployments to East and South China have been previously noted. The north China based 10th Air Division deployed to the Canton area between October 1957 and February 1958. There are some indications that some of the aircraft currently involved may be from that unit, now based at Tangshan in North China. Whether this deployment represents an extension of the Chinese Communist bomber force into an area where such a deployment has long been expected or whether it is related to events in Southeast Asia cannot yet be determined but in any case it would be necessary for the aircraft now in the Hengyang area to move farther to the south before maximum effectiveness against targets in Southeast Asia could be achieved. However, such a move is possible and the presence of IL-28s at a South China base would enhance Chinese Com- munist offensive capabilities against targets in Southeast Asia and adjacent waters. -stetter 29 Apr 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 2 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 - AFRICA REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO CABINDA LUCUNGA � �DAMBA �QUITEXE LUANDA � MALANGE PORTO AMBOIM NOVO REDONDOI. LOBITO, BENGUELA UNCLASSIFIED 610429 A NGOLA �SA DA BANDEIRA MOCAMEDES � SOUTH WEST AFRICA 100 200 300MILES PORT. GUINEA ANGOLA FEDERATION OF RHODESIA & NYASALAND BECHUANALAND 29 Apr 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Map Page Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 Noe TOP SECRET. Unrest in Portuguese African Territories Rebel activity in northern Angola reportedly has forced the Portuguese to evacuate numerous towns in a belt running from Damba and Lucunga to Quitexe. The Portuguese ap- parently also expect trouble in cities to the south such as Novo Redondo and Por o Amboim. and Africans have been arrested in these areas. 5ortuguese officials are concerned over the increasing belief among the local white population that Lisbon's efforts to solve Angola's problems have been unrealistic and ineffec- a petition from the southern city of Sa da Bandeira, signed by 181 of the town's inhabitants, asked Salazar to grant the governor general in Luanda full powers "in order to resolve correctly our internal problems." L.Ssim- ilar views are reported in the coastal cities of Lobito, Benguela. and Mocamedes, and in Luanda itself) Lisbon expects African terrorits to launch attacks in Portuguese Guinea in the near future3, Por- tuguese nervousness on this score was a major factor con= tributing to the recent decision by the Standard Oil organiza- tion, which has been drilling for oil in the territory, to evac- uate all dependents. Evacuees have indicated that local com- pany officials were following the example set by Portuguese residents, including military personnel, who have been send- ing their own dependents home as a result of harrowing tales told by Angolan refugees en route to Portugal. The oil company dependents carried new reports of a flow of several hundred Portuguese Guinean natives into the Re- public of Guinea and their eventual return after a period of training in guerrilla tactics. Another recent report indicates that the infiltration of such elements will be stepped up greatly as soon as the rainy, season begins next month, and implies that disturbances can be anticipated about the same time. The TOP�SEC�RE-T-- 29 Apr 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 3 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 :twe TOP SECRET Noe American ambassador in Dakar believes a similar but more limited infiltration of anti-Portuguese activists is under way from southern Senegal. In both cases these elements appear to be largely adherents of the Front for the Liberation of Por- tuguese Guinea and Cape Verde, the leader of which, Amilcar Cabral, has a long history of Communist associations. T4e governor general of Portuguese Guinea informed Lisbon I that the local military command was cooperating in the formation "in all locations" of militia groups directed by former military of- ficers or the administrative authorities. He reported that rifles and ammunition were available and "will be distributed immediately for this purpose." ad- ministrators had been given "detailed instructions about ac- tion to be taken in case of emergency" and urged Lisbon to press for speedy delivery of telecommunications equipment already on order. TOP SECRET 29 Apr 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 4 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 TOP SECRET sis May Day Events in Cuba Cuban government leaders have proclaimed that the May Day events will constitute Cuba's answer to "American imperi- alist aggression" and will seek to identify the "peoples" of other Latin American countries with its hostile stand against the United States. Castro first publicly referred to Cuba's "socialist revolu- tion" in his 16 April speech at the funeral of Cubans killed in the bombings of Cuban air bases on the previous day. Since then, there have been references in Cuban radiobroadcasts to the "proclamation of the socialist revolution" on 1 May. Labor boss Soto is reported in the press to have explained that the proclamation of a "socialist republic" could not have been made last May Day because of "reaction and divisionism" in Cuban la- bor unions, but he stressed that today "power is in the hands of the workers and peasants." Up to now, the Castro government, despite the strong influence of the Communists in it, has avoided calling itself a Communist regime. The regime is assured of a large turnout for its May Day events. The Colombian Embassy in Havana reported: "It is expected that the May Day demonstration will be huge, since anyone who does not attend is threatened with being considered a counterrevolu- tionary, with the consequences known to you." The Colombian added that the Cuban clergy believes "all their members will be expelled from Cuba" on 1 May. Communist and pro-Castro groups in other Latin American countries may seize the traditional May Day celebrations to re- new the anti-US demonstrations which they staged at the time of the recent landings in Cuba. Com- munists are planning coordinated anti-US, pro-Castro demonstra- tions during late April or early May in Mexico, Guatemala, Vene- zuela, Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, and other countries in the TOP SECRET 29 Apr 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 5 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 iftir4 TOP SECRET*ieri area, although the means for coordination has not been dis= closed. Costa Rican Communists are preparing a similar effort. TOP SECRET 29 Apr 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 6 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 1.4 X.!.L V A' .1.1-Al2.11. V .11. 14JLd Noe %We THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House The Special Assistant for National Security Affairs The Scientific Adviser to the President The Director of the Budget The Director, Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization The Director, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Chairman, Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Director, International Cooperation Administration The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Administration The Counselor and Chairman of the Policy Planning Council The Director of Intelligence and Research The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Assistant Secretary of Defense (International Security Affairs) The Assistant to Secretary of Defense (Special Operations) The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Chief of Staff, United States Army Commandant, United States Marine Corps U.S. Rep., Military Committee and Standing Group, NATO Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Director, The Joint Staff The Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff The Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of Army The Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of Navy The Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force The Department of Justice The Attorney General The Federal Bureau of Investibation The Director The Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman The National Security Agency The Director The United States Information Agency The Director The National Indications Center The Director CONFIDENTIAL Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001993 iwz (0