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March 18, 2019
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March 28, 2019
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April 27, 1951
PDF icon CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULL[15587417].pdf285.65 KB
Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2003052 -1-t..)1-' -.11.ra J. 27 April 1951 Copy No. C-.1- CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN � 'DOCUMENT NO. NO CHANGE IN CLASS. DECLASSIFIED CLASS. CHANGED TO: TS S NEXT REVIEW DATE: AUTH: F. i DAT Ea 4. f" I RrVIEWER: Office of Current Intelligence CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2003052 3.5(c) 3.5(c) 3.5(c) 3.5(c) TC,:reoved for Release: 2011/03/14 CO2003052 SUMMARY FAR EAST I. US Political Adviser in Tokyo comments on local election results (page 3). 2. General de Lattre says US has designs on Indochina (page 3). NEAR EAST 4. Embassy Moscow comments on Sacichikov remarks concerning intervention in Iran (page 5). 5. Nehru approves Congress Party opposition to Communist "peace appeal" (page 5). 6. Egypt makes counter-offers to UK defense proposals (page 6). 7. Turkey continues to press for inclusion in Western security arrangements (page 6). EASTERN EUROPE . Yugoslays may raise question of Satellite pressures in UN (page 8). Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2003052 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2) 3.3(h)(2) 3.5(c) 3.5(c) pved for Release: 2011/03/14 CO2003052 TC FAR EAST 1. US Political Adviser in Tokyo comments on local election results: III The US Political Adviser in Tokyo reports 3.3(h)(2) that nearly complete returns in the nation- wide local elections held on 23 April indi- cate an impressive Conservative victory, with Conservative-supported candidates winning 94 percent of the contested seats. In his opinion, the Socialist defeat was not so much a blanket endorsement of the tonservative parties as a rejection of the Socialist "peace principles," (neutrality in the East-West struggle, opposition to US bases in Japan and opposition to a "separate peace" with the non-Communist nations). He adds that Ambassador Dulles' recent return to Japan and his press conference of 19 April (which dealt pri- marily with Pacific security) probably had a damaging effect upon the Socialist campaign. Comment: Socialist Party leaders, as well as a large section of the Japanese press, agreed that Dulles' return and subsequent remarks were an important factor in the Socialist de- feat. With the long-desired peace treaty imminent, the Japanese people were unsympathetic to the Socialist position, which they generally recog- nize as inconsistent with an early termination of the Occupation. 2. General de Lattre says US has designs on Indochina: 3.5(c) The US Consul in Hanoi reports that at a gather- ing of top French military and civil officials 3.3(h)(2) General de Lathe made several derogatory statements about the US. The General accused US officials in Indochina of slanting their re- porting in favor of the Vietnamese, and asserted that a Vietnamese political party in Tonkin was supported by the Americans. He accused US officials, especially those in ECA, of undermining the French position and turning the Vietnamese against France. In addition, he stated that US missionaries were turning the natives against the French. When the TOP CRET Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2003052 3.5(c) TApproved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2003052 3.5(c) Consul pointed out that to accuse the US of having designs on Indochina is to accept the Communist propaganda line, the General replied, "Well then, the Communists are right for once." On the following evening, the Consul discussed De Lattre's remarks with the general's aide, Gen- eral Cogny, who said that De Lattre's behavior was merely the frank- ness of a man who felt himself among friends, and that it would be un- fortunate if superficial French-US differences were permitted to play into the hands of the enemy. Comment: General de Lathe has made simi- lar accusations in the past, particularly with respect to ECA. US of- ficials have found it extremely difficult to assess the spontaneity and sincerity of De Lathe's outbrusts against US policy in Indochina. There seems to be little doubt that De Lattre, like many other Frenchmen, is grievously conscious of France's decline during the past generation as a world power and reacts in an exaggerated fashion to any real or fancied slight to French honor. 3.3(h)(2) - 4 - TO CRET Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2003052 3.5(c) NT, pproved for Release: 20-19/03/14 CO2003052 (441.0c EIEJ NEAR EAST 3.5(c) 4. _EmbasEy Moscow comments on Sadchikov remarks concerning inter- vention in Iran: 3.3(h)(2) Informed by the French about a conversation between the Soviet Ambassador to Iran and some Satellite officials regarding Soviet in- tentions should the UK land forces in Iran, the US Embassy in Moscow believes that in view of the USSR's customary complete reticence as to its real intentions, this reassuring statement by Sadchikov is a deliberate plant to encourage a chain of events favor- able to Soviet expansionist moves in Iran. Terming the statement a virtual invitation to the British, the Embassy adds that any landing of UK forces would increase internal disorder and nationalist agitation, possibly culminating in the establishment of a new government willing to invite the Soviets to come "to its rescue" under the 1921 treaty. (Sadchikov's conversation with the Satellite officials is summarized in the Current Intelligence Bulletin of 26 April 1951..) 5. Nehru approves Congress Party opposition to Communist "peace appeal"../ 3.3(h)(2) On 30 March, the Secretary-General of the Indian Congress Party addressed a confidential letter to all Provincial Congress Committees advising party members to have nothing to do with Stockholm Peace Appeal committees or signature campaigns, since "they are designed for certain political purposes." The US Em- bassy in New Delhi is reliably informed that Prime Minister Nehru attended the All-India Congress Committee meet- ing at which the advisability of distributing this letter was discussed and that he approved of its dissemination. Comment The Congress Party's circular letter is obviously designed to dis5uade party members from partici- pating in the current Communist effort to obtain signatures in support of an appeal for a Five Power Peace Pact and universal reduction of 5 Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2003052 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2003052 TG..? SECRET armaments. This is believed to be the first time that the Indian Con- gress Party has taken official cognizance of international Communist intentions and propaganda techniques and shown its opposition to them. Prime Minister Nehru's reported approval of the letter, while thought- provoking, does not necessarily indicate that his previously expressed views on international Communism and the USSR have changed, 6. Egypt makes counter-offers to UK defense proposals: 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2) The British Ambassador in Cairo has revealed that the Egyptian Government, in its reply to the UK defense proposals, stated that practical- ly all the British proposals were unacceptable. The Egyptian reply also reportedly contained counter proposals, includ- ing the demand for British evacuation from the Suez area within one year, which were "the same old story. " The US Charge in Cairo corn- me ts that the fact that Egypt has made counter-proposals leavesithe door open for future talks, and that the UK has now succeeded getting Egypt on record as opposing self-determination for the Sudan. Comment: The fact that the Egyptian Prime Minister and the Foreign Minister have so far refrained from making detailed public comments either on the UK defense proposals or on Egypt's reply, as well as the fact that Egyptian parliamentary debate on this issue has been postponed, indicates that the Egyptian Govern- ment would still prefer a continuance of the discussions to their com- plete breakdown. 7. Turkeysontinues to press for inclusion in Western security arrange- ments: j,/,' 11" Turkish Foreign Minister Koprulu informed the US Ambassador in Ankara that current discussions with the Turkish Ambassadors 3.3(h)(2) from London, Paris and Rome were being held with a view to crystallizing Turkish foreigiy policy. The Turkish Am- bassador to the US has been instructed to join them in Ankara. Koprulu stated that French Foreign Minister Schuman had assured the Turkish 6. SECTIT Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2003052 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2519/03/14 CO2003052 T2SCRET Ambassador in Paris that, while in Washington, he had almost reached agreement with the US Government on support of a Mediterranean pact which would include the US, UK, France, Turkey and Greece. In this connection, Koprulu indicated to the US Ambassador that Turkey was not adverse to such an arrangement if it were a subsidiary to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Comment: / 1 / Turkish desire to assure its own security has been heightened by recent international developments, such as the disorders in Iran and the recall of General MacArthur. Currently, Turkey seems to be hopeful that, in view of its firm stand in Korea and, its growing reputation as a non-Communist bastion in the Middle East, it may be closer to achieving some type of satisfactory security arrangement with the West. EASTERN EUROPE 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2) 3.3(h)(2) 7 TOP Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2003052 3.5(c) pproved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2003052 ET 9. Yugoslays may ra.,_seuesfim UN atellite pressures in 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2) - 3.3(h)(2) Upon his return from Belgrade-,. Yugoslav UN delegate Bebler informed US Ambassador Austin that increasing tension in the Balkans may force Yugoslavia in the next month or two to raise the question of Satellite pressures on Yugoslavia in the UN. As a possible preliminary step to a full -fledged UN discussion, Belgrade is consid- ering presenting a memo to the UN citing the causes and nature of the tension provoked by the Satellites. Bebler, however, refused to commit himself to a statement that Yugoslavia consider s the situation urgent. Bebler further stated that the Yugoslav Government was unable to guess the time and place where Satellite forces might strike, if ever. He sug- gested that the build-up may be aimed at increasing the Soviet political bargaining position, but admitted that the enormity of the economic ef- fort indicates that the build-up is for a major purpose. 8 Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2003052 3.3(h)(2) 3.5(c)