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Document Creation Date: 
May 24, 2019
Document Release Date: 
May 30, 2019
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Publication Date: 
June 6, 1952
PDF icon CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULL[15638459].pdf279.29 KB
Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2017998 Nee TOP SECRET Nue SEC INFORMATION 6 June 1952 Copy No, 53 CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 000UMENY P40.?..* NO CHANGE IN CLASS. ;or 1:3 DECLASSIFIED CLASS. CHANCED TO: IS S NeXT RfiVIEW DATE. AVM: R 70.2 WE: EVIEWER: Office of Current Intelligence CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY TOPS SECURI FORMATION 0 3.5(c) 3.5(c) 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2017998 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2017998 TtoP SECRET SUMMARY GENERAL 1. Soviet Union plans appointment of new ambassadors (page 3). 2. Soviet feeler regarding terms for Korean armistice (page 4). FAR EAST Appointment of new Vietnamese premier stuns Tonkinese (page 4). EASTERN EUROPE 4. Ambassador Kennan comments on Rumanian situation (page 5)0 WESTERN EUROPE 5. Italy prepares to resume direct discussions with Yugoslavia over Trieste (page 5). 6, Soviet air preparedness measures in East Germany (page 6). 7. 8. LA TIN AMERICA Argentine exile predicts Rine revolt against Peron (page 7). Guatemalan agrarian reform bill (page 7). * * * * - 2 - TOP SIET 3.3(h)(2) 3.5(c) 3.5(c Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2017998 Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2017998 frt,SECRET 3.5(c) GENERA L 1. Soviet Union plans appointment of new ambassadors: Ambassador Kerman reports from Moscow that he was told by the British Ambassador that the Soviet Union has indicated its desire to appoint Andrei Gromyko as Ambassador to Great Britain. Comment: Previously the USSR had re- quested the United States to accept Georgi Zarubin as Ambassador to Washington. The proposed appointment of these two top foreign service officials to London and Washington may be an indication that the USSR does not anticipate an imminent conflict with the West.. The Kremlin may also expect a period of deepening international crisis during which its representatives in London and Washington must be equipped to speak with authority and be capable of accurate analysis of Western intentions. Grotnyko is a specialist in Western affairs, having been Counselor in the Soviet Embassy in Washington from 1939 to 1943 and later Ambassador to the United States. He participated actively in the Dumbarton Oaks, Yalta, and Potsdam conferences and was chief Soviet delegate to the UN Security Council from 1946 to 1948. Since that time he has been First Deputy Foreign Minister of the USSR. Zarubin's primary experience in Western affairs contrasts with that of Panyushkin, the present Ambassador to the United States, who is a Far Eastern specialist. Zarubin who has been in London since 1946, headed the Soviet diplomatic mission to Ottawa at the time of the Canadian spy case and was chief of the A men- can division of the Soviet Foreign Office. He has frequently been a delegate to Council of Foreign Ministers' meetings and to the UN. 3 T9SE 3.3(h)(2) 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2017998 Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2017998 3.5(c) 2. Soviet feeler regarding terms for Korean armistice: In a conversation with an Israeli delegate at 3.3(h)(2) the United Nations, Assistant Secretary Gen- eral Zinchenko, a Russian national, took the initiative in suggesting a new formula for the Korean armistice negotiations. Zinchenko asked for an opinion on the possibility of initialing an armistice agreement on the basis of issues already settled, with the understanding that the agreement would become effective upon settlement of the POW issue. Zinchenko opened the discussion with a reference to a conversation of a year ago between Malik and the Israeli delegate In which the latter expressed the view that settlement of the German question would be difficult as long as the Korean war continued. The Israeli delegate commented that Zinchenko was probably "not freewheeling" and suggested that the Russians were sounding out sentiment on bringing up pending issues such as Korea during the USSR's presidency of the Security Council in June. Comment: The USSR's first initiative on a Korean settlement occurrea in the Malik conversation with the Israeli delegate in March, 1951. Such approaches appear intended both to convey information and gain an impression as to how firmly UN members support the US stand in Korea. FAR EAST 3. Appointment of new Vietnamese premier stuns Tonkinese: An official of the Tonkin government told the 3.3(h)(2) American Consul in Hanoi that news of the appointment of Nguyen Van Tam to the premier- ship has been received with "stunned incre- dulity," and predicted that Tam will last only a few months, since he � Is entirely without Vietnamese backing. The same official interprets Tam's appointment as a final desperate bid for power by the French, who, he said, induced Bao Dai to name Tam by assuring Bao Dai a large personal income. - 4 - T2C7.3E6rET 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2017998 Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2017998 3.5(c) Comment: Tam was active as Minister of Security and later as Acting Governor of Tonkin for a period of five months prior to March 1952. His repressive police methods and his liquidation of the popular nationalistic Dai Viet Party, the principal rival of the pro-French ruling faction which Tam represents, earned him the enmity of the Tonkinese. The incumbent governor of Tonkin is reported to have tendered his resignation on learning of the Tam appointment, but was ordered by Bao Dai to remain on duty. EASTERN EUROPE 4A Ambassador Kennan comments on Rumanian situation: The American Ambassador in Moscow sug- gests that the recent changes in Rumania may be part of a new phase in Soviet foreign policy. He speculates that as a result of the present German crisis, the USSR may exploit puppet Satellite forces more boldly to heighten international tension and that, as part of this move, the Russians are taking further steps toward including Rumania in the USSR. The Ambassador does not feel that integra- tion is imminent, but he suggests the possibility that the present purges and reform of the judicial system may be partly intended to lead the way. Comment: Although the timing of the Rumanian purges appears to connect them with the East-West struggle In Europe rather than with purely internal causes, a power struggle within the party hierarchy is the major factor. WESTERN EUROPE 3.3(h)(2) 5. Italy prepares to resume direct discussions with Yugoslavia over Trieste: Italy will propose that direct discussions with Yugoslavia on Trieste be held in London, ac- cording to the Secretary of the Italian Foreign 3.3(h)(2) - 5 ,- TOPSigrIET 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2017998 Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2017998 Ministry. Appropriate instructions are being sent to the Italian Ambassadors in Washington, London, and Paris. The Italian official pointed out that Italy has not yet replied to the most recent Yugoslav proposal. Comment: The Italians favor London as the conference site because they now believe that Britain will assume a sympathetic attitude toward Italy. Foreign Secretary Eden agreed with Secretary Acheson on 27 May that Britain and the United States should consider "imposing" a Trieste settlement on Italy and Yugoslavia. 6. Soviet air preparedness measures in East Germany: /Soviet fighter aircraft based in East Germany used two Frankfurt- Berlin flights in the air corridor as practice targets. In the first case, Soviet aircraft, apparently under ground- control-intercept direction, reported "we are attacking" a Frankfurt- Berlin flight; in the second instance, Soviet aircraft followed a corri- dor flight for approximately 15 miles before returning to their base. Comment: No Western aircraft were actually attacked on 26 May. Besides giving further evidence of Soviet sensitivity to corridor flights by Western aircraft, ;;an effort to prepare Soviet air and ground crews for possible Iire operations or harassing measures against air traffic between Berlin and the West zones. Other measures to achieve a greater degree of readiness in the 24th Air Army are revealed by fairly reliable reports which indicate practice alerts in March at two Soviet airfields in the Berlin area. - - T S E 1C -E1 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2) 3.3(h)(2) 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2017998 Approved for Release: 2-619/05/08 CO2017998 3.5(c) TPSECRET LA TIN AMERICA 7. Argentine exile predicts June revolt against Peron: A June revolt against the Argentine Govern- ment, starting with Peron's assassination, has been predicted by an exiled high-ranking naval officer. He states that the future government will be a three-man military junta. The exiled officer is confident that even a weak revolt could oust Peron in view of the present economic crisis and the government's inadequate control over the interior, He con- siders the military capabilities of the General Confederation of Labor "highly overrated," and states that the army has some hidden arms. Comment: Numerous reports have been received of an impending revolutionary attempt, but none has indicated how the unidentified plotters would be able to circumvent Peron's rigorous security measures. The armed services have been purged of officers of doubtful loyalty, and there is no evidence of cooperation among civilian opposition groups. Peron has frequently urged the powerful labor confederation, reportedly armed, to be ready to rise against those who might attempt a revolution. Guatemalan agrarian reform bill: 3.3( 7 TOP}EC(IiT 3.3(h)(2) 3.3(h)(2) h)(2) 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2017998 Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2017998 'ISECRET Comni.ent: The agrarian reform bill, promised by the Guatemalan Constitution of 1945 and strongly urged by President Arbenz, is now being discussed in the National Congress and is likely to be passed. Although the Communists in Guatemala are strong and have consistently demanded a wider distribution of land, there is no evidence that they had any part in the formulation of the present bill, which appears to be a relatively moderate, albeit impractical, at- tempt to solve the country's agrarian problem. -8 Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2017998