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Document Creation Date: 
May 24, 2019
Document Release Date: 
May 30, 2019
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Publication Date: 
February 24, 1952
PDF icon CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULL[15638460].pdf240.34 KB
Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2020558 ml'UF Kt" SEC INFORMATION 24 February 1952 Copy No. 43 CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN DOCUMENT NO NO CHANCE N CLASS.. [ TO: TS c' C VLW HR 70-2 DATi. (tat REVIEWER Office of Current Intelligence CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY 3.5(c) 3.5(c) 3.5(c) SECURITY INFORMATION Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2020558 Approved for Release: 2019/05%08 CO2020558 TP SECRET SUMMARY NEAR EAST - AFRICA 1. Yemen Government is attempting to promote understanding with USSR (page 3). 2. Comment on split in Leftist opposition party in Israel (page 4). 3. France proffers admittedly unacceptable program to Tunisia (page 4). EASTERN EUROPE 4. Anti-religious attacks increase in Yugoslavia (page 5). WESTERN EUROPE 5. East Germans to close canal lock on Berlin route to West (page 5), 6. Austrian officials anticipate stronger Soviet pressure (page 6). * * * * 2 TOP ET Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2020558 Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2020558 Irt-EP--SECRET 3.5(c) NEAR EAST - AFRICA 1. Yemen Government is attempting to promote understanding with USSR: 3.3(h)(2) The Imam of Yemen ordered his representative in London on 8 February to contact Soviet UN Delegate Jacob Malik and to "pave the way towards a mutual understanding and God willing an agreement." He said that the Western powers have disappointed the Arabs and have- broken their promises while they carry on a colonial policy in defiance of the principles of the United Nations. The Arabs, accordingly, are turning "towards Moscow hoping to receive from thence cultural and material assistance if it should be necessary." The Yemeni representative in London replied on 11 February that he had asked for an appointment with Malik who was about to leave. He had been told by a Soviet representative at the time of his call about the opportunities offered by the Moscow Economic Conference in April. The representative, accordingly, has suggested to the Imam that if a Yemeni representative were to be authorized to attend the confer- ence, preliminary discussions could be held with the Soviet Ambassador in London. Comment: The Imam, the absolute ruler of Yemen, is a devout Moslem with a limited comprehension of world affairs and generally unfriendly to foreigners. During the past several years he has apparently developed an interest in expanding his foreign relations, inspired by a desire to benefit financially from whatever mineral and oil resources Yemen may possess. The USSR has no representation in Yemen. A planned visit of the Soviet Minister to Ethiopia in the fall of 1949 did not materialize. The Imam's surprising approach to the USSR appears to reflect in part the well-known Arab dissatisfaction with the West but also a hope of benefiting both politically and economically from such a move. 3 TOP 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2020558 Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2020558 P PSECRET 3.5(c) 2. Comment on split in Leftist opposition party in Israel: 3.3(h)(2) Two Israeli Parliament members have broken with their party, the leftist MAPAM, and have decided to form an inde- pendent group. The two members are opposed to the decided pro-Commu- nist slant taken by the left wing of MAPAM, which has often followed the Communist line and is the strongest opposition to Prime Minister Ben Gurion's coalition government. The party is losing two of its 15 deputies in the 120-man Parliament by this action; moreoverrsorne' of the remaining 13 are opposed to the party's often-displayed Communist alignment. �The stability of the present government is enhanced by this formal break within MAPAM, which may foreshadow more splintering. 3. France proffers admittedly unacceptable program to Tunisia: 3.3(h)(2) The Chief of the Protectorates Division in the French Foreign Office told the American Am- bassador that Resident General Jean de Haute cloque is returning to Tunis with in- structions to see the Bey privately and to promise "vague reforms" in exchange for the dismissal of the Bey's Prime Minister. If Hautecloque fails in this mission, as the Foreign Office expects, he will have to wait until the French Government decides upon specific reforms to offer the Bey. Since order has been fairly well restored, there is now no sense of urgency. 3.3(h)(2) 3.5(c) -Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2020558 Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2020558 TreP 3.5(c) EASTERN EUROPE 4. Anti-religious attacks increase in Yugoslavia: The Tito regime has forbidden religious 3.3(h)(2) instruction in the schools of Slovenia and Croatia, both predominantly Catholic regions, and has ordered the separation of all theo- lOgical faculties from their respective universities in the various republics. Moreover, the provincial press and local Communist Party organizations in Slovenia have increased their attacks against the clergy, and a series of newspaper articles along Marxist lines have predicted the demise of religion in Yugoslavia. American officials believe that these develop- ments suggest a high level decision to revive the religious issue as part of a concerted effort to restore party purity and reactivate the party's revolutionary functions, in order to reassure Yugoslav Communists that the building of socialism remains the principal objective of the regime. Comment: The notable increase in anti- Catholic activity is not only an attempt to regenerate party spirit but is also probably calculated to discredit the widespread belief in Yugoslavia that the release of Archbishop Stepinac represents a concession to Yugoslav Catholics and the West. WESTERN EUROPE 5, East Germans to close canal lock on Berlin route to West: East German officials have announced the 3.3(h)(2) closing for repairs of the Grosswusterwitz lock of the Plauer Canal, part of the Mittelland Canal system linking West Berlin and West Germany, from 22 February to 6 March, according to a report from American officials in Berlin. At first this will apparently not affect the Mittelland Canal traffic, already hampered by ice conditions. - 5 - TOP Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2020558 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2020558 rIttSECRET 3.5(c) Later, however, if the closing is prolonged beyond 6 March, it may necessitate re-routing canal traffic between Berlin and the West by a longer and inferior route, thus lengthening the barge trip by approximately two days. Comment: The closing of the Rothensee lock In the Mittelland system, however, comprised one of the most effective Communist harassing measures against West Berlin during 1951. Originally announced for six weeks, these "repairs" were dragged out for almost eleven months. 6. Austrian officials anticipate stronger Soviet pressure: 3.3(h)(2) Chancellor Figl and Vice-Chancellor Schaerf have informed the American Embassy in Vienna that the Soviet Headquarters may have received new directives to "bolster" the Soviet Union's economic and political position in Austria. Special attention, they believe, Is to be devoted to economic penetration, with probable exploitation of the unemployment problem to be expected General Sviridov, the Soviet High Commissioner, had warned Figl and Schaerf that any action against Soviet retail establish- ments in Austria would be considered an action against the Soviet Union, and intimated that "workers" might demonstrate before the Federal Chancellory in support of these enterprises. The American Embassy associates this new policy with the recent shake-up in high-ranking personnel of the Soviet Headquarters. Comment: Since the failure of the scheduled meeting of the treaty deputies, the Austrians have been increasingly bold in denouncing Soviet policy on the treaty and Soviet economic exploitation. The Soviet authorities have reacted with violent propaganda attacks on the Austrian and American Governments and their alleged plans for partition- ing and remilitarizing Austria. 6 TOP 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2020558