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Document Creation Date: 
May 24, 2019
Document Release Date: 
May 30, 2019
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Publication Date: 
January 22, 1952
PDF icon CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULL[15638397].pdf204.81 KB
Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 602623664 '*'s TOP ET ',me SEC INFORMATION 22 January 1952 Copy No. 4 9 CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN DOCUMENT NO NO CHANGE IN CLASS, DECLASSIFIED CLASS. CHANGED TO: TS 44 � NEXT REVIEW DATE: AUTI-ifkl-IRiko- DAT E 10( 1.1roJEW ER : Office of Current Intelligence CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY � Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2623664 Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2623664 TSECRET 3.5(c) SUMMARY FAR EAST � French forces in Tonkin are severely pressed (page 3). . Karens may abandon demand for separate state in Burma (page 3). SOUTH ASIA 3. Pakistan expresses interest in Middle East Command (page 4). NEAR EAST - AFRICA 4. Suez Canal Company expects Egypt's assistance in preventing future strikes (page 5). EASTERN EUROPE 5. Local political groups in Trieste clamor for elections (page 6). -2 TOP 3.5(c) 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2623664 Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2623664� SECRET 3.5(c) FAR EAST 1. French forces in Tonkin are severely pressed: The US Military Attache at Hanoi states it 3.3(h)(2) is "very doubtful" that the military picture in Tonkin is as promising as the French publicly assert. The Viet Minh strategy of constant attacks against new points on the defense perimeter is tiring French troops by forcing them to make continual countermove. The French are losing experienced and well-armed soldiers, while the Viet Minh is holding its best troops in reserve and committing only ill-eqktipped, untrained conscripts. The attache concludes that the "best French hope" at the moment is for the Viet Minh soon to cease general operations in order to recuperate and supply. Comment: An American official, just re- , t4rned from the southern delta region within tie defense perimeter, reports that the entire area is being infiltrated by Viet Minh forces, with only four towns securely held by the French. Announcements over the past weekend by the French that they are conducting an offensive in that areit appear there- fore to be misleading; actually, the operation has more the complexion of a defensive action involving troops badly needed plsewhere. 2. Karens may abandon demand for separate state in Burma: A spokesman for the Karen Congress, an organization composed of Karens in legal opposition to the Burmese Government, re- portedly stated that the insurgent Karens will not insist upon the establishment of a separate state. They will, however, 3 ToCSECgT 3.3(h)(2) 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2623664 Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2623664 3.5(c) demand that Karens who have been imprisoned or discharged from military or civil positions for political reasons be released or reinstated, and that Karens be guaranteed minority rights throughout Burma, including the right to their own educational system and equal commercial opportuni- ties with Burmans. Comment: The Karen Congress has been in constant touch with the insurgent Karens and it is plausible that this group would be utilized as an intermediary to transmit any offer by the insurgents to the government. This report, if true, represents a consider- able concession on the part of the Karens who have heretofore been in- transigent in their demand for a separate state. Moreover, the reported concession is being offered at a time when the Burmese Communists have been holding out to the Karens the promise of such a state. SOUTH ASIA 3. Pakistan expresses interest in Middle East Command: Pakistan and Turkey are the two cornerstones upon which the proposed Middle East Command should rest. This statement was made by Pakistani Foreign Minister Zafrullah Khan to the French Ambassador in Karachi during a discussion of mutual problems. The Foreign Minister said further that Pakistan would agree to take part in a mutual defense plan for the area only if promised assistance in the event of threatening moves by India-or if "forces from the north" were overwhelming. Zafrullah also stated that instead of participation in the proposed Middle Ea4st Command, Egypt should have been offered custody of the Suez Canal with arrangements for its international defense, in which Pakistani troops would participate. TOP ET 3.3(h)(2) 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2623664 Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2623664 riviSECRET Comment: Similar statements were voiced by another Pakistani Cabinet member last September. While the Western defense proposals have not been completely defined, there has been some discussion between the United States and Great Britain of an approach to Pakistan regarding membership in the proposed Middle East Command. Pakistan has indicated that its cooperation with the West would be in- creased if a satisfactory solution of the Kashmir issue could be arranged. NEAR EAST - AFRICA 4. Suez Canal Company expects Egypt's assistance in preventing future strikes: Francois Charles-Roux, Chairman of the Suez Canal Company, has expressed his satisfaction over the reception he recently received from the Egyptian Prime Minister, the Minister of Interior, and the chief of King Farouk's Palace cabinet. The Chairman explained to the Egyptian officials that his company, which is not implicated in the Anglo-Egyptian conflict, is interested solely in ensuring the uninterrupted continuation of all shipping traffic through the Suez Canal. He also stated that, since this policy is to Egypt's interest, he expected the Egyptian Government to render all possible assistance in preventing strikes by Egyptian laborers. The Prime Minister assured him that he realized the importance of the unrestricted operation of the Suez Canal and that he believed that Egypt should offer the canal company as much aid as possible in preventing future work stoppages. Comment: The US Embassy in Cairo pre- viously reported the concern felt by Sifez Canal Company officials over the brief labor strikes of the past two weeks. While relations between the Egyptian Government and the company are cordial at present, it will be increasingly difficult for the company to avoid indirect involvement in the Anglo-Egyptian dispute, since Egyptian personnel may strike again as a protest, not against any company actions, but against the participation of the British authorities in operating the canal. 5 TOP Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2623664 � IP."( It Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2623664 TitSECRET 3.5(c) EASTERN EUROPE 5. Local political groups in Trieste clamor for elections: All parties favoring an independent Trieste, 3.3(h)(2) including the Cominformists and the pro- Tito groups, are clamoring for communal elections in Trieste, according to the American Political Adviser. He states that pro-Italian groups are voicing no obc- tionsto an election, and that consequently there seems to be no legitimate local basis for the Allied Military Government to persist in its refusal to set an election date. Comment: Last October the Military Govern- ment postponed communal elections until 1952 at the request of the Italian Government, in order to provide a proper atmosphere for possible Yugoslav- Italian negotiations on the Trieste issue. In the absence of any firm prospect for an early Yugoslav-Italian accord, the Military Government has no justi- fication for further postponement. With Italian national and local elections im- pending, the Italian Government is particularly anxious to avoid risking further weakening of its position by a poor showing of the Italian parties in Trieste. 6 TOP ET 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2623664