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Document Creation Date: 
March 18, 2019
Document Release Date: 
March 28, 2019
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Publication Date: 
March 14, 1951
PDF icon CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULL[15587400].pdf167.92 KB
no � Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2682864 TOP ET Site 14 March 1951 Copy No. C i-1 CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN +33 DOCUMENT NO. NO CHANGE IN CLASS. ir 1-0: T3 S AUT1-1: I DATEn . Office of Current Intelligence CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY Tops Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2682864 3.5(c) 3.5(c) 3.5(c) 3.5(c) Trtzrtr -.Approved for Release: 20i19703/14 CO2682864 SUMMARY GENERAL 2. UK and French delegations anxious for Foreign Ministersr Conference (page 4). FAR EAST EASTERN EUROPE 5. Internal tension mounting in Albania (page 6). 2 Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2682864 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2) 3.3(h)(2) 3.3(h)(2) 3.5(c) 3.5(c) ,'Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2682864 T N.01- GENERAL 1. Schuman analyzes Soviet strategy regarding Germany: 3.5(c) ,t41 cr On 26 February French Foreign Minister Schuman expressed the view that the purpose of present Soviet strategy with regard to 3.3(h)(2) Germany is to restore the quadripartite ar- rangements which the USSR abandoned in 1948. If this could be accom- plished, the USSR could retain control of its zone and also prevent the integration of Western Germany into Western Europe. Schuman believes that the USSR cannot agree to a peace treaty and the withdrawal of oc- cupation forces (which would free East Germany from Soviet control), and that it is turning, therefore, to the formula of a provisional govern- ment for a reunited Germany, presented as the first step toward a peace treaty. Once a provisional government is established and plans for German participation in NATO abandoned, the peace treaty could be in- definitely delayed. Since this would put the Soviet Government in a posi- tion to assert quadripartite control over the German government, it could then accept even the Western requirement for free elections. . Schuman concludes, therefore, that the German question cannot be con- sidered separately from other European problems and that French policy must not abandon its emphasis on the continued participation in a suitable European framework of any German government resulting from free elections. Schuman noted that "we cannot go back to formulas of quad- ripartite control at a time when we are progressively giving up tripar- tite control." Comment The first point of a Council of Foreign Ministers agenda proposed by Soviet Deputy Gromyko called for discussion of "fulfillment by the four powers of the Potsdam Agree- m ent regarding the demilitarization of Germany and prohibition of the remilitarization of Germany." If the Potsdam Agreement were utilized as a basis for regulating German military affairs, it woUld imply in it- self at least a partial restoration of quadripartite controls, a situation of greater advantage to the Soviet Union than to the Western powers. TO Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2682864 3.5(c) � -Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2682864 Lztra 2. UK and French delegations anxious for Foreign Ministers Conference7 At a tripartite meeting of the US, UK, and French delegations to the Deputy Foreign Ministers'Con- ference in Paris, the Chief of the UK delegation, supported by the French, appealed strongly for doing everything possible, "excluding appeasement or th% acceptanc9 3.3(h)(2) of the Soviet agenda," to insure the holding of a Foreign Ministers' Conference in an effort to buy time and avert war. The chiefs of the UK and French delegations admitted that they wanted "to make it easier" for Gromyko to seek revised instructions and for Moscow to accept the Western delegations' agenda proposal, and insisted on agreeing to "demilitarization of Germany" as an item in the revised agenda proposal. 3.5(c) Ambassador Jessup anticipates that meetings will continue for some time while the Soviets wait for a break in the West- ern position. He believes that the situation is still in hand, but that if the apparent stalemate continues it might be difficult to keep the French and British from urging concessions that would be unacceptable to the US. . Comment: French and British public opinion ex- pects that a Foreign Ministers"tonference will be held, and both governments are under considerable pressure to explore every avenue to this end, regardless of the chances for reaching a modus vivendi at such a conference. These governments are not inclined to believe that concessions regarding the agenda would necessarily prej- udice the Western position at the final conference. 3.3(h)(2) TOP ET Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2682864 3.5(c) ir-NoApproved for ReirierlOi19/03/14 CO2682864 FAR EAST 4. Communist ground forces buildinj up behind central sector in Korea: Comment: It is evident that enemy forces are engaged in important activity behind the front lines in the Kumhw?.-: Chorwon area. The Chinese Comrxiunist 24th, 26th and 37th Armies,, � have been in the area for three weeks. It is possible that this concen- tration includes other Chinese units, as well as three unlocated divi- sions of the North Korean VU Corps. The enemy concentration is in position to launch an offensive down the corridors of central Korea, with the ob- jective of capturing the key UN defense point of Chungjuo - 5 - TOP S ET Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2682864 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2) 3.3(h)(2) 3.5(c) sr 10 � ircelroved for Release: j20119/03/14 CO2682864 EASTERN EUROPE 5. Internal tension mounting in Albania: 3.5(c) A p The French Minister in Tirana reports L that since November 1950 Albanian officials have progressively yielded control to 3.3(h)(2) "Soviet specialists," whose numbers have increased daily. The Minister regards the adoption of Soviet-inspired laws for the reorganization of industry and agriculture as a tacit ad- mission of the partial failure of the two year plan--which he believes is also responsible for the recent dropping of two young Communist mili- tants from the cabinet. According to the Minister, increasing aerial violations of Albanian territory and the discovery of a well-organized, well supplied underground have given Albanian leaders concern for the internal solidarity of their regime. They have appealed to the police and the courts to intensify the prosecution of "enemies of the people" and have enacted further repressive decrees n In addition, the Albanian press and radio are making daily announcements of aggressive preparations on the' part of Yugoslavia and Greece, apparently in order to justify overt Soviet control over Albania and to rally the people by appealing to their patriotic sentiments. Comment: The French Minister in Tirana has reportedly noted previously a sharp increase in the number of Soviet civilian and military personnel in Albania, including Soviet air and armored force officers. A reported bombing attack by two Albanians on the Soviet Legation in Tirana on 19 February indicates active opposi- tion and resistance to Soviet domination. 6 TOP ET Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2682864 3.5(c)