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Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
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Document Creation Date: 
May 24, 2019
Document Release Date: 
May 30, 2019
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Publication Date: 
April 24, 1952
Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 C6-2692623 twie.LUP BET valo* SEC Y INFORMATION 24 April 1952 Copy No. 52 CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN DOCUMENT NO. NO CHANGE IN CLASS. ple ti DECLASSIFIED CLASS. CHANGED TO; TS S NiXT fiEVIEVV DATE � RUTH: AR 79;32it TIAIT LI7 v rilf:VIFVVFP: Office of Current Intelligence CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY TOP RET 3.5(c) 1 3.5(c) 3.5(c) SE9Y INFORMATION Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 002692623 Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2692623 CRET SUMMARY GENERAL 1. Drastic Soviet measures against EDC predicted (page 3). 2. France seeks Soviet agrgment on new ambassador (page 3). 3. Orbit trade reprisals against Italy feared (page 4). SOVIET UNION 4. Large Soviet chemical plant starts production (page 4). FAR EAST 5. 6. Bao Dal disturbed over government's lack of progress (page 6). WESTERN EUROPE 7. German Bishop believes Communists would accept a neutral Germany (page 6). TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2692623 Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2692623 GENERAL 1. Drastic Soviet measures against EDC predicted: 3.5(c) who may intend that 3.3(h)(2) his remarks be transmitted to Westerngovern- ments, states that the USSR will take drastic steps to prevent the development of the European Defense Community. he Soviet measures, which may be expected as soon as the EDC agreement is ratified by either the French or German parliament, will include an appeal to the International Court of Justice and a "total" blockade of Berlin. Comment: American officials in Bonn are con- cerned over a possible resort to last-minute scare tactics on the part of the USSR to block the integration of Germany with the West. A sharper and more urgent tone regarding a German peace treaty recently has emanated from the Soviet-controlled press of East Germany. Arguments and appeals have attempted to incite the Germans to overt action, such as mass demonstrations and strikes, aimed at preventing conclusion of the contractual agreements. 2. France seeks Soviet agr4ment on new ambassador: 3.3(h)(2) whether the USSR would accept Louis joxe as the new Ambassador to Moscow. Joxe is now Director General of Cultural Relations in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. the request 3.3(h)(2) would be considered, then expressed the view that it was important to facilitate the "search for compromise solutions" rather than be dis- couraged over the present world situation. Despite "the war of travel restrictions" he promised to support request for permis- 3.3(h)(2) sion to travel in Central Asia. - 3 - 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2692623 Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2692623 CRET 3.5(c) Comment: Ioxe, a career diplomat, was a member of the first French Mission to the Soviet Union in 1924. He Is one of General de Gaulle's few personal friends, and, although he served as secretary on the general's National Committee for Liberation In 1943 and 1944, his present political affiliation is unknown. 3. Orbit trade reprisals against Italy feared: merican Embassy officials in Rome believe 3.3(h)(2) hat the Orbit will take serious retaliatory easures if two pending trade deals between taly and the Soviet Orbit are cancelled because f the Battle Act. One involves the shipment f 800,000 dollars worth of rolling mill parts o Poland in return for 15 million dollars worth I coal; the second provides for shipment to Czechoslovakia of 1,440 000 dollars worth of "category B" ball bearings, a non-strategic size. Italy, which badly needs coal, fears that can- cellation of the rolling mill shipment would bring Polish retaliation and hence force it to expend dollars for US coal. Comment: Poland's apparent eagerness to dispose of its coal surplus, even at some disadvantage, was shown in recent transactions with Scandinavia. Thus it would appear unlikely that Poland would undertake serious retaliation if Italy failed to provide the rolling mill parts. SOVIET UNION 4. Large Soviet chemical plant starts production: 3.3(h)(2) the Kirovakan Electrochemical Combine in Soviet Armenia advised the Chief Directorate for the Sale of Chemical Products In Moscow that ammonium nitrate shipments werb made on 26 March to the Ministries of State Farms and Agriculture. - 4 - 3.3(h)(2) TOP RET Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2692623 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2692623 Te!P SECRET 3.5(c) Comment: This is the first evidence of production in the new synthetic ammonia plant, which has an annual estimated capacity of 57,000 metric tons or eight percent of the total Soviet production in 1951. This basic chemical is used in large quantities by the metallurgical, fertilizer, and explosives industries. The plant may also produce heavy water, a by-product in production of hydrogen for ammonia, since the necessary auxiliary equipment was installed over two years ago. FAR EAST 3.3( h)(2) TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2692623 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2692623 6. Bao Dai disturbed over government's lack of progress: 3.5(c) In an interview with American Minister Heath, 3.3(h)(2) Bao Dai pointed out the uselessness of attempt- ing to form a more representative government until the actions of the local French regime make Vietnamese independence a reality. He deplored French meddling In Vietnam Government affairs and described as "intolerable" disregard of Vietnamese laws, notably tax legislation, by French citizens. Heath comments that Bao Dai is partially to blame for the weak Vietnamese Government in that he has not provided energetic leadership. Comment: The Vietnam Government is still unable to attract the popular support necessary to counter the Viet Minh's appeal. The French have deplored to American officials Bao Dal's inertia, but there is evidence that they have not assiduously tried to arouse him to action. The new French diplomatic counsellor in Saigon states that Resident Minister Letourneau intends to replace "old colonialist" officials with men not previously associated with Indochina. The French have been committed since early 1947 to the formation of a genuinely Vietnamese Government, but the proposed replacement of the "old colonials" in Indochina has not materialized. WESTERN EUROPE 7. German Bishop believes Communists would accept a neutral Germany: American officials in Berlin believe that the recent proposal of Evangelical Bishop Dibelius for all-German elections to be supervised by the Evangelical and Catholic Churches is primarily a maneuver to generate pressure for German unification and for a four-power conference. - 6 - 3.3(h)(2) TOP RET .--Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2692623 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2692623 TCSECRET 3.5(c) Dibelius, who is the head of the all-German Evangelical Church, is alarmed at the thought of a permanent split of Germany, which would mean the division of German Protestantism. He tends to believe that the Communists would agree to a unified, neutralized Germany. He also reportedly feels that the West, the United States in particular, is not sincerely interested in Germany's unification. Catholic circles give the impression that their church considers the proposal naive and will have nothing to do with it. Comment: Most West Germans believe that unification with East Germany will be almost impossible to achieve under present conditions. They resent, however, any western action which would preclude unity, and are concerned over the increasing Allied in- sistence on integration. 7 TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/05/08 CO2692623 3.5(c)