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April 15, 2019
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April 22, 2019
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September 7, 1951
PDF icon CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULL[15603109].pdf249.81 KB
Approved for Release: 2019/04/02 CO2745271 ler raL;11JiJ.*810, 7 eptember 1951 Copy No, e,- CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULLETIt te DOCUMENT NO. NO CHANGE IN CLASS/X Li DECLASSIFIED CLASS. CHANGED TO: TS S C NEXT PE VIEW DATE: AUTII:,�Hfl � gettlii-12-1,REVIEWE Office of Current Intelligence CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY Approved for Release: 2019/04/02 CO2745271 3.5(c) 3.5(c) 3.5(c) 3.5(c) fogkeilOgr/02 CO2745271 SUMMARY GENVIAL , 1. Pacific security pacts discussed at San Francisco reception (page 3). 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2) FAR EAST 3. India proposes peace treaty with Iapan (page 4 NEAR EAST 3.3(h)(2) EASTERN EUROPE 5. Rumania intensifies charges of Yugoslav aggression (page 5 WESTERN EUROPE 6. Adenauer reiterates conditions for Schuman Plan approval (page 6). 3.3(h)(2) 8. Comment on Soviet economic squeeze of West Berlin (page 7). TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/04/02 CO2745271 3.5(c) 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/04/02 CO2745271 . . GENERAL 1. Pacific security pacts discussed at San Francisco reception: 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2) 3.3(h)(2) 3.3(h)(2) At a reception in San Francisco on 3 September, several possible Pacific defense arrangements were discussed by representatives of interested foreign delegations. According to the British favor a joint US-UK-French pact to cietend Malaya, particularly Singapore, in addition to a similar guarantee of Indochina. 3.3(h)(2) The Australian Ambassador to the US would prefer the joint signing of one pact by all Pacific allies. Conversation revealed that the Filipinos are quietly and informally discussing the possibility of such a pact with various delegations. They would like to bar japan, but would not object to inclusion of japan if it were to sign a bilateral defense pact with the US. 3.3(h)(2) The role of the Chinese Nationalists in a Pa- cific Pact was not mentioned by the Australian or Philippine delegates at any time during the evening. Comment: All of the free Pacific countries, except Indonesia, have at one time or another expressed enthusiasm for more broadly-based Pacific arrangements. The Vietnamese and the French are the most recent advocates of extending security agree nt . Prior to his departure for San Francisco, the Vietnamese Prem erAemp sizedEerti1ss4A-elarrmg his interest in raising the questiosduring his visit to the US of a US-UK- French pact to defend Indochina from aggression. TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/04/02 CO2745271 3.3(h)(2) 3.5(c) Approved for Ryese:,2019/9.4/92 CO2745271 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2) c9,924,,ehris, FAR EAST 3. ,India Drowses peace treaty with Japarz: 3.3(h)(2) India has made a direct proposal to the Japanese Government that the state of war between India and Japan be terminated by a unilateral decla- ration of the Indian Government. The declaration would be issued in agreement with the Japanese Government on or about the date of signing of the multilateral treaty. The Japanese Foreign Office advised the Indian representative that it could not, under present regulations, engage in direct discussions, and su ested that an approach be made through the diplomatic section of SCAP. - 4 - TOP ECR Approved for Release: 2019/04/02 CO2745271 3.3(h)(2) 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/04/02 CO2745271 1Y 5JU1{J1 3.5(c) ,Comment: India is well aware of the fact that Japan, under present Occupation directives, cannot conduct direct diplomatic relations without approval of SCAR Consequently, this direct approach may be intended to re-emphasiz5 Indian disapproval of Western controls over Asiatic peoples and also to reassure Japan of India's intentions despite its refusal to attend the San Francisco conference. 3.3(h)(2) NEAR EAST 5, EASTERN EIMOPE A Rumanian broadcast of 6 September states that a note has been presented to the Yugoslav Charge in Bucharest protesting a premeditated Yugo- slav provocation on 5 September of "grave pro- - 5 - Approved for Release: 2019/04/02 CO2745271 3.3(h)(2) 3.5(c) SI Approved for Release: 2019/04/02 CO2745271 3.5(c) portions." Rumania alleges that Yugoslav frontier guards penetrated Ru- manian territory in a "heinous attack" and opened fire on Rumanian frontier guards. During the ensuing six hours "three companies of Yugoslav troops were deployed in this sector in an attack formation" and fired on Rumanian frontier guards. One Rumanian allegedly was killed. Comment; The incident marks a new high in calculated Satellite diplomatic harassment of Yugoslavia. Rumania's un- usual haste in presenting its protest and opening the propaganda barrage is designed to prove Satellite charges of extensive Yugoslav preparations for aggression. One Rumanian casualty scarcely supports the Rumanian charge of a three-company attack. The increasingly exaggerated and insulting tone of Satellite protests to Yugoslavia is undoubtedly designed to cover the growing number and size of Satellite border provocations along the Yugoslav periphery. The present note also anticipates the protest Yugoslavia will presumably make against the incursion of 60 Albanian soldiers into Yugo- slav territory on 2 September. WESTERN EUROPE 3.3(h)(2) 3.3(h)(2) In recent interviews with High Commissioner McCloy and Ambassador Harriman, Chancellor Adenauer discussed several problems now facing the West Germans. Adenauer emphasized that, fore the Bonn Parliament would ever ratify the Schuman Plan, a firm declaration of Allied intentions to dissolve the Ruhr Authority and to lift the ceiling on German steel production was essential. He felt that if Allied intentions were clear the parliament would be able to ratify the plan without waiting for French ratification. Talking to Harriman, Adenauer stressed that Germany was still threatened by two dangerous trends, nationalism and neu- tralism. He regarded neutralism as the greater threat, particularly if rapid TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/04/02 CO2745271 3.5(c) Approved for Release; 2019/.94/.02 CO2745271 3.5(c) adion were not taken on German y's new political status and her defense contribution, so that the Federal Republic would gain the power and prestige which it requires "to appear attractive to the German public.'" Comment: Adenauer appears to have been forced, partly by the critical attitude of his coalition partners, into a stronger po- sition on removal of certain controls before the Schuman Plan can be approved. 3.3(h)(2) 8. Comment on Soviet economic saueezp of West Berlin� East German Communist police have taken tvio new steps to implement the current Soviet economic squeeze of Berlin. - 7 - TOP- SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/04/02 CO2745271 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/04/02 CO2745271 - SECRET 3.5(c) Over 60 railroad cars carrying mail from West Berlin to West Germany were turned back at the zonal border check point with a charge that that the cars were incorrectly loaded, and five passenger buses were prevented from proceeding to West Germany, despite the fact that the drivers had paid the new "road tax" imposed by Soviet and East German authorities on 31 August As yet, the Western Allies have not agreed on countermeasures to induce the USSR to abandon its harassment of West Berlin. Imposition of a tax on Soviet Zone barges using West Berlin canals has been discussed, but strong reservations against taking vigorous imme- diate countermeasures have already been expresses by French authorities. Meanwhile, Soviet and East German authorities are reportedly contemplating imposing a barge tax themselves. Approved for Release: 2019/04/02 CO2745271 3.5(c)