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Document Creation Date: 
April 15, 2019
Document Release Date: 
April 22, 2019
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September 13, 1951
-Approved for Release: 2019/04/02 CO2745276 Or-A.011.n i.NitS 13 September 1951 Copy No. CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN DOCUMENT NO. NO CHANGE IN CLASS. ;It ' DECLASSIFIED CLASS. CHANGED TO: TS S C NEXT REVIEW DATE: AUT HR 7 L1�101, DAT REVIEWE joitof olf 47 Office of Current Intelligence CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/04/02 CO2745276 3.5(c) 3.5(c) 3.5(c) 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/04/02 CO2745276 . . SECIIET SUMMARY GENERAL � 1. Portugal may not block NATO membership of Greece and Turkey (page 3). NEAR EAST 2. US-Arab relations damaged by Suez resolution (page 3). WESTERN EUROPE 3. Social Democrats attack policies of Allies and Adenauer government (page 4). 4. Strike threat endangers French Cabinet (page 5). 5. French oppose US proposal for revision of Italian peace treaty (page 5). TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/04/02 CO2745276 3.5(c) 3.5(c) 3.5(c) .Approved forgAecsjirgr1/02 CO2745276 GENERAL 1. Portugal may not block NATO membership of Greece and Turkey: 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2) Prior to his departure for the Ottawa conference, the Portuguese Foreign Minister informed the US Ambassador in Lisbon that his government still feels that the full admission of Greece and Turkey to NATO is undesirable. He mentioned the possibility of inclusion of Greece and Turkey in NATO with the proviso that other members would not be com- mitted to defend these nations in case of attack. He gave the impression, however, that he is not instructed to carry his objections at the Ottawa con- ference to the point of intransigence. Comment: Portugal has consistently advocated a Mediterranean pact which would include Greece and Turkey and provide a basis for the eventual integration of Spain. The Mediterranean pact would, in the Portuguese view, effectively interlock with NATO through the Portu- guese-Spanish Iberian defense pact. The Lisbon government is concerned about the gap in Portugal's defenses caused by its militarily weak Spanish neighbor. Current negotiations for a bilateral US-Spanish military agreement have somewhat quieted Portugal's apprehensions. NEAR EAST .2. US-Arab relations damaged by Suez resolution: 3.3(h)(2) American relations with the Arab world have received a heavy blow as a result of US support of the UN resolution against Egyptian restric- tions on Suez canal traffic. According to the US Ambassador in Cairo, the American stand has caused a renewal of Egyptian Interest in the Palestine question and may have a bearing on US ability to 3 TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/04/02 CO2745276 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/04/02 CO2745276 TestL�SEGRET 3.5(c) � 3.3(h)(2) help promote a settlement of the Anglo-Egyptian dispute Once again there is a revival of talk about closer Arab-Soviet relations. Comment: American officials in Iraq and Syria have likewise reported violent anti-Western reactions to the Suez resolution. These sentiments will make even less likely any accomplishment by the UN Palestine Conciliation Commission, currently meeting in Paris with Arab and Israeli representatives. Egyptian spokesmen, angered by the' UN resolution, continue to issue uncompromising and bitter statements in reference to Anglo-Egyptian relations. While the Arab states will hardly turn to the USSR, Arab frustrations and antipathy toward the West lend themselves to to Soviet exploitation. WESTERN EUROPE Social Democrats attack policies of Allies and Adenauer government: The opposition Social Democrats, after a three- 3.3(h)(2) day policy session in Bonn, have released a statement sharply attacking the German policy pursued by the Allies, as well as the policies of the Adenauer government. The statement stresses that Allied policy has prevented "real unity in the fight for freedom" and that Germany is still being denied equality of treatment. In a speech to party officials, party chief Kurt Schumacher adopted the same general line, stressing that the Social Demo- crats would continue to oppose German rearmament on the present terms, which "envisage the use of Germany as an advanced battlefield.., not for a common cause, but for the national egotism of other States. " Comment: Despite certain optimism in German government circles, there is still no evidence that Schumacher will change his basic Stand of opposition to German rearmamentunder the present conditions, or permit party endorsement of rearmament in the parliament. - 4 - TOP SECRET� Approved for Release: 2019/04/02 CO2745276 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/04/02 CO2745276 Sk.,C;11..E1 4. Strike threat endangers French Cabinet: 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2) The strike committee representing the five major labor organizations in the Paris transport system decided unanimously Monday to request salary increases considerably above the 15 per- cent minimum wage boost just approved by the government. This prompt reaction by the committee which led the successful transport strike last spring may foreshadow active union opposition to the new wage scale. Comment: The serious position in which the Pleven cabinet is placed by this move is aggravated by the fact that the Ga,ullists have combined with the Socialists and the Communists to force a debate, scheduled for 14 September, on the government's wage and price policy. The cabinet's position has been considerably weakened by Socialist bitterness over approval of finanCial aid to church schools, and it may now be obliged to depend on Gaullist support to survive a vote on its wage policy. Gaullist support, however, can be counted on only until the school-aid bill has passed its final reading, probably about 18 September. The situation is most favorable for the Commu- nist "unity-of-action" drive, whose ultimate aim is the disruption of the French defense effort. French oppose US proposal for revision of Italian peace treaty: 3.3(h)(2) The French are still very dubious about the pro- cc,dure proposed by the US for the revision of the Italian peace treaty, which is "revision by agreement." Foreign Minister Schuman has been expected to suggest in Washington a procedure involving three stages. First, a tripar- tite declaration would be made that steps should be taken to afford Italy re- lief from the treaty's military clauses. Next, this declaration would be sub- mitted to the UN General Assembly for approval. Finally, individual com- munications approving the tripartite declaration and indicating what treaty - 5 - 3.5(c). Approved for Release: 2019/04/02 CO2745276 App_ri4firj.Re�gie.;:(2..01i0ja.0O2745276 3.5(c) rights they would renounce would be sent to Italy by the US, UK, France and the other treaty signatories who wish to do so. Comment: The Italians are anxious to have the entire peace treaty abrogated and replaced by bilateral treaties as a step toward restoring Italy to a position of complete parity in the family of nations. Consequently, they may be expected to oppose the French proposal, which is undoubtedly an attempt to weaken the validity of anticipated Soviet objections to abrogation of the treaty in whole or in part. 6 TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/04/02 CO2745276 3.5(c)