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February 25, 2020
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February 27, 2020
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May 22, 1959
PDF icon CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULL[15787941].pdf542.34 KB
p r 0 viej please. 20eL)22LCO2985836 RET 3.5(c) 22 May 1959 CENTRAL 3.3(h)(2) INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN I Gt-4, A czt, z TO zz DOC/WENT NO. , NO CHANGE: INCL A 171 Cr- 10: TS^ NEXT ;;;E.TviEvy DA-1E. vie c DATE. .1 AUTH:VIR CRET ,efZ/rZZZApproved for Release: 2020/02/24 REVIEWER: Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 CO2985836 Alik� %ir VP NW. II ollow Approved for R�elease776707657g CO2985836 Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 CO2985836 1,F-JEA-IN.C, 1 22 MAY 1959 L THE COMMUNIST BLOC Three Soviet submarines operating In North Atlantic may be equipped to fire missiles. Geneva - TASS correspondent suggests Soviet readiness to undertake private talks. East Germany - Ulbricht plans early meeting with Khrushchev. USSR sends more arms shipments to Iraq. II. ASIA-AFRICA UAR wants to halt tribal pressure on Iraq. Yemeni officials attempting to nego- tiate compromise on succession issue. 0 III. THE WEST 0 West Germany - Communist penetra- tion of Christian Democratic party discovered. 0 UK trade mission finding Soviet negotiators "unexpectedly difficult." Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 CO2985836 V/ Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 CO2985836 / iS CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 22 May 1959 DAILY BRIEF I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Soviet submarine operations: three 'Z-class" submarines, pos- sibly equipped to fire ballistic missiles, and at least three other submarines are elements of a Northern Fleet submarine detachment operating in the northeast and probably north- central Atlantic area. One of the Albanian-based "W-class" submarines is probably operating in the Mediterranean, and communica- tions indicate that more than one submarine is probably en- gaged in out-of-area operations in the Pacific. (Page 1) USSR-Geneva: said the time has come to go into secret sessions to establish a framework for settle ments on Berlin and nuclear tests which could be approved at a summit meeting. He repeated earlier statements that Ihru shchev would expect to discuss other matters, including the Middle East and the Far East at a summit meetings particularly In private talks .with President Eisenhower:1 (Page 2) *East Germany: Party boss Ulbricht reportedly plans to confer with Khrushchev in the near future on Geneva develop- ments and on future strategy moves. The meeting could take place in Moscow prior to Khrushchev's departure for Tirana on 25 May, or in Albania where Premier Grotewohl is now vacation- ing. [Ulbricht will probably try to impress on Khrushchev the eventual necessity for stern measures in dealing with the Wes Berlin problem, including sealing off the city from all Western , contact if neces,5ary V TOPS ET A , AApproved for Release: 2020102124CO2985836 //7/ A 6 A'Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 CO2985836/ /// // / /�/ 1 USSR-Iraq: Two more Soviet arms shipments have ar- rived at Basra. This makes a total of ten such shipments to Iraq since the conclusion of the arms agreement in November. ahe eleventh shipment is now en route) Deliveries thus far hay included 55 crates, the dimensions oT which indicate that 39 could have contained jet fighters and the balance possibly BEAGLE (IL-28) jet light bombers. IL ASIA-AFRICA Yemen: Yemeni officials are - attempting to negotiate a Compromise on the succession issue between Badr and his uncle, Prince Hasan, who has strong sup- port in the north .1 Further unrest in Yemen seems likely. (Page 3) III. THE WEST West Germany: Communist penetration of the lower echelons of the Christian Democratic party is indicated by May 59 I./ DAILY BRIEF TO kiqz,; 4Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 CO2985836V V / 4Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 CO2985836 imme I %Jr "XL:. 1 � the arrest of an unspecified number of party officials on charges of having passed confidential information to the East German Intelligence Service. Further arrests are expected 0Yest Berlin Mayor Brandt believes that two CDU Bundestag deputies from Berlin may be implicateq (Page 5) Britain-USSR: 3.ritain's trade mission in Moscow is finding the Soviet negoiators "unexpectedly difficult" largely because of demands that the UK provide for increased purchases of Soviet goods by granting the USSR most-favored-nation status in regard to British import quotas. London apparent- ly believes that despite the USSR's sweeping demands; an agree- ment will be reached providing for the modest increases in trade which Britain seeks:] (Page 6) IV. SIGNIFICANT INTELLIGENCE REPORTS AND ESTIMATES (Available during the preceding week) Outlool�or Politicl Stability in Laos. NIE 68-59. 19 May 1959. Implications of a Communist Takeover in Iraq. SNIE 36.2-3-59.. 19 May 1959. Contingent Prospects in Bolivia. SNIE 92-59, 19 May 1959. 22 May 59 DAILY BRIEF iii 4E: � for Release: 2020/02/24 CO298583& z Approved for Release: 20-50/02/24 CO2985836 L THE COMMUNIST BLOC Soviet Submarine Operations A relatively high number of Soviet submarines continue operations outside of their local fleet areas. three "Z- class" submarines, possibly equipped to launch ballistic mis- siles, as elements of this detachment. Some submarines of the Northern Fleet detachment, which is believed to be unusually large, are probably deployed in thethorth-central Atlantic. Additional submarines of this detachment are also probably operating in the northeast Atlantic and it is possible that others are in the southern Norwegian Sea and/or off the northern tip of Norway. More than one submarine is believed to be conducting out- of-area operations in the Pacific and one Albanian-based Soviet submarine apparently continues to operate in the Mediterranean. TOP CRET 22 May 59 f"Ck.ITD A I lkiTel I If`Ekla,"'G 151111 rTiki Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 CO2985836 Page 1 Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 CO2985836 / Soviet Spokesmen Urge Secret Talks at Geneva In both public statements and private talks, Soviet spokes- men at Geneva are stressing that the time has come for serious private negotiations to seek common ground for com- promise agreements on the most important issues. In his formal speech on 18 May, Foreign Minister Gromyko under- scored his readiness to consider Berlin and European security as separate and independent subjects for negotiation. foreign ministers should get down to secret sessions now that both sides have introduced their formal "package" proposals. Ile suggested there should be private talks aimed at working out a framework for arrange- ments on Berlin and cessation of nuclear tests which could be "approved" at a summit meeting. He repeated earlier re- marks that Khrushchev would expect to discuss other matters, including the Middle East and the Far East, at a summit con- ference, particularly in private talks with President Eisenhower.) These statements reflect both the USSR's constant probing for differences among the Western powers and its desire to create an impression of progress toward agreement on key issues which can be used to justify a heads-of-government meeting. .C41`ST 22 May 59 rCkITD A I IkITCI I it-Ickirc DI II I CTIkl Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 CO2985836 Page 2 Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 CO2985836 Lir LAC/ "Novi 'one IL ASIA-AFRICA Developments in Yemen Sana troops who mutinied on 18 May should eventual- ly be punished severely, but warned that immediate punishment might provoke new unrest which would play into the hands of 13adr's enemies. Although the situation in Sana has quieted, it remains tense and confused, and local officials fear new anti- regime moves by the army. Badr has temporarily placed his personal aide in charge of security in Sana, has appointed several new officials there, and has summoned one suspect official to Taiz, the southern capital. The recent army riot in Sana is believed to be a manifesta- tion of the opposition of army and tribal leaders in northern Yemen to Ba,dr's succession as Imam if his father, now receiv- ing medical treatment in Italy, should die. The patrician chieftains claim the right to elect each new Imam, and do not recognize the Imam's designation of Badr as his successor. They are believed to support the Imam's brother; Prince Hasan, who is now in Rome. Hasan's supporters reportedly plan to overthrow Badr at the first opportunity. On 15 May Badr re- ceived word of agitation in northern Yemen on behalf of Prince Hasan, who was popularly expected to initiate reforms and to assure the independence of Yemen from Egyptian and Soviet influence. Confronted with the prospect of a succession struggle, Badr has taken new steps to improve relations with the Brit- ish in Aden Protectorate. In addition to dispatching a dele- gation to Aden to discuss maintenance of peace on the Pro- tectorate-Yemen frontier, Badr or his principal official on the border to "pacify the situa- tion by every means." [Some Yemeni officials, meanwhile, are attempting to reduce the danger of a serious struggle over the successiT3 T 0 E 22 may 59 /"Ck ern Al lk I I I Irsi-k i�����- ni II I r I I Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 CO2985836 Page 3 Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 CO2985836 LIA.E. I cissue by negotiating a compromise between Badr and Prince asan. The senior Yemeni representative in Cairo has pro- posed that Hasan agree, in the event of prolonged illness of the Imam, to Badr's appointment as future Imam, with Hasar to become head of the government. It is not certain that Badr has approved such a proposal. Although Hasan's initial reaction was reported to have been reserved, some of his supporters have in the past advanced such a proposal.] 22 May 59 fkITDAI IkITCI I irIckirc Di II CTIkl Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 CO2985836 Page 4 Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 CO2985836 vuoull II L THE WEST West German Christian Democratic Party Penetrated by Communists An extensive penetration of the lower echelons of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) in West Berlin and Bonn is indicated by arrests of party officials on charges of col- laborating with East German intelligence. West Berlin authorities have arrested six CDU officials, including members of the district councils. Twelve others are under investigation and may be arrested shortly. The major part of the network, however, appears to be in West Germany. At least four men have already been ar- rested in Bonn, including two members of ODU party head- quarters. The German press reports that the total arrested thus far may be as high as 18. Although the case will be embarrassing to the Adenauer government, it can be used against Soviet attempts to emphasize Western espionage activities in West Berlin and Communist denials of similar efforts. "reitc11 22 May 59 rAeki-rrt Al11,1�1"1 I 11*.n1.1,"r_. rte ee I e�ret.e Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 CO2985836 Page 5 Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 CO2985836 LAi4J4EdV I Anglo- Soviet Trade Negotiations Britain's official trade missio on I May is having an "unexpectedly difficult" time with So- viet negotiators, according to British Ambassador Sir Patrick Reilly. At the beginning of the negotiations the USSR requested a large amount of direct government credits. It is most in- sistent now, however, that Britain grant it most-favored-nation treatment in regard to British import quotas. This in effect would expand the market for a wide variety of Soviet goods, earnings from which would enable Moscow to step up purchases of British machinery and chemical equipment.] laritish officials say that these demands are out of the ques- tion and that London is interested only in a moderate increase in trade�possibly raising British imports of Soviet timber, grain, and furs by some $50,000,000, roughly equal to the USSR's favorable trade balance with the UK in its best year. This would enable the USSR to purchase more machinery in the sterling area. Additional purchases might be financod by government -zguiaranteed five-year credits to British exporters;) London apparently believes that some such official trade agreement will be reached. The British delegation thinks the USSR is employing its usual tactics of exaggerating trade pos- sibilities but will finally settle for an agreement of much more modest proportion9 CONFI TIAL 22 May 59 CFKITD Al 11..IT=1 I inckirc EH II cTIKI Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 CO2985836 Page 6 rill1/41FIFIR-Ie1ri I. Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 CO2985836 THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House Special Assistant for National Security Affairs Scientific Adviser to the President Director of the Budget Office of Defense and Civilian Mobilization Special Assistant for Security Operations Coordination Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities Special Assistant for Foreign Economic Policy Executive Secretary, National Security Council The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Administration The Counselor Director, International Cooperation Administration The Director of Intelligence and Research The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Commandant, United States Marine Corps The Director, The Joint Staff Chief of Staff, United States Army Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Assistant to Secretary of Defense for Special Operations Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of the Army Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of the Navy Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Department of the Interior The Secretary of the Interior The Department of Commerce The Secretary of Commerce Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman National Security Agency The Director National Indications Center The Director United States Information Agency The Director _ . Approved for Release: 2020/02/24 CO2985836 //17/ Approved