Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
October 25, 2019
Document Release Date: 
October 31, 2019
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
April 10, 1956
PDF icon CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULL[15740158].pdf291.73 KB
,,,Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989477. _T_e_p_striTET_ f;) NOT RELEASABLE TO FOREIGN NATIONALS CONTINUED CONTROL CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 17: 10 April 1956 SC No. 01273/56 Copy No. 103 NO. CLASH . N11)CI inEvE\NEB.. 11A -- OFFICE OF CURRENT INTELLIGENCE CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY This document contains information affecting the national defense of the United States within the meaning of the espio- nage laws, U. S. Code title 18, Sections 793, 794,and 798, the transmission or the revelation of the contents of which in any manner to an unauthorized person is prohibited by law. THIS DOCUMENT MUST BE KEPT IN COMMUNICATIONS INTELLIGENCE CHANNELS AT ALL TIMES It is to be seen only by U. S. personnel especially indoctrinated and authorized to receive COMMUNICATIONS INTELLIGENCE information. The security of this document must be main- tained in accordance with COMMUNICATIONS INTELLIGENCE REGULATIONS. No action is to be taken on any COMMUNICATIONS INTELLIGENCE which may be contained herein, regardless of the advantage to be gained, unless such action is first approved by the Director of Central Intelligence. :70/1 ey, / oz. ,04 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989477 3.5(c): 3.3(h)(2) Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989477 om. Comments and interpretations in this publication are based on all sources, including COMINT, and repre- sent the immediate views of the Office of Current In- telligence. The classification of a comment is noted separately only when it is higher than that of the re- port commented on. Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989477 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989477 CONTENTS 1. MIKOYAiN SIGNS AGREEMENT TO PROVIDE FURTHER ECONOMIC AID TO COMMUNIST CHINA (page 3). 2. BULGARIAN PREMIER CRITICIZED BY PARTY CENTRAL COMMITTEE (page 4). 3. CAMBODIA TO ESTABLISH RELATIONS WITH USSR (page 5). 4. WEST GERMAN AMBASSADOR DESCRIBES MOLLET AS "INCREDIBLY NAIVE" ABOUT USSR ( (page 6). 5. SPANISH-MOROCCAN TALKS INCONCLUSIVE (page 7). 10 Apr 56 THE ARAB-ISRAELI SITUATION page 8) Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 2 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989477 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989477 CONFIDENTIAL 1, MIKOYAN SIGNS AGREEMENT TO PROVIDE FURTHER ECONOMIC AID TO COMMUNIST CHINA Comment on: First Deputy Premier Mikoyan on 7 April in Peiping signed an agree- ment promising continued Soviet support for the economic development of Communist China. While the new commitments do not increase the current annual level of Soviet assistance to China, they extend Soviet support well into the Chinese Second Five-Year Plan (1958-1962). Under the agreement the USSR will build 55 new industrial enterprises in China. These are in addition to 156 enterprises provided for in Sino-Soviet agreements of 1953 and 1954. The 55 new projects are to cost China 2. 5 billion rubles ($625,000,000 at the official rate of exchange). No loan appears to have been granted to finance this sum, which is to be defrayed "through trade procedures." A Pravda editorial of 8 April which expressed admiration for Chinese achievements predicted that Communist China would "create its own powerful in- dustry within the first two to three Five Year Plans." This is more optimistic than statements by Chinese Communists, who have anticipated that it would take three Five Year Plans to become "basically" industrialized and the rest of this cen- tury to become "highly" industrialized. Pravda also explicitly called to the atten- tion of non-Communist underdeveloped countries the impres- sive record of Chinese progress with Soviet aid. Prppared by ORR) 10 Apr 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 3 eilivcrrik-ww A T Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989477 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989477 �...4t5iNE .111.G_L'V V 2. BULGARIAN PREMIER CRITICIZED BY PARTY CENTRAL COMMITTEE The resolution of the Bulgarian Com- munist Party's central committee criticizing Premier Chervenkov clearly foreshadows some limitation on Cher- venkov's powers, if not his removal as premier. The resolution, published on 8 April, condemns the "cult surrounding the person of comrade Vulko Cherven- kov" and says it led to unilateral decisions harming both the party and state. While several of the Satellite parties have pleaded guilty to fostering the cult of personality, the Bul- garians are the only ones to attribute it to their top political leader. There is no indication yet as to how much Chervenkov's powers will be circumscribed. As a move to "completely liquidate the cult of personality," the Bulgarian party secretariat has been expanded from three to five mem- bers. The background of the two new members, Encho Staikov and Boyan Bulgaranov, suggests an attempt to maintain the balance between the "Muscovite" and "nativist" elements in the party. There may be a reluctance to replace Chervenkov with the present number-two man, Deputy Premier Anton Yugov, who belongs to the "nativist" group. In order to keep the "nativists" within bounds, an attempt may be made to set up a "collegial" system spreading power among several, in- cluding Yugov and possibly a "reformed" Chervenkov. As recently as February Chervenkov ap- peared to be in a strong position. He went to Moscow to negotiate an agreement for Soviet economic credits of $92,000,000, -and he also addressed the Soviet 20th Party Congress as leader of the Bulgarian party delegation. 10 Apr 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 4 CONFIDENT, AT. Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989477 Approved for Release: 201,9/10/21 CO2989477 3. CAMBODIA TO ESTABLISH RELATIONS WITH USSR A Soviet embassy will be established in Phnom Penh this June, according to Cambodian minister of agriculture Hoeur Lay Inn. He said either he or Finance Minister Mau Say would be ap- 'an ambassador to Moscow, to take up res- idence there in November. Comment After his return last February from Peiping, Prince Sihanouk told Ameri- can officials that the Soviet charg�here had pressed him on the establishment of official relations and that he was stalling but doubted he could avoid doing something. Until the USSR's recent shift in favor of Cambodia's admission to the United Nations, Sihanouk had cited Moscow's negative position on that issue as sufficient reason not to exchange recognition. 10 Apr 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 5 -.- Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989477 V Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989477 C4LLN-14-fl1rnI 1AL 4. WEST GERMAN AMBASSADOR DESCRIBES MOLLET AS "INCREDIBLY NAIVE" ABOUT USSR West German ambassador Von Maltzan in Paris after his 5 April session with Premier Mollet and Foreign Minister Pineau that while he had no doubt as to the basic Western orien- tation of the two French officials, he thought them "incred- ibly naive" about the USSR. Von Maltzan, who had protested to Mollet his interview published in US News and World Re- port, added that he feared the French premier and foreign minister are being pushed along a path "full of pitfalls" by left-wing Socialists Jules Moch and Daniel Mayer. The ambassador said he warned Mollet and Pineau that French hints of a new attitude toward German reunification and new limitations on German armed forces would enormously complicate Chancellor Adenauer's domes- tic situation. Mollet, however, denied that his interview meant any change in French policy toward West Germany. Comment Bonn is afraid that if disarmament takes precedence over German unification, as Mollet apparently suggested, the great powers will arrive at a settlement on the basis of the continued division of Germany. The tactic of Mollet and Pineau to em- phasize disarmament and criticize "rigid" Western policy vis-a-vis the East has met with widespread popular approval in France. It may also have the effect, however, of increas- ing the left-wing Socialists' ability to maneuver Mollet into a position where he would have to reject German reunifica- tion officially. 10 Apr 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 6 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989477 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989477 5. SPANISH-MOROCCAN TALKS INCONCLUSIVE The final sessions of the Spanish- Moroccan talks in Madrid were reportedly "stormy," according to the American embassy in Madrid, fly trouDlesome points were left unsettled, such as the future of the presidios of Ceuta and Melilla, whose return was reportedly requested by the Moroccans. Spanish fears that the privileges granted to France by a united Morocco would exceed and prejudice those granted to Spain reportedly underlay the differences between the two parties. The Moroccans re- jected Spanish efforts to make the transfer to Morocco of full powers in the Spanish zone conditional on the achieve- ment of "genuine independence" of the French zone. Further negotiations, which may be protracted, are scheduled for 7 May. Comment The Spanish-Moroccan declaration and protocol of 7 April was undoubtedly in- tended to equate Spain's position in a�united Morocco to that of France as well as to ensure a voice for Spain in Moroccan affairs. 10 Apr 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 7 -rpflar -a TrilT AV" Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989477 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21_CO2989477 CEAAII.E/ THE ARAB-ISRAELI SITUATION (Information as of 1700, 9 April) Clashes between Israeli forces and Arab terrorist raiders in Israel multiplied as the Israelis took extra security precautions and began round-up operations against the terrorists. While the series of incidents since 5 April indicates an increased willingness on the part of both sides to risk war, there is no evidence now available that either side has decided to launch full-scale hostilities in the immediate future or that either is deliberately seeking to provoke a con- flict. The American army attach�n Cairo notes that Egyptian press accounts of terrorist activity, reproducing without comment Israeli communiqu� appear to be acknowledg- ments of the,general truth of these reports. Reports of terror- ist activities last fall were similarly handled by the Egyptian press. four unidentified vessels "not above mine sweeper size" passed Gibraltar and entered the Mediterranean during the early even- ing hours on 4 April. Unidentified vessels, possibly the same group, were reported southeast of the Balearic Islands at noon 6 April. These craft may be the 3,100-ton Polish merchant ship and the four vessels bearing Polish pennants which emerged from the Baltic on 29 March and are heli ever] Pn rrnrfa frn. 4,, Egypt. 10 Apr 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 8 .ch-TTIFT Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989477