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October 25, 2019
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October 31, 2019
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June 28, 1956
PDF icon CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULL[15740120].pdf399.32 KB
f;c7a-ti2117:0 c�2577 ff"/ NOT RELEASABLE TO FOREIGN NATIONALS CONTINUED CONTROL CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 28 June 956 SC No. 02533/56 Copy No. noc WENT NO. - NO CHANCE IN CLAS3. yr- f DECLk.3(.1.,IFIED CLASS. CHANGED TO: TS S C NEXT REVIEW DATE: AUTH� HR 70- 0 3 DATE 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2) REVIEWER: 372044 1 OFFICE OF CURRENT INTELLIGENCE CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY This document contains information affecting the national defense of the United States within the meaning of the espio- nage laws, U. S. Code title 18, Sections 793, 794,and 798, the transmission or the revelation of the contents of which in any manner to an unauthorized person is prohibited by law, THIS DOCUMENT MUST BE KEPT IN COMMUNICATIONS INTELLIGENCE CHANNELS AT ALL TIMES It is to be seen only by U. S. personnel especially indoctrinated and authorized to receive COMMUNICATIONS INTELLIGENCE Information. The security of this document must be main- tained in accordance with COMMUNICATIONS INTELLIGENCE REGULATIONS. No action is to be taken on any COMMUNICATIONS INTELLIGENCE which may be contained herein, regardless of the advantage to be gained, unless such action is first approved by the Director of Central Intelligence. z _XOP-63-E7 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989755 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989755 Pmm 0114 Comments and interPretations in this Publication are based on all sources, including COMINT, and represent the immediate views of the Office of Current Intelligence. The Office of Research and Reports and the Office of Scientific Intel� ligence contribute or are consulted on subjects within their spheres of responsibility. The classification of a comment is noted sePa� rately only when it is higher than that of the report commented on. Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989755 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989755 -*Nov CONTENTS 1. PRAVDA P CRITICAL ARTICLE BY AMERICAN COMMUNIST (page 3). 2. USSR MAY GET SYRIAN OIL REFINERY CONTRACT (page 4). 3. INDONESIA ACCEPTS SOVIET AID OFFER (page 5). 4. KOREAN ARMY CHIEF OF STAFF REPLACED (page 6). 5. SUDAN CABINET MAY FALL SOON 6. TROUBLE IN GUATEMALA (page 8). page 7). 7. GOVERNMENT ESTABLISHES MARTIAL LAW (page 9). THE ARAB-ISRAELI SITUATION (page 10) rTHE_TAIWA7 STRAIT (page 11) 28 June 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 2 SEC T Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989755 Ira Ivry Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989755 I,. PRAVDA PUBLISHES CRITICAL ARTICLE BY AMERICAN COMMUNIST Comment on: Pravda's republication of an article by Eugene Dennis in the 18 June issue of the New York Daily Worker suggests that the Soviet leaders consider it neces- sary to answer the explicit criticism of the present Soviet administration by Western Communists. Having informed the Soviet public of these critical questions, they have set the stage for a direct reply. Dennis asked if any of the present Soviet leaders had tried to change anything in the period before Stalin died. "Could the evil which was done have been cut short earlier? How great and how serious are the changes which have now taken place?" In an obvious reference to the current collective leadership, Dennis warned that "to count on the infallibility of any group of leaders would mean to multiply basic mistakes of the past and to learn nothing as a result of the bitter mistake of Stalin being placed on a pedestal!' Three members of the politburo of the French Communist Party left for talks with Soviet leaders on 26 June, and there are reports that Satellite Communist leaders are also in Moscow for conferences. While in Moscow, these Communist leaders will probably be given definitive an- swers to questions raised by the anti-Stalin campaign. 28 June 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin SE Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989755 Page 3 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989755 _VII-14-117LIN 1 LAJLI ,4���9 2. USSR MAY GET SYRIAN OIL REFINERY CONTRACT Syria's Minister of Public Works Jabiri told American embassy officials in Damascus on 23 June, during Shepilov's visit, that the Soviet bid to construct a government-owned oil refinery is less than half as high as the American bids and that he must give contracts to the low bidder. He said the Russians have told him that they will request permission to station 350 technicians at the refinery site if they win the contract. Jabiri made a strong plea that the United States do something soon to block Soviet economic penetra- tion of Syria, suggesting that the US find some way to sub- sidize American firms bidding on projects. Comment The general anti-Western atmosphere in Syria will make it almost impossible to award the contract to a Western builder unless his bid is at least equal to the Soviet bloc bids. The annual capacity planned for the Soviet refinery reportedly is 19000,000 metric tons. Ac- cording to present agreements, it will be supplied with crude oil by the Western-owned Iraq Petroleum Company. Bids have been submitted by firms from France, Britain, West Germany, the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia, the Netherlands, Italy, Japan, and the United States. 28 June 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 4 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989755 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989755 (AM Pi' 1 1AL 'tape 3. INDONESIA ACCEPTS SOVIET AID OFFER Indonesia's announcement of "formal" acceptance of Soviet aid, matching assistance received from the United States and under the Colombo plan, may be a partial concession to Soviet insistence that nego- tiations be concluded before President Sukarno's Soviet tour in August. Previously, the Indonesians had stated that they had accepted the Soviet offer only "in principle." The latest report from the American embassy in Djakarta indicates that the Indonesian Foreign Ministry prefers to postpone ac- tual negotiations on details of the offer until mid-July in order to benefit from President Sukarno's views following his Western tour. The amount of Soviet aid Indonesia will accept has not been specified. If "matching assistance" means equal assistance, the value of the aid would amount to approximately $15,0.00,000. 28 June 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 5 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989755 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989755 e 1 14L *mei No 4. KOREAN ARMY CHIEF OF STAFF REPLACED Comment on: placement of South Korean army chief of staff Chong Il-kwon removes from a key post another of a group of pro-Amer- ican officials who, prior to the May elec- tions, represented a stabilizing locus of power below Presi- dent Rhee. Chong's appointment to the less influential post of chairman, of the joint chiefs of staff follows the removal of former defense minister Son Won-il, who along with Chong was felt to exert a moderating influence on Rhee. The new chief of staff, Yi Hyong-kun, who was previously chairman of the joint chiefs of staff, is regarded as able and basically pro-American. He has gen- erally been most reluctant to oppose Rhee, however, and has often been the channel for the president's bellicose pro- nouncements attacking the Communists and the Japanese. 28 June 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 6 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989755 CI 71 Arl 71 raw- Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989755 Noe 5. SUDAN CABINET MAY FALL SOON Comment on: The Sudanese cabinet of Prime Min- ister Azhari is expected to fall soon, possibly before 5 July. Reports from Khartoum indicate Azhari will be re- placed by the present defense minister, Abdullah Khalil, who will head a coali- tion of the present opposition Umma Party and a new group, the People's emocratic Party, formed among adherents of the Khatmia religious sect. While Egypt has long sought to get rid of Azhari, it seems doubtful that a new cabinet would be sig- nificantly easier for Cairo to deal with than the present one. Sudanese nationalist feeling on the question of division of the Nile River waters�the current outstanding issue between the two countries--is probably strong enough to prevent any cabi- net from settling it easily with Egypt. 28 June 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 7 ,4;r-gr Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989755 Approved for Release: 2019710/21 CO2989755 NIS *NIO 6. TROUBLE IN GUATEMALA Comment on: The Guatemalan government's 26 June declaration of a state of siege arises from the serious situation existing in the country on the approach of the sec- ond anniversary of President Castillo Armas' ouster of the pro-Communist Arbenz regime. The declaration, establishing virtual martial law, followed po- lice clashes with university students, including leftists and pro-Communists, which resulted in several student deaths. The students were demonstrating against earlier arrests �of their colleagues and the "state of alarm" decreed by the government on 24 June because of an alleged subversive �threat involving leftists and students activated by Commu- nists. A full-scale students' strike reportedly has started, and further disorders are likely. Castillo apparently still has the support of the armed forces, which are essential to the maintenance of stability. Ambassador Sparks has noted, however, that the killing of students by the police during the latest demon- stration will not be forgotten. He sees the possibility of a chain reaction "which may undermine the prestige and even the stability of the president and his government!' 28 June 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin SE Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989755 Page 8 Cl1i dr! lri Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989755 Nur, 7. PERUVIAN GOVERNMENT ESTABLISHES MARTIAL LAW Comment on: he Peruvian government proclaimed odified martial law on 26 June, nine ays after the presidential and congres- ional election. The freedom permitted y the normally authoritarian govern- ent for the election period had resulted n a resurgence of leftist forces and in omplete defeat for the presidential candidate pu y nked with the administration. The immediate occasion for the proc- lamation was student rioting which involved burning of pub- lic transportation vehicles and caused several deaths. Mean- while, the most important federation of white-collar workers, numbering 100,000, called a strike on 25 June. The white- collar strike follows a series of successful labor bids for higher wages and consequently intensifies fears for the sta- bility of the Peruvian economy, in recent years one of the most stable in Latin America. The martial-law proclamation may mark the resumption of Peru's traditional authoritarian govern- ment. 28 June 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 9 SEC/ET Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989755 irr Ira Trit2.-- Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989755 ',are THE ARAB-ISRAELI srr UATION (Information as of 1700, 27 June) The American military attach�n Tel Aviv reports that on 26 June the Israeli army set up a road- block cutting off a border road in the Jordan-Israel border area where two Israelis were killed on 24 June. The attach� believes this move could be part of preparation for an Israeli reprisal against Jordan. the new Israeli set- tlement in the zone as a "veritable fortress" surrounded by ex- tensive mine fields. three other new settlements are being built in southern Israel, one near the southwestern corner of the Gaza strip, another on the road between Beersheba and El Auja, and a third southeast of El Auja. have noted a large number of troops and equipment in e Negev, a substantial part of them south of the demilitarized zone. 28 June 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin , Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989755 Page 10 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989755 NT1AL BIWEEKLY SUMMARY 14-27 June 1956 THE TAIWAN STRAIT Report of the IAC Current Intelligence Group for the Taiwan Strait Problem There were no significant developments in the area during the period. The subject of Taiwan and the offshore islands has so far received a minimum of attention in the cur- rent meetings of the National People's Congress in Peiping, which last year devoted much of the discussion to that subject. 28 June 56 Current Intelligence Bulletin Page 11 CON & IAL Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989755 Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989755 'sr TAIWAN STRAIT SITUATION 27 JUNE 1956 arms�I CHINESE COMMUNIST AIRFIELD LEGEND: USABILITY ? DESIGNATIONS PRIMARY AIRFIELD CONSIDERED MOST IMPORTANT IN AREA WITH PREPARED RUNWAY GENERALLY 5000 FEET OR LONGER. SECONDARY AIRFIELD AUXILIARY OR EMERGENCY BASES OR FIELDS OF LESSER IMPORTANCE. RUNWAYS GENERALLY LESS THAN 5000 FEET. MIG-15 MIG-17 TU-4 IL-28 TU-2, IL-10 LA-9 /11 LI-2 ETC. z 6 z z 6 tg z z 8 ACTIVE BASE FOR MILITARY & CIVILIAN AIR- CRAFT. SOME BASES USED BY PISTON TYPES MAY BE USABLE BY JETS � OPERATIONAL A INACTIVE BASES CAPABLE OF USE BY AIRCRAFT � SERVICEABLE A * FIELDS NOT CONSIDERED CAPABLE OF SUPPORTING SUSTAINED OPER- ATIONS AT PRESENT. CURRENT STATUS UNDETERMINED 4111 UNKNOWN HOA N C H U p E H HAN KOW r - f x � NAN C. AN 28 C ANGSHA 26 24 22 NGYANG 118 NAN KING � WU HU HUAI NING � -Is I � ; 4.A H I UC Ali 3;00 , OOPS 120 KIANGSU CHIAHSIRG r � 1-1ANGCHOW , C.- 1 Z. -J G ; CHU IA I - St�rANGJA0 Yingtan 122 32 ANGHAI. CHDUSH,AN gi A 30 NIN61 CHI N HUA LUC H IA0 el'AcHEN ;47 - f cI �X WENCHOW 28 J14.7190 )LJr CHIENOU / 4 . KNatiOng N' t .2 re- c N. -) ..-- Js, `5,?000 ing e '- FOOC}4W ----- r i 1 ..., _Yungan NANTA'641_ MATSUS �2 W - ,. 20,000 A \_ CHANGTING'If . LI EN\CH EN 9\._ LU NIGTI EN ' ._ 2. ^ 4 )f . UCHILI tr'IAC%ANG , "IIHUIAN -.� 1 \ -.-2-1,1.1 N GTH I s"' AO CH I CH INGYANG C ' OY QUEMOY 1 89' 0 '7 ) 02,009 .. .. K_KV A N,GTUNG CANTO - CHENG A. SWATOW HUJKOU 71.L r I jHong Kong aacao � (Port.) 114 116 T A PENGHU 13,000 118 2 N HAN TAIPEI * ILAN HSINCHU !CHUNG 1 WEAN .292,000 AMAN - P GTUNG 24 22 120 122 I4AuT !CAL 4ILES 0 50 100 0 50 100 STATUTE MILES 10 150 *NATIONALIST AIRFIFLD Railroad �f. �1-4� Under construction or projected Primary roads Secondary roads ANIOL46LRIONINIIII 60103-2E Approved for Release: 2019/10/21 CO2989755