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February 27, 2020
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November 23, 1959
PDF icon CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULL[15787764].pdf493.27 KB
Approved for Release. 2020/02/21 CO2989933 I vrir ammtc Noe SWAM it Shat Stta a riatl.!..tsinilf,. cLASs. CH.SSVii TO' TS S agin liaVtAir DATS8 01010 Airtlo NAM 5 JUN 1980 SAM MIMI; 23 November 1959 Copy No. CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 3.3(h)(2) 65 3.5(c)/ I -TOP-SECRET- 'Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 CO2989933, Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 CO2989933 %me -TOP-SECRET_ Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 CO2989933 - -0F0 Approved for Release: 273F/741 CO2989933 23 NOVEMBER 1959 I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC USSR offers aid to Mexico; Brazilian trade delegation to visit Moscow. II. ASIA-AFRICA Ethiopia and Somalia border negotiations break down. Indonesia's relations with Communist China still tense over treatment of Chi- nese aliens. III. THE WEST 0 Panama�Planning continues for march into the Canal Zone on 28 November, 0 Cuban Workers' Confederation opposes Castro's attempt to dictate composition of its executive committee. Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 CO2989933 V Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 CO2989933 � _ C)/ CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 23 November 1959 DAILY BRIEF I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC USSR-Mexico-Brazil: Mikoyan is reliably reported to have discussed with Mexican officials a $1001000,000 credit aflor economic development. Mexico reportedly considers the 'offer merely a renewal of earlier proposals made by other Soviet officials visiting Latin America. A Brazilian mission is scheduled to arrive in Moscow on 25 November to explore trade possibilities. The USSR has reportedly also made pro- posals to Brazil totaling $100,000,000. Moscow, still seeking to establish a successful economic program somewhere in the 4Western Hemisphere, probably hopes that an improvement in V US-USSR relations will encourage countries of Latin America to expand contacts. (Pages 1 and 2) IL ASIA-AFRICA Ethiopia-SomaliaGUN-conducted negotiations to settle the eight-year border dispute between Ethiopia and the Italian trust territory of Somalia have broken down, according to Italy's UN delegate Vinci. This will further complicate relations between them which were aggravated last summer by Somalia's partici- pation in the formation of a movement designed to achieve unity and independence for all Somali-populated territories, some of which are in Ethiopia. UN officials are considering interven- tion by Secretary General Hammarskjold to solve the frontier 'problem before Somalia becomes independent next year (Page 3) (Map) Indonesia - Communist China:, The meeting on 20 Novem- ber between President Sukarno and Chinese Communist Ambas- sador Huang Chen on Indonesia's treatment of Overseas Chinese resulted in public statements which, although polite, indicated that the tense situation continues and that no change is likely SECRET "pproved for Release: 2020/02/2'1 CO29899337 VA I. Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 CO2989933 440 until Huang receives further instructions from Peiping. Com- munist China is expected to continue its effort to get the alien resettlement program moderated, but it may soften its tactics to prevent a suspension of diplomatic relations. Ondonesian Foreign Minister Subandrio has said that the Soviet ambassa- dor twice approached him with a plea to "keep me out of this. (Page 4) III. THE WEST Panama: Opposition politicians, labor organizations, and student groups are continuing their plans for a "reaffirmation of sovereignty" march into the Canal Zone on 28 November. Sev- eral Cuban reporters have arrived in Panama to cover the ex- pected demonstrations, in response to an invitation sent Latin American newsmen by the director of a government-controlled newspaper. The local press is giving restrained treatment to sensitive US-Panamanian issues and is fully publicizing the Livingston Merchant mission, which it views as an attempt to give svmnathetic consideration to Panama's grievances. Cuba: Fidel castrois aim ot torging tne poweriui Lucian Workers' Confederation (CTC) into a disciplined prop for his regime received a serious setback during the current CTC congress. A strong anti-Communist faction led by the heads of 24 of the CTC's 33 constituent federations showed surpris- ing defiance of Castro on 21 and 22 November and forced a u prolongation of the session. The faction bitterly fought Castro's attempts to railroad through a "unity slate" of candidates for the 36-man CTC executive committee. The slate contained three known Communists. 23 Nov 59 DAILY BRIEF ii SECRET AApproved for Release: 2020/02/21 CO2989933r A CONFIDENTIAL Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 CO2989933 Nape �4001 I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Soviet Credit Offer to Mexico Soviet Deputy Premier Mikoyan is reliably reported to have discussed with Mexican officials a $100,0002000 credit for Mexican economic development. This is Moscow's stand- ard credit offer for underdeveloped countries. The Soviet proposal reportedly is "firm and official," although no de- tails have as yet been revealed. Moscow probably does not expect Mexico to accept. Mexican officials--unlike many in Latin America who are under political and economic pressure to accept Soviet economic programs--consider the pro?osal merely a renewal of earlier, less specific offers. Mexico has not fully drawn on the $400,0004000 in credits made available this year by West- ern governments and the International Monetary Fund. In a speech on his arrival in Mexico qty, Mikoyan implied that Latin America should take advantage of the current "thaw" to increase contacts with bloc countries; he declared that the talks between Khrushchev and President Eisenhower represent the "beginning of substantial improvement," not only in US- USSR relations but among all countries. His subsequent com- ments emphasized Soviet technological achievements. The Soviet press described Mikoyan's welcome as "warm" and portrayed his reception and initial activities as constitut- ing almost a state visit. Moscow newspapers also featured Mexican Foreign Minister Tello's remark on the "necessity" of liquidating colonialism in the Western Hemisphere. CONFIDENTIAL 23 Nov 59 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page I Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 CO2989933 TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 CO2989933 Val %Ela, Brazilian Trade Mission to Moscow Likely to Conclude Deal Brazil has sent an eight-man trade mission to the USSR in the belief that expanded trade with the Soviet bloc would enable it to obtain additional necessities for economic devel- opment without spending hard currencies. Rio de Janeiro hopes to dispose of agricultural surpluses, particularly cof- fee, without reducing trade with other areas, such as the US. To induce an expansion of trade, the USSR reportedly has of- fered Brazil generous terms for crude petroleum--an expen- sive dollar import which cost Brazil $302,000,000 in 1958. The Brazilian mission, scheduled to arrive in Moscow on 25 November, will 'prdbably negcitlate at least a small trans- action--if only as a palliative to nationalist pressures during an election year--but will weigh carefully the apparent eco- nomic value of any large Soviet offers. a bilateral agreement may be considered. the 15-day period assigned for the mission% work "seems ex- cessively short, especially if it is necessary to negotiate and sign a bilateral instrument." The American Embassy in Moscow commented on 18 Novem- ber that the reception of top-level Brazilian Communists by im- portant Soviet party leaders on the eve of the arrival of the trade mission further underlines the Soviet inte +inn fn nurcilip a more active policy regarding Latin America. TOP SECRET 23 Nov 59 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 2 Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 CO2989933 Approved for Release: 2-020202/21 CO2989933 Nito ETHIOMA 24801 SOMALI TRIBAL PATTERN GULF OF ADEN ALIA FRENCH SOMALILAND Berbera BRITIS SOMALI AND INDIAN 'OCEAN Darot group III Hawiya group UNCLASSIFIED Negro,c1 Others rt fNri. Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 002989933 SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 CO2989933 Mir IL ASIA-AFRICA Somali-Ethiopian Border Negotiations End in Deadlock The UN-conducted negotiations to settle the eight-year border dispute between Ethiopia and the Italian trust terri- tory of Somalia have broken down, according to Italy's UN del- egate Vinci. Another Italian official confirmed that the final meeting held on 20 November ended in failure. UN officials now are considering the possibility of UN Secretary General Hammarskj old intervening in an effort to resolve the frontier problem before Somalia becomes independent next year and to forestall a worsening of already tense relations between Addis Ababa and IVIogadiscio. In accordance with a resolution by last year's UN Gen- eral Assembly, the King of Norway selected former Secretary General Trygve Lie as an "independent person" to assist the disputants in formulating terms of reference--lack of which has hamstrung negotiations for some time. The terms of ref- erence were to guide a three-man arbitral tribunal in demar- cating the disputed frontier. Despite some progress in resolving minor differences, the two parties have refused to compromise on major issues. Ethiopia persists in its contention that only the juridical as- pects of the Italo-Ethiopian 1908 boundary convention, which defines the border roughly along the present administrative frontier� should be considered. On the other hand, Somalia-- through its Italian representatives--seeks to guarantee the un- limited border-crossing and grazing rights traditionally enjoyed by the 350,000 Somali nomads who drive their herds into the largely uninhabited Ethiopian province of Ogaden during the dry season. Addis Ababa fears that the right of unlimited incursion might inspire nationalist sentiment among the half million eth- nic Somalis living in eastern Ethiopia and lead them to demand that Ogaden Province be included in the creation of a 'Greater Somali state. Ogaden Somalis--along with nationalist leaders representing ethnic Somalis from the British and French Soma- liland enclaves, northern Kenya, and Italian-administered Somalia--participated last summer in the formation of a move- ment designed to achieve unity and hide populated territories. 23 Nov 59 SECRET CENTRAL INTFi I ir-rp RI II I Criki Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 CO2989933 Page 3 � Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 CO2989933 saw' Sino-Indonesian Tension Continues The 20 November meeting in Djakarta between Indo- nesian President Sukarno and Chinese Communist Ambas- sador Huang Chen apparently has not relieved the tense situation which has developed over Djakarta's implementa- tion and Peiping's obstruction of an Indonesian decree to ban and resettle alien retail merchants now in rural areas. The meeting resulted in public statexnenta which, although polite, indicated no change is likely until Huang receives new instruc- tions from Peiping. (Prior to the meeting, Indonesian Foreign Minister Su- bandrio told the American ambassador that Djakarta felt it could not retreat on an internal policy which is vital to its economic development. At the same time, he reiterated that for obvious reasons Djakarta felt it must maintain friendly relations with Communist China and would lean over back- ward to do so. Subandrio claimed, however, that the Chi- nese ambassador might not be able to remain much longer in Indonesia:3Reports that Chinese Embassy officials have been banned from West Java have been officially denied in Djakarta, possibly indicating that local army orders were countermanded by higher officials as being too drastic. It is unlikely that Peiping wants relations with Djakarta suspended. Thus, while Communist China probably will con- tinue to express opposition to the removal of Chinese from rural areas, Ambassador Huang may be instructed to use softer tactics and seek postponement of the resettlement pro- gram rather than its total repeal. aubandrio also informed the American ambassador that Soviet Ambassador Volkov had approached him about the Chi- nese dispute on two occasions with the plea to "keep me out of this."-)In a broadcast to Indonesia on 21 November, Radio MoscolikT charged that "Western agents" and "rightist newspapers" in Indonesia were seeking to sow discord between Djakarta and Peiping, SECRET 23 Nov 59 CPMTD A I IkITFI I inckurr RI II I CTIkl Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 CO2989933 Page 4 Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 CO2989933 Nov, THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House Special Assistant for National Security Affairs Scientific Adviser to the President Director of the Budget Director, Office of Defense and Civilian Mobilization Director, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Special Assistant for Security Operations Coordination Chairman, Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities Special Assistant for Foreign Economic Policy Executive Secretary, National Security Council The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretzry for Administration The Counselor Director, International Cooperation Administration The Director of Intelligence and Research The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Commandant, United States Marine Corps The Director, The Joint Staff Chief of Staff, United States Army Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Assistant to Secretary of Defense for Special Operations Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of Army Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of Navy Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Department of Commerce The Secretary of Commerce Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman National Security Agency The Director National Indications Center The Director CONFIDENTIAL Approved for Release: 2020/02/21 CO2989933