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December 12, 1960
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Wit Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993698 3.3(h)(2) r �1 %or acunci Noe 3.5(c) 12 December 1960 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN D.44�'1T NO 3' NI) MANGE IN CLASS, I-, DECLASS:F/20 CI VI. CHANGEO Tel: TS S C HEX� REVIEW WM:4M. AIIT!.12 NR 70.2 04i JUN 19�C) REVNEWER -TOP-SECRET- /Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993698V Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993698 TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993698 12 DECEMBER 1960 I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Moscow Communist meeting's new "Peace Appeal" sharply attacks colo- nialism and imperialism as breeding danger of new war. II. ASIA-AFRICA Congo--Colonel Mobutu agrees to forma- tion of permanent government and reop- ening of parliament next month if pro- posed new government is acceptable to him and Kasavubu. Algerian rioting forces French Army troops to act against Moslem demon- strators. The situation in Laos. III. THE WEST Pressure mounting in Ecuador for estab- lishing relations with USSR and Commu- nist China following guarantor powers' declaration on Ecuadorean-Peruvian border dispute. --ArLdctet r' 'r Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993698 - orie,DriT Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993698 'Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993698 dialNim,� %Agra & I CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 12 December 1960 DAILY BRIEF I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC International Communism: The second document issued by the November Moscow meeting of world Communist lead- ers--a so-called "Peace Appeal"--is similar in form and content to the Peace Manifesto issued in 1957 at the conclu- sion of an earlier meeting of world Communists, emphasiz- ing both their "overwhelming desire for peace" and their be- lief that war can be prevented. The recent appeal is a pedes- trian propaganda statement whose calls for "complete and controlled disarmament," nuclear-free zones, and opposition to testing of nuclear weapons merely repeat long-standing Soviet foreign policy themes. Paralleling some of the ambiguity of the much longer declarations issued on 6 December, the "Peace Appeal" takes an aggressive tack on colonialism and imperialism and reit- erates that war is a continuing danger because of the existence of imperialism generally. and "American imperialism" specif- � ically. IL AM-AFRICA Congo: tolonel Mobutu reportedly has agreed to the for- mation of a permanent government and the reopening of par- iament on 10 January 1961, provided that most members of arliament are able to reach Leopoldville by then and any pro- osed government is acceptable to himself and Kasavubuo He emains contemptuous of Kasavubuts supporters, however, and ight still try to install a government of his own choosine Meanwhile, Ghanaian President Nkrumah appears to be at- tempting to persuade Nasir to leave the UAIt's troops in the Congo. Nkrumah apparently has secured Nasir's agreement to begin the formation of an African military command outside the. UN frame- work, and two Egyptian officers are to be sent to Ghana for this purpose. (Page 1) TOP SECRET VA ,ikpproved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO299369e v./ , !/.=7 'Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993698 A 9.4or A M..1%, %fit kid tela# *Fra,nce-Algeria: Disturbances in Algeria have assumed critical proportions with thousands of Moslems participating for the first time. French Army troops have been forced to act against the Moslems. The French troops had adopted a "passive" defense against European demonstrators, leaving the active burden to security police. The European group, who will be angered by the Moslem action, has appeared poorly or- ganized but might gain cohesion if either or both of the rightist leaders Pierre Laaaillarde and General Salan reach Algeria from Soain.. Laos: Military reinforcementsfor a possible attack on Vientiane by General Phoumi apparently are continuing to ar- rive in that area. In the capital itself, an extreme leftist cab- inet minister, Quinim Pholsena, reportedly has taken charge of the government in the absence of Souvanna and the remain- der of his cabinet. Souvanna, now in Phnom Penh, is said by his associates to be planning to send some cabinet members to Hanoi, Moscow, and Peiping to seek active support for the neu- tralization of Laos as formerly proposed by Cambodian chief of state Prince Sihanouk. Meanwhile, observed four howitzers approximately equivalent to US 105-mm. howitzers, being unloaded from two Soviet aircraft at Vientiane airfield; this materiel, probably the forerunner of other supplies, may have ben arrarwed forsiuring Quinim Phol- sena% recent trip to Hanoi. (Page 2)J III. THE WEST Ecuador: Anti-US sentiment is increasing in Ecuador and pressure up for the establishment of relations with the USSR and Communist China as a result of the 7 December declara- tion by the guarantor powers of the Rio Protocol. The guarantors are the United States, Brazil, Chile, and Argentina. The declaration upheld the validity of the Rio Protocol of 1942, which provides for a definitive settlement of the border dispute between Ecuador and Peru, and denied the right of either country to renounce the protocol uni- laterally. Anti-US fervor has been whipped up by speeches of the 12 Dec 60 DAILY BRIEF ii AApproved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993698' IdA Approved for Releas2020/03/13 CO2993698 pro-Communist Minister of Government and other extrem- ists. Foreign Minister Chiriboga told the US ambassador that he would not be surprised if Cuba shortly sent a "mis- sion" to Ecuador, and that the US position in Ecuador was "lost for ten or twenty years." (Page 4) 12 Dec 60 DAILY BRIEF iii AApproved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993698/ es a. .em anL " rim! Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993698 Situation in the Congo ISolonel Mobutu, who earlier had threatened to continue the college of commissioners in office indefinitely as the de facto cabinet of the Congo, reportedly has agreed to the re- opening of parliament and the formation of a permanent gov- ernment on 10 January 1961. He stipulated, however, that most members of parliament must be in Leopoldville by then and that any proposed government must be acceptable to him- self and Kasavubu. At the same time, Mobutu is moving to confirm his support among Congolese Army officers. He re- mains contemptuous of Icasavubu's supporters and might stilltry to install a government of his own choosing. j Dfl Orientale Province, although the Lumumbist-dominated government has not implemented its reported threat to behead some Belgians, tension remains high. The African population of Stanleyville reportedly has been made extremely anti-white by Lumumbist propaganda. Whites are also at the mercy of pro- Lumumba troops, who reportedly retain much of their military discipline. Forces loyal to Mobutu apparently remain in their camp across the river from the city and are afraid to interfere. Meanwhile, Ghanaian Pres:ident Nkrumah has attempted to persuade Nasir to leave the UAR's troops in the Congo Nkrumah, stating that he would not withdraw Ghana's forces, told the am- bassador on 9 December that withdrawal would mean a "victory for imperialism." Instead, he urged that troops from the two countries be the nucleus for a unified African command which would operate outside the framework of the UN. Nasir appar- ently has agreed to begin the formation of a unified command, and two Egyptian officers are to be sent to Accra for this pur- pose. Although Nasir has urged several Afro-Asian states to withdraw their forces and has announced that his own will go, the UAR contingent in northern Congo apparently has not received orders to leave. __Top_sEGRE_T_ 12 Dec 60 CFMTD A I IkITCI I it-lc:kir= Di II IcTikl Page 1 Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993698 ourRrT Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993698 Nur The Situation in Laos Vientiane continue bGeneral Phoumrs forces, ing their buildup in the area. which apparently are continu- the Savannakhet troops under the command of Phoumi are being organized into three groups for an attack on the capital from the north, east, and west and will have two batteries of 105-mm. howitzers for artillery support. Phoumi is said to be planning his attack on 12 or 13 December, the precise timing dependent on the arrival of his troops at their positions. Kong Le's forces, who still con- trol the airfield, apparently have received some artillery brought in by Soviet aircraft. On 11 December report they saw four howitzers, approximately equivalent to US-105s, unloaded from two Soviet planes and towed to an im- provised gun park within an old aircraft revetment on Vientiane crQuinim Pholsena, extreme leftist minister of information in remier SouvannaPhouma's cabinet, is reported to have taken over the government in Vientiane in the absence of Souvanna and other cabinet ministers who flew to Phnom Penh, Cambodia, on 9 December. An 11 December communique of the military committee that assumed control when Souvanna fled stated that it had, as of noon, returned all civil and military powers "to the government"--presumably to Quinim as the remaining min- ister. Quinim visited Sam Neua on 9 December, probably to discuss Pathet Lao intentions with Prince Souphanouvong, and on 10 December made a hurried visit to Hanoi, where he may have arranged for the supply of artillery and possibly other ma- teriel to follow Lin Phnom Penh Souvanna Phouma lans to remain there for a time but intends to send some of e cabinet ministers now with him to Hanoi, Moscow, and Peiping in order to seek support for the plan of Cambodian chiefl 12 Dec 60 CrkITD AI IkITC1 I irt=mrr RI III =TIM Page 2 Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993698 _re room ripr. Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993698 NMI Neirl of state Sihanouk for neutralization of Laos. Souvanna hinted that his emissaries would also "publicize" Vientiane charges of US intervention in Laotian affairsj [Worts are still being made, meanwhile, to convene a meeting of the National Assembly, a large number of whose members are now in Savannakhet, for the purpose of taking steps to establish a new legal government in Laos, General Phoumi has received a avor- able preliminary response from King Savang to a plan to hold such a meeting at an early date in Luang Prabang.- -SEeRELT- 12 Dec 60 CENTRAI MEM I inckirc RI iii CTIAI Page 3 Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993698 Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993698 Nor � Developments in the Peru-Ecuador Boundary Dispute Anti-US sentiment and pressures for the establishment of relations with the Sino-Soviet bloc are building up in Ecua- dor as a result of the 7 December declaration by the guaran- tor powers to the 1942 Rio Protocol, which provides for de- finitive settlement of the long-standing boundary dispute be- tween Peru and Ecuador. The guarantor powers are the US, Argentina, Brazil, and Chile; the declaration, which was is- sued largely because of Ecuador's provocative campaign de- nouncing the protocol as null and void, upheld its validity and denied the right of either Peru or Ecuador to denounce it uni- laterally. [Although Argentina, Brazil, and Chile have expressed grave concern over President Irelasco's frequent attacks on the protocol and have insisted on a firm guarantor position supporting itzli pro-Communist and other extremist elements in Ecuador have thus far concentrated most of their attacks on the US. These attacks include inflammatory speeches and re- leases by public information media and demonstrations against the US Embassy in Quito.! In view of earlier Ecuadorean Gov- ernment warnings that there would be strong anti-US reactions If the guarantors made any statement upholding the validity of the protocol,-/ the inadequate security protection provided at first for thrUS Embassy suggests tacit official approval or even complicity in the present outbreaks. The pro-Castro anti- US minister of government, Manuel Araujo, who controls the police forces and is responsible for maintenance of law and or- der, reportedly told demonstrators that the US was no friend of Ecuador and the nation would have to turn to the USSR and the � Soviet bloc �presumably for support on the border issue and other types of aid. he believed the US position in Ecuador was "lost for ten or twenty years" and also blamed the US for the declaration., demands from uniden- tified quarters for the establishment of relations with the USSR TOP SECRET 12 Dec 60 CENTRAL ikrmilinpwrF RI III FTIN Page 4 Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993698 TAP gry'RFT Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993698 NNW 414.11, and Communist China and asserted he would not be surprised if Cuba shortly sent a "mission"' to Ecuador. He had previ- ously implied that Ecuador could win Cuban and Soviet bloc support for its case in the UN. president Velasco, whose at- tacks on the protocol began even-before he took office last September, has reportedly made a similar threat to ally with Cuba to win backing forrn Ecuador's position: Ecuador has solicited and received expressions of sympathy from Cuba for Its attitude toward the treaty, which Peru seeks to enforce to the letter because of its favorable award of territory disputed for more than a century. Castro influence in Ecuador is relatively strong, especially among leftist student, intellectual, and political groups. Ara.ujo, a strong supporter of Vela,sco, is the key pro-Castro supporter In the government, although a number of other officials may also be sympathetic. Cin Peru, where the declaration is considered a vindication of the sanctity of treaties and international law, the official and public reaction has been unanimously favorable and bordering on elation.7 1.2 Dec 60 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 5 Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993698 Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993698 ''weno" CONFIDENTIAL THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House Special Assistant for National Security Affairs Scientific Adviser to the President Director of the Budget Director, Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization Director, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Special Assistant for Security Operations Coordination Chairman, Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities Special Assistant for Foreign Economic Policy Executive Secretary, National Security Council The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Administration The Counselor Director, International Cooperation Administration The Director of Intelligence and Research The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff The Director, The Joint Staff Chief of Staff, United States Army Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Commandant, United States Marine Corps Assistant to Secretary of Defense for Special Operations Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of Army Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of Navy Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Department of Commerce The Secretary of Commerce Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman National Security Agency The Director National Indications Center The Director CONFIDENTIAL Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993698 Approved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993698 / / / / / // / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / ,e'// / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / /7 / r / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / 72 / / / / / 7 / / / / TOP SECRET 7 '40/7 /APProved for Release: 2020/03/13 CO2993698r1WIWZMIYM ii/